UNITED STATES TERRITORIAL, SCHOOL CENSUS, AND TAX RECORDS POSTED AT FAMILYSEARCH.ORG – UPDATED AS OF 24 June 2013.

Colonial, Territorial and State Censuses are of vital importance to genealogists, as they were often taken on non-Federal Decennial census years, taken prior to statehood, or between the Federal Censuses. Thirty-seven states (or what became states) took them. Tax records are also of extreme value, again, being taken between Federal Censuses, as well as on the census years. They are probably the best census substitutes in existence.

The following listing, complete with links, descriptions, and numbers of records & images is made up of state and school censuses, as well as tax lists currently found at FamilySearch.org. I will continue to update this posting as new data goes up.

Have fun. These links are sure to please…

Alabama State Census 1855 – Index to the census taken in Alabama in 1855 – 34,978 records as of 12 December 2011.

Alabama State Census 1866 – Index of the 1866 census from Alabama.This census lists head of household and has statistical information about the makeup of the household. In some counties, the records indicate whether there were soldiers in the household who were killed, disabled, or died of sickness – 243,781 records as of 12 December 2011.

California State Census, 1852 – Name index of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of California in 1852 – 188,578 records as of 30 October 2011.


Colorado State Census 1885 - Index & Browsable Images – Name index and images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 census was taken with the assistance of the United States Government. Included are the Population, Agricultural, Manufacturing, and Mortality Schedules – 56,302 records and 6,069 3,520 images as of 16 November 2012.

Florida State Census 1885Imaged Records – Schedules of the Census of Florida taken by that state in 1885. All counties then in the state are represented with the exception of Alachua, Clay, Columbia and Nassau. The 1885 Florida State Census is comprised of four schedules – Population, Agriculture, Manufactures and Mortality. Population schedules are available for all counties, but there are no agriculture, manufactures or mortality schedules for some counties. 110,864 records, and 8,468 images as of 27 Mar 2010; From 13 rolls of NARA microfilm M845.

Florida State Census 1935Imaged Records – Population census for the State of Florida for the year 1935. This 1935 Florida State Census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants. The census is arranged alphabetically by county and then geographically by election precinct. All counties within the state are represented, although some election precincts are missing. The collection details include an estimated precinct locality that is based on the census precinct number within a county. 1,599,085 records and 36,019 images as of 27 March 2010; From 30 rolls of NARA microfilm.

Florida State Census 1945Imaged Records – Population census for the State of Florida for the year 1945. This 1945 Florida State Census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants. The census is arranged alphabetically by county and then geographically by election precinct. All counties within the state are represented, although some election precincts are missing. The records are segregated by race. The collection details include an estimated precinct locality that is based on the census precinct number within a county. 2,249,138 records and 51,692 images as of 27 March 2010; From 43 rolls of NARA microfilm.

Idaho, Minidoka County Records 1913-1961Imaged Records – Marriage, naturalization, land and property, probate, school and military records located at the county courthouse in Rupert. Includes the Minidoka School Census 1909-1952. This collection is being published as images become available – 41,712 images as of 16 December 2011.

Illinois State Census 1855 – Name indexes for the Illinois State Census taken in 1855. The census names the head of household. Schedules do not exist for the following counties: Carroll, Champaign, Franklin, Gallatin, Henry, Jefferson, Jo Davies, Lake, Stark, Will, and Woodford. 256,004 Records as of 1 March 2011; From the Illinois State Archives, on 13 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Illinois State Census 1865 - Imaged Records – Name indexes and imiages for the Illinois State Census taken 3 July 1865. Missing counties: Gallatin, Mason, Monroe and part of Tazewell. 380,262 Records as of 5 September 2011; and 12,090 images – From the Illinois State Archives, on 18 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Iowa State Census 1885 – Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1885. The population schedule names every person in the household. 503,573 records as of 25 January 2011; From the State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, on 95 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Iowa State Census 1895 – Indexed and Imaged Records – Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1895. The census names everyone in the household – From the Iowa State Historical Society, Des Moines IA – 526,916 records and 79,808 images as of 5 April 2013.

Maryland, Register of Wills Books, 1629-1983 – Imaged Records - Images of probate records from court record collections housed at the Register of Wills in Maryland. Probate records often include wills, and other records dealing with the administration of estates including bonds, inventories, guardianships, real estate, and various indexes to the records. Includes the following counties: Allegany, Anne Arundel, Calvert, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Charles, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Queen Anne’s, Somerset, St. Mary’s, Talbot, Washington, and Worcester. Also includes records from Baltimore City. This collection is being published as images become available; 1,233,459 images as of 2 January 2013.

Massachusetts State Census 1855Imaged Records – This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS). Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. 155 images from Suffolk County are missing and will be forthcoming (953961). 261,883 records and 15,299 images as of 4 June 2011; From the Massachusetts State Archives on 68 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Massachusetts State Census 1865Imaged Records – Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1865. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS). 304,814 records and 17,616 images as of 29 Mar 2010; From the Massachusetts State Archives on 68 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Michigan State Census 1894 – Name index of the Michigan state census taken in June 1894. Due to destroyed and missing records, in addition to a partial acquisition of records, this collection includes the following counties: Barry, Benzie, Bay, Dickinson, Emmet, Gratiot, Ingham, Iosco, Kalamazoo, Kent, Keweenaw, Lapeer, Leelanau, Menominee, Montcalm, and Washtenaw. 92,831 records as of 8 July 2011; From the Michigan Department of State, Lansing on 26 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Minnesota Territorial Census 1857Imaged Records – Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the Minnesota Territory in 1857. NOTE: “All entries for the following newly created [23 May 1857] counties were fabricated to cover voter fraud: Cottonwood, Jackson, Martin, Murray, Nobles, Pipestone, and Rock. (For further information see Robert J. Forrest, ‘Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota,’ Minnesota History, 14 (1933), pp. 243-52).” This collection coincides with NARA publication T1175 – 45,567 records and 3,990 images as of 20 July 2011; Rrom the Central Plains Region, National Archives. FHL Digital images.

Minnesota State Census 1865Imaged Records – Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of June 1, 1865 – 47,437 records and 3,396 images as of 26 November 2011; From the Minnesota State Library and Records Service, St. Paul, On 3 rolls of FHL Microfilm.

Minnesota State Census 1875Imaged Records – Images and index of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of May 1, 1875 – 160,919 records and 9,726 images as of 6 May 2010; From the Minnesota State Library and Records Service, St. Paul.

Minnesota State Census 1885Imaged Records – Images and index of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of 1885 – 227,047 records and 15,831 images as of 5 November 2010; From the Minnesota State Library and Records Service, St. Paul, On 28 rolls of FHL Microfilm.

Minnesota State Census 1895Imaged Records – Images and indexes of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of 1895. 555,334 records and 44,592 images as of 24 September 2010; From the Minnesota State Library and Records Service, St. Paul, On 59 rolls of FHL Microfilm.

Minnesota State Census 1905Imaged Records – Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of June 1, 1905 – 1,973,884 records and 52,172 images as of 25 January 2011; From the Minnesota State Library and Records Service, St. Paul, On 58 rolls of FHL Microfilm.

Minnesota, Clay County, School Census Records, 1909-1962Imaged Records – Images of school census records arranged by district number – 14,457 images as of 6 December 2011.

Mississippi State Archives, Various Records, 1820-1951Imaged Records – This collection is laid out by county, and includes images of records filmed at the Mississippi State Archives in Jackson, Mississippi. It includes narratives from former slaves, land records from the Office of the Secretary of State, lists of military veterans, military grave registrations, many county tax records, many state ceneus records, and naturalization records. The collection is being published as images become available. 187,576 images as of 27 December, 2011.

Mississippi School Censuses – Mississippi Enumeration of Educable Children 1850-1892, 1908-1957 - Imaged Records – These records are lists of students prepared by the counties and school districts. School records can be a viable substitute for birth records. These include the names of both black and white students. The early records include the names of students and the school attended. More recent records include the age of the child and a parent or guardian’s name – 211,757 images as of 29 June 2011; From the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson.

Montana, Cascade County Records, 1888-1945Imaged Records – Included under County Court Records are the Great Falls Tax Lists 1891-1895 and 1889, the County Poll Tax index 1891-1898, as well as Tax deed land sold under contract, vol. 1, 1931-1936 and Cascade County School Census Records 1897-1955, by school district number – 408,373 images as of 16 December 2011 – up 342,641 images since 19 August 2011.

Montana, Lake County Records 1857-2010Imaged Records – Deeds, school census, mining, vital records, probate, and divorce records located at the county courthouse in Polson. This collection is being published as images become available – 94,699 images as of 8 May 2012.

New Jersey State Census 1885 – Name index of the New Jersey state census taken in 1885 – 305,188 records as of 20 January 2011; From the New Jersey Department of State, Division of Archives and Record Management, Trenton.

New Jersey, State Census, 1905 – Name index of the 1905 Census of New Jersey which includes all residents in all counties. – 507,107 records as of 22 June 2012.

New York State Census 1955 – Indexed Records and Images - The population schedule for the 1855 New York state census records still in existence. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. View the wiki or browse the collection to determine coverage — 594,539 records and 84,493 images as of 1 February 2013.

New York State Census 1865Imaged Records – This collection contains most of the 1865 New York state census records still in existence. Ten schedules were filed for each locality, including population, marriages, and deaths schedules. The population schedule included the name, age, birthplace, and occupation of each household member. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed – 57,158 images as of 9 May 2011; From various County Clerks throughout New York State, on 75 rolls of FHL microfilm.

New York State Census 1875 – Indexed and Imaged Records –Images of the 1875 New York State Census as of 1 June 1875. The following counties are not included: Chemung, Clinton, Hamilton, New York (Manhattan), Niagara, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Wayne, and Westchester – 721,358 records and 93,870 images as of 28 March 2013; up 12,497 records since 13 June 2012.

New York State Census 1892Imaged Records – Name index and images of the population schedule from the New York census taken in 1892. This state census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of February 16, 1892. The collection includes 40 counties. Population schedules for the following counties are missing or lost: Chenango, Columbia, Franklin, Fulton, Jefferson, Livingston, New York (the Bronx and Manhattan), Oneida, Orange, Putnam, Rensselaer, Richmond, Schuyler, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster, Westchester, and Wyoming – 3,766,108 records and 29,494 images as of 11 July 2011; From FHL microfilm originating at numerous New York County Courthouses.

New York State Census 1905Imaged Records – Images and indexes of the population schedule of the census of New York taken in 1905. This census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905 – 2,752,966 records and 110,718 images as of 10 November 2010; From FHL microfilm originating at numerous New York County Courthouses.

New York State Census, 1915Imaged Records – Name index of the 1915 New York State Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com. – 9,742,867 records as of 24 June 2012.

New York State Census, 1925Imaged Records – Name index of the 1925 New York State Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com. – 11,117,922 records as of 24 June 2012

North Carolina, County Records, 1833-1970 – Browsable Imaged Records – Collection of various county records including, wills, guardianships, estates, voter registration books, coroner’s inquests, etc. It was filmed at the North Carolina Department of Archives and History in Raleigh. The collection includes Ashe County School Censuses 1881-1903; Beaufort County Wills 1808-1968; Columbus County Estate Files 1812-1968; Duplin County Widows year support 1900-1968; Durham County Widow’s Dower & Year’s Support 1881-1944 (indexed in front of book); Gaston County Estates 1839-1971 & Wills 1847-1968 Vol. 38-41; Lincoln County Marriage Records 1892-1916; Mecklenburg County Estate Files 1880-1952; Northampton Coroner’s reports 1793-1905; Northampton County Estate Records 1782-1930; Richmond County Coroner’s inquests 1906-1967; Stanley County Coroner’s inquests 1914-1957; and Wake County Death Certificates 1900-1909 – 496,699 images as of 17 May 2012 – up 109,664 since 7 March 2012.

Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850Imaged Records – This project was indexed in partnership with the Ohio Genealogical Society. Name index of tax records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Includes the following Ohio counties: Ashtabula, Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Guernsey, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Monroe, Trumbull and Washington. The majority of the tax records in this collection are for the years 1816 through 1838. Currently this collection is 17% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed – 1,101,150 records and 46,154 images as of 3 June 2011; From Digital copies of originals housed in County Auditors offices in the counties of Ohio.

Oregon, Columbia County Records 1854-1858Imaged Records- This collection includes digital images of land and property, marriage, and naturalization records and indexes digitally captured at the Columbia County Courthouse in St. Helens, Oregon. This collection is being published as images become available – Includes Land and Property (1854-1920), Civil Registration – Marriages (1854-1958), Naturalization / Citizenship 1891-1945), Tax (1898-1908); 91,013 images as of 5 December 2012.

Oregon, Marion County Records, 1849-1976 – Images - Includes marriage, birth, land and property, probate, naturalization, tax and old age pension records from the Marion County Clerk – 406,225 images as of 19 November 2012.

1885 Rhode Island Census 1885Imaged Records – This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Name index and images of census population schedules of the population of the state of Rhode Island as June 1, 1885 – 302,482 records and 10,844 images as of 13 May 2011; From the Rhode Island State Archives, Providence, on 12 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Rhode Island State Census 1905Imaged Records -Images and index to the population schedule of the census Rhode Island taken by the state in 1905. The 1905 state census lists Rhode Island residents of the state as of 1905. Each resident is listed on a single form. The forms are arranged in order by place of residence (county, town or city, ward, enumeration district), then by gender, and then alphabetically by surname. The census tells whether a person is the head of household or lists relationship of the person to the head of household – 352,019 records and 950,324 images as of 5 November 2010; From the Rhode Island State Archives, Providence, on 445 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Rhode Island State Census 1915Imaged Records – Images and index to population schedule of the census of Rhode Island taken by the state in 1915. The 1915 state census of Rhode Island lists residents of Rhode Island as of April 15, 1915. Residents are listed by household and relationship to head of household is given. Children born after April 15, 1915 were not included. The census is arranged by county and then enumeration district – 540,589 records and 11,231 images as of 24 September 2010; From the Rhode Island State Archives, Providence, on 25 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Rhode Island State Census 1925Imaged Records – Images and index to the 1925 Rhode Island state census. The census lists residents of the state as of April 15, 1925 by household. The head of household is indicated and the relationship of each person to the head of household is given. Children born after April 15, 1925 are not listed. The records are arranged by county and enumeration district – 469,564 records and 10,916 images as of 10 September 2010; From the Rhode Island State Archives, Providence.

Rhode Island State Census 1935Imaged Records – Images and index to population schedule of the census of Rhode Island taken by that state in 1935. Officially known as the 1935 state census, these schedules are on computer cards dated January 1936. This census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants as of 1935. The records are arranged by county and town and then alphabetically by surname. People enumerated in the census are recorded individually; the census records do not show individuals in family groups – 693,472 records and 695,585 images as of 14 January 2011; From the Rhode Island State Archives, Providence.

South Dakota State Census 1905Imaged Records – Individual census cards arranged in alphabetical order – 472,575 records and 472,575 images as of 6 April 2010; From the South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre, on 125 rolls of FHL microfilm.

South Dakota State Census 1915Imaged Records – Name index and images of census cards from the 1915 South Dakota State Census – 613,769 records and 613,769 images as of 6 April 2010; From the South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre, on 182 rolls of FHL microfilm.

South Dakota State Census 1925Imaged Records – Name index and images of census cards from the 1925 South Dakota State Census – 705,319 records and 705,285 images as of 6 April 2010; From the South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre.

South Dakota State Census 1935Imaged Records – Name index and images of census cards from the 1935 South Dakota State Census – 673,322 records and 717,877 images as of 25 January 2011; From the South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre, on 213 rolls of FHL microfilm.

South Dakota State Census 1945Imaged Records – Name index and images of census cards from the 1945 South Dakota State Census – 570,085 records and 610,318 images as of 18 July 2011; From the South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre.

Texas, Comanche County Records, 1858-1955Browsable Images – Not indexed yet – Records from Comanche County, Texas including births, marriages, divorce minutes, court records, probate records, and scholastic census records; 321,826 images as of 2 January 2013- up 681 images as of 19 June 2011.

Texas County Tax Rolls 1846-1910Imaged Records – Images for tax rolls for 237 counties in Texas. Index is in progress and additional records will be added as they are completed. The images are laid out by county and year, so if you know where your people lived, finding them usually isn’t difficult, even without the indexes finished – 1,209,864 indexed records and 725,748 images as of 5 June 2012. Up 1,200,141 indexed records and 46,861 images since 12 July 2011; From the Texas State Library and Archives, Austin on 423 rolls of FHL.

Texas, Eastland County Records, 1868-1949 – Imaged Records – Records from Eastland County, Texas including Cemetery records, Chancery Court records, Circuit Court records, Commissioner’s Court records, Coroner’s records, County Court records, District Court records, Hospital records, Land and property records, Military records, Naturalization records, Pension records, Probate records, School records, Tax records, and Vital records. This collection is being published as images become available — 364,267 images available as of 30 January 2013.

Washington State County Records – Lincoln County Special Population Census Schedule (1911-1920)Imaged Records – posted 23 November 2011.

Texas, Matagorda County, School Census Records, 1923-1946Imaged Records – School census records for Matagorda County, Texas. Records are arranged by year, race (“colored” and “white”) and then alphabetically by surname. Additional images will be published to this collection as they become available – Currently covers 1923-1946 – with each year in alphabetical order – 52,548 images as of 7 November 2011.

Washington, County Records 1856-2009Imaged Records – Collection of various records including vital, probate, school, tax, naturalization and other records. The records are from various counties in Washington State, 1856-2009. This is an ongoing collection. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current record and county coverage – 3,435,759 2,682,528 images as of 9 April 2013; up 753,231 images since December 2012.

Wisconsin State Census 1855 – Name index of the Wisconsin state population census taken in 1855. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical.133,164 records as of 23 September 2010; From the Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison, on 4 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1865 – Indexed Records & Browsable Images – Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan — 21,162 records and 874 images as of 18 June 2013.

Wisconsin State Census 1875 – Name index of the Wisconsin state population census taken in 1875. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical – 269,899 records as of 23 September 2010; From the Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison, on 6 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Wisconsin State Census 1885 – Name index of the Wisconsin State Census taken on 20 June 1885. The images include the population schedule and the soldiers and sailors schedule. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the population census is statistical. The census does not include American Indians on reservations in Wisconsin. An enumeration was also taken of soldiers and sailors of the Late War (Civil War) – 407,138 records as of 21 January 2011; From the Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison, on 10 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Wisconsin State Census 1895 – Name index of the Wisconsin State Census taken in 1895. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical. The census does not include American Indians on reservations in Wisconsin. Two additional schedules are included in this census – an enumeration of soldiers and sailors, and an enumeration of the militia – 494,911 records as of 21 January 2011; From the Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison, on 12 rolls of FHL microfilm.

Wisconsin State Census 1905 – Name index of the Wisconsin population schedule taken by that state in 1905. This census enumerates by name all of the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905 – 489,005 records as of 30 April 2010; From the Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison, on 4 rolls of FHL microfilm.

United States, 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War – Index & Images - Index and images of schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of veterans of the Civil War for the states of Kentucky through Wyoming. Except for some miscellaneous returns, data for the states of Alabama through Kansas do not exist. Some returns include U.S. Naval Vessels and Navy Yards. The schedules are from Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration and is NARA publication M123 – 897,849 records and 117,012 images as of 27 November 2012.

 

Do you want to know more about State Censuses, Tax Records, and other census substitutes? If so, check out Dollarhide’s 2-volume set of Census Substitutes and State Census Records.

For those folks who are interested in getting the most out of FamilySearch.org, I highly recommend James Tanner’s book, The Guide to FamilySearch Online, published in August, 2011, and updated in late December 2011. For a full review, and potential purchase, Click Here.