United STATES TERRITORIAL & SCHOOL CENSUSES and TAX RECORDS at FAMILYSEARCH.org

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Last Updated: 14 July 2014

 

Colonial, Territorial and State Censuses are of vital importance to genealogists, as they were often taken on non-Federal Decennial census years, taken prior to statehood, or between the Federal Censuses. Thirty-seven states (or what became states) took them. Tax records are also of extreme value, again, being taken between Federal Censuses, as well as on the census years. They are probably the best census substitutes in existence.

The following listing, complete with links, descriptions, and numbers of records & images is made up of state and school censuses, as well as tax lists currently found at FamilySearch.org. I will continue to update this posting as new data goes up.

Alabama, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index — Index to the census taken in Alabama in 1855.– There are 34,978 Records as of 12 December 2011.

Alabama, State Census, 1866 — Searchable Index — Index of the 1866 census from Alabama.This census lists head of household and has statistical information about the makeup of the household. In some counties, the records indicate whether there were soldiers in the household who were killed, disabled, or died of sickness.– There are 243,781 Records as of 12 December 2011.

California, State Census, 1852 — Searchable Index — Name index of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of California in 1852.– There are 188,578 Records as of 28 October 2011.

Colorado State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 census was taken with the assistance of the United States Government.– There are 234,383 Records and 3,520 Images as of 15 November 2012.

Florida, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Schedules of the Census of Florida taken by that state in 1885. All counties then in the state are represented with the exception of Alachua, Clay, Columbia and Nassau. The 1885 Florida State Census is comprised of four schedules – Population, Agriculture, Manufactures and Mortality. Population schedules are available for all counties, but there are no agriculture, manufactures or mortality schedules for some counties. This collection coincides with NARA publication M845.– There are 309,323 Records and 8,468 Images as of 24 March 2010.

Florida, State Census, 1935 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Population census for the State of Florida for the year 1935. This 1935 Florida State Census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants. The census is arranged alphabetically by county and then geographically by election precinct. All counties within the state are represented, although some election precincts are missing. The collection details include an estimated precinct locality that is based on the census precinct number within a county.– There are 1,599,085 Records and 36,019 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Florida, State Census, 1945 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Population census for the State of Florida for the year 1945. This 1945 Florida State Census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants. The census is arranged alphabetically by county and then geographically by election precinct. All counties within the state are represented, although some election precincts are missing. The records are segregated by race. The collection details include an estimated precinct locality that is based on the census precinct number within a county.– There are 2,249,138 Records and 51,686 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Idaho, Minidoka County Records, 1913-1961 — Browsable Images — Marriage, naturalization, land and property, probate, school and military records located at the county courthouse in Rupert. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 42,995 Images as of 4 December 2012.

Illinois State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index — Index and images of the Illinois state census taken in 1865.– There are 256,004 Records as of 28 February 2011.

Illinois State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Illinois state census taken on 3 July 1865. The following counties are missing: Gallatin, Mason, Monroe and part of Tazewell.– There are 380,262 Records and 12,076 Images as of 2 September 2011.

Illinois, Non-Population Census Schedules, 1850-1880 — Browsable Images — Images of census schedules including agriculture, manufactures, industry and social statistics.– There are Images as of 6 February 2014.

Iowa State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1885. The population schedule names every person in the household.– There are 1,737,228 Records and 64,484 Images as of 25 January 2011.

Iowa State Census, 1895 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1895. The census names everyone in the household.– There are 2,110,508 Records and 79,808 Images as of 4 April 2013.

Iowa, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index — Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1905. The population schedule names every person in the household.– There are 2,171,126 Records as of 22 August 2014; up 725,712 Records since 26 September 2013.

Iowa, State Census, 1925 — Browsable Images — Index and images of the 1925 state census of Iowa.– There are 327,118 Images as of 16 April 2014.

Maryland, Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999 — Browsable Images — Images of probate records from court record collections from the Register of Wills in Maryland counties. Probate records often include wills, and other records dealing with the administration of estates including bonds, inventories, guardianships, real estate, and various indexes to the records. Includes the following counties: Allegany, Anne Arundel, Calvert, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Charles, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Queen Anne’s, Somerset, St. Mary’s, Talbot, Washington, and Worcester. Also includes records from Baltimore City. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 1,613,571 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Massachusetts, Boston Tax Records, 1822-1918 — Browsable Images — This collection contains tax records, transfer books, tax books, and assessor’s lists from the Boston City Archives. – There are 586.834 Images as of 12 August 2014.

Massachusetts, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS). Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. 155 images from Suffolk County are missing and will be forthcoming (953961)– There are 1,202,234 Records and 15,239 Images as of 12 April 2013.

Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1865. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).– There are 1,352,817 Records and 17,616 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Michigan, State Census, 1894 — Searchable Index — Name index of the Michigan state census taken in June 1894. Due to destroyed and missing records, in addition to a partial acquisition of records, this collection includes the following counties: Barry, Benzie, Bay, Dickinson, Emmet, Gratiot, Ingham, Iosco, Kalamazoo, Kent, Keweenaw, Lapeer, Leelanau, Menominee, Montcalm, and Washtenaw. Please visit the wiki for more information.– There are 381,961 Records as of 8 July 2011.

Minnesota, Clay County, School Census Records, 1909-1962 — Browsable Images — Images of school census records arranged by district number.– There are 14,457 Images as of 20 May 2013.

Minnesota, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of June 1, 1865.– There are 246,591 Records and 3,396 Images as of 11 November 2011.

Minnesota, State Census, 1875 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Names index of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of May 1, 1875. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at family history centers.– There are 612,847 Records and 9,537 Images as of 28 January 2014.

Minnesota, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of 1885.– There are 1,133,198 Records and 15,756 Images as of 1 November 2010.

Minnesota, State Census, 1895 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name indexes of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of 1895. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at family history centers.– There are 1,570,739 Records and 445,489 Images as of 23 September 2010.

Minnesota, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of June 1, 1905– There are 1,973,884 Records and 52,150 Images as of 25 January 2011.

Minnesota, Territorial Census, 1857 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the Minnesota Territory in 1857. NOTE: “All entries for the following newly created [23 May 1857] counties were fabricated to cover voter fraud: Cottonwood, Jackson, Martin, Murray, Nobles, Pipestone, and Rock. (For further information see Robert J. Forrest, ‘Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota,’ Minnesota History, 14 (1933), pp. 243-52).” This collection coincides with NARA publication T1175.– There are 156,888 Records and 3,983 Images as of 20 July 2011.

Mississippi, Enumeration of Educable Children, 1850-1892; 1908-1957 — Browsable Images — These records are lists of students prepared by the counties and school districts. School records can be a viable substitute for birth records. These include the names of both black and white students. The early records include the names of students and the school attended. More recent records include the age of the child and a parent or guardian’s name.– There are 211,757 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Missouri, State and Territorial Census Records, 1732-1933 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and digital images of extant state and territorial censuses for early counties in Missouri. This collection includes records from the Missouri State Archives and from FamilySearch. Images and index data will be added to this collection as they become available.– There are 96,082 Records and 12,283 Images as of 22 August 2014; up 96,082 Records since 29 May 2014.

Montana, Lake County Records, 1857-2010 — Searchable Index & Browsable Images — Deeds, school census, mining, vital records, probate, and divorce records located at the county courthouse in Polson. This collection is being published as images become available. Birth and Death records indexed. – There are 35,202 Records and 101,948 Images as of 18 November 2014; up  11,217 Records since 18 September 2014.

Nebraska, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the state census for Nebraska taken in 1885. The microfilms are from National Archives publication M352. The population schedule lists all household members.– There are 747,367 Records and 27,732 Images as of 17 April 2014.

New Jersey, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index — Name index of the New Jersey state census taken in 1885. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and family history centers.– There are 1,294,279 Records as of 13 February 2014.

New Jersey, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index — Name index of the 1905 Census of New Jersey which includes all residents in all counties.– There are 2,146,861 Records as of 22 June 2012.

New Jersey, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index — Name index from the state census of New Jersey taken in 1915. – There are 2,785,409 Records as of 8 October 2014.

New Mexico, Territorial Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the New Mexico Territory in 1885. This collection coincides with NARA publication T1175. – There are 59,040 Records and 795 Images as of 16 October 2014.

New York, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — The population schedule for the 1855 New York state census records still in existence. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. View the wiki or browse the collection to determine coverage.– There are 2,818,214 Records and 49,719 Images as of 31 January 2013.

New York, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This collection contains most of the 1865 New York state census records still in existence. Ten schedules were filed for each locality, including population, marriages, and deaths schedules. The population schedule included the name, age, birthplace, and occupation of each household member. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. View the wiki or browse the collection to determine coverage. – There are 2,623,218 Records and 57,158 Images as of 24 October 2014; up 2,623,218 Records since 9 May 2011.

New York, State Census, 1875 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Images of the 1875 New York State Census as of 1 June 1875. The following counties are not included: Chemung, Clinton, Hamilton, New York (Manhattan), Niagara, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Wayne, and Westchester.– There are 3,125,090 Records and 55,032 Images as of 27 March 2013.

New York, State Census, 1892 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the population schedule from the New York census taken in 1892. This state census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of February 16, 1892. The collection includes 40 counties. Population schedules for the following counties are missing or lost: Chenango, Columbia, Franklin, Fulton, Jefferson, Livingston, New York (the Bronx and Manhattan), Oneida, Orange, Putnam, Rensselaer, Richmond, Schuyler, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster, Westchester, and Wyoming.– There are 3,766,108 Records and 29,223 Images as of 11 July 2011.

New York, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Images of the population schedule of the census of New York taken in 1905. This census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905.– There are 7,513,232 Records and 108,560 Images as of 8 March 2012.

New York, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index — Name index and images of the 1915 New York State Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com.– There are 9,742,867 Records as of 23 June 2012.

New York, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index — Name index and images of the 1925 New York State Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com.– There are 11,117,922 Records as of 23 June 2012.

North Carolina, County Records, 1833-1970 — Browsable Images — Collection of various county records including, wills, guardianships, estates, voter registration books, coroner’s inquests, etc. It was filmed at the North Carolina Department of Archives and History in Raleigh. This collection is being published as images become available. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current coverage.– There are 593,567 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This project was indexed in partnership with the Ohio Genealogical Society. Name index of tax records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Includes the following Ohio counties: Ashtabula, Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Guernsey, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Monroe, Trumbull and Washington. The majority of the tax records in this collection are for the years 1816 through 1838. Additional records will be added as they are completed.– There are 1,101,150 Records and 45,984 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Oregon, Columbia County Records, 1854-1958 — Browsable Images — This collection includes digital images of land and property, marriage, and other miscellaneous records and indexes digitally captured at the Columbia County Courthouse in St. Helens, Oregon. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 91,013 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Oregon, Marion County Records, 1849-1976 — Browsable Images — Includes marriage, birth, land and property, probate, naturalization, tax and old age pension records from the Marion County Clerk.– There are 406,225 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index — This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Name index and images of census population schedules of the population of the state of Rhode Island as June 1, 1885.– There are 321,999 Records as of 13 May 2011.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index to the population schedule of the census Rhode Island taken by the state in 1905. The 1905 state census lists Rhode Island residents of the state as of 1905. Each resident is listed on a single form. The forms are arranged in order by place of residence (county, town or city, ward, enumeration district), then by gender, and then alphabetically by surname. The census tells whether a person is the head of household or lists relationship of the person to the head of household.– There are 474,152 Records and 950,314 Images as of 5 November 2010.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index to population schedule of the census of Rhode Island taken by the state in 1915. The 1915 state census of Rhode Island lists residents of Rhode Island as of April 15, 1915. Residents are listed by household and relationship to head of household is given. Children born after April 15, 1915 were not included. The census is arranged by county and then enumeration district. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at Family History Centers.– There are 540,589 Records and 11,220 Images as of 23 September 2010.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index to the 1925 Rhode Island state census. The census lists residents of the state as of April 15, 1925 by household. The head of household is indicated and the relationship of each person to the head of household is given. Children born after April 15, 1925 are not listed. The records are arranged by county and enumeration district. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at Family History Centers.– There are 684,447 Records and 10,914 Images as of 10 September 2010.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1935 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index to population schedule of the census of Rhode Island taken by that state in 1935. Officially known as the 1935 state census, these schedules are on computer cards dated January 1936. This census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants as of 1935. The records are arranged by county and town and then alphabetically by surname. People enumerated in the census are recorded individually; the census records do not show individuals in family groups. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at Family History Centers.– There are 693,472 Records and 696,739 Images as of 4 April 2014.

South Dakota, School Records, 1879-1970 — Browsable Images — School records, including teacher’s term reports, school census and attendance records located at the South Dakota State Historical Society in Pierre. Records are generally arranged by county, year and school district number. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 200,731 Images as of 22 October 2014; up 7,239 Images since 12 December 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Individual census cards arranged in alphabetcial order.– There are 472,575 Records and 472,575 Images as of 26 February 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1915 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 613,769 Records and 613,769 Images as of 26 February 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1925 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 705,319 Records and 705,285 Images as of 26 February 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1935 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1935 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 673,322 Records and 717,877 Images as of 25 January 2011.

South Dakota, State Census, 1945 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1945 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 570,085 Records and 610,319 Images as of 18 July 2011.

Texas, Comanche County Records, 1858-1955 — Browsable Images — Records from Comanche County, Texas including births, marriages, divorce minutes, court records, probate records, and scholastic census records. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 321,826 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Selective index to tax rolls for 231 of 254 Texas counties. The years indexed include the first year for each county included prior to 1845, as well as 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1890, 1895, and 1905. The index for this collection is 13% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.– There are 3,852,784 Records and 678,887 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Texas, Eastland County Records, 1868-1949 — Browsable Images — Records from Eastland County, Texas including Cemetery records, Chancery Court records, Circuit Court records, Commissioner’s Court records, Coroner’s records, County Court records, District Court records, Hospital records, Land and property records, Military records, Naturalization records, Pension records, Probate records, School records, Tax records, and Vital records. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 364,267 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Texas, Matagorda County, School Census Records, 1923-1946 — Browsable Images — School census records for Matagorda County, Texas. Records are arranged by year, race (“colored” and “white”) and then alphabetically by surname. Additional images will be published to this collection as they become available. – There are 52,548 Images as of 7 November 2011.

United States Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, 1862-1874 — Browsable Images — Images of internal revenue assessment lists (annual, monthly and special) arranged by state and collection district. These records are the result of the Internal Revenue Act of July 1, 1862 authorizing the collection of monthly and annual taxes on goods, services, licenses, income and personal property. The assessments were used to raise money for the Civil War. This collection consists of multiple state NARA microfilm publications from Record Group 58 Records of the Internal Revenue Service. The tax assessments were organized by collection districts, which could cover any number of counties, part of a city or township, or part of a county. The boundaries of some districts changed part way through the civil war. “A guide for all counties” that distinguishes which records cover which localities is included for all States where more than one district is present and the guide was present in the images. Also, for the purposes of this browse, a county label has been included. Patrons researching any counties that became part of West Virginia should search in both Virginia (M793) and West Virginia (M795) for those records, regardless of date. Images for collection districts are found under every county included within the boundaries of the district in question. Hence, the same images are listed under multiple counties. Please note the NARA Roll Number and Description as this will prevent unintended multiple searches of the same images. – There are 403,116 Images as of 30 September 2014.

Washington, County Records, 1803-2010 — Browsable Images — Collection of various records including vital, probate, school, tax, naturalization and other records. The records are from various counties in Washington State, 1856-2010. This is an ongoing collection. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current record and county coverage. – There are 6,875,457 Images as of 20 November 2014; up 498,432 Images since 24 September 2014.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin state population census taken in 1855. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical.– There are 133,164 Records and 2,501 Images as of 24 March 2010.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.– There are 21,162 Records and 480 Images as of 18 June 2013.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1875 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin state population census taken in 1875. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical.– There are 296,899 Records and 4,703 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin State Census taken on 20 June 1885. The images include the population schedule and the soldiers and sailors schedule. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the population census is statistical. The census does not include American Indians on reservations in Wisconsin. An enumeration was also taken of soldiers and sailors of the Late War (Civil War).– There are 407,138 Records and 10,186 Images as of 21 January 2011.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1895 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin State Census taken in 1895. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical. The census does not include American Indians on reservations in Wisconsin. Two additional schedules are included in this census – an enumeration of soldiers and sailors, and an enumeration of the militia.– There are 494,911 Records and 12,251 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin population schedule taken by that state in 1905. This census enumerates by name all of the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905.– There are 2,228,392 Records and 24,874 Images as of 30 April 2010.