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The American Battle Monuments Commission Website

Having served in the U.S. Army, I’m always checking to see if any of my former “Battle Buddies” have lost their lives. This has led me to look for the names and records of soldiers lost in other conflicts. The American Battle Monuments website is one of the better sites.


Established by Congress in 1923, the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) commemorates the service, achievements, and sacrifice of U.S. armed forces. ABMC manages 24 overseas military cemeteries, and 26 memorials, monuments, and markers. Nearly all the cemeteries and memorials specifically honor those who served in World War I or World War II.

The sacrifice of more than 218,000 U.S. servicemen and women is memorialized at these locations. Nearly 125,000 American war dead are buried at ABMC cemeteries, with an additional 94,000 individuals commemorated on Tablets of the Missing.

Visit their Website to learn more.

Records are easily available – simply search by: War, Soldiers Name, Cemetery, State of Origin, or Unit

ABMC maintains several databases, including:

  • Those interred at the American World War I and World War II cemeteries overseas.
  • The missing in action from World War I and World War II who are memorialized on Tablets of the Missing within the cemeteries and on three memorials in the United States.
  • Those killed worldwide during the Korean War.
  • War dead and veterans of the Mexican War, Civil War and Spanish-American War who are buried at the ABMC cemeteries in Corozal, Panama and Mexico City.
  • The missing in action of the Vietnam War memorialized at the Honolulu Memorial.
  • All interments at Corozal American Cemetery, including civilians who built and operated the Panama Canal.

Here are two exampels of what you may find

World War II

Ernest H. Anderson
Captain, U.S. Army Air Forces
Service # O-725397
772nd Bomber Squadron, 463rd Bomber Group, Heavy
Entered the Service from: Washington
Died: 19-Mar-44
Missing in Action or Buried at Sea
Tablets of the Missing at Florence American Cemetery
Florence, Italy
Awards: Air Medal, Purple Heart

Korean War

Paul Harris
Unknown City, Alaska
Born 1920
Sergeant, U.S. Army
Service Number 39950756
Died while Prisoner of War
Died February 4, 1951 in Korea
Sergeant Harris was a member of the 9th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. He was taken Prisoner of War while fighting the enemy in Korea on November 26, 1950 and died while a prisoner on February 4, 1951. Sergeant Harris was awarded the Prisoner of War Medal, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Korean Presidential Unit Citation and the Republic of Korea War Service Medal.

Visit their Website to learn more.

Written by Dale R. Meitzler

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Piles of Paper – Part 3

The following article is by my good friend, Bill Dollarhide.

Dollarhide’s Genealogy Rule No. 42: If you took family group sheets to the last wedding you attended, you are
probably an addicted genealogist.

In the articles, “Piles of Paper – Part 1 & Part 2,” we suggested you take your large piles of paper and dump them into one pile on the floor of your kitchen. We then discussed the three categories of paper that needed to be separated out from the large pile. And, after removing the Compiled Sheets and Research Aids, we were left with a still large pile of paper, but just for the category of Notes and Documents. To start organizing this category, we suggested that a “Surname Oriented” system would be superior to a “Family Oriented” system, because the Notes and Documents are inhabited by three types of people (Ancestors, Collaterals, and Suspicious). But, before organizing these papers, we will propose some basic rules to follow hereafter in collecting any Notes and Documents:

Rules for Saving Notes and Documents
Let’s forget that you still have this incredibly large pile of notes and documents sitting in the middle of your kitchen. Instead, let’s assume that you are starting your genealogical research tomorrow. Everything is new. We will now start fresh. Under these conditions, I can give you some really good rules to follow and your genealogical collection will be the envy of every other genealogist you know because you will be able to find every event record for every person you have ever collected, every time, guaranteed. Here are my four rules:

1. Control the sheet size
2. Separate sheets by surname
3. Separate surname sheets by the place of origin
4. Give every sheet a page number

Rule 1: Control the Sheet Size
As students we learned how to prepare for a written essay in school. We were taught to use 3 x 5″ index cards, noting such things as the author’s name, publisher, date of publication, etc., followed by a brief quote or two from the source we had found in the library. This method worked well because the cards could be sorted easily and provided a bibliography once the report had been written.

However, genealogists attempting to use this system will quickly discover that they rarely have enough room on the card to write all notes they may want to capture. Not only that, genealogists are fond of copying whole pages of text from books, not just a few notes here and there. To make matters worse, genealogists receive information from a variety of sources – letters from relatives, documents from vital statistics offices, interview notes, phone notes, or information from other genealogists. The nature of genealogical research does not allow the use of 3″ x 5″ cards effectively, because a separate collection of full-size documents would then be necessary.

We have also been known to go to the library without a note pad, using whatever paper we could beg, borrow, or steal, to write down the latest census data we found. If the little sheet of paper is covered with a larger sheet in the file box at home, the little sheet of paper will probably be in the “lost” category in the near future.

Standardizing the sheet size for taking notes using 8-1/2″ x 11″ paper solves this problem. If every note were taken on this sheet size, the smaller notes can be taped or pasted to standard size sheets to bring them into conformity, and if a researcher follows this simple rule faithfully, the ability to find notes and documents for later analysis will be enhanced immediately.

To make this technique even better, using a pre-printed form to take all notes has several advantages. First, the sheet size will be controlled at the time the note is taken. 3-hole paper saves having to punch holes later, and the sheet has a place to be filed when taken home. (An example of such a form for genealogical note-taking is the “Reference Family Data Sheet,” one of the forms in the book, Managing a Genealogical Project).

Rule 2: Separate Sheets by Surname
Genealogists can separate documents by the surname of the family to which they pertain. In other words, “Surname Books”, which are standard 3-hole notebooks, can be set up to hold the notes and documents which relate to one surname. One book would contain everything that is known about one surname, including those people who are ancestors, collaterals, or suspicious. At this level of collection it is not necessary to separate known ancestors from collaterals or suspicious persons. The important thing is that the person has the right surname and could be important to the project. As the notes are gathered, write the surname at the top of each page and devote an entire page to the notes for that surname or names connected with that surname. If a new surname of interest is encountered while you are in research, start a new sheet for the new surname. This simple separation of notes by surname will allow you to file any sheet of paper logically, and without having to recopy your notes when you get home from the place of research.

Typically, genealogists find themselves sitting in front of a computer screen copying down notes from original records. Even if the genealogist was careful to copy all of the Johnson family records from one county, what happens sometimes is that another family surname pops up – something that was not expected. This happens frequently in the course of collecting genealogical records. The serious mistake is to mix these surnames on the same sheet of paper. If the Brown family is on the same sheet as the Johnson family, even though these two families were not related to each other, the only recourse later may be to use a pair of scissors to get the notes separated by the surname. Therefore, simply starting a new page when another surname is found will separate the surnames at the time the notes are first taken down.

A family record mentioning several different surnames that married into the family could all be saved as part of the main surname. The surname book contains information about the families and individuals important to the project, not necessarily just the known relatives. This is a key element in storing references in this manner. The problem of what to do with non-relatives has been solved: treat them the same as the relatives at this level of collection. If later research reveals that a reference item is not part of the family at all, the sheet can be removed and discarded. But until then, the collection can contain any and all references to any surname of interest to the project.

Now the rules begin to make sense. If the same sheet size is used — 3-hole, 8-1/2″ x 11″ notepaper — and all surnames are separated on different sheets, a system of collecting notes and documents will pay off. With these two rules alone, the note does not need to be stacked on top of a the pile at home — any new sheet can immediately go into a surname book as another page.

Rule 3: Separate Surname Sheets by the Place of Origin
Once the documents have been stored on the same sheet size and placed in the appropriate book for the surname, the next step is to break down the sheets by the place, or origin of the record to be saved. The logic behind this concept needs to be explained.

There are three vital pieces of information every genealogist must know to pursue genealogical evidence: 1) a name, 2) a date, and 3) a place. With these three elements known, a treasure chest of information will be made available for further research. Of these three elements, the place is the one that tells you where to look for further information. The place of the event, such as the birthplace, place of death, place of marriage, place of residence, etc., is what a genealogist must know before a copy of that record can be obtained.

We live in a record-keeping society. The jurisdiction that created the record is the place. That jurisdiction must be known before we can learn anything. If this fact is clear, then the idea of separating source material by the place is a logical step to take. Therefore, the many sheets of notes and documents pertaining to one surname can be further separated by the origin of the records. Experienced genealogists know that once the county of residence has been established, a treasure chest of information awaits in the courthouse, the local library, a funeral home, a cemetery, a local genealogical society, etc., all of which can provide much important information about a family that lived in that locality. That information cannot be found without first knowing where to look.

Separating the sheets by the place is an easy task to control because virtually every single genealogical reference item will have a place attached to it. So, the top of the sheet should first show the surname for the record, followed by some designator for the place of origin. For example, one surname book could contain all the Johnsons in Iowa in one section and Ohio Johnsons in another section. If the Johnson family of interest started out with an immigrant to New Jersey, followed by migrations later to Ohio, then Indiana, then Iowa, etc., these states could be arranged in that particular order — which would tend to put the family reference material in loose chronological order for the time periods they were in a particular state. This method of collecting source material will place records for certain individuals in more than one place section if a person moved from state to state over the course of his life. Don’t worry about this yet — we are going to get all of these place-oriented records back when we create family group sheets — so get the surnames together in one book, then divide the book by the places of the records.

The place designator can be broken down further. If there were many Johnsons in Ohio, it may be worthwhile to separate this section by county. The important thing about this method of organizing notes and documents is that when information about the Johnson family in Ohio is needed, a genealogist knows where to look for what is known about the family in that area. It is also the logical place to file a new piece of information.

Rule 4: Give Every Sheet a Page Number
The fourth rule is to simply give every page in the surname book a number. With the surname notebooks organized in sections for the places divided, each sheet can be given a number that allows for the retrieval and return of sheets to a proper position. A sheet number need only be a consecutive number starting with 1, adding numbers as sheets are accumulated.

A full sheet number might be Johnson/OH/24, meaning the sheet belongs in the Johnson surname book in the Ohio section, and within that section it is page 24. This sheet number is assigned on a “first come – first served” basis, so there is no need to re-arrange sheets later to get 1790 records before 1870 records. Genealogists find and collect records in random order, so they can be filed randomly too. This allows for adding sheets within a section as the records are found.

But, since the references have already been sorted by surname/place, the sheet number is simply a designator to put a sheet back into a known position, and it provides the means of indexing reference sheets later. The page number is a key element in this filing system. If an index is to be prepared in the future, or if a genealogist plans to use a computer, page numbers will be critically important.

Back to the Pile of Paper
Now that we have reviewed the four rules for taking new notes and setting up surname books, what about the mess you still have lying in the middle of your kitchen? Well, you will need the following items before you can get started:

● A good pair of scissors
● A bottle of Elmer’s glue (or some other kind of stick-um)
● Scotch tape
● Irish tape (which doesn’t have to be returned to its owner after you use it).
● A felt marker (for highlighting color, optional)
● A three-hole punch (check the thrift stores for bargains)
● Several paper/cardboard boxes, one for each surname you have
● Several 3-ring binders, at least one for each surname you have (check the thrift stores, any binder with silk-screened graphics can be easily wiped clean with an old T-shirt soaked in lacquer thinner)
● Set of sheet dividers for each binder
● 8-1/2″ x 11″ blank white paper (one ream should do it, to start)
● Knee pads
● A sign that warns your family, “fines are double in work areas”

Start slow. Pick up a piece of paper from the pile. What surname does it relate to? Smith? Write “Smith” at the top of the page. What place does it relate to? Kansas? Write “KS” after Smith. Get a box and mark it “Smith”. Place the first sheet of paper in the Smith box. Now get another sheet of paper from the pile and do the same thing. New Surname? Get another box. Any sheet that is smaller than 8-1/2” x 11” in size should be glued or taped to a blank full-size sheet and labeled with the surname and place of origin.

Along about the third piece of paper, you will probably discover that both Smith and Johnson are mentioned on that one, and if these two names did not marry each other or have some special connection, then you need to use your scissors, and cut the Smith portion apart from the Johnson portion. Now get two blank 8-1/2″ x 11″ sheets of paper. Stick or tape the Johnson note on one sheet and the Smith note on the other. Label the top of each sheet with the surname and place. Put them in a cardboard box for each surname.

You will also discover some sheets early on that do not lend themselves to be cut up. These are the ones that mention several different surnames in the same paragraph. Cutting up these type of sheets won’t work well, so put these to one side so you can take them to the nearest photocopy machine. You will need to make as many copies as there are ancestral surnames mentioned. Remember, we are trying to separate all of our notes and documents by surname — if that means copying a resource more than once, that is what it will take.

A marriage record is an example of two surnames mentioned that properly should go in two different surname books. You could make a copy of the marriage record so one could be filed with the groom’s surname, the other with the bride’s maiden surname . . . or you could simply make a quick note on a new sheet with the names, dates, places, and a cross-reference note that tells a reader that a full marriage document is filed in a different surname book. That cross-reference note is a full size sheet, and could take the place of another marriage document in another surname book.

As you see the sheets building in the boxes, you should begin to see what is happening. You are building surname files, and isn’t it exciting! But even if you are not bubbling with excitement yet, this is what you will need to do to your current notes and documents to adopt this system. If you are willing to do it, you will love what happens when you have them all prepared this way.

Once you have all the sheets of paper off the floor, your pile will not exist anymore. You now have several cardboard boxes with nifty stacks of 8-1/2″ x 11″ paper in them. So, grab the box of your choice (how about Johnson) and get a 3-ring binder that will hold all of them. Too many for one binder? Add more binders as necessary. Next, get someone to clean off the kitchen table. Now, go through the entire Johnson stack and make smaller stacks of the Johnson sheets for each place the Johnsons lived. Sheets that are not already 3-hole punched need to be punched now.

Creating stacks for each place is sort of like correlating pages, and you could possibly involve other members of your family in this exercise. “OK, Don, I want you to collect all of the Johnsons in Iowa in your stack. And, Angie, you have Ohio.” If the family starts fighting over which state they get, promise that when they are done they will all get fed. (Which, of course, is something that none of the family has done together since you first got into genealogy).

If you have sheets that are smaller than 8-1/2″ x 11″ then stick or tape them to a full size sheet and add the surname and place at the top of the page. If you have documents that are larger, you can fold them so they will go into a note book, or you can make or buy a “pocket” sheet. These can be purchased from a K-Mart, Wal-Mart, or perhaps in the school supplies area of a local supermarket. The purchased pocket sheets are pre-punched for 3-holes and have a pocket where an over-sized folded document can be inserted.

If your pile includes original documents you may want to make photocopies of them, which would also allow for reducing the size, if necessary, to fit your notebooks. You can treat original photographs the same way — make copies for the notebooks. The originals should be stored with other documents or photos in an acid-neutral container kept in a dry place.

Once you have gone through one surname and separated by place, each sheet in a surname/place stack can now be numbered. You can arrange these sheets any way you want at this time, but any new sheets will be added at the back and continue the numbering. If the first stack you take on is the Johnson/Iowa stack, start numbering the sheets IA-1, IA-2, IA-3, and so on. Do the same for each stack of sheets for each place you have separated. When this is done you can place all of the sheets in a 3-ring binder. Use the sheet dividers to separate the sheets by states/places.

Any expression of wild and crazy celebration at this point is perfectly in order. You are permitted to take your shoes off, let your hair down, shout with glee, or hug and kiss any person who happens to be in the room. You are finished with the pile!

In the next article, “Piles of Paper – Part 4,” we will show you how you can use the well-organized notes and documents file to create family group sheets that list every source you ever found for a family.

Further reading:
Managing a Genealogical Project, a book by William Dollarhide.
– “Piles of Paper-Part 1,” an article by William Dollarhide.
– “Piles of Paper-Part 2,” an article by William Dollarhide.
A Genealogist’s InstaGuide: Dollarhide’s Rules and Daffern’s Laws.

Comments (5) Offering Free Online Access to Canadian Military Records Through November 12, 2013

The following was written by Ancestry and is from to offer free online access to historic military records to help Canadians discover their military ancestors for the first time – Many Canadians unaware of ancestors who fought in First or Second World War

TORONTO, Nov. 6, 2013 /CNW/ – In honour of Remembrance Day,, Canada’s leading family history website, is giving Canadians the chance to discover the military hero in their family by providing free access from November 7 to 12 to more than 4.4 million online military records from some of its most popular collections, some of which are available free for the first time.

Each Remembrance Day, many Canadians remember the sacrifices and bravery of those who served their country in times of battle, especially those with ancestors and family who fought in wars past and present. Surprisingly, a large number of Canadians don’t know if they have anyone in their family to remember at this time. According to a recent national online survey, almost one-third of Canadians do not know if any of their ancestors fought in either the First or Second World Wars.

“For Canadians, Remembrance Day marks a time of reflection about the soldiers who fought, and in many cases died, for their country. Unfortunately too many of us don’t even know who these people are,” says Lesley Anderson, a genealogist and Content Specialist at “We are thus happy and proud to be able to provide Canadians the chance to look into their past to discover whether their ancestors were among the many that fought in the great wars that defined our nation. It is our pleasure to share these collections in the hope that Canadians will discover more details about their ancestors and the lives they lived.”

The military records free to view cover the First and Second World War, the Rebellion of 1837 and the War of 1812. They highlight the everyday lives of soldiers who served their country, some even before they had a country to fight for. The records include military awards, service records and information on pay, which will provide Canadians with a greater understanding of the men and women who fought in the conflicts. Men like Frank Brown.

The story of Frank Brown
Frank Brown was born on December 18, 1893 in Waterford, Ontario. A prolific writer of poetry, he had two wishes near the start of the First World War; first, to join his comrades in battle and second, to have his poems published. Both of his wishes were granted, but sadly he only lived to see one fulfilled.

After enlisting and joining his fellow troops in England, the well-liked Brown soon won an early promotion to Sergeant thanks to his sharpshooting skills. Shortly after, his first wish was granted when on February 3, 1915 he joined Captain Talbot M. Papineau and the Third Company of Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry in the trenches in France.

During his first day, the soldier-poet fired approximately 80 rounds, estimated to be as much as the rest of his company put together. Now being known to the Germans as a great shot, it is suspected that he drew the attention of German sharpshooters, and at about 3:30 p.m. that afternoon Sergeant Frank Brown was struck in the head. He died instantly and with no pain.

His second wish was granted soon after his death. Brown’s sincere, strong and musical poems were published in a book titled Contingent Ditties and Other Soldier Songs of the Great War, by Frank Brown.

The story of Sergeant Frank Brown is an example of some of the stories that are waiting to be discovered on, and for the 54 per cent of Canadians that claim to have an ancestor that fought in the First or Second World War, these records can provide vivid details into their lives as soldiers. For the 30 per cent of Canadians that do not know if they have an ancestor in the military, these records can bring that history to light.

The collections that will be offered for free from November 7th to 12th include the following:

Canada, Military Honours and Award Citation Cards, 1900-1961, containing almost 70,000 records documenting awards and honours received by Canadian service personnel, both men and women. Some records include valuable and rare information on the soldiers’ next of kin, a physical description, their home address and an account of the meritorious action.

Canada, Nominal Rolls and Paylists for the Volunteer Militia, 1857-1922, contains more than 1.6 million records that provide detailed information about a soldier’s everyday life, including payroll. The records also include travelling expenses, battalion or regiment, rank, pay for the use of a horse and signature of the member for received pay. These small details can help paint a richer picture of the day-to-day routine of Canada’s servicemen and women.

Canada, War Graves Registers: Circumstances of Casualty, 1914-1948, contains almost 30,000 records of military burial documents from Canada, as well as casualty records from the U.S., prisoners of war and members of the Australian Air Force, Polish Air Force and Royal New Zealand Air Force.

Canada, CEF Commonwealth War Graves Registers, 1914-1919, contains over 56,000 records from the War Grave Registers for service personnel of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) who died during the First World War in Belgium, France and the United Kingdom. These registers were used to record the final resting place of the soldier, nurse or other individual, and to record the notification of the next of kin.

Canadians looking for information about their ancestors, or for those who want to start their family tree for free can visit Those who want to explore the military heroes in their family tree can do so by visiting

About was launched in January 2006 and is part of, the world’s largest online family history resource with approximately 2.7 million paying subscribers across many of its websites. More than 12 billion records have been added to the sites and users have created more than 55 million family trees containing more than 5 billion profiles. In addition to its flagship site, the company operates several Ancestry international websites along with a suite of online family history brands including, and, all designed to empower people to discover, preserve and share their family history.

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Using Google Books to Get Free Copies of Pages of Books in the Family History Library

Some time ago, FamilySearch announced a FREE Lookup service whereby they would scan pages of books found in the Family History Library for patrons who couldn’t actually get to the library itself. They have now published a blog explaining in detail how one can use Google Books to find family in the Google snippets of copyrighted volumes. If the book is still under copyright, and not available as a full book on Google Books, you can have the Family History Library take a scan of the page you need, even if it’s not available at Google Books. The blog is very detailed, giving step-by-step instruction.

Read the blog.

You may also download a full-color pdf file of the post to use as a handout.

Thanks to ResearchBuzz for the heads-up.

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The Honor Wall at Fold3

Fold3 unveiled what they call their Honor Wall this week, It pays tribute to millions of men and women who served our nation, from colonial days to the present.

You are invited to visit the Honor Wall and help them pay tribute to America’s veterans by sharing your own memories, stories, and photos of a loved one. Whether you have family or friends serving now, or have ancestors who fought in the Revolutionary War or other conflicts in between, join Fold3 in commemorating them. With your help, the Honor Wall will keep their stories alive.

The Honor Wall hosts millions of names, yet it’s just the beginning of a monumental tribute that will grow through your contributions. They’ve redesigned the Fold3 Memorial Pages to include representations of service, along with life events, photos, stories, documents, and connections to family members.

Search for those you know—ancestors, friends, fellow service members, family members, or perhaps you! If you find who you’re looking for, add your own dedication. If you can’t locate a Memorial Page for someone,create one of your own and add it to the Honor Wall.

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Fire at the Internet Archive’s San Francisco Scanning Center

Internet Archive reading room- ire
Wednesday morning at about 3:30 a.m., a fire got started at the Internet Archive’s San Francisco scanning center. No data was lost, but about $600,000 in high end digitization equipment was destroyed. The scanning building was also badly damaged. According to their blog, no one was hurt. The main building wasn’t affected except for damage to one electrical run. They did lose power to some servers for a while.
Some materials that were being digitized were lost, but they saved about half of the items in their current project because the items were in a separate locked room.

They are looking for monetary donations to help get things back on track.

Read more about the Internet Archive Fire at their blog.

Read another article at

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Books Added to FRPC Web Site 11-6-2013

Books added to Family Roots Publishing website for November 6th 2013

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Before Germanna No. 2 – Clore, Kaifer, and Thomas Families

a0088According to Johni Cerny and Gary J. Zimmrman, authors of Before Germanna, there have been few unanswered questions about the First Germanna Colony in the New World. However, at least in 1990 when this book first came out, surprising little was know about the Second Germanna Colony. This second colony faced hardships and misfortune from the beginning.

“While so much has been documented and written about the First Colony and its ancestry, a great deal of mystery has surrounded the establishment of a second colony”

First, their ship was held fore weeks in London while their captain sat in prison. Then, their captain by passed their intended port in Pennsylvania, and made for Virginia, where the group was sold into indentured servitude to “pay for their passage.” In addition, their belongings were confiscated.

It was the Governor Alexander Spotswood, who recruited the  First Germanna because of their metal working skills who also paid for and indentured the Second Germanna. “While Spotswood may have recognized the injustice done these immigrants, he profited from the situation to extract eight years of indentured labor from them. They were not released until 1725, a year longer than the customary seven. Spotswood sued nineteen of them in 1723 and 1724 to force them into their extended service.”

Ultimately, the Second colony ended up settled near the First. However, the exact location is not know, and few inter-marriages took place between the two, at least during the early years. Previous works regarding the Second colony were presumptive and “hopeful” but lacked definitive source materials. Using German parish records has allowed the authors of this book to reconstruct a more definitive view of the Second Germanna Colony of 1717.

“Each of the Second Colony families is treated separately in Before Germanna, a series of monographs discussing individual and groups of Second Colony families.” The first book in the series, the introduction from which this brief outline has come from, is entitled Before Germanna: The Ancestry of the Clore, Kaifer and Thomas Families.

The historical information alone is interesting. Not to mention, there are many who are sure to find their German ancestry tied in some way to this previously under appreciated early German colony.



The Second Germanna Colony of Virginia

The Ancestry of Hans Michael Klaar of Gemmingen, Baden

The Origins and Parentage of Wolff Michael Kafer

The Origins and Ancestry of Johannes Thoma

Revised Constituency of the Second Germanna Colony



Copies of Before Germanna: The Ancestry of the Clore, Kaifer and Thomas Families available at Family Roots Publishing; Price: $5.83.

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The Indiana Source Book: Materials from The Hoosier Genealogists, 1985-1988; Volume Six with Index

ihs041Hey, there is another one. The Indiana Source Book: Materials from The Hoosier Genealogists, 1985-1988; Volume Six with Index. Can you blame the dedication of some genealogists who are willing to do this much work for others.

As you may recall form my other blogs on the previous five volumes, this work started in The Hoosier Genealogists [THG], a publication of the Indiana Historical Society. “The Hoosier Genealogist first appeared in 1962. Its editorial policy was an still is ‘to publish transcripts of original county records (such as marriage, land, will, and probate records), also church, Bible, and cemetery records.”

William Heiss began the work of compiling all the recorded information found in THG into a single work, starting with the beginning of the 1962 edition. The records themselves predominately cover the 1800s throughout the state of Indiana. Heiss compiled four books in all, plus a stand alone index to the first three book. From volume IV on there has been an index within each volume. In volume V, Rebah M. Fraustein took up where Heiss left off. Volume VI was taken on and compiled by Ruth Dorrel, who was also the editor of THG at the time of printing this volume in 1992; however, this edition covers the period in which the volume IV compiler Rebah M. Fraustein held the editorial helm of THG.

Previous volume reviews can be found here:


Add #6, The Indiana Source Book: Materials from The Hoosier Genealogists, 1985-1988; Volume Six with Index, to your library. Copies available from Family Roots Publishing.




Crawford County

Fountain County

Hamilton County

Know County

Lawrence County

Ohio County

Wayne County

Probates, Wills and Estates

Blackford County

Swan Estate

Wayne County

Land Records

Clinton County

Wabash County


Brown County

Dubois County

Hendricks County

Jennings County

Madison County

Randolph County

Other Death Records

Marion County

Wabash County

Perry County

Civil War Chaplain

Plumas County, CA

Funeral Cards

Church Records

Assumption Church Evansville

Union Presbyterian Church, Decatur Co.

Passenger Lists

New Orleans

New York




















Hoosiers in Other States




Miscellaneous Records

Harrison Co. Militia, Tax List, Voters

Hendricks County Physicians

Jennings County Petition

Indiana Newspapers

Know County Delegates

Knox County Scholars

Kosciusko County Licenses

Marion County Births

Taylor Autograph Book

U.S. Marshals

Wabash County Orphans

Were Your Ancestors from?

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Directory of Family Associations, 4th Edition – on Sale at 50% off Through Saturday, Nov. 9, 2013.

Directory of Family Assoc
Family Roots Publishing just made a special purchase of several hundred copies of the 4th Edition of the Directory of Family Associations. The book was written by Elizabeth Petty Bentley and Deborah Ann Carl in 2001, and is the latest family association directory available. No further editions are planned at this time. Most genealogical research within the United States and much of Europe can easily be done for the last 200 years, if not much more. Figuring an average generation as 25 years, that’s eight generations of ancestors – or 510 different and unique surnames in the family tree! If you are working on that many surnames or even a small portion of that (as many of us are), information on family associations is invaluable to our research. Thus the FRPC Exceptional Bargain Offer of The Directory of Family Associations, 4th Edition this week.

You may purchase the Directory of Family Associations, 4th Edition for 50% off, making it just $17.48 (plus $5.50 p&h) through midnight EST (Not MST) Saturday, Nov. 9, 2013.

There are many uses for a directory of family associations, but undoubtedly the best use for it is for genealogical research – for making contact with family members, sharing information about family history, developing common ground between people of the same surname, arranging reunions, discovering who’s out there and where you connect on the family tree, and finding out where you can go with your own research. And there are a host of other uses – kin searching and heir searching, for example, determining family migration patterns, even marketing your own genealogical research. The possibilities are endless.

Based largely on data received in response to questionnaires sent to family associations, reunion committees, and one-name societies, the 4th edition of the Directory of Family Associations gives you access to a range of possibilities, offering information on approximately 6,000 family associations across the United States.

The book starts with a section on Multi-family Resources, then launches into the bulk of the book listing the 6000 associations. It literally runs from Aaldericnk through Zyrkle.

This book is an immensely useful A-Z directory of family associations giving addresses, phone numbers, contact persons, and publications (if any). The book is 12 years old, so undoubtedly some of the contact info will be bad. However, having the data that tells of an association that did exist can also be useful. So whether you’re just starting your genealogical research or already waist deep in your investigations, planning a family reunion or hoping to attend one, or simply curious about your family or your surname, the course you choose from now on may be partially governed by this indispensable directory.

Purchase the Directory of Family Associations, 4th Edition for 50% off, making it just $17.48 (plus $5.50 p&h) through midnight EST (Not MST) Saturday, Nov. 9, 2013. Paper – perfect bound; 8.5×11; 328pp; ISBN: 9780806316796; Item #: GPC426

Note that the reviews on the various editions of this book have been outstanding. Library Journal listed the 1991 edition as a “Best Reference Book of 1991.”

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FamilySearch Adds Over 1.2 Million Indexed Records & Images to Collections from Brazil, India, Indonesia, Italy, Mexico, Spain & the USA

The following is from FamilySearch:
FamilySearch has added more than 1.2 million indexed records and images from Brazil, India, Indonesia, Italy, Mexico, Spain, and the United States. Notable collection updates include the 442,32 images from the Italy, Bologna, Bologna, Civil Registration (Tribunale), 1866-1942, collection, the 241,897 images from the India, Hindu Pilgrimage Records, 1194-2013, collection, and the 244,840 images from the Mexico, Archdiocese of Guadalajara, Miscellaneous Marriage Records, 1605-1910, collection . See the table below for the full list of updates. Search these diverse collections and more than 3.5 billion other records for free at

Searchable historic records are made available on through the help of thousands of volunteers from around the world. These volunteers transcribe (index) information from digital copies of handwritten records to make them easily searchable online. More volunteers are needed (particularly those who can read foreign languages) to keep pace with the large number of digital images being published online at Learn more about volunteering to help provide free access to the world’s historic genealogical records online at

FamilySearch is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources for free at or through more than 4,600 family history centers in 132 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Collection – Indexed Records – Digital Images – Comments

Brazil, Sergipe, Catholic Church Records, 1785-1994 – 0 – 99,899 – Added images to an existing collection.

India, Hindu Pilgrimage Records, 1194-2013 – 0 – 241,897 – Added images to an existing collection.

Indonesia, Jawa Tengah, Banyumas, Naturalization Records, 1954-2012 – 0 – 31,215 – Added images to an existing collection.

Italy, Bologna, Bologna, Civil Registration (Tribunale), 1866-1942 – 0 – 442,324 – Added images to an existing collection.

Mexico, Archdiocese of Guadalajara, Miscellaneous Marriage Records, 1605-1910 – 0 – 244,840 – Added images to an existing collection.

Spain, Province of Cádiz, Municipal Records, 1784-1951 – 0 – 74,077 – Added images to an existing collection.

U.S., Montana, Big Horn, County Records, 1884-2011 – 0 – 45,946 – New browsable image collection.

U.S., Montana, Judith Basin County Records, 1887-2012 – 0 – 24,372 – New browsable image collection.

U.S., Tennessee, Putnam County Records, 1842-1955 – 0 – 14,826 – Added images to an existing collection.

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Eastern European Family History Course to be offered at the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy in January 2014

The following was received from SLIG:

The Utah Genealogical Association is pleased to announce that a bold, new course is being offered at their popular Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy in January 2014. Since 1996 the Institute has been a national leader in innovative education for family historians and 2014 will be no different.

New this coming year will be the first course to specifically focus on the complexities of researching in Eastern Europe. Also new will be some changes in the structure of the course that makes it more responsive to the specific needs of the students who are attending. This innovative approach was conceived by the course coordinator, Kory L. Meyerink, AG, FUGA, who is also the original founder of the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy.

Millions of people immigrated to North America from the lands between the Baltic Sea on the north to the Adriatic, Aegean and Black seas to the south, leaving family and generations of ancestors behind in Eastern Europe. Three to five generations later, their descendants are finding it very hard to trace their origins due to foreign languages, difficult records and multiple changes in the political landscape. But, now there is hope! This course brings together several of the most successful Eastern Europe genealogists to teach you the important information you need to succeed in such complex research.

Meyerink explained that “In addition to classroom lectures, this course includes hands-on help at the Family History Library as well as break-out sessions tailored to the specific needs of the registered students and their ancestry.” Now, for the first time ever, a major institute is creating specific classes based on a survey the students fill out after they register.

Key foundational classes are planned, which will be followed by several hours of country-specific classes, focusing on what the students have asked to learn about. Currently registered students are already submitting their requests. In addition, there will also be several hours of personal, hands-on help for research at the famous Family History Library.

Director of the 2014 Institute, Christy Fillerup noted that “The instructor list reads like a ‘Who’s Who’ of Eastern Europe research and includes Daniel Schlyter, Kyle Betit, Wade Hone and author Lisa Alzo, among others.”

The Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy will be held at the Radisson Hotel in Salt Lake City from 13 to 17 January 2014. For more details, including the foundational classes, see the description for course 7 at the Institute’s website at Early bird registration, for this course only, has been extended to 11 November 2013.

20 countries, 6 teachers and consultants + the Family History Library = One fantastic week for you and your Eastern European ancestors! Don’t miss it!

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Cased Images & Tintypes KwikGuide: A Guide to Identifying and Dating Dauerreotypes, Ambrotypes, and Tintypes

gc08Around the world, there are innumerable photographs of people, of ancestors, who are unidentified by name and date. Whether on a desk, in a drawer or closet, stuffed in envelopes, photo albums or stacked in a box, these images are waiting to be identified. Gary Clark of has been busy. He seems to be on a one-man mission to provide every detail a genealogist will need to identify, date, and restore old photographs of virtually every type and in a way to make the process as easy as possible. This is a lot of ground to cover, but Gary seems well on his way. So far his books and guides include:

Three KwikGuide Books:

And, Three KwikTips Laminated guides:

Now, he has added a fourth book, Cased Images & Tintypes KwikGuide: A Guide to Identifying and Dating Dauerreotypes, Ambrotypes, and Tintypes.

Like his other books, Clark provides a brief history to the time and place these image types were in use, you learn about and how to date images, and you get a detailed coverage of the various image types. Topics include:

  • Daguerreotype Case Styles
  • Ambrotype Glass Types
  • Cased Tintype Images
  • Paper Sleeves and Mounts
  • Background and Studio Props
  • Fashion and Style

Above all other types of images, these reflect the true origins of commercial photography. These images are becoming increasingly rare with age; yet, many can still find photos of ancestors locked away in attics, basements and boxes the world over. These images are treasures for both their increase rarity and for their personal value to the family historian.

Learning to identify and date card photos may just be the skill you need to bringing your ancestors to life, and into your life.

About the Author
Gary Clark is a professional photographer, restorer, and genealogist who has merged these skills with his passion for collecting photographs. His 30 years of experience in digital imaging brings a unique and thorough understanding of photograph problems and how to solve them. Clark introduced to genealogists and collectors in 2000, and he continually expands the free information with a gallery of over 1,000 images, weekly case studies, and historical information about 19th century photographs.


Order Cased Images & Tintypes KwikGuide: A Guide to Identifying and Dating Dauerreotypes, Ambrotypes, and Tintypes from Family Roots Publishing for $17.59 a copy.




Chapter 1 ~ A Brief History

The War Years

Exposure Time of Early Photographs

Paper Photographs

Chapter 2 ~ Dating a Cased Image

Establishing a Cased Image Date

Determining the Type of Photograph

Un-Cased Tintypes

Chapter 3 ~ Case Characteristics

Case Construction

Case Liners: Silk or Velvet, Plain or Embossed

Chapter 4 ~ Brass Mats

Mats: Functional & Artistic

Mat Texture and Weight

Chapter 5 ~ Preservers

Preserver Evolution

Chapter 6 ~ Daguerreotypes

Examining the Plate for Date Clues

Plate Characteristicss

Plate Scars from Preparation

Daguerreotype Gallery

Chapter 7 ~ Ambrotypes

Historical Review

Dating the Ambrotype

Dating Ambrotypes Glass Characteristics

Ambrotype Gallery

Chapter 8 ~ Cased Tintypes

Dating the Cased Tintypes

Cased Tintype Gallery

Chapter 9 ~ Un-Cased Tintypes

Dating an Un-cased Tintype

Gem Tintypes


Carnival Era

Un-Cased Tintype Gallery

Chapter 10 ~ Fashion and Style

1840s Style

1850s Style

1860s Style

1880s and Beyond

Chapter 11 ~ Studio Props

Studio Props in Cased Images

The Simple Tintype Studio: 1860s

Appendix A ~ Common Plate Sizes

Appendix B ~ Hallmark Designs

Appendix C ~ Glossary



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Before Germanna No.1

a0087According to Johni Cerny and Gary J. Zimmrman, authors of Before Germanna, there have been few unanswered questions about the First Germanna Colony in the New World. However, at least in 1990 when this book first came out, surprising little was know about the Second Germanna Colony. This second colony faced hardships and misfortune from the beginning.

First, their ship was held fore weeks in London while their captain sat in prison. Then, their captain by passed their intended port in Pennsylvania, and made for Virginia, where the group was sold into indentured servitude to “pay for their passage.” In addition, their belongings were confiscated.

Ultimately, the Second colony ended up settled near the First. However, the exact location is not know, and few inter-marriages took place between the two, at least during the early years. Previous works regarding the Second colony were presumptive and “hopeful” but lacked definitive source materials. Using German parish records has allowed the authors of this book to reconstruct a more definitive view of the Second Germanna Colony of 1717.

“Each of the Second Colony families is treated separately in Before Germanna, a series of monographs discussing individual and groups of Second Colony families.” The first book in the series, the introduction from which this brief outline has come from, is entitled Before Germanna: The Ancestry of Johann Michael Willheit and Anna Maria Hengsteler.

The historical information alone is interesting. Not to mention, there are many who are sure to find their German ancestry tied in some way to this previously under appreciated early German colony.



The Second Germanna Colony of Virginia

The Ancestry of Johann Michael Willheit, Virginia Immigrant

Ancestry of the Willheit Wives

The Ancestry of Anna Maria Hengsteler – Immigrant to Virginia – Wife of Johann Michael Willheit

Revised Constituency of the Second Germanna Colony


Copies of Before Germanna: The Ancestry of Johann Michael Willheit and Anna Maria Hengstelerare available at Family Roots Publishing; Price:

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Indian Schools, Seminaries, and Asylums

From the November 2, 2013,


Beginning in 1878 the goal was to assimilate Indian people into the general population of the United States. By placing the Indian children in first day schools and boarding schools it was thought this would be accomplished. Federal policy sanctioned the removal of children from their families and placed in government run boarding schools. It was thought they would become Americanized while being kept away from their traditional families.

In 1928, a report entitled “The Problem of the Indian Administration”, otherwise known as the Meriam Report, was produced at the direction of the Indian Commission. The Meriam report was highly critical of government Indian policy with regard to education. The poor quality of personnel, inadequate salaries, unqualified teachers and almost non-existent health care were some of the criticisms leveled by the report.

Read the full article.

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