Easy Reprints for Rare Genealogies and Histories

The following article out of The King’s County Register outlines what one bookstore is doing to keep up with demand and changes in technology:

Valley bookseller using new technology for old books

Jonathan Archibald, a Middleton-based used book dealer, says his answer to the Kindle is to print more books.

Published on September 6, 2012

Heather Killen

A bookseller in Middleton may have found a way take the bite out of e-books while bringing rare, local interest books back into circulation.

Jonathan Archibald says he has lost some sleep over the growing popularity of electronic readers, but he is hopeful he has a way to turn other new technology to his advantage.

The owner of Blue Griffin Books expects within the next five years he will see the new, paperless book industry cut into his general fiction sales and have a negative effect the number of incoming new titles he can resell in his store.

However, Archibald gets a steady stream of requests for out-of-print local histories, genealogies and other special interest publications. While it is possible to find these volumes, the price was usually too high for him to make the sale.

Now he has found a way to bring these rare books back into the market through an affordable print-on-demand system. The business is catering to a specialized market of historians, genealogists and even local authors.

“Our answer to e-books is to print more books,” he said. “This is an opportunity to diversify away from just used books and give us something fairly unique to offer.”

Finding Scottish Origins Through DNA

The following Teaser is from an extensive article published in the August 14, 2012 edition of The Scotsman.

A project aiming to discover the origins of Scots through the use of 
DNA, has come up with some startling findings – including how the 
invention of porridge changed Scotland, writes Alastair Moffat.

Read the full article.

So – Why Not Kill the Messenger?

The Elizabeth Warren Cherokee ancestry controversy continues – and I’m betting it will right up to election day. The following excerpt is from a piece written by William A. Jacobson, Associate Clinical Professor at Cornell Law School. In his article, Jacobson documents how Cherokee genealogist, Twila Barnes, has been harrassed about her genealogical findings.

I find it interesting how politics has such an overpowering sway on how folks think – and too often act… Some of the most hateful stuff on the Internet has been written because of the powerful emotions that political thought brings about. Not that I’m anti-politics, I just think it’s sad that we’ve become such a divided country, often writing cruel comments on the Internet, not seeming to remember that there’s always two sides to every issue – and our mother taught us to be kind.

Twila Barnes is a Cherokee genealogist who, along with her Cherokee genealogy team, has done more than anyone to document that Elizabeth Warren does not have Cherokee ancestry and that her family lore stories likely are false.

Barnes has published her findings in great detail with documentary back-up at her blog Thoughts from Polly’s Granddaughter.

Read the full article.

Copy of Ancient Scroll Charts Seven Centuries of Tilney Family History in Part of Fenland

The following teaser is from an article posted in the September 10, 2012 edition of http://www.elystandard.co.uk:

WHAT have a land-owning dynasty dating back to the Domesday Book, a templar knight who died in the crusades, Anne Boleyn’s grand-mother and Queen Elizabeth 1 got in common..? They all have links to one quiet corner of the Fens.

And now a copy of a priceless parchment scroll, charting seven centuries of family history in and around the village of Tilney All Saints, is set to go on display in its 12th Century church.

Compiled from 1640 onwards, the scroll charts the geneaology of the Tylney or Tilney family. It begins in the 1060s, with Fredericus de Tylney, brother of the powerful Abbot Baldwin of Bury.

Fredericus, who is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Frodo de Tylney, was given extensive lands across East Anglia after the Norman Conquest of 1066. One descendent – Frederick de Tilney – was knighted by Richard I and died in the Crusades.

During the 15th Century, the scroll also reveals a direct link to Queen Elizabeth I from the Tilney family, via her mother Anne Boleyn’s grandmother, Elizabeth Tilney.

Read the full article.

Ancestry.com is a Potential Candidate for Leverage Buyout

The following exceprt is from an extensive article about Ancestry.com, and its potential, found at http://seekingalpha.com.

Ancestry.com Inc. (ACOM) is a potential candidate for leverage buyout firms due to its cheap valuations and low debt. The company has high growth prospects, given the growing internet usage in North America, which is at an all-time high. The changing trend of users inquiring about their ancestors and engaging in social networking reflects the growth prospects of the company. Moreover, the stock is currently trading at a forward P/E of 16x, at a significant discount as compared to its industry average of 22x. Its three-year expected PEG ratio is 0.78. The company is generating 96% more free cash flows to equity as compared to its peers in the Internet industry. Furthermore, the company’s subscribers have increased by 20%, while its churn rate has declined from 4.6% to 3.4% from 2Q2011 to 2Q2012.

Read the full article.

Old City Directories – Before the Internet

The following article was written by my good friend, William Dollarhide. Enjoy…

Dollarhide’s Genealogy Rule No. 42: If you took family group sheets to the last wedding you attended, you are probably an addicted genealogist.

The Internet has caused the death of many printed genealogical sources, including the annual printed city directories for most cities of America. Instead of printed directories each year, the same name lists are now published online – and there are many ways of accessing those name lists. The previous article, “Online Resources for Finding Living Relatives (Part 1 and Part 2),” identified many of the websites where white pages, yellow pages, and current city directories are found. But, the old city directories, those published before the Internet, and those still sitting in a library somewhere, are in many cases a long way away from being digitized and included on the Internet for research. There are exceptions – with Ancestry.com having posted many directories on their site. Miriam Robbins has an excellent site with links to many online directories. See: https://sites.google.com/site/onlinedirectorysite/

Old city directories are some of the most underused genealogical sources available. Yet, the old directories exist for virtually every community in America, and often to the earliest time of settlement of a community. Some of the privately published directories for a city date back over a hundred and fifty years, and some collections are nearly complete for every year in which a directory was published. Surprisingly, those that exist are quite easy to find. They are usually located in the public library serving a particular city.

When I first started in genealogy, I was living in Seattle, where I soon discovered the wonderful collection of city directories at the main Seattle Public Library. Their collection of city directories, with some gaps in the early years, dates back to 1877. (The city was founded in 1853). From about 1885 forward, the collection is complete for every year, with an annual city directory for Seattle and its environs. Each directory listed the name of a resident, an address, and sometimes more information, such as a person’s occupation. In some years, there was more than one directory from competing directory companies, and adding to the resources are Seattle telephone directories for over 60 years. The city directories provide an unmatched source for finding the exact place a person lived, and often an alternate source to identify residents for a particular time period. City directories can act as a substitute to the lost 1890 census, for example.

Virtually every city in America with a public library has a collection of city directories for that city. It was profitable for the directory companies to publish annual name lists until the population of a city exceeded one million people. After that, directories for the larger cities became regionalized into neighborhoods, suburbs, or downgraded to include just businesses or trade organizations. For example, New York City’s directories go back to the 1730s, and they are very complete through 1933, the last year a full every-name city directory was produced for Manhattan. The New York Public Library has an outstanding collection of the old city directories for all five boroughs of New York City. Similarly, Boston’s city directories at the Boston Public Library begin with directories from the 1720s.

There have been many different directory publishers, but the largest publisher of old city directories was the R. L. Polk Company, producing directories for every major city in the U.S. since 1870. The company still exists, but its business is now information services related to the automotive industry (CARFAX is a Polk operation). During the 1970s, 1980s, and into the 1990s, the R. L. Polk Company had offices in the 50 largest cities of America, where a free library of the current city directories for that city area could be visited in person. Before the Internet, the Polk directories were the primary People-Finder service in America. Today, however, the older city directories are almost exclusively limited to public libraries, college libraries, and archives nearest to the city in question.

The Cross-Street Index
A feature found in most twentieth-century city directories is a cross-street index. The main listing of names in the book is an alphabetical listing by the names of the residents. But in the back of the book is an index according to the address of the houses, apartments, or businesses —a street index, followed by the house number and names of residents at that address. Using this feature, a city directory can be used to find the names of people living next door to a relative, providing more resources for finding information about people. People living next door ten years ago, for example, may still live there, and may still remember your relatives. This is a technique that can be used to find lost relatives.

The cross-street index is also a resource to find people whose names may have changed. For example, say a woman living alone at a particular address in 1938 disappears in the 1939 directory. But, by going to the 1939 cross-street address listing for the same address, it may be discovered that the woman remarried, is still living in the same house, and you find the new husband’s name!

Genealogy in City Directories
Since the information in city directories is far more revealing than just a name and address, a typical city directory can be a genealogical gold mine. Here is an example I found in a city directory for the town of Whatcom (now Bellingham), Washington for the year 1893:

  • Clancy, Annie (wid Patrick), res bet R R tracks nr B B & E round house.
  • Clancy, John, lab B B I Co mill
  • Clancy, Mary, clk Montague & Mchugh, bds Mrs Annie Clancy
  • Clancy, Michael, lab B B I Co mill
  • Clancy, Wm., lab B B I Co mill

The five entries above read like a family group sheet! First, the directory informs us that Annie Clancy was a widow, and her deceased husband’s name was Patrick Clancy. The Mary Clancy boarding with Annie Clancy appears to be a daughter, and the three men who all work at the same place look like sons of Annie as well.

Another later example from a 1955 city directory for Waterbury, Connecticut shows some interesting entries for the name Culotta:

  • Culotta, Augustine r 29 Crescent
  • Culotta, Charles G slsman r 29 Crescent
  • Culotta, John died June 6 1954 age 65
  • Culotta, Joseph P slsman r 29 Crescent
  • Culotta, Mariano h 42 Cooke
  • Culotta, Mary M wid John h 29 Crescent
  • Culotta, Rose M slswoman Hartford r 29 Crescent
  • Culotta, Thomas C student r 29 Crescent

The Waterbury entries tell us quite a bit about this family. First, note that an age and exact date of death for John Culotta is given, and that his widow was Mary M. Culotta, who owned a house at 29 Crescent Street in Waterbury. Also living at that address were Augustine; Charles and Joseph P. Culotta, both salesmen; Rose Culotta, a saleswoman working in Hartford; and Thomas, a student; all of whom appear to be children of John and Mary Culotta. The “r” indicates a residence/renter; while an “h” indicates a homeowner. All of the people named Culotta in 1955 in Waterbury, Connecticut lived in the same house except Mariano Culotta, who owned a house at 42 Cooke Street. But with no other people with that name in Waterbury, one could guess that Mariano was probably related to the others.

The above example directory entries demonstrate that genealogy can be found in city directories, and sometimes a surprising amount of detail will be revealed. Unlike a phone book, a city directory has more details about a person. These examples are not unique. Although I selected these examples because of the extra details they revealed, they are still fairly typical of virtually every city directory that has been published for cities and towns across the country. In some of the directories, the information may be limited to just a name, but in most of them, more details are given. Very possible items may include an age, occupation, home ownership, and names of employers.

Old City Directories on Microfilm
City directories for the 50 largest cities in America, most dating back before 1860, have been collected together and microfilmed. The collection was done by Research Publications, Inc., New Haven, CT, and they are available for sale to the public. The Family History Library in Salt Lake City has this complete collection, and a particular city and directory year can be found by searching for that city in the FHL catalog. Use the FHL’s website at familysearch.org and use the keyword “city directories — (name of city)” to search for a particular city directory.

Old City Directories in Libraries
You can find a website online for just about any library in the world – go to www.worldcat.org/ a portal to the collections and services of more than 10,000 libraries worldwide. At a library’s website, a search of their online catalog may be possible, and this is the place to determine what city directories that library may hold. If the information can not be learned online, a letter or email to a reference librarian in the public library for the city of interest should tell you if city directories exist for certain years. If you write, include a Self Addressed Stamped Envelope (SASE). Another way to get an address, go to your own library and ask to see the American Library Directory, published by the R. R. Bowker Co., New York. Every library in America has this directory, which lists the addresses, email, and phone numbers for all American libraries, whether public, private, special collections, college, or archives.

Although most libraries will not conduct any research for you, they should at least respond with the period of time covered by the directories. If the library will not look in a particular city directory for a name, then contact a local genealogical society and see if a volunteer is available to go to the library and do some looking for you. Most genealogical societies will do this, and there is usually a small donation to the society expected. American genealogical societies are listed in detail in The Genealogist’s Address Book, 6th Edition, by Elizabeth Petty Bentley (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).

Old City Directories on the Internet
www.Ancestry.com and www.WorldVitalRecords.com are the two main Internet services that are involved in acquiring databases of digitized directories. But there are many more smaller one-city or one-county directories found at the many county genealogy sites on the Internet. Rather than a direct Google search for the old directories, it may be easier to find one by first finding a website related to one county of the U.S. – the Google keywords to do this are USGenWeb (name of county) (state) or RootsWeb (name of county) (state). There is a USGenWeb or RootsWeb site for virtually every county in the U.S. If you can reach a home page for a local website of interest, you should be able to search for online databases available at that site. This is the place to learn if any old directories have been transcribed, digitized, or perhaps find those with scanned images online. Most of the city directories online, however, are merely extracts of the name lists from the old directories, usually done by volunteers of a local genealogical society.

In the previous article, “Peculiarities of the First Federal Censuses,” we mentioned Clement Biddle, the US Marshal for Pennsylvania in 1790, who was famous for borrowing the census name lists from Philadelphia and turning them into a privately published city directory in 1791. A complete facsimile of that early directory is online. Click here for a look at Clement Biddle’s 1791 Philadelphia Directory. This is fairly typical of the earliest city directories for American cities, and in most cases, the earliest historical documents online are full color images of the originals.

New York State Census & Substitutes

William Dollarhide is well know by experienced and professional genealogists as an expert on census records. Dollarhide pours all his expertise into his book New York State Censuses & Substitutes: An Annotated Biography of State Census, Census Substitutes, and Selected Name Lists in Print, on Microfilm, or Online; with County Boundary Maps, 1683-1915; and State Census Exmaples and Extraction Forms, 1825-1925.

The book uncovers surviving state census manuscripts and microfilmed copies for each of New York’s 62 counties. In addition, this book identifies published extracts or indexes, census substitutes, and selected name lists; plus, many county originals of federal censuses are uncovered as well. Because county boundaries have changed over the centuries, this book includes a series of maps showing these changes between 1683 and 1915. Also included are sample copies from the different lists on facing pages with blank reproductions readers can copy as a research tool.

Here is a short list of just some of the many valuable insights this book uncovers for the researcher:

  • Identifies 448 state census originals for New York’s 62 counties, located at 68 different New York repositories, plus transcripts/extracts, abstracts, or indexes in print, all with library call numbers and FHL film numbers.
  • Identifies 120 statewide and regional name lists for New York, including tax lists, land records, military lists, newspaper indexes, CD-ROM publications, and online resources.
  • Identifies 105 original 1850-1880 federal censuses held by 30 New York counties. (County duplicate originals on microfilm that can be compared with the microfilmed federal copies).
  • Identifies over 1,200 census substitutes and selected name lists. Substitutes include tax lists, voter registrations, military lists, and deed indexes. Selected lists include county histories, city directories, naturalization indexes, vital records indexes, or other unique name lists for a particular county.
  • Identifies over 1,500 online town references to find direct links to census extracts, indexes, or other name lists online.
  • Identifies over 3,700 bibliographic citations in total, each with detailed descriptions and notes, library call numbers, and FHL film numbers.
  • Includes 19 county boundary maps for the period 1683-1915, showing the evolution of all New York counties and adjoining jurisdictions in bordering states and Canada.
  • Includes 26 NY State Census Extraction Forms, 1825-1925, with all NY population, military, agriculture, industry, births, deaths, and marriage schedules; plus the 1890 NY Police Census, and the 1880 Short Form; and includes 26 New York State Census Facsimiles, showing the actual state census schedules, tables, pages, and columns.

The contents section below outlines the breadth of information covered in this book. For each county, the book provides a complete source listing for censuses and name lists. By way of example to the thoroughness of this book. Here are all the state-wide resources listed in the first fifteen pages of the book:

  • Guides to New York Colonial & State Censuses and Name Lists
  • Pre-1750 New York Lists, by Henry B. Hoff
  • New York State Censuses and Tax Lists, by Roger D. Joslyn
  • Finding Aids at the NYG&B Library for New York State Censuses, by Laura LeBarron
  • Guidebooks & Publications With Miscellaneous Name Lists
  • The Documentary History of the State of New York, arranged under direction of the Christopher Morgan, Secretary of State, by E. B. O’Callaghan
  • Early New York State Census Records, 1663-1772, published by RAM publishers
  • Lists of Inhabitants of Colonial New York: Excerpted From The Documentary History of the State of New York by Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan
  • Genealogical and Biographical Directory to Persons in New Netherland: From 1613 to 1674, prepared by David M. Riker
  • Supplement to the 1999 Directory to Persons in New Netherland from 1613 to 1674, by David M. Riker
  • The Register of New Netherland: 1626-1674, by Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan
  • Settlers From the Netherlands in America Before 1700: A Compendium of Genealogical Information, compiled by William J. Hoffman
  • Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York: Procured in Holland, England, and France, by John Romeyn Brodhead
  • Denizations, Naturalization, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York, by Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda
  • Calendar of Wills on File and Recorded in the Offices of the Clerk of the Court of Appeals, of the County Clerk at Albany and of the Secretary of State, 1626-1836, compiled and edited by Berthold Fernow
  • Complete Index to Colonial Laws and Ordinances of New Netherlands and New York, 1638-1775, published by Bookmark
  • Calendar of Council Minutes, 1668-1783, by Berthold Fernow
  • Directory to Collections of New York Vital Records, 1726-1989, With Rare Gazetteer, by Fred Q. Bowman and Thomas J. Lynch
  • Inhabitants of New York, 1774-1776, by Thomas B. Wilson
  • Tax Assessment Lists Under Laws of 1779, 1780, 1786, 1788
  • New York Treasurer “Assessment Rolls,” laws of 1779, 1786, 1787, 1788
  • 1799-1802 Tax Lists. See Gerrit V. Lansing Papers Tax Lists and Assessment Rolls
  • New York Marriages Previous to 1784: A Reprint of the Original Edition of 1860 with Additions and Corrections
  • Ship Passenger lists, New York and New Jersey, 1600-1825, edited and indexed by Carl Boyer, III
  • 1792-1906 Index (Soundex) to New York Naturalization Records
  • 1798 Federal Direct Tax, New York Locations
  • New York Alien Residents, 1825-1848
  • Revised Master Index to the New York State Daughters of the American Revolution Genealogical Records Volumes
  • Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, by William Wade Hinshaw
  • Quaker Census of 1828: Members of the New York Yearly Meeting, the Religious Society of Friends (in New York, Ontario, Vermont, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Quebec) at the Time of the Separation of 1828, compiled by Loren Fay
  • 1842-1859 New York (State) Directories
  • 1845 New York State Census, Population Census of Indian Reservations
  • 1862-1866 Assessment Lists of the Federal Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • The New York State Biographical, Genealogical, and Portrait Index, a card index to over 750,000 names from more than 6,000 histories
  • Special Schedules from 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 Federal Censuses
  • Land Records
  • Patents of the State of New York, 1649-1912
  • 1659-1846 Recorded Deeds
  • Calendar of N.Y. Colonial Manuscripts, Indorsed Land Papers; in the Office of the Secretary of State of New York, 1643-1803, by E. B. O’Callaghan
  • Landholders of Northeastern New York, 1739-1802, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 1789-1835 Holland Land Company Records
  • Pioneer History of the Holland Purchase of Western New York, Embracing Some Account of the Ancient Remains: A Brief History of Our Immediate Predecessors, the Confederated Iroquois, Their system of Government, Wars, Etc., a Synopsis of Colonial History, Some Notices of the Border Wars of the Revolution, by O. Turner
  • Complete Name Index to Pioneer History of the Holland purchase of Western New York by O. Turner, 1849 and 1850, compiled by LaVerne C. Cooley
  • 1804-1824 Western New York Land Transactions Extracted From the Archives of the Holland Land Company, by Karen E. Livsey
  • 1825-1835 Western New York Land Transactions, vol. 2, by Karen E. Livsey
  • Military Lists
  • Guide to New York Civil War Records. See The Union Preserved: A Guide to the Civil War Records in the New York State Archives, edited by Harold Holzer
  • Annual Report of the State Historian of the State of New York, Colonial Series, Transmitted to the Legislature March 3, 1896-March 14, 1898. 2 Vols
  • New York Colonial Muster rolls, 1664-1775: Report of the State Historian of the State of New York
  • Muster Rolls of New York Provincial Troops, 1755-1764
  • Military Minutes of the Council of Appointment of the State of New York, 1783-1821, compiled and edited by Hugh Hastings and Henry Harmon Noble
  • New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, these records were discovered, arranged and classified by James A. Roberts
  • New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, v. II A Compilation of Documents and Records from the Office of the State Comptroller, Frederic G. Mather
  • Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812
  • 1861-1865 – Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of New York
  • Index to Soldiers & Sailors of the Civil War, a searchable name index to 6.3 million Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers
  • Town Clerks’ Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War, ca. 1865-1867
  • 1917-1918 Civilian Draft Registration Cards, New York State
  • World War I Veterans’ Service Data and Photographs (bulk 1919-1924)
  • Newspaper Indexes
  • 1784-1829 American Deaths and Marriages, reproduction of a card file compiled by Joseph Gavit
  • Joseph Gavit’s American Deaths and Marriages: Index to Non-principals in Microfilm Copies of Abstracts in the New York State Library, Albany, New York, compiled by Kenneth Scott
  • Genealogical Data From Colonial New York Newspapers: A Consolidation of Articles from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, compiled by Kenneth Scott
  • 10,000 Vital Records of Central New York, 1813-1850, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 10,000 Vital Records of Eastern New York, 1777-1834, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 8000 More Vital Records of Eastern New York State, 1804-1850, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 10,000 Vital Records of Western New York, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • Personal Name Index to the New York Times, 1851-1993: With Additional Supplements to 1996, and to 2001, compiled by Byron A. Falk, Valerie R. Falk
  • General Index, 1869-1921, Editorial Index, 1902-1923, New York Evening Post
  • CD-ROM Publications, Census Substitutes
  • New York Abstracts of Wills, 1665-1801
  • New York 1675-1920
  • Early New York Families, 1600s-1900s
  • Early Settlers of New York State, 1760-1942
  • Heads-of-Household Listing New York as Birthplace in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • City Directories: New York 1886-1894, Selected Cities & Years
  • Genealogies of Long Island Families, 1600s-1800s
  • Immigrants to the New World, 1600s-1800s
  • Index to Upstate New York Source Records, 1685-1910
  • New York, 1675-1920 Genealogical Records
  • Selected Areas of New York, 1639-1916 Marriage Index
  • New York #2, 1740s-1880s Marriage Index
  • New York City, 1600s-1800s Marriage Index
  • New York in the Revolution and War of 1812
  • New York Passenger and Immigration Lists, 1820-1850
  • New York Revolutionary War Records, 1775-1840

Now envision what this list looks like when added to the county by county listing on the next 140 pages. Plus, there are all the maps and samples in parts two and three of the book. The full contents are listed below.


Order New York State Censuses & Substitutes from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC1494, Price: $35.28.




Preface and Acknowledgements

Federal Census Copies Available for New York Counties

Table 1: New York’s 1790-1930 Federal Censuses on Microfilm

Part 1 – New York State Censuses & Substitues

A Brief History of New York’s State Censuses

Table 2: New York State Census on Microfilm

Statewide and Regional Name Lists

Countywide State Censuses & Selected Name Lists

  • Albany
  • allegany
  • Bronx
  • Broome
  • Cattaraugus
  • Cayuga
  • Charlotte
  • Chautauqua
  • Chemung
  • Chenango
  • Clinton
  • Columbia
  • Cornwall
  • Cortland
  • Cumberland
  • Delaware
  • Dukes
  • Dutchess
  • Erie
  • Essex
  • Franklin
  • Fulton
  • Genesee
  • Glucester
  • Greene
  • Hamilton
  • Herkimer
  • Jefferson
  • Kings
  • Lewis
  • Livingston
  • Madison
  • Monroe
  • Montgomery
  • Nassau
  • New York
  • Niagara
  • Oneida
  • Onondaga
  • Ontario
  • Orange
  • Orleans
  • Oswego
  • Otsego
  • Putnam
  • Queens
  • Rensselaer
  • Richmond
  • Rockland
  • Saint Lawrence
  • Saratoga
  • Schedectady
  • Schoharie
  • Schuyler
  • Seneca
  • Steuben
  • Suffolk
  • Sullivan
  • Tioga
  • Tompkins
  • Tryon
  • Ulster
  • Warren
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • Westchester
  • Wyoming
  • Yates

Part 2 – New York County Boundary Maps

1683 Province of New York

1717 Province of New York

1764 Province of New York

1770 Province of New York

1775 Province of New York

1791 State of New York

1795 State of New York

1800 State of New York

1810 State of New York

1820 State of New York

1825 State of New York

1835 State of New York

1845 State of New York

1855 State of New York

1865 State of New York

1875 State of New York

1892 State of New York

1905 State of New York

1915 to Present, State of New York

Part 3 – Examples of New York State Census Schedules & Extraction Forms

1825 NY State Census Schedules, pages 1 and 2

1835 NY State Census Schedules, pages 1 and 2

1845 NY State Census Schedules

  • Pages 1 & 2: Return of Inhabitants
  • Pages 3 & 4: Return of Inhabitants/Agricultural and Horticultural

1855 NY State Census Schedules

  • Table I: Population Schedule
  • Table II: Pages 1 and 2, Agricultural Statistics
  • Table II: Pages 3 and 4, Agricultural Statistics
  • Table III & IV: Industry Statistics and Marriages/Deaths

1865 NY State Census Schedules

  • Table I: Population Schedule
  • Table II: Additional Inquires, Deaf and Dumb, Etc.
  • Table III & IV: Additional Inquiries, Military
  • Table V & VI: Marriages and Deaths
  • Table VII: Pages 1 and 2, Military Deaths
  • Table VIII: Pages 1 and 2, Agricultural Statistics
  • Table VIII: Pages 3 and 4, Agricultural Statistics

1875 NY State Census Schedules

  • Table I: Population Schedule
  • Table II & III: Marriages and Deaths
  • Table IV: Pages 1 and 2, Agricultural Statistics
  • Table IV: Pages 3 and 4, Agricultural Statistics
  • Table V: Industry Statistics

1880 Federal Census (1880 Short Form)

1890 New York City Police Census Schedule

1892 NY State Schedule

1905 NY State Schedule

1915 NY State Schedule

1925 NY State Schedule

An Atlas of Trails West of the Mississippi River

I don’t know why but, ever since I was a child I have loved maps. If pushed, I could probably psychoanalyze the reason maps interest me so; however, I prefer to stay naive on the issue and simply continue to enjoy maps as though they are works of art. It may just be this love of maps, along with a genealogist’s care for history, that I have so enjoyed recently reviewing a number of large-format atlases describing early trails and pathways that become the infrastructure of early America. Here are the atlases I have already reviewed:

Another atlas has fallen on my desk, with more great history and insight to early American trails and the roads they became, ever leading further west. An Atlas of Trails West of the Mississippi River reviews the “opening of the west.” The trails, the settlers, the events, and the countries who owned or laid claim to the western territories are all part of the history and the maps covered in this edition.

The first paragraph of the introduction may best summarize America’s migration westward, in terms of years and miles:

“American migration expanded and accelerated as the population moved westward across the continent. There is no definite date when one migration period ended and another began, nor due to the terrain, is there a definite line of advance. the first push, between 1625 and 1775, was almost entirely east of the Appalachian Mountains within the original thirteen colonies and was undertaken mainly on foot or horse. The second period of expansion, from 1765 to 1815, extended the trails through the mountains and opened wagon roads into the Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Cumberland River valleys. The third period, 1790 to 1840 consolidated the lands east of the Mississippi River through river and canal transportation and improved roads. Improved transportation allowed rapid expansion from New England along the Great Lakes and through lower Mississippi and Alabama. It took one hundred-fifty years to reach the Ohio River. Seventy-five years later by 1825, Americans had moved into the Mississippi Valley and occupied most of the one thousand miles between it and the Atlantic coast. The next twenty-five years were spend exploring the Far West. In 1849 discovery of gold in California opened in one year more than twice the land Americans had settled in the previous two hundred and twenty-five years.”

In large part, this book covers the exploration and some early migrations during the twenty-five years or so leading up to the 1849 gold rush.

At 11″ x 17″ this Atlas offers maps at a size which are easy to read. Mixed with the maps are an extensive background to the early settlers, their migrations, and the importance of these towns and trails. With two columns per text page, each the size of a standard page, this book is the equivalent to a book twice as thick. Below are the Table of Contents followed by a listing of the Maps and Illustrations in the order in which they appear in the book.


Table of Contents


A. North American Control

  1. Spain and Mexico
  2. France and Great Britain
  3. American Indians

B. Hazard West of the Mississippi

  1. Physical Barriers
  2. Climate and Vegetation
  3. Distance and Isolation

C. Opening the Great West

  1. Settlers in the Mississippi Valley 1800-1820
  2. Trappers and Traders 1810-1830
  3. Gone to Texas 1820-1830
  4. Overland Trail 1840-1850
    1. Oregon Trail
    2. California Travel
    3. Utah and the Mormons
    4. The Mexican War
  5. Miners and Mineral Wealth
  6. The Trails
  7. Improving Life
  8. Communication and Transportation
  9. Texas Cattle Trails
  10. Inventions & Western Growth


Western Forts



Maps and Illustrations

  1. Control of North America
  2. Expansion of the United States 1783-1853
  3. Mexico’s Northern Boundary
  4. Distribution of Indian Tribes
  5. Western Vegetation
  6. Physical Regions of the United State
  7. Precipitation
  8. The Advancing Frontier
  9. Mountain Man Territory
  10. Trails Through Mexican Territory
  11. Gone to Texas
  12. Western Trails 1840-1850
  13. California Routes 1841-1846
  14. Trails Used in the Mexican War
  15. California Gold Country Trails
  16. California’s Mother Lode
  17. Trails of the Miners
  18. Western Trails 1850-1865
  19. Rivers, Rails and Cattle Trails
  20. Major Migration Routes
  21. Three Families West

Order a copy of An Atlas of Trails West of the Mississippi River from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: CE04, Price: $19.60.

National Archives Announces Changes in Copying Fees

And the government keeps trying to convince us that there’s no inflation… It looks like copying fees are going up anywhere from 10% to 25%, dependent on the service.

College Park, MD… The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has issued an amended fee schedule for reproduction of archival materials in National Archives facilities nationwide. The new fee schedule starts October 1, 2012.

Click here to read the press release from the National Archives.

Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents

Germans have long been a scattered lot. Millions of Americans identify their ancestral roots as German. For many of these individuals, their ancestors spoke German but never lived in what constitutes modern Germany or even any previously identified German states or territories. From the middle ages on, German-speaking communities have thrived all across Europe, especially in the Eastern countries. Many identified themselves by their language, culture, and customs as German, but may have lived nowhere near modern Germany. The result is many German documents exist across a large geographical area in Europe. The language was used in written vital records across Europe. Documents were also written in other languages but by German hands; in particular, French and Latin are commonly found. Learning to read and transcribe these documents can be a stumbling block. Fortunately, Roger Minert has taken his more than 20 years of experience and applied it to producing Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents: Analyzing German, Latin, and French in Vital Records Written in Germany; a book considered by many to be the preemptive guide on the subject.

This book is so much more than a basic treatment of Old German Script or Gothic letters. This book examine the history, the development, the alphabet, and the handwriting of not only the German language, but also Latin and French in German documents. In the author’s own words, he as added the following features to this book, not previously handled by other authors:

  • “a brief but scholarly review of the history of handwriting styles and alphabets in German-speaking regions of Europe
  • the introduction of a computerized, normed set of Gothic alphabet characters
  • the inclusion of examples consisting of illustrations taken from genuine records
  • a methodology for deciphering Latin texts in German source documents
  • a methodology for deciphering French texts in German source documents
  • the introduction of the only modern technology to be applied to the deciphering of words and names in old handwritten German documents — the reverse alphabetical index”

In addition to all this well-defined and unique information, the author facilitate the learning process with over 150 illustrations. These include 131 examples taken from authentic German vital records. These documents are used step by step along the path taught in this guide to decipher German handwriting. In many cases, the author has provided a transliteration to a modern typeset face of the sample’s text, a translation into English, and a useful analysis to better understand both the type of document as well as key points in the deciphering of the contents.

[A full table of contents is listed below]


Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents: Analyzing German, Latin, and French in Vital Records Written in Germany is available from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: M0001, Price: $26.41.


Table of Contents


How to Use this Book

Chapter 1: The Evolution of Handwriting Styles in Germany

  • Introduction
  • Early Handwriting Styles
  • Handwriting Styles after the Middle Ages
  • The Standardization of Handwriting Styles
  • The End of the Gothic Alphabet in Daily Use
  • Determining the Language of the Handwritten Document
  • Notes

Chapter 2: Deciphering German Handwriting in German Documents

  • Introduction
  • The Gothic Handwriting Alphabet
  • Lower Case Gothic Characters
  • Upper Case Gothic Characters
  • Consonant Clusters and Doubled Consonants
  • Diacritical Marks and Punctuation
  • Crossing the t and Dotting the i
  • Abbreviations
  • Similar and Confusion Characters
  • Numbers and Dates
    • Numerals
    • Days of the Week
    • Months
    • Time of Day
    • Seasons of the Year
    • Cardinal Numbers vs. Ordinal Numbers
    • Feast Dates
    • French Republican Calendar Dates
  • Learning to Write in the Gothic Alphabet
  • German Language Tools
    • German Grammar
    • German Syntax and Word Order
    • German Vocabulary
    • Archaic German Language and Dialect Variants
    • Personal Names
    • Place Names
    • Determining the Type of Record
  • Basic Tactics in Deciphering German Handwriting in Vital Record Entries
    • Extraction
    • Transcription/Transliteration
    • Translation
  • Additional Tactics in Deciphering German Handwriting in Vital Records
    • Index
    • Chronology
    • Alphabet Sampler
    • Vowel/Consonant Environments
    • Syntactic Analysis
  • Deciphering Sample Vital Record Entries
    • Church Birth/Christening Records
    • Civil Birth Records
    • Church Marriage Records
    • Church Death/Burial Records
    • Civil Death Records
    • Other Types of Records
    • Summary
    • Notes

Chapter 3: Deciphering Latin Handwriting in German Documents

  • Introduction
  • The Latin Alphabet as Used in German Vital Records
  • Abbreviations in Vital Records entries in Latin
  • Numerals
  • Dates
  • Latin Grammar
  • The Elements of a Typical Latin Church Book Entry
    • Column Entries
    • Sentence Entries
    • Paragraph Entries
  • Tactics for Deciphering Latin in Vital Records in German Documents
  • Summary
  • Notes

Chapter 4: Deciphering French Handwriting in German Documents

  • Introduction
  • The Practice of French Record-keeping in Germany
  • Church Vital Records in the French Language
    • Civil Registry Vital Records in the French Language
    • Civil Registry Pre-printed Entry Forms
    • Numerals and Dates
  • The French Republican Calendar
  • French Grammar and Language Tools
    • Gender
    • Number
    • Capitalization
    • Syntax
    • Vocabulary
    • Placement of Adjectives
  • Analyzing French Entries in German Church Records
    • Column French Entries in German Church Records
    • Paragraph French Entries in German Church Records
  • Analyzing French Entries in German Civil Records
    • Paragraph French Entries in German Church Records
    • Pre-Printed French Entries in German Civil Records
  • Summary
  • Notes


Foreign Language Competence

The Reverse Alphabetical Index

Annotated Bibliography

  • Works Cited in This Book
  • Additional Works Recommended to Family History Researchers



  1. Normal Fraktur Printed Alphabet
  2. German Genealogical Vocabulary
  3. German Genealogical Vocabulary – Reverse Alphabetical Order
  4. Latin Genealogical Vocabulary
  5. Latin Genealogical Vocabulary – Reverse Alphabetical Order
  6. French Genealogical Vocabulary
  7. French Genealogical Vocabulary – Reverse Alphabetical Order
  8. Common Genealogical Symbols found in German Vital Records
  9. German Empire Civil Registry Forms (1876–1918)



Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents: Analyzing German, Latin, and French in Vital Records Written in Germany is available from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: M0001, Price: $26.41.

National Grandparent’s Day This Sunday

Although not as popular as Mother’s Day, and Father’s Day, National Grandparent’s Day has been gaining in popularity ever since President Jimmy Carter in 1978 declared the First Sunday after Labor Day to be an annual celebration of grandparents.

Read more about National Grandparent’s Day at http://www.grandparents-day.com

Now that Patty and I are grandparents, this holiday seems to fit us just right. I adore my grandchildren, and I think they like papa and nana a lot too. I never knew most of my grandparents, but did get to spend some time with my grandfather, Neil Cornett, after my mother found him in 1957. She hadn’t seem or heard from him for 41 years. Between then and his death in 1976 we did all we could to make up for lost time. I addored the old man, and still miss him today.

So this Sunday, let’s take some time to contact grandparents that may still be with us, and remember those who have passed on.

The Wikipedia National Grandparents Day site.

Full Steam Ahead

Steamboats on the Mississippi and Ohio rivers changed this young country in dramatic ways, transforming the Ohio-Mississippi River Basin almost overnight. The steamboat brought commerce, quickened immigrations, and began a building frenzy as new town sprung up all along the frontier. Growth was rapid and the economy of the area boomed and it all began with one steamboat, the New Orleans. Full Steam Ahead: Reflections on the Impact of the First Steamboat on the Ohio River, 1811–2011tells the story of the New Orleans and the new age of prosperity it brought to Ohio-Mississippi River Basin.

Full Steam Ahead is a collection of essays on the development of the steamboat, river transportation, and their effect on Ohio River cities. The book is part of a larger project led by the Rivers Institute at Hanover College. The study, this book, and other exhibits are meant to help the community at large better understand the impact the New Orleans, and subsequent steam travel, had on the economy, technology, and culture of both the Midwest and the U.S. as a whole.

Chapters in this book look at detail of life aboard the boat with crew and captain. Construction and design are examined with drawings providing interesting details. Additional boats and changes brought over time are discussed. Essay by essay a story unfolds and history examined with exciting details and interesting facts. From the moment the New Orleans left port in Pittsburgh in October 1811, change become unstoppable. Through the years, into the Civil War, and beyond, transport capable of traveling not only down river, but also up river would continue to have a major impact on the entire region.


Table of Contents





Harbinger of Revolution

Structural Evolution of the Western Rivers Steamboat

A Synoptic History of Towboating and Its Origins

The Era of Town Building Below the Falls: “Whatever will benefit a part—will benefit the whole”

“Omen of Evil”: Steamboats and the Colonization of the Ohio River Valley

The Steamboat and Black Urban Life in the Ohio Valley

Steamboat Music

The Steamboat New Orleans and Its Impact on Navigation on Ohio River Tributaries

The Ohio River: A World-Class Inland Waterway


The River Today and Tomorrow

Appendix 1

Belle of Louisville

Sole Survivor of the Pioneering New Orleans

Appendix 2

The Rivers Institute at Hanover College

A List of Materials on River People, Steamboats and the Ohio-Mississippi River System in the Agnes Brown Duggan Library



To order a copy of Full Steam Ahead: Reflections on the Impact of the First Steamboat on the Ohio River, 1811–2011, visit Family Roots Publishing; Item #: IHS037, Price: $19.55.

“Sacramento Archives Crawl” on Saturday, October 6

The folllowing excerpt is from an article in the Sept. 6, 2012 edition of fcw.com:

In celebration of National Archives Month this October, archives and special collections libraries from throughout the region will showcase their rarely-seen holdings during the 2nd Annual “Sacramento Archives Crawl” on Saturday, October 6. Free and open to the public, the theme for the event this year is Building Sacramento, Building Communities and crawl participants can expect to see a wide range of historic materials documenting the growth of the region. Showcasing historic treasures from twenty Northern California institutions, special artifacts will be on display at four host locations including the California State Archives, the California State Library, the Center for Sacramento History, and the Sacramento Public Library. Due to the popularity of the first-year effort in 2011, “Sacramento Archives Crawl” event hours are expanded this year to run from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Participants will “crawl” between four host locations, all located within downtown Sacramento. At the four locations, the public can view archival collections on display and take behind-the-scenes tours…

Read the full article.

Online Resources for Finding Living Relatives – Part 2

The following article was written by my good friend, William Dollarhide. Enjoy…

Dollarhide’s Genealogy Rule No. 13: A genealogist needs to be a detective. Just gimmie da facts Ma’am.

In part 1, we discussed the first things to do, such as a check of the Social Security Death Index (SSDI) to confirm that a person was actually alive; and a bit of information about the Social Security Administration’s Letter Forwarding service. We then described the nature of general directories online, including phone directories, city directories, and online white pages, etc., which professional people-finders say can give an 80% success rate in finding a lost person. The remaining 20%, the hard-to-find missing persons, need to be searched within the fee-based search services. We then described the first places to look as Google (Advanced Search), Ancestry.com, ProGenealogists.com, and ReferenceUSA.com.

This Part 2 section continues with the identification of Free Directory Lookup Sites, U.S. Public Records Databases, People and Address Finding Tools, International Directory Portal Sites, and UK Directory Lookups:

Free Directory Lookup Sites

ZabaSearch.com ( http://zabasearch.com ). Free site. This site has free people-searching and more. There are probably more names of people here than any other free site. For virtually every test name I used at all of the free sites, ZabaSearch.com came back with five times the number of hits as the others. If you can predict an 80% success rate using all of the free lookup sites, assume that ZabaSearch.com by itself will give you at least 75% – and you may not need to go further. But search the others as well – there will be sites where certain names appear nowhere else.

411.Info ( www.411.info/ ). Free site. This is a very complete U.S. directory lookups site. See also www.411.ca/ for Canadian directories.

InfoSpace.com ( www.infospace.com ). Free site. InfoSpace.com is the search engine for Dogpile, MetaCrawler, WebCrawler, and WebFetch, and has directory listings from SuperPages, BellSouth, and Yellow Book. This is an important stop in your directory searching.

The New Ultimates White Pages ( www.newultimates.com/white/ ). Free site. This site features fourteen different directory lookups on the same page, and may save you time and effort.

SearchBug.com ( www.searchbug.com/peoplefinder/ ). Free site. This site includes White Pages, Yellow Pages, and names from the PeopleFinders.com site (for fee-based extended searches).

SuperPages.com ( www.superpages.com/ ). Free site. This site includes White Pages and Yellow Pages, all well done, with a good-sized database of names.

WhitePages.com ( www.whitepages.com/ ). Free site. This site includes White Pages, Yellow Pages, and extended name lists from the USSearch.com site (for fee-based searches).

U.S. Public Records Databases (Fee-based Searches)

USSearch.com ( www.ussearch.com/consumer/index.jsp ). Fee-based searches. This is the oldest People-Finder service around. Remember their pre-Internet TV ads back in the early 1990’s, “Find anyone, call Nick…” The company has over one billion names indexed from many public records, with search reports at $39.95 (and up).

PeopleFinders.com ( www.peoplefinders.com/ ). Fee-based searches. This site has over one billion names from public records. The lookup of names is free, but the results list will have only the name and city/state of residence. Fees begin at $9.95 for a one-person report with a name, full street address, city, state, zip code, and phone number. Extended searches cost more.

Intelius.com ( www.intelius.com/ ). Fee-based searches. For over one billion names, the index search is free, but the results list will give you only the name and city/state of residence. Searches within specific databases priced as low as $5.95/person, to $39.95 for major lookups.

People & Address Finding Tools

SearchSystems.net ( www.searchsystems.net/ ). Subscription site. The largest directory of U.S. Public Records on the Internet, this portal site provides the means to locate business information, corporate filings, property records, deeds, mortgages, criminal and civil court filings, inmates, offenders, births, deaths, marriages, divorces, unclaimed property, professional licenses, and much more. The SearchSystems.net site is a portal to searchable databases containing billions of names. This is not a master index, but an identification and link to over 38,500 public records databases where online searching for people can take place. At $4.95/month, a SearchSystem.net subscription may provide “more bang for the buck” than any other.

NetrOnline.com ( www.netronline.com/public_records.htm ). Free site. This site is a portal to find any county of the U.S. with real estate records online. Not all counties have these records online, but those that do can be found here from their list of all 3,146 U.S. counties. Depending on the state, the county Assessors, Recorders, Auditors, etc., are the official repositories for recorded deeds, property tax assessments, and property histories. The modern versions of these documents now online are usually for records from about the 1970s or later, and are all excellent sources for a full name, full street address, city, state, zip code; and often, a phone number for any person involved in a real estate transaction. Once you have found a county online that has real estate records available, you can access the website directly from NetrOnline.com, and since these type of documents are public records, there is never a fee to access the database. However, you may be charged a fee to make copies of records, which is no different than doing this research in person at a county courthouse.

VirtualGumshoe.com ( www.virtualgumshoe.com/ ). Subscription site. Designed for private investigators, this site has the largest nationwide criminal database on the web. Maybe your missing relative is not lost at all, just serving time. Reports here start at $39.95 to find one person.

MilissaData.com ( www.melissadata.com/lookups/index.htm ). Free site. Designed for direct marketers, this site has a Free Lookups page with direct links to websites relating to places in the U.S., i.e., addresses, zip codes, area codes, sub-division maps, house numbers, street names, radius searches, carrier route searches, county maps, census maps, school district maps, city maps, U.S. placename databases, world placename databases, and much more. Another name for this site might be “A Genealogist’s Find-the-Place Toolbox.”

Dollarhide’s Genealogy Rule No. 17: Finding the place a person lived may lead to finding that person’s arrest record.

International Directories – Portal Sites

Infobel.com ( http://infobel.com/world/default.asp ). Free site. This is a portal to directory name lists online for over 200 countries around the world. At each country, a list of directory titles is shown, and a click on a title takes you directly to the website with that online name list. Although all of the directories are in the language of the country, many countries have directories with instructions in English as well. The list of names in a foreign directory will have names spelled the way they are recorded in that country’s language, but the translations of names is not a difficult thing to do (you can do it at Google, for example).

Numberway.com ( www.numberway.com ). Free site. At first, Numberway.com looks like a rip-off of InFobel.com, because it uses the same maps, regions, and lists the same countries in the same order. But, looking at the directory titles reveals that the Numberway lists are often unique and not repeats of the Infobel lists, and usually with more directories listed for a particular country. On the other hand, Infobel.com has directory titles not listed at Numberway.com. Therefore, one should use both of these international directory portal sites to see what is available online.

UK Directory Lookups

There are three competing online directories for the United Kingdom of Great Britain. They are listed below in their ranking based on the number of inquires per month. All three sites are free for directory lookups, but two of the sites have added database searching for a fee. Unfortunately, the criteria for searching for a name in all three sites must first include the name of the village/town/city. If all you know is the name of the county of residence within England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, or Wales; or any protectorate within the British Isles, e.g., Channel Islands, Isle of Mann, etc.; you will need to first get a good detailed map of a county to find the name of every village, town, or city, then go through each place systematically for the person’s name(s) you want to find. In fact, in such cases, the first database to use might be the UK Phonebook.com site because of its interactive maps as aids in finding a placename. If you already have an exact village/town/city of residence, start with either the BT directory or the 192.com directory. Of the three, the 192.com site has the largest database, but the BT directory gets more inquires monthly than any other directory lookup in Great Britain. BT is a private company, the heir of British Telecom, formerly a government-owned utility.

The Phone Book (BT) ( www.thephonebook.bt.com/ ). Free site. British Telecom, now just BT, is the dominate telecommunications system in the UK. Free lookups in current telephone directories for all of the UK are at this site. Searching is by place of residence first.

192.com ( www.192.com ). Free site, with fee-based details. The free portion is for a telephone directory lookup for all of Great Britain. There are some special databases here, such as the annual British Electoral Rolls (voter lists) for 2002-2012, which are fee-based searches. Typically, there were between 23 and 25 million registered voters in Great Britain for the years 2002-2012. There are many other databases incorporated into the name searching, including the official British birth and death indexes dating back to 1837. At the start of the 2012 London Olympics, 192.com had a database containing over 750 million entries for a country with about 63 million in population. Searching here is also by place first.

UK Phonebook.com ( www.ukphonebook.com ). Free membership site, with fee-based details. This is a private directory publisher very much like the 192.com site, and for all of Great Britain. In addition to the free general phone listings, there is a lookup to the British Electoral Rolls (Voter Lists), 2002-2012. Searching here is also by place, but this site includes an interactive map at the search box screen which can be very useful in finding county placenames.

Comments? This article (part 1 and part 2 together) was first published in one of the last issues of Everton’s Genealogical Helper. All of the original web addresses were verified and updated where necessary. But, there may be some other websites to go online since this article was first printed – any comments about such sites are welcome. Any comments about good or bad experiences in using the online databases are also encouraged. If you used any of the directory sites mentioned here and had success in finding the person you were after, let us know about it. The goal is to give genealogists the best possible tools for finding their living relatives online.

End of Part 2

NEHGS Announces New Assistant Vice President

The following was received from Alessandra Magno at NEHGS:

Boston, MA – Sept. 5, 2012 – Brenton Simons, President and CEO of the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS), announced today that staff member Ryan Woods, has been promoted to NEHGS Assistant Vice President for the Website and Library. Woods, a five-year veteran of the NEHGS staff, will oversee www.AmericanAncestors.org and the Boston-based library, bringing those two areas into greater alignment with each other and advancing the organization’s national mission. He will report to Thomas R. Wilcox, Jr., NEHGS Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, and will succeed Marie Daly, who has served as the Director of the Library for ten years. Daly will be staying on with NEHGS in a new role she helped to craft as senior genealogist, with particular emphasis on Irish research. A new day-to-day manager of the library has also been appointed.

Simons said, “This new role will help us centralize core activities, better serve our growing body of constituents, and allow for more productive experiences both online and in our library.”

Woods, who joined NEHGS in 2007, will work to re-staff several areas to manage increases in web traffic and visitors to the NEHGS Boston library, due in part to swelling interest and popularity of genealogy across the country. The moves take effect immediately.

Founded in 1845, New England Historic Genealogical Society is the country’s leading resource for family history research. With more than 65,000 members and registered users, NEHGS helps family historians expand their knowledge, skill, and understanding of their family and its place in history. The NEHGS research center, located at 99-101 Newbury Street, Boston, houses millions of books, journals, manuscripts, photographs, microfilms, documents, records, and other artifacts that date back more than four centuries. NEHGS staff includes some of the leading expert genealogists in the country, specializing in early American, Irish, English, Italian, Scottish, Atlantic and French Canadian, African American, Native American, and Jewish genealogy. Our award-winning website, www.AmericanAncestors.org, provides access to more than 135 million searchable names in 3,000 collections.