“Who’s the Daadi” Helping South Asians With Their Family History

The following is from the September 11, 2012 edition of http://www.bbc.co.uk:

A new social ancestry website created by two Londoners is helping South Asians reconnect with their past.

“My grandmother got Alzheimer’s and so all the great stories that she used to tell me… they just disappeared.

“And then when I tried to trace back my history I realised that because my family is South Asian we don’t have records of births, deaths and marriages,” said Daadi’s co-creator, Saima Mir.

This was the inspiration for a new website created by two Londoners to attempt the difficult job of tracing the ancestry of South Asians and those of South Asian heritage.

Who’s the Daadi (a play on the word Dadi, used by South Asians to describe their paternal grandmother) is described as a “social ancestry site” and will use pictures, names, significant dates and places to create family trees using a database of information.

“I was looking through old photographs of my dad, in his really dapper suits in different parts of Karachi, and realised that so many of my friends have images like this. I came up with the idea of a Wiki database to bring them all together,” said Mir, from Tooting in South London.

Mir co-created Daadi with Alex Street, who was behind the technology used in building the website. The pair met using social media and the site has been inspired by relationships created, and re-established, on sites like Facebook and Twitter.

Read the full article.

Monahan’s Sales of Archives.com Just the First of Many?

The following excerpt is from an article posted in the September 14, 2012 San Francisco Business Times.

Brian and Matthew Monahan’s sale of Archives.com last month was the first $100 million exit for their Redwood City-based company, Inflection LLC. They’re confident it won’t be the last.

While the deal with genealogy giant Ancestry.com turned heads, the two young brothers — “chief idea guy” and CEO, respectively — say their profitable, 125-person company is only getting started using its technology for mining public records to spin off businesses. Brian Monahan is 25, and Matthew Monahan is 28.

Read the full article.

Statement from Georgia Secretary of State Brian Kemp on Public Closure of the State Archives

The following news release was posted by Elizabeth Stewart Olson at 5:30pm Sep 13, and was passed on to me by my friend, Robert S. Davis, M.Ed., M.A.

Statement from Georgia Secretary of State Brian Kemp on Public Closure of the State Archives Effective November 1, 2012

The Governor’s Office of Planning and Budget has instructed the Office of the Secretary of State to further reduce its budget for AFY13 and FY14 by 3% ($732,626). As it has been for the past two years, these cuts do not eliminate excess in the agency, but require the agency to further reduce services to the citizens of Georgia. As an agency that returns over three times what is appropriated back to the general fund, budget cuts present very challenging decisions. We have tried to protect the services that the agency provides in support of putting people to work, starting small businesses, and providing public safety.

To meet the required cuts, it is with great remorse that I have to announce, effective November 1, 2012, the Georgia State Archives located in Morrow, GA will be closed to the public. The decision to reduce public access to the historical records of this state was not arrived at without great consternation. To my knowledge, Georgia will be the only state in the country that will not have a central location in which the public can visit to research and review the historical records of their government and state. The staff that currently works to catalog, restore, and provide reference to the state of Georgia’s permanent historical records will be reduced. The employees that will be let go through this process are assets to the state of Georgia and will be missed. After November 1st, the public will only be allowed to access the building by appointment; however, the number of appointments could be limited based on the schedule of the remaining employees.

Since FY08, the Office of the Secretary of State has been required to absorb many budget reductions, often above the minimum, while being responsible for more work. I believe that transparency and open access to records are necessary for the public to educate themselves on the issues of our government. I will fight during this legislative session to have this cut restored so the people will have a place to meet, research, and review the historical records of Georgia.

Jared S. Thomas
Press Secretary
Brian P. Kemp, Secretary of State
214 State Capitol
Atlanta, GA 30330
404-656-4269 phone
404-656-0513 fax

The National Archives Displays the “Fifth Page” of the U.S. Constitution for the First Time Sept. 14-19

The following is from a National Archives press release of September 13, 2012:

Washington, DC: As part of the celebration of the document’s 225th anniversary, the National Archives will for the first time exhibit the so-called “Fifth Page” of the Constitution of the United States. It will be on display from Friday, September 14, through Wednesday, September 19, 2012, in the East Rotunda Gallery in the National Archives Building in Washington, DC. Museum hours are 10 a.m. until 5:30 p.m. daily, but the museum will open late at 11:30 a.m. on Monday, September 17 (Constitution Day).

The fifth page is also known as the transmittal page of the Constitution and the Resolutions of the Constitutional Convention. This document, signed by George Washington, who presided over the Constitutional Convention, describes how the Constitution was to be ratified and put into effect.

An Inside the Vaults video short, “US Constitution – ‘The Fifth Page’ (Transmittal Page),” discusses the conservation treatment and re-encasement of the document. Chief of the Preservation Laboratory MaryLynn Ritzenthaler and Supervisory Conservator Kitty Nicholson recount their role in the project. The 3:35 minute video is part of the ongoing “Inside the Vaults”series and can be viewed on the National Archives YouTube channel: http://tiny.cc/FifthPage.

The other four pages of the Constitution are on permanent display in the Rotunda, along with the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. Together they are known as the Charters of Freedom. Early in the last decade, all seven pages – including the transmittal page – were placed in new, state-of-the-art encasements after undergoing conservation treatment.

The National Archives Building is located just off the National Mall at Constitution Avenue and 7th Street, NW. Metro accessible on the Yellow and Green lines, Archives/Navy Memorial/Penn Quarter station.

Background on “Inside the Vaults”
“Inside the Vaults” is part of the ongoing effort by the National Archives to make its collections, stories, and accomplishments more accessible to the public. “Inside the Vaults” gives voice to Archives staff and users, highlights new and exciting finds at the Archives, and reports on complicated and technical subjects in easily understandable presentations. Earlier topics include the conservation of the original Declaration of Independence, and the 1297 Magna Carta, the transfer to the National Archives of the Nuremberg Laws, and the 100th Anniversary of the Titanic disaster. The film series is free to view and distribute on our YouTube channel at http://tiny.cc/Vaults

Created by a former broadcast network news producer, the “Inside the Vaults” video shorts series presents “behind the scenes” exclusives and offer surprising glimpses of the National Archives treasures. These videos are in the public domain and not subject to any copyright restrictions. The National Archives encourages the free distribution of them.

County Name Changes and Abolished Counties Reflected in the 1790-1920 Federal Censuses

The following article was written by my good friend, Bill Dollarhide:

Dollarhide’s Rule No. 27: Research in one county that leads you to information in another county will only be revealed on the last day of your vacation.

In an earlier article, U.S. Counties Created or Abolished, 1920 – 1983, we listed new counties or abolished counties since the 1920 federal census was taken. That list included counties in ten states, and was a means of extending the usable time era for the book, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920. The Map Guide has underlying maps (in white) showing all modern counties through 1983, and all contemporary overlay county maps (in black) through 1920.

Also taken from the 393 maps of the Map Guide book, this new list includes earlier counties appearing in U.S. Federal Census records from 1790 through 1920; those whose names were changed; or the county was abolished after one or more censuses were taken under that name. The thirty-seven states that had county name changes or abolished counties are shown below. A few jurisdiction anomalies are noted as well, such as census taker mistakes, erroneous counties, incorrect jurisdiction changes, etc.

Last Census – County Name – Change – Date

1820 Cahawba Co., AL renamed Bibb in December 1820.
1820 Cotaco Co., AL renamed Morgan in 1821.
1840-1850 Benton Co., AL renamed Calhoun in 1858.
1850 Hancock Co., AL renamed Winston in 1858.
1870 Baker Co., AL renamed Chilton in 1878.
1870 Sanford Co., AL renamed Lamar in 1877.

1860 Arizona Co., NM Territory (now AZ) abolished in 1862, its area returned to Doña Ana Co., NM Territory.
1870 Pah-Ute Co., AZ Territory populations were enumerated as part of Nevada.

1820 Miller Co., AR Territory was erroneously created entirely within Spanish Texas and Indian Territory, both above and below the Red River. The county’s 1820 census schedules were lost.
1830 Miller Co., AR Territory was entirely within Mexican Texas, below the Red River, its 1830 census schedules are extant.
1880 Dorsey Co., AR renamed Cleveland in 1885.

1870 Klamath Co., CA abolished in 1874, its area annexed to Siskiyou and Humboldt Counties.
1850 Colusi Co., CA (now Colusa) migrated south from its 1850 position to its current position. Old Colusi County is now the same exact area as Glenn County.

North Park is one of three mountain basins (South Park, Middle Park, and North Park) in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado. Currently within the bounds of Jackson County, North Park was the site of the some of the earliest mining camps in Colorado Territory. North Park was never a county, but in the 1870 through 1890 censuses, North Park was labeled on the census pages as if it were a county:
– 1870 “North Park” was enumerated separately (but belonged to Summit County).
– 1880 &1885 “North Park” was enumerated separately (but belonged to Grand County).
– 1890 “North Park” was enumerated separately (but belonged to Larimer County).

– 1800 Washington County, DC was enumerated with Maryland.
– 1800 Alexandria County, DC was enumerated with Virginia.
– 1810-1840 Alexandria County, DC, was retro ceded back to Virginia in 1846. (Alexandria County, in the 1850-1910 censuses for Virginia, was renamed Arlington in 1920).VA-1

– 1840 Mosquito Co., FL was renamed Orange in 1845. (Walt Disney favored the change).
– 1850 Benton Co., FL was renamed Hernando in December 1850. (Hernando DeSoto’s last name was already taken).
– 1850 St. Lucie1, FL was renamed Brevard in 1855. Modern St. Lucie2 was created in 1905.
– 1860 New River Co., FL was renamed Bradford in 1861.

– 1810 Randolph1, GA was renamed Jasper in 1812. Modern Randolph2 was created in 1828.
– 1810 Walton1, GA was erroneously located entirely in North Carolina. All of Georgia’s federal censuses, 1790-1810 were lost. Some of the Walton population may have been included in the old Buncombe Co NC census (but that census was also lost). Walton1 was abolished in 1812. Soon after, another Walton2 was created, which was first enumerated in Georgia’s 1820 census.
– 1860 Cass Co., GA was renamed Bartow in 1861.

– 1910-1920 Kalawao Co., HI comprised only the leper settlement on Molakai Island. The quarantine policy which exiled lepers to the Kalaupapa Leper Colony beginning in the 1860s was lifted in 1969, after the disease of leprosy could be rendered non-contagious. Although free to leave the colony, many of the residents were allowed to remain. The county stills exists, although the entire area is now the same as the Kalaupapa National Historical Park. In the 2010 census, the county had ninety permanent residents, as well as one political officer, a Sheriff, an employee of the U.S. National Park Service.
– 1910-1920 Midway Island lies 1,300 miles northeast of Oahu and is not part of Hawaii. But Midway was enumerated with Honolulu County because that county had administrative jurisdiction over the Hawaiian Archipelago, a series of tiny islands stretching between Niihau and Midway.

– 1860 Cache County, UT Territory census schedules included families living in Washington Territory, just above the present Utah-Idaho border.
– 1870 Oneida Co., Idaho Territory: a portion was enumerated as part of Cache Co., UT Territory. (The town of Franklin was established in 1860, believing it was in Utah Territory. But Franklin was actually the first incorporated town in Idaho Territory – since a new survey in 1872 revealed that Franklin was a mile north of the Utah Territory line).
– 1870-1880 Alturas Co., ID Terr. abolished in 1895 and the area annexed to Blaine County.
– 1870-1880 Logan Co., ID Territory abolished in 1895 and the area annexed to Lincoln County.
– 1910 Blackfoot, Idaho was not a county, but the census includes numerous households listed under that name.

– 1820 Delaware and Wabash Cos., IN were not official counties, but areas used for the census. The present counties of Delaware and Wabash were formed in 1827 and 1832, respectively. See the map of Indiana in 1820 below.
– 1870 Indianapolis in Marion County was enumerated twice in 1870, both versions available on microfilm.

Indiana in 1820. Indiana became a state in 1816. This map shows the counties of Indiana as of the June 1820 federal census, and includes the unorganized “counties” of Delaware and Wabash, used as census districts in 1820 only. The present counties of these names were formed in 1827 and 1832 respectively. All of the counties shown in black have extant census manuscripts except for Daviess, shown as “lost” on the map. Source: Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920, by William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, page 108.

– 1860 Buncombe Co., IA renamed Lyon in 1862.

– 1870 Howard Co., KS became Elk and Chautauqua Counties in 1875.
– 1870 Kiowa Co., KS was abolished in 1875; but resurrected in 1886.
– 1880 Davis Co., KS renamed Geary in 1889,
– 1890 Garfield Co., KS abolished in 1893 and the area annexed to Finney County.
– 1870 Josh Bell Co., KS became Bell in 1873.

– 1850 Lafourche Interior Parish renamed Lafourche in 1853.

– 1790-1910. The enumerated Federal Court District of Maine was part of Massachusetts. Maine became a state in early 1820.

– From 1851, the City of Baltimore and Baltimore County began keeping separate records. From the 1860 census forward, the two jurisdictions were enumerated separately.

– 1880 Montmorecy Co., MI was enumerated with Alpena County.
– 1890 Manitou Co., MI was abolished in 1895, its area annexed to Charlevoix.
– 1880-1890 Isle Royale Co., MI was abolished in 1897 and the area annexed to Keweenaw.

– 1850 Mahkahta Co., MN was abolished in 1851.
– 1850 Wahnahta Co., MN was abolished in 1851.
– 1857 (MN Terr./ federal census) includes seven paper counties for which the census schedules were fraudulently prepared. All the names, ages, births, etc. were manufactured by territorial census takers who were covering up an election fraud. The counties were legitimate counties, created by the territorial legislature, but they were in an area not yet ceded by the Indians and the population in the area consisted of Native Americans only.
– 1857 MN Terr./Federal census also included Medway and Big Sioux counties, areas with known white settlers, but in a region difficult to map due to an uncertainty of the exact location of the Big Sioux River. Medway and Big Sioux counties disappeared upon Minnesota’s statehood in 1858.
– 1857, 1860 Rock and Pipestone Counties exchanged names in 1862.
– 1860 Breckenridge Co., MN renamed Clay in 1862.
– 1860 Manomin Co., MN abolished and the area annexed to Anoka in 1869.
– 1860 Pierce Co., MN was abolished in 1862. From the same area came the counties of Big Stone, Stevens, Pope, Lac Qui Parle, Chippewa, Monongalia, and Kandiyohi.
– 1860 Toombs Co., MN renamed Andy Johnson in 1863, then Wilkin in 1868.
– 1860 Buchanan Co., MN was annexed to Pine in 1861.
– 1870 Monongalia Co., MN was annexed to Kandiyohi in November 1870.
– 1850-1870 Pembina Co., MN renamed Kittson in 1878.

– 1800 Pickering Co., MS renamed Jefferson in 1802.
– 1880 Sumner Co., MS renamed Webster in 1882.

– 1840 Rives Co., MO renamed Clay in 1841.
– 1840 Van Buren Co., MO renamed Cass in 1849.
– 1850 Dodge Co., MO was abolished and the area was annexed to Putnam in 1853.
– 1880 The City of St. Louis was enumerated twice in 1880. Both versions were microfilmed.

– 1870 Big Horn1, MT renamed Custer in 1877. Modern Big Horn2 was created in 1913.

– 1860 Unorganized Dakota census included several forts along the Missouri River, most were west of the river, and thus, in Nebraska Territory, not Dakota.
– 1860 Nuckolls Co., NE Terr. migrated west one county. The exact same area today is Thayer County.
– 1870 L’eau qui Court Co., NE renamed Knox in 1873.
– 1870, 1880 &1885 Blackbird Co., NE renamed Thurston in 1889.

– 1870 Lincoln Co., NV populations were enumerated with Washington Co., UT Territory.
– 1870 Pah-Ute Co., NV populations were enumerated as part of Arizona Territory.
– 1870 Rio Virgin Co., UT Terr. was erroneously created entirely within the state of Nevada.
– 1920 The indefinite eastern Washoe boundary was finally defined by range/township in 1924.

– 1860 Arizona Co., NM Terr. abolished in 1862, its area returned to Doña Ana Co., NM Territory.
– 1870 Santa Ana Co., NM Terr. abolished in 1876 and the area annexed to Bernalillo.

– 1790 Dobbs Co., NC was abolished upon the creation of Glasgow and Lenoir Counties in 1791. Glasgow was then renamed Greene in 1799.

– 1885 Stanton County, Dakota Territory, was abolished prior to the June 1885 census day, but appears anyway (one of only 17 extant counties for the North Dakota portion of Dakota Territory).

– 1900 Day Co., OK Territory was not included in the Oklahoma Constitution of 1907 and became defunct, its area now included in the southern part of modern Ellis County and the northern part of modern Roger Mills County.
– 1907 federal census taken for the new state of Oklahoma, but only the name list for Seminole County exists at the National Archives.

– 1860 Umpqua Co., OR was abolished in 1862, its area annexed to Douglas.

– 1789-1800. Although the federal government sold the Erie Triangle to Pennsylvania by patent in 1792, Pennsylvania had earlier purchased the land from the Indians in 1789. The triangle was added to Allegheny County in 1792; and became part of Erie County, PA in 1800, the same year the area was first enumerated in a federal census.
– 1870 Philadelphia County (including the city of Philadelphia) was enumerated twice, both versions available on microfilm.

– 1790 Orangeburg District, SC was divided into “North Orangeburg” and “South Orangeburg” arbitrarily by the census takers. The boundary was the road in the forks of the Edisto River then down the North Edisto and Edisto to the Charleston District line.
– 1800 “Waccamaw,” within Georgetown District, SC, was not a county, but an enumeration area invented by the census takers.
– 1800 Liberty County, SC belonging to Georgetown District was abolished before 1800 and became Marion County — but the 1800 census refers to the area as “Liberty” anyway. The name Marion was not used until the 1810 census.
– 1810-1820 Pendleton District became the districts of Anderson and Pickens in 1826 and the
name Pendleton was dropped.

– 1860 The “Unorganized Dakota” census included several forts along the Missouri River; most were west of the river and technically in Nebraska Territory. Also included in 1860 were the communities of Medway and Sioux Falls, areas which were part of the 1857 Minnesota Territory (federal) census.
– 1900 Armstrong Co., SD appears amid the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation (with a total of eight persons). Armstrong was enumerated with Dewey, 1920-1950, but not officially annexed to Dewey until 1952.
– 1920-1940 Washington Co., SD was abolished and the area annexed to Shannon County in 1943.

– 1790 Tennessee County, Southwest Territory, ended after its division into Montgomery and Robertson in 1796 at the time of Tennessee’s statehood.
– 1791 A tally of inhabitants of the Southwest Territory (no name list) was conducted by the various county sheriffs, under the direction of Governor Shelby, who supplied the numbers to Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson.
– 1820 Hardin and Shelby Counties, TN shared areas which could be legally in either county, based on obscure descriptions of their county boundaries by the state legislature.
– 1920 James Co., TN was annexed to Hamilton effective January 1920.

– 1850 Starr and Webb Counties, TX were enumerated with Cameron.
– 1860 Dawson1, TX, was abolished, due to depleted population resulting from several Comanche raids. Its area was annexed to Kinney and Uvalde counties in 1866. Another Dawson2 was created in 1876, some 200 miles north of the first one.
– 1850-1860 Cass County, TX was renamed Davis in 1861 (and changed back to Cass in 1871).
– 1860 22 counties returned by census takers with the note, “no population.” Texas was fond of creating paper counties and waiting for people to move into them. Any court actions relating to these early counties were administered at the Bexar County Courthouse in San Antonio.
– 1870 Davis County was renamed Cass in 1871, the same name it had from 1846 to 1861.
– 1870 15 counties returned with “no population,” with northern paper counties under the administration of Young County, the southern paper counties under Bexar County.
– 1850 Buchanan County, TX was renamed Stephens in 1861.
– 1890 Buchel and Foley Counties, TX were abolished and their areas annexed to Brewster in 1897.
– 1890 Encinal Co., TX was abolished and its area annexed to Webb in 1899.
– 1920 Willacy Co., TX migrated south one county in 1921. The area of 1920 Willacy is Identical today to Kenedy County, except for a 1.4 mile strip below the southern boundary of Kenedy.

– 1860 Cedar County, UT Territory was abolished in 1862, its area now mostly in Utah County.
– 1860 Shambip County, UT Territory was abolished in 1862, its area now in Tooele County.
– 1860 Great Salt Lake County, UT Territory renamed Salt Lake in 1868.
– 1860 Cache County, UT Territory census schedules included families living in Washington Territory, just above the present Utah-Idaho border.
– 1870 Cache and Rich Counties, UT Territory census schedules included families living in Idaho Territory.
– 1870 Washington Co., UT Territory census included the communities of Clover Valley and Panaca, actually in Lincoln County, Nevada.
– 1870 Rio Virgin Co., UT Territory was created erroneously entirely within the state of Nevada. Rio Virgin was abolished in 1872.

Independent cities have existed in Virginia since Williamsburg was chartered in 1722. Currently,
forty-one independent cities are outside county boundaries and jurisdictions. In addition, there have been several city mergers and city-county consolidations, such as:
– Manchester, first incorporated in 1874, was absorbed into Richmond in 1910.
– Alexandria County became extinct by virtue of being renamed Arlington in 1920.VA-1
– South Norfolk was incorporated in 1921 and merged with Norfolk County in 1962 to form the City of Chesapeake.
– Warwick County became the city of Warwick in 1952 and then absorbed into the city of Newport News in 1957. These changes abolished the counties of Norfolk and Warwick.
– Elizabeth City County merged with the city of Hampton in 1952.
– Princess Anne County consolidated with the city of Virginia Beach in 1962.
– Nansemond County became extinct by virtue of incorporating as a city in 1972 then merging
with the City of Suffolk in 1974.VA-2
NOTES: (VA-1 & V-2): my thanks to Michael Elwood Pollock for these two additions, part of
his comments to the “U.S. Counties Created or Abolished, 1920 – 1983” article.

– 1860 Cache County, UT Territory census schedules included families living in Washington Territory, just above the present Utah-Idaho border.
– 1860 Spokane1, WA Territory was annexed to Stevens in 1864. Essentially, Spokane was renamed Stevens, because Stevens was a paper county with no population and no courthouse, while Spokane had a growing population. The modern Spokane2 was created in 1879, in the same area of old Spokane’s first population center (Spokane Falls, now the city of Spokane).
– 1860 Sawamish County, WA Territory was renamed Mason in 1864.
– 1860-1910 Chehalis Co., WA was renamed Grays Harbor in 1915.

– 1860 Bad Ax Co., WI was renamed Vernon in 1862.
– 1860 LaPointe Co., WI was renamed Bayfield in 1866.
– 1860 Dallas Co., WI was renamed Barron in 1869.

For more information, See: Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920.

The ScotlandsPeople Website is Ten Years Old

The family history website, ScotlandsPeople.gov.uk, celebrates its tenth birthday in September 2012.

Officially launched in mid-September 2002, ScotlandsPeople was one of the first genealogy sites to arrive on the web. The site now contains over 90 million digital records and corresponding images, and adds new sets of fully-searchable historical records on a regular basis.

With over one million registered users from across the world, the website remains the biggest online resource for Scottish census, birth, marriage and death records. The website has evolved through a decade of huge technological growth and in a time where interest in genealogy has soared.

Chris van der Kuyl, the CEO of brightsolid, the company that enables ScotlandsPeople for the National Records of Scotland, said:
ScotlandsPeople was our first ever family history website, and our partnership with the National Records of Scotland has undoubtedly enabled brightsolid to expand our business to become one of the world’s leading publishers of online genealogy.

‘When the Scotlandspeople website was launched back in 2002, we were truly leading the way, offering a unique online product for family historians. We are immensely proud of how ScotlandsPeople has evolved over the last decade. We continue to add exciting new data sets and innovative search techniques to the site, making family history research easier and more accessible around the globe.’

George MacKenzie, Registrar General and the Keeper at the National Records of Scotland, said:
ScotlandsPeople has gone from strength to strength since its launch ten years ago. I am delighted that in our special birthday year we’ll be enhancing this very popular resource for Scottish family history by adding hundreds of thousands of new wills from 1902 to 1925.’

250,000 Images Uploaded to Kansas Memory

The following teaser is from KSNT.com:

TOPEKA, KS: The Kansas Historical Society announced that 250,000 images of its collections are now uploaded to Kansas Memory, the Historical Society’s online archives of photographs, letters, government records, and objects. Image number 250,000 is from a letter dated January 1, 1871, from D.H. Bowdoin in Rice County to Governor James M. Harvey in Topeka. The image may be viewed at kansasmemory.org/item/227377/page/1.

In the letter, Bowdoin asks the governor “for the general distribution of arms among the citizens of Rice Co[unty] necessary for their defence [sic] against any raid or raids by the Cheyenne Indians.” The letter is part of the Kansas Adjutant General’s correspondence collection in the State Archives, which is now available on Kansas Memory. This collection contains letters and documents from 1861 to 1910 related to the Civil War, Indian wars, the organization of the National Guard, the Spanish-American War, and the Philippine-American War.

Read the full article.

Another Great Offer on Flip-Pal mobile scanners! Get $41.85 in FREE Products with the Purchase of a Flip-Pal scanner

Family Roots Publishing sold all kinds of Flip-Pal mobile scanners and accessories at the Federation of Genealogical Societies Conference in Birmingham a couple weeks ago. With a little luck, we’ve now been able to make special purchases that allow us to offer an even better deal on the most popluar genealogy scanners available. Since many of you most likely didn’t get to the conference, Family Roots Publishing is offering a Conference Special Plus! to our GenealogyBlog.com and Genealogy Newsline Readers.

As I have written several times before, I now use a Flip-Pal mobile scanner for all my on-the-road scanning projects, as well as the scanning of any photos under 4×6 inches in size (that’s the size of the scanner bed). I have had a personal unit nearly a year now. Dale also has one of his own. In that time, we’ve scanned more photos than ever before in our entire lives! We got started when Dale and I had a business trip in which we had to drive nearly 3000 miles. During the drive, Dale scanned thousands of my pictures – right there about 3 feet from me. We had a large box full of photos, many still in the envelopes from the processor – most 30 to 40 years old. Many I hadn’t seen since I took the pictures. In October, my brother, Steve, flew down from Washington State, bringing a suitcase full of the old family photos with him. We scanned many of them, and more when he came to visit in December And we’ve have a couple major scanning sessions since then.

I’ve been scanning my genealogy documents as well as my pictures. I’ve been using a flatbed scanner, as well as a high-speed scanner with a feeder attached. I’ve now added my Flip-Pal to that mix. The flatbed scanner is still my scanner of choice if I’m home and I’m scanning 8.5 x 11 documents. Otherwise most of the scanning has been switched to my Flip-Pal.

As I’ve said before, The big advantage for me has been that I can scan my “under 4 x 6” photos a lot faster then usual using the Flip-Pal. Large photos and documents can be scanned in several shots, and then stitched together perfectly using the software provided with every Flip-Pal. This works equally well wheither I’m using a PC or my Mac. (Note – if using a Mac, be sure and shut off the auto-upload to iPhoto). Scanning albums is nearly as easy as scanning indiviual pictures. I recently scanned an album that belonged to my mother, with many of the photos glued into place. I took the lid off of the scanner, turned it over, laid the scanner on the pictures on the album page – lined it up by looking right through the scanner – and pressed the scan button. The scanner has a little window on it where the user can check to see if the scan came out good – just like your digital camera. Scans can be made in both 300 dpi, and 600 dpi. I leave my scanner defaulted to 600 dpi, just in case I want to blow them up. As noted above, the software supplied with the scanner is both Windows and Mac compatible.

The Flip-Pal is battery-operated, allowing full portability. When I made my first scans, I was using typical AA batteries that I bought in quantity at Costco. As I remember it, I was getting about 400 scans or so on a set of four batteries. I quickly realized that I was going to save huge quantities of money by purchasing an AC AA battery charger and a dozen batteries. That was a smart move. When I purchased my Flip-Pal, the only case available had no pockets for supplies. A deluxe case is now available – complete with pockets where I keep my extra SD Cards, Sketch, and batteries. The earlier cases have been discontinued.

Another innovation is the Flip-Pal Sketch. You just lay the Sketch on photo that you wish to make notes on (like people’s names!), and scan the picture through the marked-up Sketch – thus identifying folks in the picture. It works great – making identifying photos while in your relatives’ homes easier than ever. My friend, Pat Rchley (DearMyrtle), pointed out to me that she uses two Sketches – one that she’s scanning, and another that she’s having her relatives doing the writing on, thus speeding up the process. The Sketch now comes with 3 wet-erase pens in the initial package. Dale pointed out to me a few days ago that baby-wipes work perfectly for wiping the Sketch clean between pictures.

Within the last month, Flip-Pal came out with a NEW unique scanner cleaning cloth that I absolutely love! Costing only $4.99, the cloth can be used for a number of uses. Not only can you clean the fingerprints, smudges, and dust from your scanner, but the dense-knit cloth can be used as a dark background when placed over 3D objects (medals, coins, jewelry, etc.) for scanning.

Two other innovations are software collections put together on DVD for the Flip-Pal, and available only with the purchase of a Flip-Pal mobile scannner. The last several months I’ve been using the Flip-Pal Creative Suite 2 software on my PC running Windows 7 – and I’m very impressed. The package includes PagePlus Essentials; PhotoPlus Essentials; WebPlus Essentials; Digital Scrapbook Artist 2; SlideShow Expressions; and Family Tree Heritage Platinum 8 genealogy software. The downside of this software is that it only runs on PCs.

A short time ago, a Flip-Pal Creativity Suite 3 on DVD was added to the Flip-Pal line-up. This new software package will runs on PCs and Macs – and includes the unsurpassed Adobe Photoshop Elements 10! This software helps you turn your precious photos into sensational photos. Use automated options to crop, fine tune, repair and retouch your photos, tag and share photos with your social network and quickly organize, find, view and manage all your photos and video clips. As a Mac user, I’ve been using this software on a daily basis for years – and virtually every illustration on GenealogyBlog.com has undergone manipulation with Adobe Photoshop Elements. Also included is Corel’s Paint It! software. It allows you to choose a painting style and watch the automated painting process create perfect hand-painted photo art. A third software on the DVD is Logo Design Studio Pro, allowing the user to produce professional logos for any business, non-profit, or personal use.

The Flip-Pal has been approved for use not only in the Library of Congress, but in many libraries and archives worldwide. It’s gentle on documents, as it’s very light, and you do not move it across a document. And speaking of light, very little is used in the scanning process – thus protecting those precious old documents. Items that could not be photocopied can be scanned with the Flip-Pal.

Family Roots Publishing stocks Flip-Pals – and ships then on a daily basis. The Flip-Pal unit itself sells for under $150, while the Flip-Pal with the Creative Suite 2 sells for under $200. The latest addition to the line-up, the Flip-Pal with Creativity Suite 3 (detailed above) sells for $209.99. Yes – it’s $10 more, but if you want to use Adobe Photoshop Elements 10 (which I recommend), it’s a great price!

As I noted above, Family Roots Publishing is now offering the our online readers and customers a great now deal. Buy a Flip-Pal mobile scanner and we’ll throw in a:

To get the free stuff, just type the word “Pastime” in the “Order Notes” box at checkout (not the “Offer Code” box).

The above offer ends at Midnight MDT, September 27, 2012 – so order your Flip-Pal mobile scanner today!


As a user myself, I highly recommend that you add on the following items when purchasing a Flip-Pal

Georgia to Cut Access to the Archives – and Lay Off Employees

The following is from the September 13, 2012 edition of macon.com:

ATLANTA — The State Archives in Morrow will open by appointment only and its employees will be laid off because of budget cuts sought by Gov. Nathan Deal, Georgia Secretary of State Brian Kemp announced Thursday.

The move takes effect Nov. 1. The facility houses a range of historical records used by amateur and professional historians, genealogy researchers, librarians, students, attorneys, instructors and others.

The secretary did not say how many state employees will be let go or when their jobs will end. Because state law gives Kemp discretionary control over his budget, the layoffs are not subject to any civil service review.

Kemp said he believes the moves will make Georgia the only state in the country without an accessible archive that has regular hours.

Deal has ordered every state office to reduce spending by 3 percent for the remainder of the current budget year, which runs through June 30, 2013, and again in the following year. That totals almost $733,000 for Kemp’s office.

Kemp emphasized that those aren’t the first reductions in recent years. “These cuts do not eliminate excess in the agency, but require the agency to further reduce services to the citizens of Georgia,” he said.

Read the full article.

Genealogy as a Pastime and Profession

Genealogy as a Pastime and Profession was published initially in 1930. The volume was written by one of the leading genealogists of the era, Donald Lines Jacobus. When the Second Revised Edition was published by Genealogical Publishing Company in 1968, Milton Rubincam wrote the Introduction for the book. The late Mr. Rubincam was one of a very few people who I would put on the same plain within the genealogy profession. He said this about Mr. Jacobus, “… a man who has complete mastery of his subject. He considered genealogy in all of its phases – the use of source materials, the evaluation of evidence, the cultural and sociological aspects, the origin of American colonists, conditions in the genealogical profession, and the compilation of a family history. In spite of all the “how to do it” books that have been published since 1930, Genealogy as a Pastime and Profession tops them all.”

Genealogy as a Pastime and Profession was recommended to me when I first became interested in genealogy. Although Jacobus wrote the volume a full two decades prior to my birth, I found it to be of enormous import to me when I first began work on my own family history – and later as I moved into the world of professional genealogy, as it’s the very foundation of scientific American genealogy.

Following is a listing of the Table of Contents:

  • Introduction by Milton Rubincam
  • Preface to Revised Edition
  • Why This Book?
  • Puritan Peccadilloes
  • Family Pride
  • Genealogical Byways
  • Early Nomenclature
  • Royal Ancestry
  • Genealogy as a Profession
  • To Become a Professional
  • Commercial Firms
  • The Client
  • Source Material – Printed
  • Source Material – Original
  • Case Histories
  • How to Compile a Family History
  • Growth of a Colonial Family
  • Genealogy and Eugenics
  • Genealogy and the Law
  • Dates and the Calendar
  • How to Trace Your Ancestry
  • Appendix
  • Although today we often have the opportunity to use the Internet, as well as Family History Library resources to do much of our research, our research techniques are the same in principal today as they were in the era of Donald Lines Jacobus. For this reason I recommend this classic to anyone seriously interested in doing their family history. If you are thinking of becoming a genealogy professional, it’s required reading.

    I was recently able to obtain a large quantity of this book, and am offering them at a discount to my readers. For more information and/or to purchase a copy of Genealogy as a Pastime and Profession, click on the link. Only $8.96.

    PS: In 1982, I had the distinct pleasure and honor of taking a number of classes at the National Institute for Genealogical Research under the tutelage of Milton Rubincam. During that two-week period, I got to know the man, enjoying a trip to Alexandria where we visited a book store full of old volumes of the type that genealogists love to find. Milton recommended I buy a volume that I still have in my library today. Milton has been gone for years, but he lives on in our memories.

Not Much Truth in the George Clooney Irish Roots Story

The following excerpt is from the 14 September, 2012 edition of kilkennypeople.ie:

“The ‘Freddie Starr Ate my Hamster’ story of Irish genealogy”

Genealogists have shown that the story of George Clooney’s Irish roots, widely publicised earlier this year, doesn’t stand up to closer examination.

Although ‘Gorgeous George’s’ ancestors did in fact originate in Knockeen, Windgap in South Kilkenny research commissioned by the Burke Family has shown that most of the story broken in 2011, has no factual basis.

The Clooney family were not evicted during the Famine, but remained on their land until the mid 1850s when it was sold as a bankrupt’s estate.

The younger generation of Clooney’s emigrated as a group.

And there is no proven link to a family of the same name in Abbeyleix despite bogus attempts to claim there are.

Furthermore, the Kilkenny People has learned there has been no contact whatsoever between with the actor, his agent in Los Angeles and the Clooney wanabees in Abbeyleix.

And George Clooney’s ancestors have no proven link with the Titanic.

Read the full article.

My Family Tree Workbook: Genealogy for Beginners

Last week, I reviewed Our Family Tree — Create a New Family Heirloom. This creatively-designed, fill-in-the-blank, bound family history gives the owner a chance to preserve their family history by recording their details and stories in a beautiful hardbound book. Rosemary A. Chorzempa has created a similar book for children and beginner genealogists. My Family Tree Workbook: Genealogy for Beginners provides over 55 fill-in-the-bland forms, charts, and themed story pages.

This book is a great way to start building a family history. Not only are the pages easy to complete, each helps educate beginners in the process of researching, interviewing, and uncovering a family history. One nice aspect is the book doesn’t have just date and vital record type data forms, but also for sheets for recording important facts and even short stories. In filling out the forms, one is lead to interview family member, as well as make use of Internet and library resources. By the time someone completes this workbook they will hopefully be as addicted to genealogy as the rest of us.

Some may wish to purchase this workbook for themselves; however, at under $4 this makes an excellent gift for children, friends, and other family members. With any luck you may help start a new lifelong passion.




Climbing Your Family Tree


My Beginning

Places Where I Have Lived

My Religious History

My Schools

My Favorite Things

My Special Pages

My Father

My Mother

My Brother and Sisters

My Paternal Grandfather

My Paternal Grandmother

My Maternal Grandfather

My Maternal Grandmother

My Great-grandparents

My Family Tree

My Extended Family

My Immigrant Ancestors


Family Stories

Family Reunions and Picnics

Important People from My Ancestral Homelands

My Geography Pages

Words I Have Learned in My Ancestors’ Native Languages

Ethnic Foods I Eat

Ethnic Crafts I Have Learned

Fold Songs and Dances from My Ancestral Homelands

Ethnic Holiday Celebrations and customs

Visits to My Ancestors’ Homelands

Sample Page of Notebook Filing System


Pedigree Charts


Where to Get Help

More Things to Do

Books to Help You


Rosemary’s Autobiography

Rosemary’s Family Tree


Copies of My Family Tree Workbook: Genealogy for Beginners is available for purchase by clicking the link; $3.95.


National Archives Holdings Protection Team Hosts Free Security Training October 1

The following news release is from the National Archives website.

National Archives Holdings Protection Team Hosts Free Security Training October 1
Holdings Protection Training for Regional State Archives and Historical Institutions

Washington, DC: The National Archives Holdings Protection Team hosts a free one-day training workshop October 1 that will cover both internal and external threats to regional and state archives and historical institutions. It will also address the importance of training, outreach, and collaboration among researchers, archives and historical institutions.

The workshop will be held Monday, October 1, from 9 a.m.–4:00 p.m., in the McGowan Theater of the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, and is fully accessible. Attendees should use the “Special Events” entrance located on Constitution Avenue at 7th Street NW. An optional tour of the building will be conducted from 4:15 P.M. – 5:00 P.M. This event is open to staff from archives and historical institutions.

Archivist of the United States David S. Ferriero will deliver the keynote address. National Archives Holdings Protection Team Leader Eric Peterson will provide opening remarks.

The Archivist is a strong advocate for tight measures to protect archival collections: “We are not alone in facing risks to our collections, the Archivist has said. “Every institution charged with preserving our heritage–museums, libraries, archives, and others—balances access to and protection of its holdings every day.”

October 1 Holdings Protection Training Agenda

9 AM Welcome and Holdings Protection Team overview – Eric Peterson, Team Leader

9:15-10 AM Theft case studies – National Archives Inspector General Paul Brachfeld and Special Agent Kelly Maltagliati

10 minute break

10:10-11:10 AM Strategies for preventing internal theft – Members of the Holdings Protection Team

11:10 – noon Strategies for preventing researcher theft – Members of the Holdings Protection Team

Noon-1 PM Lunch on your own

1-1:45 PM Courier Training – Members of the Holdings Protection Team.

1:45 – 2:20 PM Conservation’s Role in Holdings Protection – Mary Lynn Ritzenthaler, Chief, National Archives Document Conservation Division

10 minute break

2:30-3:15 PM Holdings Protection: What works, what doesn’t, and why.

3:15-4 PM Keynote: Archivist of the United States David S. Ferriero

15 minute break

4:15-5:00 Tour of the building (optional)

The October 1 training is free, but advance registration is required by September 14. To register, email holdingsprotection@nara.gov, or phone Richard Dine at 301 837-0783. Attendance is limited to the first 200 responses.

About the Holdings Protection Team
The mission of the National Archives is to preserve and make accessible the records of the Federal Government. In 2010, responding to a series of thefts, the National Archives created the Holdings Protection Team to assess, determine, and implement security measures to ensure the public’s access to their holdings.

Staffed by a team leader, a trainer, three archivists and three security specialists, the Holdings Protection Team has instituted security studies, risk assessments, and increased security, monitoring, and screening at National Archives facilities nationwide. Close coordination with the National Archives Office of the Inspector General and other archival and historical institutions has led to the prosecution of several people accused of theft including, most recently, the sentencing of Barry Landau.

The Holdings Protection Team provides training to Archives employees, archivists, and research room staff, as well as to staff at other institutions, all aimed at increasing awareness and communication of security issues.

Holdings Protection Team-directed heightened security measures include:
Increasing security camera monitoring and installing public view camera monitors at Archives I (downtown DC) and Archives II (College Park, MD), and selected National Archives facilities nationwide;
Mandatory exit screening of visitors and employees at Archives I, Archives II, and other National Archives facilities;
Heightened outreach and communication with researchers, archivists, research room staff, the Office of the Inspector General, and other agencies and institutions; and
Instituting mandatory holdings protection training for all National Archives staff, with extensive additional training for research room staff.

Minnesota Land Owner Maps and Directories

County atlases show who owned land in a given area at a given time. Also shown are natural land features, towns, railroads, churches, cemeteries, schools, businesses, and more. All of these locations may be of interest, along with the land ownership, to family historian. Each may provide information on the home of an ancestor, and potential locations of other record repositories. “When an ancestor is found, the location and shape of the farm is readily seen. The location of other relatives can be found as well as friends and neighbors.”

Between 1980 and 1994 the number of published Minnesota county atlases grew from 411 to 1072 titles. Because of the sheer quantity of atlases available, this book is extremely valuable for genealogical research. Minnesota Land Owner Maps and Directories is a reference to these county atlases. This directory provides a county by county listing of published works. For example, under Aitkin county one reference reads:

Triennial atlas & plat book, Aitkin County, Minnesota.

Sponsored by Aitkin County 4-H Leaders Federation.

(Rockford, Ill., 1969)

86 pp., illus., maps. 28 cm.

LCong, MHS, MnManS

A “Codes used in listing” section tells the reader that LCong is the Library of Congress, MHS is the Minnesota Historical Society, and MnManS is the Mankato State University, all locations where the sample listing can be found.

In addition to the atlases listing, this book carries, in the appendix, a reprint of the introduction to Windows to the Past, by Mai Treude. This reprinted introduction gives insight to land surveys and county atlases covered under the following topic headers:

  • The Influence of the American Rectangular Land Survey System
  • The Purpose and Use of the County Atlas
  • A History of County Atlas Publishing in the United States
  • A History of County Atlas Publishing in Minnesota
  • Where Minnesota County Atlases Are Located


For more information, or to order Minnesota Land Owner Maps and Directories, click on the link. $14.70

A Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Civil War and Dakota Conflict Ancestors in Minnesota

Minnesota was still a fairly young territory of twelve years when the Civil War broke out. Early settlers where fur traders followed by farmers. Farmers continued to arrive through the mid 1800s as more land became available. Though the state was far removed from the focal point of hostilities between the North and the South, it was Minnesota’s governor who first offered military support when Fort Sumter was fired upon on 12 April 1861. The state sent 20,000 troops to join the Union in fighting the South. However, in 1862 the Dakota Indians began attacking settlers along the Minnesota River Valley. Feeling cheated by delayed payment and forgotten promises, the Indians believed they had the right to reclaim land given up in treaties with the U.S. Government. Many of the Civil War soldiers, from Minnesota, were sent back home to fight the Indians.

A Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Civil War and Dakota Conflict Ancestors in Minnesota guides the research process for those seeking their Minnesotan ancestors during the time period of the Civil War and Dakota conflict. The majority of the book is dedicated to finding soldiers and those directly associated with the wars. However, there is a chapter dedicated to those living at home during those turbulent times. Key resources covered by this guide include Federal and Minnesota state census records, service records for veterans and their units, on-line resources, published records, and manuscripts. Scattered through the pages are plenty of photographs and sample documents.

Minnesota was a very active participant in the military conflicts of the the 1860s. Also, many Civil War veterans moved to Minnesota after the war. These fighters can be found by their descendents with aid of this book.


Table of Contents



Beginning a Family Search

  • The Historical Setting
  • Federal Census records
  • Federal Census Availability
  • Cemetery Research
  • The Minnesota GenWeb
  • Shortcuts
  • Minnesota Research Bookshelf

Getting Familiar with Military Terminology

Major Repositories of Civil War Information

  • The National Archives (NARA)
  • Special National Archives Finding Aids
  • Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System (CWSS)
  • Library of Congress (LOC)
  • The Minnesota History Center
  • Special MHS Finding Aids
  • Minnesota county Historical Societies
  • University of Minnesota – Wilson Library
  • Public and Academic Libraries
  • “Must Reads” – Minnesota Resources

First, Research Your Ancestors

  • Service Records
  • Places to Look
  • Official Government Reports
  • Pensions
  • Compiling a Soldier’s Records

Second, Research the Unit

  • General References
  • Minnesota References

Civilians at Home

  • The Press
  • Refugee Relief
  • Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Minnesota
  • Depredation Claims


Contract Information


For more information, or to order, A Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Civil War and Dakota Conflict Ancestors in Minnesota, click on the link. $15.63