Places for Finding a Woman’s Maiden Name: A Checklist of 90 Sources

The following article was written by my good friend, William Dollarhide. Enjoy…

Discovering the maiden name of a female is often the biggest problem we have in genealogy. Whether you are researching your families in person, through the mail, or by Googling the Internet for sources, the basic search is still the same. As in all research tasks, we need to identify the possible places where such a record exists, but in particular, find the place where an actual document may exist that mentions the birth name of a woman. Here is a basic checklist of some places to look:

Birth Records
– Birth Certificates
– Delayed Birth Records
– Corrected Birth Records
– Affidavits for correcting birth records
– Newspaper birth announcements
– Oral histories
– Published Biographies
– Personal diaries & Journals
Marriage Records
– Marriage Applications & Licenses
– Marriage Certificates
– Newspaper announcements
– Family Bible
Divorce Records
– Newspaper announcements
– Court proceedings
– State or County-wide Vital Records Indexes
Death Records
– Burial permits
– Death Certificates
– Newspaper Announcements
– Obituaries
– Funeral records
– VA burial database online
– Sexton’s office
– Tombstone inscriptions
– Cemetery maps and indexes
Census Records
– Name of Father-in-law included in a family grouping
– Brother-in-law included in a family grouping
– 1890 Veteran’s census including widows of veterans
– 1925 Iowa State Census (only U.S. census with the question, “Maiden Name of Mother?” for
every person listed).
– 1870 Manitoba Census (only Canadian census with the question, “Maiden Name of Mother?”
for every person listed.
– Names of neighbors, as clues to sibling’s names
– Clues from parents birthplace, leading to further census work
Major Databases & Indexes
– Google searching
– searching
–, et al
– RootsWeb family name searching
– Name indexes on the Internet
Vital Records Indexes and Compilations
– Kentucky birth/death index (as an example of several states available on the Internet)
– The Barbour Collection (for Connecticut, as an example of published compilations)
– New England Vital Records (as an example of published town reports)
– County-wide indexes, such as the many RootsWeb county pages of the Internet
Bible Records
– State-wide collections, such as those at Virginia and Louisiana state archives
– Home and relatives sources
– Church collections (Bibles donated to churches for Sunday School)
Probate Records
– Wills
– Administration records
– Appointments of administrators/executors
– Dispositions and judgments (naming heirs)
– Estate settlements
Church Records
– Confirmations
– Marriages
– Christenings
– Baptisms
– Burials
– Death Notices
– Church Membership Lists
– Vestry Records
Medical Records (may be accessible to close relatives only)
– Doctor’s office
– Hospital
– Nursing Home
– Civil War Soldiers & Sailors online index
– Correspondence
– Miscellaneous home sources
– Oral Interviews
– Patriotic Society Membership Applications
– Funeral Home Records
– Hospital Records
– Soldier Home Records
– Land Ownership & Deed Records
– Civil Court records
– Criminal Court records
– Newspaper articles
– Social Security Applications
– Social Security Job History Records
– Draft Registration record
– Driver’s License
– Frakturs and needlepoints (family names)
– Fraternal club record
– Homestead record
– Immigration record
– Insurance papers
– Military personnel records
– Military medical records
– Military burial records
– Military pension applications (Widows)
– Naturalization records
– Personal Journals and Diaries
– Professional license applications
– Passport applications
– Pensions
– Queries at mags/websites
– Voter registrations
– Who’s Who/compiled biographies

Comments? If you have found a document not on the above list that mentions the maiden name of a woman, please let us know about it in the comments section below.

Further Reading: The Hidden Half of the Family: A Sourcebook for Women’s Genealogy; by Christina K. Schaefer

5 thoughts on “Places for Finding a Woman’s Maiden Name: A Checklist of 90 Sources

  1. Any Dutch civil records since 1811. For common usage a woman is known by her husband’s surname but all official records list her by her full maiden name, wife of her husand’s full name, even if he is deceased. A genealogist’s dream.

  2. Not specifically spelled out, so will note birth/baptismal records of children; German Palatine birth records in NY, among others of their records, were very good at listing mother’s maiden names, as does the CA birth index on Ancestry.

  3. In Scotland children are commonly given a surname from the female line as a second name. E.g. James Logan McDonald suggests that a female ancestor of this McDonald child had the surname Logan.

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