Bundle of 2 Genealogy Pocket Reference Guides – 35% off thru Thursday, August 18


Family Roots Publishing has sold thousands of reference books in our time. Two of the most popular guides are the Genealogist’s U.S. History Pocket Reference, and the Family Tree Pocket Reference. These two books are loaded with information helpful to the genealogist.

We’ve put together a bundle of the 2 books and discounted it 35%. Regularly $29.90, we’ve dropped the price 35% to $19.44 (plus $5.50 p&h). The sale runs thru Thursday, August 18, 2016.

Click on the links to see each of the items at their own webpage. Click on your back arrow to return to this page.

Do you have one of these books, but would like the other? We discounted each of the books 20% for this sale at their respective web pages.

New! “History For Genealogists” – Revised 2016 Edition – Now 15% Off thru March 8.

One of my favorite books has been Judy Jacobson’s History For Genealogists – Using Chronological Time Lines to Find and Understand Your Ancestors. I have found myself constantly returning to the 2009-published volume for guidance in historical information that has the potential of adding increased data, and often generations, to my family history. Beside that, it’s just a VERY GOOD READ!


The book has just been published in a new, larger-format, revised edition. This book is easier to read than the earlier edition, in that it’s in a larger format – excellent for those of us with tired eyes… Denise Larson spent many hours making editorial corrections to the volume, making it more accurate than the previous book. Two new sections have been added in the 2016 addendum. They are 1907-1947/48 Homefront and Fashion and Leisure. I got copies of the new book on Wednesday, and Family Roots Publishing is now shipping. Family Roots Publishing got in another shipment of this book and is again offering it at 15% off – through Midnight PST, Tuesday, March 8..

Any experienced genealogist knows that it’s imperative that we understand the historical context within which our ancestors’ lived. However, that’s a tall order. You could spend every moment of your life reading history – both online and off – and still not have the facts that will help you understand why your ancestors did what they did. This is where History for Genealogists comes to the rescue.

History for Genealogists highlights and dates events that played into the lives of our ancestors. Consider the following illustrations: If you have lost track of your 1880 ancestor in Iowa, have you considered that he might have moved there during the Economic Panic of 1873? Your forebears were living in Texas in the 1840s, but did you know that they might have come from Kentucky as part of the “Peters Colony?” Did you know that you can learn a great deal about your ancestors if they belonged to a labor or fraternal organization like the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, or the Catholic Family Life Insurance Society?

As Mrs. Jacobson puts it, “The average person might define historical research as the study of the human past and genealogical research as the study of a human’s past. History lays the foundation to understand a group of people. Genealogy lays the foundation to understand a person or family using tangible evidence. Yet history also lays the foundation to understand why individuals and societies behave the way they do. It provides the building materials needed to understand the human condition and provide an identity, be it for an individual or a group or an institution.”

The initial chapters of History for Genealogists explain the value of historical time lines. Here the reader learns the clues that time lines can suggest about hidden aspects of our ancestors’ lives. Mrs. Jacobson illustrates the virtues of time lines with several case studies.

The bulk of the book consists of specific historical time lines that answer fundamental questions about our forebears. For example, if you are trying to learn when your ancestors left one place for another, it would be helpful to ask the question, “Why did they leave?” Did it have to do with a military conflict, social injustice, religion, disease, economic hardship, a natural disaster? No matter what the explanation, Mrs. Jacobson has a historical time line that could lead to the explanation. For example, your ancestor’s departure may have coincided with the outbreak of the Crimean War, a virulent epidemic, an earthquake, or a religious war.

Other chapters pose answers to other crucial questions, such as “How did they go?” and “What route did they take?” For these conundrums, Mrs. Jacobson uses time lines to lay out the history of the transportation revolutions in America (roads, rails, canals, and air travel), as well as the history of the great western trails our ancestors followed in crossing the country.

The author dissects the past into scores of time lines. There is a time line of the Industrial Revolution, American immigration, and the Labor Movement. Researchers can also make use of a time line for the history of each of the 50 states, and, in brief, for the rest of North America, Europe, and more.

History for Genealogists concludes with a helpful bibliography and an index of people and places, wars and battles. As an example of how to use the index – I do a lot of research on ancestors who lived or migrated through Nebraska. In checking the index for Nebraska, I found ten entries: pages 25, 39, 60, 70, 85, 113, 154, 180, 181, and 204. This led me to the following information about Nebraska:

  • Page 25 – The 1882 Omaha Labor Riots – found in a chronological listing of Uncivil Disobedience dating from 1641 until 1949.
  • Page 39 – The 1802 Smallpox outbreak killing Omaha Indians – found in a chronological listing of disease epidemics in America dating from 1657 until 1931.
  • Page 60 – Information of the rapid settlement of Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakotas – found in a chronological listing of Railroad advances dating from 1779 until 1935.
  • Page 70 – Information that many Czechs went to Wisconsin, Texas and Nebraska – found in a chapter on Coming to America and Who Went Where?
  • Page 85 – The Western Trail ran from Ogallala, Nebraska to Central Texas, and connected to the Oregon Trail. – from a sub-chapter section on Western Trail and Roads, from a chapter section on America’s historic migrations, found in the Coming to America chapter and Who Went Where? This chapter alone is absolutely amazing in its variety and depth of information.
  • Page 113 – The top ten destinations for Orphan Train children was New York, Illinois, Ohio, Iowa, Missouri, Michigan, New Jersey, Kansas, Indiana, and Nebraska – found in a subsection on orphan trains in a chapter on “Even Harder to Find Missing Persons.”
  • Page 154 – Wyoming wasn’t even a territory in 1860, but neighboring Nebraska was and that unorganized section of Nebraska Territory contained census information for what would become Wyoming – found in the introduction to the comprehensive State-by-State chapter.
  • Page 180 – Montana was included in Nebraska Territory – found in the Montana section of State-by-State chapter.
  • Page 181 – The Nebraska section of the State by State chapter contains 25 entries starting with the 1763 Treaty of Paris granting land west of the Mississippi River to Spain and concluding with the 1944 Pick-Sloan Missouri Basin Project enacted for flood control, dams, reservoirs, and hydroelectric plants.
  • Page 204 – The 1860 Census of Wyoming was included with the census taken for Nebraska – found in the Wyoming section of the State-by-State chapter, made up of 34 entries.

The following is from the Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Seeing Ancestors in Historical Context
The Long Range

Chapter 2. Creating a Timeline
Case Studies Using Timelines
Thomas Pound – Tracking an Individual
Thomas Richley – Designing to Find Mathematical Problems

Chapter 3. Why Did They Leave?
American Military Actions
Major Revolutionary War Events and Battles
Major Civil War Events and Battles
Major Spanish-American War Events and Battles
International Skirmishes Involving the United States
Foreign Military and Armed Engagements
Racism, Injustices and Political Unrest
Uncivil Disobedience
Political Motives
Escape and Banishment
Epidemics in America
Important International Medical Events Influencing Populations and Migrations
Events Having a Major Impact on Financial Stability in the U.S.A.
Natural and Unnatural Disasters
International Disasters
Disasters in the United States

Chapter 4. How Did They Go?
By Road
By Rail
By Water
By Air

Chapter 5. Coming to America
Who Went Where?
To Canada and Back
America’s Historic Migration Patterns
The East – Eastern Trails and Roads
The Mountains – Appalachian Trails and Roads
The South – Southern Trails and Roads
The Midwest – Midwestern Trails and Roads
The West – Western Trails and Roads
Long Distances – Long Distance Trails and Roads
Trail of Tears
The Religious Factor

Chapter 6. Myths, Confusions, Secrets and Lies

Chapter 7. Even Harder to Find Missing Persons
Name Changes – Legal or Not
Isolated Societies
Orphan Trains
No Public Records At All
Places That Changed Their Names
Ghost Towns
Three Lost States – Franklin, Transylvania, and Westmoreland
Meandering Boundaries
Historical Maps

Chapter 8. Society History and Community Genealogy
The American Industrial Revolution
Associations, Brotherhoods, Societies and Unions
The Rise of the Labor Unions
Genealogical Information Found in Books
Local Histories
Social History Books
Diaries and Journals
Other Sources
Oral History Projects
Keeping it All in the Family
Do It Yourself

9. State by State
Colonial Differences
State Timelines – Alabama to Wyoming – 49 pages

Chapter 10. And Region by Region
The Melding of Nationalities
Just One City
International Timelines
The Rest of North America
Central America and the Caribbean
South America
British Isles
The Rest of Europe
Russia and the Rest of the Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Oceania – Australia and Island Nations


Index to People and Places, War and Battles

Addendum 2016 Edition
Fashion and Leisure
1907-1947/48 Homefront

Sources and References

To order your copy, click on the following link: History for Genealogists, Using Chronological Time Lines to Find and Understand Your Ancestors – Revised Edition with 2016 Addendum; by Judy Jacobson; 320pp; Paper; Item # CF8250.

Elements of Genealogical Analysis

ne36The accuracy, thus the validity, of any family tree is only as good as the records and sources by which each ancestor on the tree is identified. Many genealogy enthusiasts have used their professional experience to establish methodologies for resolving genealogical conundrums. Elements of Genealogical Analysis, by Robert Charles Anderson, is a recently published book that provides a unique perspective on how to solve genealogical problems.

Anderson has a diverse background in areas such as radio electronics and bio-chemistry. Over the years he developed a methodology to his genealogical research based on his unique perspective taken from his professional life. He learned to put together clues from radio signals to create a pictures of complete radio networks. As a bio chemist he learned that from examining the way enzymes break down protein structures he could see how different enzymes produced different collections of protein fragments. “By studying these fragments, and the ways in which they overlapped, one was able to reconstruct the full sequence of the protein.” These skills led him to think of genealogical research in terms of collecting fragmentary data, comparing bits of information, and eventually creating a complete picture. Eventually these skills and ideas led to a complete system of solving genealogical problems.

Elements of Genealogical Analysis is the manual to Anderson’s ideas and method, as he explains “the purpose of this book is to elaborate a systematic methodology for doing genealogy. Specifically, this book will look at how to solve a genealogical problem.” This book establishes a methodology, a series of steps, one can use to resolve the main issue the author puts before us when he states, “each genealogical problem really comes down to one basic question: does a given record or piece of evidence refer to the person I am researching?”

The answer, as put forth by Anderson, and detailed in a comprehensive methodology can be outlined, or “formulated,” as two “compact, fundamental rules:

First Fundamental Rule: All statements must be based only on accurately reported, carefully documented, and exhaustively analyzed records.

Second Fundamental Rule: You must have a sound, explicit reason for saying that any two individual records refer to the same person.”

The application of these two rules is outlined in the book in two parts. First, are the analytic tools one needs to apply to their research. Second, is the series of  seps used to go from question to answer.

Part One looks at the tools needed for source analysis, record analysis, and linkage analysis. Part Two, breaks problem solving into five steps: problem selection, problem analysis, data collection, synthesis, and problem resolution. Each of the three tools and five steps are given their own chapter spread over 168 pages.

Improve upon your own research skills by applying the techniques taught by Robert Anderson in Elements of Genealogical Analysis, available from Family Roots Publishing.

Robert Anderson was the Winner of the National Genealogical Society’s 2015 award for Excellence: Genealogical Methods and Source for this book,  Elements of Genealogical Analysis.

About the Author:

“Robert Charles Anderson is the director of the Great Migration Study Project at NEHGS. He was educated as a bio-chemist and served in the United States Army in electronics intelligence. In 1972 he discovered his early New England ancestry and thereafter devoted his time and energies to genealogical research. In 1983 he received a master’s degree in colonial American history from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, and he was elected a Fellow of the American Society of Genealogists in 1978. Anderson was coeditor of ‘The American Genealogist’ from 1993 to 2012, and he has been an editorial consultant to ‘The New England Historical and Genealogical Register’ since 1989.”






Part One: Analytic Tools

Chapter One – Source Analysis

Chapter Two – Records Analysis

Chapter Three – Linkage Analysis

Part Two: Problem-Solving Sequence

Chapter Four: Problem Selection

Chapter Five: Problem Analysis

Chapter Six: Data Collection

Chapter Seven: Synthesis

Chapter Eight: Problem Resolution


Appendix A – Glossary

Appendix B – The Three Paradigms

Appendix C – GENTECH Genealogical Data Model

Appendix D – Forgery






Order Elements of Genealogical Analysis from Family Roots Publishing

The Best of Roots & Branches

Roots & Branches is a long running newspaper column focusing on genealogy and family history research. The column written by Pennsylvanian columnist James M. Beidler covers all the standard areas of research like census and land records to more advanced skills like finding an immigrants hometown, name changes, and finding secondary uses for primary sources. The Best Of Roots & Branches, Pennsylvania Genealogy And Family History Newspaper Column, Third Edition, is a collection of the most relevant and best articles selected from 14 years and over 700 columns.

Beidler provides expert advice and thought invoking tips to the study of family history. With such a wide range of experience and knowledge shared within the pages of this book, just about everyone will find something of value. This book lets the reader access the very best advice from a true professional with the skill to easily convey a message which is both easy to read and understand.

Column entries are categorized into 10 sections:

  • Records
  • Germans
  • Newspapers
  • Case Studies
  • Methodology
  • Philosophy
  • DNA
  • Resources
  • Websites
  • Vital Records

In addition, the last few pages include tips from the author. Tips are short, not written as articles but as direct advice. Review the contents below, there are a number of eye catching titles in the series


If interested in The Best Of Roots & Branches, Pennsylvania Genealogy And Family History Newspaper Column, Third Edition, then click here Family Roots Publishing to order; Item #: JBR01, Price: $19.60.



Editor’s Foreword

Author’s Preface


  • How the U.S. Census helps
  • Finding records begins at home
  • Turning up missing heirs

Continue reading “The Best of Roots & Branches”

Getting Started in #Genealogy Bundle – On Sale for 65% Off


As this week’s FRPC Exceptional Bargain Offer, Family Roots Publishing is offering 3 popular genealogy books as a bundle for 65% off – or individually at 25% off. The bundle is heavy, and can’t be shipped outside of the United States & Canada.

To Purchase the bundle for just $19.20 (plus $8 p&h), Click Here.

The books are:

Give a Gift That Money Can’t Buy: Record & Preserve Your Family’s History (5th Edition)

Portrait of My Family – My Family Heritage

Directory of Family Associations, 4th Edition

Again, Sorry – we do not ship this bundle outside of the United States. Any orders placed for outside-the-USA & Canada shipping for this item will be reversed. It’s just too heavy to ship economically out of the North America.

Following are reviews of each of the three items:

Give Your Family a Gift That Money Can’t Buy – Record & Preserve Your Family’s History

Gift of Genealogy

In 2013, Jeffrey A. Bockman, published a major update to his popular book, Give Your Family a Gift That Money Can’t Buy: Record & Preserve Your Family’s History. Now in its fifth edition, this fantastic primer covers all the basics needed for the novice to get started with family history research. Sometimes genealogists forget an important part of family history research, leaving their own story behind. Bockman created this book to guide and inspire anyone with an inkling of interest into their own past, to help search it out and leave both it and their own stories behind for future genealogists.

In this book Bockman covers all the basics, for example:

  • Forms to record the basic facts
  • Saving  documents future researchers will need
  • Identifying people in photographs
  • Preservation
  • Finding and telling family stories
  • Conducting your own research

This fifth edition is a major revision, adding over five additional years of experience and new resources. New for the fifth edition:

  • More family stories and photographs
  • Newer sources
  • More online resources
  • A new section on searching techniques
  • Comments about genealogy travel with examples
  • Mini case study (to give hope to those who have a relative that disappeared)

The book is organized for easy reading with plenty of examples to help the beginner get started. If you know someone looking to get started with family history or  hoping to help someone develop and interest in their families stories, then this book would help them in the process.

Not only is this book one of the best primers available, it is priced affordably. Family Roots Publishing has Give Your Family a Gift That Money Can’t Buy: Record & Preserve Your Family’s History, 5th Edition, (normally $8.95) on sale for only $6.71 (25% off) through February 9 – or purchase it as part of the 65% off Getting Started bundle available through the same date.


Table of Contents


  • About the author
  • Introduction

Family Facts

  • Identify family members and key events
  • Recording information on standardized forms
    • Family Group Sheet
    • Ancestor Chart

Home Sources

  • Supporting documents that help to provide the necessary proof
  • List of what to use, keep, and preserve
  • Important home sources
  • Bockman family home sources


  • Help turn names and dates into real people
  • Identify the people, the time, and the place


  • Saving items for future generations
  • Paper & document preservation
  • Photo preservation

Family Stories

  • Can only be told by someone who was a part of it
  • Timeline of events
  • Bockman family history

Organizing It All

  • Assembling all of the information

Family History Research

  • How to start researching your family
    • Vital records
    • Wills & probate records
    • Cemetery records
    • Newspapers/obituaries
    • Census records
    • Other records
    • Immigrants
    • Didn’t find it in the index
    • Genealogy travel
    • Case Study: Finding Alvar a not so great dane

Our Family

  • Title page
  • Guidelines for filling in your forms
    • Three family group sheets
    • One ancestor charts
    • Two timeline pages
    • Notes page

    Purchase Give Your Family a Gift That Money Can’t Buy: Record; Preserve Your Family’s History, 5th Edition, (normally $8.95) on sale for only $6.71 (25% off) through February 9 – or purchase it as part of the 65% off Getting Started bundle available through the same date.


    Portrait of My Family, My Family Heritage

    A great gift or keepsake album to record the genealogy and family history.

    This attractive hardback work contains some 136 pages, illustrated in color, pertaining to virtually every relationship, object, and activity of family life. Each page is dedicated to a separate topic, such as “The Family of My Father” or “Special Memories,” and leaves ample space thereunder for entering names, birthplaces, ages, and other appropriate information.

    Looking for an easy and fun way to preserve the memories in the closest branches of your family’s history? Or, looking for a great way to get others in your family involved in the work? Portrait of My Family is a great solution. The book also makes a great gift, and here is why.

    Portrait of My Family – My Family Heritage is a hardback, fill-in the blank, beautiful family history memory book. This 8.5″ x 11″ hardback book, if properly cared for, will last generations. Filled with pages beautifully printed to add a sense of style to each form. This book is a journal, a memory book, and a family history reference all in one.

    Page by page, the owner will enjoy creating this long-lasting memory by hand, recording basic genealogical information along with the memories of family treasures and special family events. Forms and charts are designed for ease of use and for easy reading. There are places for both genealogical data as well as family personal and family stories. Records of family heirlooms and collections will help future generations identify important family treasures. The contents listed below show all the exciting topics and sheets this book offers for creating a new family heirloom.

    The book also comes with an inserted sheet offering “helpful suggestion for filling in your book.” This included tips on preparing and adding photographs and making the most of your entries.

    As a gift now for others, or as a gift you leave behind, is available from Family Roots Publishing.

    • Table of Contents
    • From Generation to Generation
    • How to Use This book
    • My Genealogy
    • My Parent’s Courtship
    • My Parent’s Marriage
    • Father’s Family
    • Mother’s Family
    • My Foreign-Born Ancestors
    • The Lands of Our Ancestors
    • My Family Tree – fold-out Ancestral Chart
    • My Family
    • The Family of My Father
    • The Family of My Mother
    • The Family of My Paternal GrandFather
    • The Family of My Paternal Grandmother
    • The Family of My Maternal Grandfather
    • The Family of My Maternal Grandmother
    • The Families of My Paternal Great-Grandparents
    • The Families of My Maternal Great-Grandparents
    • Family Weddings
    • Other Religious Ceremonies in Our Family
    • My Family’s Religious Affiliations
    • Where I Have Worshipped
    • Special Memories
    • My Family’s Homes
    • The Schools I Have Attended
    • The Organizations I Have Joined
    • Professions, Occupations, Crafts and Trades
    • My Family’s Military Service Record
    • My Best Friends
    • The Pets in My Family
    • The Automobiles – Our Mechanical Companion
    • Special Things
    • My Prized Family Possessions
    • Sports I Enjoy
    • My Family’s Hobbies
    • Memorable Vacations
    • Family Gatherings
    • Cherished Traditions
    • The Most Outstanding Events in My Family’s History
    • Trials & Disasters My Family Has Faced
    • The Oral History of My Family
    • My Family’s Medical History
    • Vital Statistics
    • Photographs
    • Genealogical Research
    • National Archives [International]
    • Addresses
    • Autographs

    Portrait of My Family, My Family Heritage; by F. Michael Carroll; Copyright 1978; Hardcover; 136 pp.; 8.5×11; Item# GPC8451; Reg. $10.95; Purchase at 25% off ($8.21) through midnight MST Monday, February 9, 2015 – or as a 65% off bundle through the same date.


    Directory of Family Associations – 4th Edition

    gpc426About a year ago, Family Roots Publishing made a special purchase of several hundred copies of the 4th Edition of the Directory of Family Associations. The book was written by Elizabeth Petty Bentley and Deborah Ann Carl in 2001, and is the latest family association directory available. No further editions are planned at this time. Most genealogical research within the United States and much of Europe can easily be done for the last 200 years, if not much more. Figuring an average generation as 25 years, that’s eight generations of ancestors – or 510 different and unique surnames in the family tree! If you are working on that many surnames or even a small portion of that (as many of us are), information on family associations is invaluable to our research.

    There are many uses for a directory of family associations, but undoubtedly the best use for it is for genealogical research – for making contact with family members, sharing information about family history, developing common ground between people of the same surname, arranging reunions, discovering who’s out there and where you connect on the family tree, and finding out where you can go with your own research. And there are a host of other uses – kin searching and heir searching, for example, determining family migration patterns, even marketing your own genealogical research. The possibilities are endless.

    Based largely on data received in response to questionnaires sent to family associations, reunion committees, and one-name societies, the 4th edition of the Directory of Family Associations gives you access to a range of possibilities, offering information on approximately 6,000 family associations across the United States.

    The book starts with a section on Multi-family Resources, then launches into the bulk of the book listing the 6000 associations. It literally runs from Aaldericnk through Zyrkle.

    This book is an immensely useful A-Z directory of family associations giving addresses, phone numbers, contact persons, and publications (if any). The book is 12 years old, so undoubtedly some of the contact info will be bad. However, having the data that tells of an association that did exist can also be useful. So whether you’re just starting your genealogical research or already waist deep in your investigations, planning a family reunion or hoping to attend one, or simply curious about your family or your surname, the course you choose from now on may be partially governed by this indispensable directory.

    Note that the reviews on the various editions of this book have been outstanding. Library Journal listed the 1991 edition as a “Best Reference Book of 1991.”

    Get your copy of the Directory of Family Associations, 4th Edition at 25% off through February 9, 2015 or as part of a 65% off bundle through the same date.


    To Purchase the bundle at 65% off – just $19.20 (plus $8 p&h), Click Here.

    Sale ends midnight MST Monday, February 9, 2015.

Evidence Explained – Citing History Sources From Artifacts To Cyberspace – Second Edition

When I first picked up Evidence Explained, Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace, I read the Foreword and Acknowledgemen,t then skimmed a few pages. I immediately shut the book and said something to the effect of, “this is too academic.” Then I thought about it. My friend and the author, Elizabeth Shown Mills, is an academic. Now, before you get excited, let me explain.

I find practiced scholars and academics have a particular way of writing. I would not wish to read a novel written in such a style or tone. However, a thoroughly vetted and practical guide such as Evidence Explained merits the tone of academia and is well served, in this case, by the author’s expertise and serious approach to the subject of citation. I cannot imagine a more thorough rendering of citation for all types of sources. Mills has gone far beyond the basics of citing books, newspapers, and other common sources. She has taken on all types of records from archives and artifacts to church records to just about any resource a genealogist might come across.

The book also goes into the often confusing area of citing digital sources. Websites, audio files, podcasts, microfilm, reprints, and revisions all receive significant coverage. Chapter by chapter, each reference category is covered in two parts. First, a list of citation models, including first reference and additional referencing options, shows how to create the various citations. Each is listed by media or source type. For example, under the chapter for Censuses, models include: original manuscripts, digital images online commercial site, digital images online archives (France), microfilm Native-American Tribal Census, and many more.

Following the list of models in each chapter, an additional list of guidelines and examples are given. These guidelines examine issues and usage elements the researcher may need to consider when citing sources. For example, again under the Census chapter, items include: ‘Ancient’ vs. ‘Modern’ Censuses, arrangement of elements in reference notes, citing dates of enumeration, citing roll numbers, etc.

Evidence Explained is used by many in the genealogy world. Some consider it the premier source on citation. Other historians even teach citation to fellow researchers strictly using this book as a guide. The table of contents seems too short for the depth of knowledge found in all 885 pages.

Table of Contents


1 Fundamentals of Evidence Analysis

2 Fundamentals of Citation

3 Archives & Artifacts

4 Business & Institutional Records

5 Cemetery Records

6 Census Records

7 Church Records

8 Local & State Records: Courts & Governance

9 Local & State Records: Licenses, Registrations, Rolls & Vital Records

10 Local & State Records: Property & Probates

11 National Government Records

12 Publications: Books, CDs, Maps, Leaflets & Videos

13 Publications: Legal Works & Government Documents

14 Publications: Periodicals, Broadcasts & Web Miscellanea


A Glossary

B Bibliography


Index: QuickCheck Models

Tab This Book!
Another professional genealogist friend, Patricia Walls Stamm, CG, CGL, pointed out to me just last week that she has tabbed her Evidence Explained volume, making it much quicker to use. That make sense, as this is a volume that serious genealogists find themselves turning to constantly. It’s another of those few genealogical “on the corner of the desk” books.

To order your copy of Evidence Explained, Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace; please visit Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC3843

Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian

Many years ago, when Google was still an Internet infant and AltaVista ruled the search world, I wrote a guide book to using search engines and maximizing the quality of search results. I included a chapter called the SAR Loop. SAR stands for search, analyze and revise. The idea was to help researchers understand and appreciate the value of analyzing search results in order to fine tune and improve their search queries. Run a search, analyze the results, then run a revised search. The concept extends well to all types of research. In genealogy, analyzing documents, census records, court reports, or any other result from one’s research is a critical element of success.

In Evidence!: Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian, author Elizabeth Shown Mills discusses the value of analysis in research. According to Mills, ” Successful research—research that yields correct information with a minimum of wasted time and funds—depends upon a sound analysis of evidence.” She views research, evidence, citation, and analysis as inseparable. I happen to agree. Evidence is the result of research. Evidence must hold up to the scrutiny of analysis and this can only be done when evidence is properly cited.

In a previous blog, I reviewed another Elizabeth Mills book, Evidence Explained: Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace. Sometimes called the bible of citation, Evidence Explained educates the reader on successful citation practices and covers just about every type of evidence one may ever need to cite. Evidence! covers citation in brief, but also covers analysis. Together, the two books make great companions.

Table of Contents


Part 1

Fundamentals of citation

Fundamentals of analysis

Part 2

Citation formats


Sample: documented family group sheets

Sample: documented ancestor chart

Guidelines for citing credentials




For a copy of Evidence!: Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian please visit Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC3846.

Indexing Photographs And Documents: A Step-by-step Guide To Organize And Manage Files

gp03One thing about author and genealogist Phillip M Mayer is he likes to keep things simple. In his guides, readers are taught to use common tools in a simple, straight-forward way to produce clean, easy-to-use results. For example, in his book Indexing Photographs And Documents: A Step-by-step Guide To Organize And Manage Files, Mayer shows how to use the common office tool Excel to easily manage the task at hand.

There are many independent software tools, databases, and methodologies out there for managing and indexing files. By sticking to mainstream tools, like Excel, just about any reader can easily follow the simple steps outlined in this volume. Plus, if you don’t have Excel, the concepts will still apply to any spreadsheet program, like OpenOffice or Numbers. So many of the basic elements that apply to Excel apply to other similar programs. Many, if not most, items are even called by the same names in the various programs: a worksheet, a cell, functions, fonts, margins, borders, etc.

This book offers basic Excel skills (step-by-step how to) coupled with an explanation on using Excel for file management and indexing. Learn better ways to name your files and where to place them on your hard drive. Learn the parts of Excel and of a basic worksheet. Use Excel to index and manage all your digital files or, apply the same procedures to indexing any filing system and stored objects, even heirlooms.

Don’t forget to check out other books from Phillip M Mayer, such as:

Get your copy of Indexing Photographs And Documents: A Step-by-step Guide To Organize And Manage Files from Family Roots Publishing.


Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • A Brief Overview

2.0 File Management

  • Primary Group Folders
    • FAMILY Group
    • File ID
    • EVENTS Group
    • A bit about file names
    • FRIENDS Group

3.0 Microsoft Excel Basics

    • The Bottom Line
    • Basic Desktop Navigation
    • Ribbons and Menus
  • File Menu
    • Recent Tab
    • New Tab
    • Save/Save As Tab
    • Open Tab
    • Close Tab
    • Print Tab
    • Save & Sent Tab
    • Help Tab
  • Home Ribbon
    • Clipboard Tab
    • Font Tab
    • Alignment Tab
    • Number Tab
      • Number
      • Alignment
      • Font
      • Border
      • Fill
      • Protection
    • Styles Tab
    • Cells Tab
      • Insert
      • Delete
      • Format
    • Editing Tab
      • Sum
      • Sort & Filter
      • Find & Select
  • Insert Ribbon
    • Tables Tab
    • Illustrations Tab
      • Picture
      • Clip Art
      • Shapes
      • SmartArt and Screenshots
    • Charts Tab
    • Sparklines Tab and Filter Tab
    • Links Tab
    • Text Tab
      • Text Box
      • Header & Footer
      • WordArt
      • Signature Line
    • Object Tab
    • Symbols Tab
      • Equations
      • Symbols
  • Page Layout Ribbon
    • Themes Tab
    • Page Setup Tab
      • Margins
      • Orientation
      • Size
      • Print Area
      • Breaks
      • Background
      • Print Titles
    • Scale to Fit Tab
    • Sheet Options Tab
    • Arrange Tab
  • Formulas Ribbon
  • Data Ribbon
  • Review Ribbon
    • Proofing Tab
      • Spelling
      • Research
      • Thesaurus
    • Comments Tab
    • Changes Tab
  • View Ribbon
    • Workbook Views Tab
      • Normal
      • Page Layout
      • Page Break Preview
      • Custom Views
      • Full Screen
    • Show Tab
      • Ruler
      • Formula Bar
      • Gridlines
      • Headings
    • Zoom Tab
    • Window Tab
      • New Window & Arrange All
      • Freeze Panes
      • Split
      • Hide
      • View Side by Side
      • Save Workspace
      • Switch Windows
    • Macros Tab

4.0 Spreadsheets

  •  Spreadsheet Basics
  • Cell
  • Column Resizing
  • Text
  • Sorting
  • View
  • Header/Footer
  • Printing

5.0 Indexing Documents

  • Unique ID
  • Briefly
  • Creating the Template
  • Headings
  • Format
  • Indenting
  • Header
  • Footer
  • Creating a Record
  • The File ID Format
    • Adding New Empty Rows
    • Adding Duplicate Rows

6.0 Sorting

7.0 Source Publications

  • Genealogy Presentations
  • Presentation is Everything
  • Indexing – Photographs and Documents
  • Illustrations – A Collage of Genealogical Pictorial Arrangements
  • 4 Decades of Pueblo’s German Club

Sharing Genealogy Electronically — Webinar

legweb15Sharing Genealogy Electronically is a webinar were you will learn about various methods of sharing your genealogy — printed books, print-on-demand publishing, websites, shareable CDs, and more. In this Legacy Family Tree presentation you will learn how to better use Legacy Family Tree for sharing your genealogy.

Web seminars, or “Webinars,” have quickly become one of the most popular ways for professionals and companies to share information with large groups of individuals from across the country, or even around the world, without the high cost of travel. Webinars are just like seminars and among genealogists, Geoff Rasmussen is quite popular. Geoff is the host and regular presenter at Legacy Family Tree Webinars. Topics he has covered shows his wide and experienced knowledge base in genealogical research as well as Internet and digital tools valuable to genealogists.

Webinars are popular because a large group of “attendees” can come and watch a presentation at a given time. Webinars are nice, since they are usually recorded and can be watched again at a later time. The only real downside to webinars is the video stream can be slow for some people. Depending in large part on the viewer’s own personal Internet connection speed, video may or may not play well. The age of a person’s computer may also contribute to slow playback. To counter these playback problems, some individuals and companies offer the option to buy their webinars on CD. CD’s offer the opportunity to play these webinars on almost any computer at anytime, without the worry of connection issues.

Sharing Genealogy Electronically is a webinar present by Geoff, as originally presented to the West Valley Genealogical Society in Youngtown, Arizona and a live webinar audience. The session runs for 1 hour 49 minutes and comes with a 4 page handout.

Core topics covered in this webinar include the following:

  • Printed book
  • Print-on-demand publishing
  • Websites
  • Shareable CDs
  • and More

About the Author

Geoffrey D. Rasmussen is the father of four budding genealogists. He graduated with a degree in Genealogy and Family History from Brigham Young University and has served as director and vice-president of the Utah Genealogical Association. He is a dynamic genealogy speaker on all forms of genealogy technology, and as host of the Legacy Family Tree webinar series, has spoken virtually to nearly 100 different countries. He recently received the Distinguished Presenter Award at the prestigious RootsTech conference in Salt Lake City (2011). He has authored books, videos, articles, and websites, and develops the Legacy Family Tree software program. On a personal note, Geoff enjoys playing the piano, organ, cello and basketball. His favorite places are cemeteries, the ocean, and hanging out with other genealogists. He met and proposed to his wife in a Family History Center.

He is also the author of the popular Digital Imaging Essentials.


Get your own copy of Sharing Genealogy Electronically from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $12.69. Enjoy the presentation again and again on your own computer.

Advice on How to Research Family History, Part 1

The following excerpt is from NYtimes.com website, 11/6/2013

Starting Our Genealogical Journey


Q. I am the ultimate beginner. I am curious about my family history, but I don’t even know what I’m looking for or where to begin. What’s the best way to start going down what is clearly a rabbit hole? What kinds of documents are the easiest to hunt down and the most informative to find? Where do I go looking for such things, and how much information do I need to have already?

A. Googling for Grandma is the most tempting way to begin. It’s also a good way to get overwhelmed with the sheer number of Google hits or to create an ancestral identity crisis by marrying Grandma off to a man she never so much as met. You’re wise to approach this as you would any other adventure you’re about to make into a different place whose customs and resources will be new to you.

Read the full article.

Beginners Guide To Genetic Genealogy


14 easy lessons on DNA, and how a genealogists can use it to find relatives.

What is Genetic Genealogy? Genealogy is simply the study of one’s family tree or ancestry. Genetic genealogy uses DNA testing to determine the genetic relationship between individuals.

Why would someone want to use DNA for genealogy? There are many reasons but here are a few of the most common:

  • To learn more about one’s ancestry
  • To prove that one’s family tree reflects one’s actual ancestry
  • To prove or disprove the relationship between two people
  • To prove or disprove a theory of where people came from
  • To break down a brick wall in one’s genealogy research
  • To find relatives for those that were adopted, gave up a child for adoption or otherwise do not know their ancestry
  • To learn from which ancestor(s) certain traits were inherited

Check out the website.

Family History Detective: A Step-By-Step Guide To Investigating Your Family Tree

fnw2There are many beginner genealogy books, and guides, and workbooks, and reference sheets, etc. Many are well written, some personable, and others just plain fun. No one book is best and no one author is better or more knowledgeable than the rest. So, when yet another newbie’s guidebook comes across my desk I don’t just assume it has nothing more to offer than the last one. For that matter, it is ok to own and reference more than one book. There may be some crossover, but there is always something new to learn, a new perspective from which to view your research. Thus, I review a book with its own beginner’s twist to researching your family history,  the Family History Detective: A Step-by-Step Guide to Investigating Your Family Tree, by Desmond Walls Allen.

Usually, when I read the words step-by-step, I think of a how to book that literally walks the reader through a process, like filling out a family group sheet, step-by-step. Not so with this book. In these pages steps are more like topic areas. Some should be covered and practice before others, but not all must come in the order presented. Instead, the researcher should read this book to understand each of these key areas in order to become an overall better genealogist.

The book was written for all age groups to easily understand, making genealogy fun and exciting. According to the cover, you will find inside the book:

  • Tips on how to find family history information in scrapbooks, journals, photo albums and other sources in your own home
  • Websites, resources and techniques for online research
  • How to locate and effectively use census, courthouse, and church records
  • An overview of library and archive research
  • Instructions on how to plan, record, and organize your research

I personally like the fact the book starts with what I consider to be the two most important elements to successful research. First, to think like an investigator, or as the author calls it, “Playing Sherlock Holmes.” The other key step is to start with yourself. This means both looking for what evidence you have in your possession or can identify in your own characteristics as well as collecting your own documents and stories to leave behind for future generations.

Each step, or chapter, offers up a selection of examples and ends with a boxed listing of “Key Clues” which nicely summarize each step.


Table of Contents


Step 1 – Where’s You Get Those Eyes?: The Why, What, and How of Family History

Step 2 – Playing Sherlock Holmes: The Genealogist’s Skills and Goals

Step 3 – Beginning at the Beginning: Your Family History Starts With You

Step 4 – Raiding the Refrigerator: Searching Home Sources for Information

Step 5 – A Place for Everything: Keeping Records

Step 6 – Branching Out: Beginning Research Online and in Libraries and Archives

Step 7 – You Can’t Have One Without the Other: History and Genealogy

Step 8 – Taking Names: Finding Census Records

Step 9 – Your Days in Court: Research at the Courthouse

Step 10 – Putting it All Together: Sharing Your Family History

Appendix A: Guide for Sources Citations

Appendix B: Resources

Appendix C: Forms



You can get a copy of Family History Detective: A Step-by-Step Guide to Investigating Your Family Tree from Family Roots Publishing; Price $16.65.

Forensic Genealogy – Revised

ya006Forensic Genealogy – Revised, was written to help genealogists dig deeper, examining sources with greater scrutiny to achieve greater success.

Usually, when someone is said to be wearing the proverbial rose-colored glasses they are said to be viewing the world, or a situations, as better than it really is. The idiom suggests not positive thinking but rather a choice to ignore the hardships of reality. However, I used to teach a class on Internet research in which I took the rose-colored glasses concept and flipped it over. Sometimes researchers need take pause, evaluate their progress and reconsider their evidence. In other words, put on some rose-colored glasses and gain a new perspective. Sometimes a different perspective, a new way of looking at information, is just what the researcher needs to take the next step. Analyzing resources in a new way, with deeper understanding, may lead to new areas of research and greater success.

Colleen Fitzpatrick wrote the original Forensic Genealogy. This time around, Dr. Fitzpatrick teams up with Andrew Yeiser to update and extend the volume; including, what is probably the most up-to-date information in print on genealogical DNA research.

This book is divided into three key sections, similar to those a forensic scientist would use, analyzing photographs, mining databases for information, and DNA studies. Fitzpatrick helps the reader see these tasks in a different light. She hopes that through the book the reader will come to:

  • use unconventional tools to make surprising discoveries
  • gain an understanding of how your ancestors lived
  • develop fascinating insights into your family history

An investigative journalist once taught me the value of reevaluating your resources, looking for what fits or doesn’t fit, to put on the rose-colored glasses, and to follow the paper trail. He told me the best genealogists learn to think like investigators. Forensic Genealogy is your investigator’s handbook. This guide goes deep into forensic analysis often missed in other books. For example, most books discuss dating a photograph by the material it is on, the clothing being worn, and hairdos. Fitzpatrick warns of problems with such analysis. Hairdos didn’t always proclaim a specific time period. Clothing, especially for children, was often handed down. Older relatives may suffer from memory lapses, providing incorrect information about photographs. The author points out often pictures can be evaluated to determine the type of camera used and the placement of logos on the back can suggest time periods. These and other observations, when understood, can lend strength to or improve upon evaluations of photographs, or any other information source.

If the example seems to obvious, consider some of the other sources the author has used; including, “five hundred year old weather patterns, information on the breeding cycle of mosquitoes, old almanacs, how babies were delivered in the middle ages, old hospital admission records, the 1909 National Cash Register catalog, the history of the railroad in Canada, the backs of photographic prints form the 1950s, the history of the Spanish Armada,” and more.

The book comes with a bonus CD described as follows:

“This Forensic Genealogy CD is meant to supplement the information found in the accompanying book.  For those of you who are avid photo-detectives, there are higher resolution color versions of the photos found in the chapter The Digital Detective. For in-depth photo analysis, there is a premade spreadsheet for calculating the time of day and the day of the year when a picture was taken, based on the size of a shadow relative to the size of the object creating it, and the latitude of the location where it was taken.

There are fascinating excerpts drawn from unusual databases to tease the Database Detectives in the audience.  Although these samples are drawn primarily from New Orleans records, similar information can be found relating to many other cities and towns and covering other periods of time.

The DNA spreadsheets are interactive and allow you to see the effects of varying the parameters for Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) calculations.  They are based on the binomial expansion and the Poisson probability distribution as described in the book. A sample file of STR results is included that you can use as a model to input into the cladogram-generating freeware found on the Fluxus Engineering web site at http://www.fluxus-engineering.com/sharenet.htm. By replacing the sample data with your own STR marker names, participant IDs, and marker values, you can create your own dataset with a minimum of effort.

The references provided at the end of each chapter are given on this CD, and include hotlinks to a wide range of topics, such as the history of the Canadian Pacific Railroad in Canada, the reconstruction of 1000-yr-old weather records, and a description of the effects that ergotism has had on western civilization.”


Table of Contents


The Digital Detective

  • Introduction
  • Getting Started
  • Location, Location, Location
  • When?
  • Stumpers

A Case Study in Digital Detective Work — Where, Who, When, and Why

The Database Detective

  • Introduction
  • Getting Started
  • Periodical Databases–Using City Directories
  • Event Databases
  • Unusual Reference Materials
  • Using Multiple Sources to Construct a Family Story
  • Cultural Profiling

Case Study in Database Detective Work — The History of the Ulmer Family

The DNA Detective

  • Introduction
  • About DNA
  • Mutations
    • Single Nucleotide Polymophisms (SNPs)
      • Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Clades
      • Y-DNA Haplogroups
      • X-Chromosome SNPs
      • Autosomal DNA Testing
    • Y-DNA Short Tandem Repeats (STRs)
  • Single Name Studies
  • Non-Paternity Events
  • Genetic Genealogy Testing Companies and Testing Options
  • Online Databases
  • The Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA)
  • Cladograms
  • There Will Always Be Mysteries Left

Appendix A – A Short Discussion of the Mathematical Models Used for MRCA Calculations

Appendix B – How to Construct a Spreadsheet for MRCA Analysis

Appendix C – Creating a Cladogram

Appendix D – Pairwise Mismatches


Order a copy of Forensic Genealogy – Revised from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $25.97.

Zap the Grandma Gap, Book and Workbook

The Book

jh01Zap the Grandma Gap: Connecting with Your  Family by Connecting Them to Their Family History takes an old idea and breathes new life into sharing family history. I don’t know many genealogists who haven’t complained about how difficult it is to get the next generation interested and involved in their family history. Some offer up stories of selective success, while others offer creative ideas that always seem to go untested. Janet Hovorka has a better idea. In this new and lively book, Janet offers some of the most creative and inspiring ideas for getting children and grandchildren actively involved in their family history. However, the ideas in this book go beyond a few simple strategies by suggesting more than a few ways to make family history an integral part of the family members’ daily lives.

Hovorka uses a metaphorical superhero grandmother who has all the necessary tools and gadgets to cleverly, and enjoyably, make her family’s history a part of their lives. Ideas range across the board; including, using charts as every present wall art, learning about grandma through her favorite recipes, and having children get involved by using the latest technology gadgets to perform searches. These are just some of the basic ideas. The list of ideas goes on and on. Many of these ideas could be implemented with little effort. In many ways, its the constant reminder, the constant effort to share that will win family members over in the end.

The author believes so deeply in the value of family history she feels it is “one of the most important tools you can use to empower your children and help them become well adjusted adults.” Who am I to argue? I don’t think there is a genealogists out there who would disagree. While no family tree is without its scoundrels, neither is there a tree without heroes. “Super Grandma” is here to show everyone the way. Many of the ideas include activities that will help “bridge the generation gap.”

Taking these ideas anyone can turn the “snoring and boring to exciting and inviting.” Take both ideas and encouragement from these tried and tested ideas and make them part of your routine. You may not get a household full of genealogists from trying these ideas, but your family will surely find a greater connection and appreciation for the past and an improved outlook for the future.

The Workbook

jh02Where the book provides ideas and creative solutions to involving younger family members in family history, this workbook provides “step by step instructions, procedures, templates and resources that will help you teach the next generation to love their heritage.” Zap the Grandma Gap: Power Up Workbook is a akin to a lesson manual. Chapter by chapter parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, or even older siblings, can help younger relatives learn about their family’s background.

This workbook is so much more than the traditional guide to pedigrees and worksheets. This book offers FUN! The first section gets everyone thinking, “brainstorming,” about their family. Then there are the projects. This is where family history becomes exciting. Help to create visual displays, take an heirloom inventory, or work with social networks—this is where the kids may teach the adults a thing or two. The book will even help you work on organization skills, not by telling someone what to do, but by seeking their input. Learn to let youth find their own way, where the adult helps to nurture a sense of accomplishment.

When it comes to making family history fun for the youth, Janet Hovorka is as creative as I have found. Her ideas strike at the heart of encouragement through participation. What better way to spend an hour with a youth than helping them learn about their family. Unless, you would rather sit in front of the TV and not talk?

About the Author

Janet Hovorka owns Family ChartMaster, a genealogy chart printing company. She writes “The Chart Chick” blog and has written many other genealogical publications. She is the current President of the Utah Genealogical Association and teaches genealogy and library science at Salt Lake Community College.


Contents for each book are listed below.

Family Roots Publishing is offering a temporary discount on Zap the Grandma Gap. Get a copy for only $19.95, nearly 17% off the cover price; $19.95 – Regular $23.95.

Get copies of Zap the Grandma Gap: Power Up Workbook for yourself and for each of those budding genealogists in the family from Family Roots Publishing; Get a copy for only $19.95, nearly 17% off the cover price; $19.95 – Regular $23.95.

Continue reading “Zap the Grandma Gap, Book and Workbook”

The Name IS the Game: Onomatology and the Genealogist

cf8006Two hundred years ago no parent would have named a child for a favorite movie star. There were no movies. However, naming a child for an historical figure, like George after George Washington, was not uncommon. Other naming practice common in the past would seldom be considered today. However, understanding such practices may help a genealogists better identify their ancestors. For example, using an uxornecronym. An uxornecronym is a name given to the first daughter born into a marriage were the name honors a previous wife. Such practices would be less common in a society were divorce is the primary reason for having previous marriages, but not so in a time when death, especially in child birth, would have left an empty place in a home to be filled by a second marriage. Genealogists looking to better understand and trace their ancestors by their names may benefit greatly from The Name IS the Game: Onomatology and the Genealogists, a new book by Lloyd de Witt Bockstruck.

What is Onomatology? Where etymology is the study of the origin and history of words, onomatology is the same for names. Bockstruck explains, “onomatology is the study of names. It involves both forenames, commonly called first, second, or middle names, and family names or surnames. It also includes nicknames and  place names which in the United States are often named for individuals.” He also makes the important distinction, “the study of onomatology is one based on records over centuries and requires an awareness of a multitude of changes in names.” This book provides, at least, the basics of onomatology for genealogists.

The Name IS the Game is broken into five chapters. The first acts as introduction. The second and third chapters examine given names and surnames, respectively. These chapters represent the bulk of the book and cover all types of naming practices over centuries of Europe and the United States. The last two chapters cover toponyms, place names, and provide a selected bibliography for further reference.

I have provided, below, and expanded table of contents. The list should demonstrate just how much this book covers, especially regarding surnames.

Table of Contents  (expanded)

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Forenames

  • Ethnic Clues in Forenames
  • Forename or a Title
  • The Maiden Name of a Mother as a Forename
  • Forename Clues
  • Diminutives
  • Diminutive Abbreviations
  • Forename Equivalents
  • Multiple Forenames
  • Uxornecronyms
  • Ambisexual Forenames
  • Postponing the Bestowing of Forenames
  • Repetition of Forenames
  • Forename Clues
  • Hagiographic Forenames
  • Naming Patterns
  • Optical Mis-recognition
  • Forenames from Historical Figures
  • Initials
  • Renaming of a Living Child

Chapter 3 Surnames

  • Maiden Names
  • Spelling Fixation
  • Surname Confusion
  • Misinterpretation of Letters of Surnames
  • The Un-aspirated Initial Letter of Surnames
  • Pronunciations
  • The Terminal “G”
  • Nee, Alias, and Genannt
  • Adoption of a Step-parent’s Surname
  • Military Influence on Surnames
  • From English to Another Language
  • From One European Language to Another
  • The Dit Name
  • Dialects and Minorities
  • Dutch Surnames
  • Abbreviations of Surnames
  • The Crossed Tail of the Letter P
  • The Long “S”
  • The Female Title of Mrs.
  • Idem  Sonans
  • Translation into English
  • Surname Shortening
  • The Letters “R” and “L”
  • “Ou” and “Wh”
  • Gender and Surnames
  • Ethnic Clues
  • Statutory Changes
  • District and County Court Changes of Names
  • Multiple Independent Appearances
  • Spanish
  • African-American
  • Jewish
  • American Indian Surnames

Chapter 4 Toponyms

Chapter 5 Selected Bibliography of Legal Changes of Names


Copies of The Name IS the Game: Onomatology and the Genealogist are available from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $16.61