Start Looking

Welsh Family History: A Guide to Research, 2nd Edition – 50% Off thru April 23

Welsh Family History, A Guide to Research coverMany first time Welsh researchers underestimate the differences, historically speaking, between Wales and England. Wales has its own unique social, cultural, religious, and linguistic characteristics making it unique in historical perspective. In addition, many first time Welsh family historian discover the hard reality that many Welsh records have suffered a poor survival rate.

Welsh Family History: A Guide to Research was written to address the specific problems researchers face when trying to uncover their Welsh ancestry.

Family Roots Publishing is offering this volume at 50% off (Just $13.50 – Reg. $27.00) through Thursday, April 23, 2015.

Welsh Family History was originally published by the Association of Family History Societies of Wales. The book is a compendium of research guides written by different authors specializing in areas of specific research. These essays, or articles, were written by both individuals with direct experience in Welsh family history research, as well as by those with extensive knowledge of the history of Wales.

Together, these guides form a handbook designed to help researchers avoid pitfalls and get through the sometimes difficult challenges presented in Welsh family history research. This book was not compiled to help beginners with research basics; rather, the book guides those with a basic understanding of research who need a more thorough assistance in dealing with Welsh history and records.

For the second edition, each author was given the opportunity to update his or her text. Consideration was given to recent developments, particularly in the area of local government and archives. The result of these changes led to a modification in the number of chapters but improved insights into Welsh family history research, while preserving the objectives of the first edition.

+ see the expanded Table of Contents below

Order your copy of Welsh Family History, A Guide to Research 2nd Edition

Editors: John & Sheila Rowlands
Published: 1998(UK), 1999(USA)
Type: soft cover
Size: 6 x 8½
Pages: 325
ISBN: 9780806316208
FRP Item #: GPC5030


Table of Contents

List of Figures
Notes on Contributing Authors
Editorial Preface to the First Edition
Editorial Preface to the Second Edition
Chapter 1 Introduction by Hafina Clwyd
Chapter 2 Archive Repositories in Wales by R. Kevin Matthias

The National Library of Wales
The Organisation of Local Governments
County Record Offices

Chapter 3 Family History Societies of Wales by Stewart Blackwell
Chapter 4 Parish Resisters and Bishop’s Transcripts by John Watts-Williams

Finding Parish Registers
Survival of Parish Registers
Nature of Content
Nonconformity and Parish Registers
Detailed Content
Bishop’s Transcripts
Other Transcripts of Parish Registers, Copies and Indexes of Entries
Search and Photocopying Services

Chapter 5 Civil Registration and the Census by Sheila Rowlands

Civil Registration
The Census

Chapter 6 Nonconformity by Muriel Bowen Evans

Some Preliminary Explanations
The Origins and Early History of Nonconformity
Toleration for Nonconformists
A Change of Tempo
Increases of Churches and Membership
Locating Nonconformist Records
Using the Records
A Case Study

Chapter 7 The Surnames of Wales by Sheila Rowlands

The Origins of Welsh Patronymic Surnames
The Adoption of Permanent Surnames in Wales
The Time-Scale of Change
Surnames Derived from Personal Characteristics
Occupational Names
Surnames Derived from Welsh Place Names
Non-Welsh Surnames in Wales
The Distribution of Welsh Surnames
Modern Names

Chapter 8 Place Names by Bedwyr Lewis Jones
Chapter 9 Some Basic Welsh for Family Historians by M. Auronwy James

Genealogical Sources in Welsh
Aspects of Welsh Grammar
Vowel Sounds

Chapter 10 The IGI for Wales by Chris Pitt Lewis

What it Contains
How it is Arranged (microfiche edition)
Indexing Welsh Names
The Treatment of Wills
‘Relative’ Entries
The CD-ROM Version
How to Use the IGI for Wales

Chapter 11 Estate Records by David A. Pretty

Growth by Marriage and Inheritance
Growth by Purchase
The Decline of Large Estates
Estate Administration and Records
Estate Surveys
Other Sources

Chapter 12 Maritime Records by Lewis Lloyd

The Emergence of ‘Maritime Wales’
The Nineteenth Century Expansion of Maritime Wales
Sources of Information Regarding Welsh Seafarers
General Sources
Specific or Generalized Sources
Apprentices’ Indentures
The Register of Merchant Seamen
Registers of Masters, Mates and Engineers
Crew Lists and Agreements (Articles)

Chapter 13 Wills and Other Records of Inheritance by Gareth Haulfryn Williams Wills

Probate and Associated Documents
Using Probate Records
Other Sources for Wills and Estates of Deceased Persons
Deeds of Settlement
The Scope of Inheritance Records

Chapter 14 Education Records by David A. Pretty
Chapter 15 Parochial Records by John Rowlands

The Origins of Parochial Records
The Nature and Location of Parochial Records
Vestry Minutes
Rate Assessment and Collection
Church Wardens’ and Overseers’ Accounts
Settlement and Removal
The County Militia
Bonds of Indemnity
The Control of Vermin and Strays

Chapter 16 The Welsh at Law by Chris Pitt Lewis

Welsh Courts
English Courts
Court of Chancery
Court of Requests/Court of Star Chamber
Court of Augmentations
Court of Exchequer
Court of the Duchy of Lancaster
Court of King’s Bench/Court of Common Pleas
Supreme Court
Local Courts
Quarter Sessions
Borough Courts
Manorial Courts, etc.

Chapter 17 The Records of the Courts of Great Sessions for Wales by Murray Ll. Chapman

The Courts of Great Sessions
The Jurisdiction of the Court
The Records
Civil Proceedings
Docket Rolls
Plea Rolls
Fines (Feet of Fines)
Prothonotary Papers
Chancery Proceedings
Bill Books
Decree of Order Books
Criminal Proceedings
Calendar of Prisoners
Nomina Ministrorum
Quarter Sessions’ Records
List of Jurors
Schedule of Prisoners, Their Offenses and Pleadings
Information or Articles of Misdemeanor
Process Writs
Coroners’ Inquests
Miscellaneous Correspondence and Papers

Chapter 18 Printed and Manuscript Pedigrees by Michael P. Siddons
Chapter 19 Migrations: Concepts, Patterns and Processes by W.T.R. Pryce

The Nature of Migration in the Context of Wales
Data Sources on Migration
In-Migration and Our-Migration: The Regional Impact
The Significance of Migration in the Context of Wales
Region Trends
Population Movements in North Wales
Migration and Settlement in South Wales
Migration of the Welsh into England

Chapter 20 Emigration by David Peate

Case Study: to America 1683
Case Study: to America 1795
Case Study: Convict to Australia 1838
Case Study: to America 1839
Case Study: to New Zealand 1875

Chapter 21 The Freeholders by Evan L. James
Chapter 22 Miscellaneous Sources by D. Emrys Williams and others

Bidding Letters
Monumental Inscriptions
Church Records
Ordination Papers
The ‘Notitiae’
Biographical Works
Newspapers and Periodicals
Society Transactions
Taxation Records
Soldier Ancestors
Apprenticeship Records
Welsh Gypsies

Chapter 23 Select Bibliography compiled by Sheila Rowlands

Again – Family Roots Publishing is offering this volume at 50% off (Just $13.50 – Reg. $27.00) through Thursday, April 23, 2015. Click on the link to order.

Leave a Comment

Free Access to the Immigration Records at this Weekend!

It’s been announced that is allowing free access to their immigration records from April 16 through April 20, 2016. Click on the illustration to check it out!

  • Search Ancestry’s extensive collection of 300 million immigration records!
  • Immigration records tell the story of that momentous decision to immigrate, travel, or become a citizen of a different country.
  • Passenger arrival lists are among the most highly prized records for documenting an ancestor’s immigration.

Note that the FREE access doesn’t kick in until Thursday, April 16.

Click on the above illustration for access to Ancestry’s Immigration Records.

Leave a Comment

Association of Professional Genealogists Announces Membership Discounts

The following is from APG:


Support for Younger and Retiring Generations of Professional Genealogists

WHEAT RIDGE, Colo., 15 April, 2015 − The Association of Professional Genealogists (APG®) today announced membership discounts for younger and retiring professionals. Individuals under the age of 30 are eligible for a 50 percent discount on the yearly membership price. Those over the age of 74, who have been a member for at least 20 years, may also receive the 50 percent discount.

“We want to keep APG membership accessible, while continuing to increase the value we bring to our members,” said APG President Kimberly T. Powell. “This discount will support young professionals just coming into the field, as well as our loyal, long-time members who have given so much to our community.”

Membership Information
Membership in APG includes a subscription to the Association of Professional Genealogists Quarterly journal, eligibility for chapter membership, a free directory listing, voting rights, and a discount to the annual Professional Management Conference. For more information: .

About the Association of Professional Genealogists
The Association of Professional Genealogists (, established in 1979, represents more than 2,800 genealogists, librarians, writers, editors, historians, instructors, booksellers, publishers and others involved in genealogy-related businesses. APG encourages genealogical excellence, ethical practice, mentoring and education. The organization also supports the preservation and accessibility of records useful to the fields of genealogy and history. Its members represent all fifty states, Canada and thirty other countries. APG is active on LinkedIn, Twitter (, Facebook, and Google+.

Leave a Comment’s United States and Canadian Vital Records Databases — UPDATE

Below are the latest updates to United States & Canadian Vital Records Databases at

Currently updates as of 14 April 2015

Previous update: 24 November 2014

There is a permanent link at the top of the blog to a page with links to all five United States and Canadian Vital Records Database Lists. Use the page to access the following database lists at any time:

Recent Changes:

New York, Queens County Probate Records, 1785-1950 — Browsable Images — Images of probate records and proceedings from the Queens County Surrogate’s Court in Jamaica, New York. This collection is being published as images become available. – There are 2,938,523 Images as of 25 November 2014, up 85,985 Images since 8 October 2014.

Oklahoma, County Marriages, 1890-1995 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of marriage records from counties in Oklahoma. Currently this collection is 47% complete. Additional records by county will be added as they are completed.– There are 1,013,769 Records and 345,859 Images as of 3 December 2014, up 434,198 Records since 13 November 2013.

[NEW] Hawaii, Obituaries Index, ca. 1980-present — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index of obituaries transcribed by volunteers from the Joseph F. Smith Library at Brigham Young University – Hawaii. The obituaries were transcribed from The Honolulu Advertiser, The Honolulu Star-Bulletin, The Kauai Garden Island News, The Maui News and The Hawaii Tribune-Herald. This is an ongoing project; records will be added to the index as they are completed. Some of the original obituaries are in the Hawaiian language. Microfilm copies of some of the newspapers are available at family history centers and at the Joseph F. Smith Library in Laiei. – There are 41,650 Records and 41,931 Images as of 10 December 2014.

Illinois, Cook County Birth Certificates, 1878-1938 — Searchable Index — Name index of birth certificates as recorded at Cook County, Illinois – including the City of Chicago.– There are 1,675,664 Records as of 11 December 2014; up 142,650 Records since 24 September 2014.

Michigan Obituaries, 1820-2006 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of obituary collections organized by county or newspaper and then alphabetically. Extracted information as well as newspaper clippings are represented. The originals are housed in several libraries and repositories throughout Michigan. Some collections contain obituaries from other states and nearby regions. – There are 382,122 Records and 1,093,937 Images as of 16 December 2014; up 312,727 Records and 1,025,090 Images since 19 November 2014.

Ohio, Probate Records, 1789-1996 — Browsable Images — Probate records and estate files from county courthouses in Ohio. The content and time period varies by county. – There are 6,997,828 Images as of 17 December 2014; up 1,962 Images since 1 July 2014.

Washington, County Records, 1803-2010 — Browsable Images — Collection of various records including vital, probate, school, tax, naturalization and other records. The records are from various counties in Washington State, 1856-2010. This is an ongoing collection. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current record and county coverage. – There are 6,880,104 Images as of 19 December 2014; up 4,647Images since 20 November 2014.

[NEW] Idaho, Gem County Records, 1877-1962  — Browsable Images — Images of homestead patents, deeds, marriage licenses, naturalizations and probate records from the county clerk and recorder’s office in Emmett.– There are 45,542 Images as of 20 November 2012.

[NEW] Delaware Marriages and Marriage Licenses, 1713-1894 — Searchable Index — Index to selected church marriages and marriage licenses. We do not have rights to publish the images associated with these records. – There are 5,490 Records as of 29 December 2014.

[NEW] Index, 2001-2014 — Searchable Index — Index to obituaries published on Obituaries are from all over the United States. – There are 42,607 Records as of 30 December 2014.

[NEW] California, Oakland, Alameda County, Newspaper Record Collection, 1985-2011 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of card file indexes created from local newspapers. The card files for 1985-2002, 2003-2006 and 1986-2011 are located at the Oakland Family History Center. The collection includes, obituaries wedding announcements, anniversaries, birth announcements. The obituaries are mixed with biographical news stories. This collection is being published as images become available.  – There are 46,907 Records and 74,691 Images as of 9 January 2015

[NEW] North Dakota, Census, 1915 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of the 1915 state census of North Dakota. – There are 257,483 Records and 18,180 Images as of 22 January 2015.

Indiana, Marriages, 1811-1959 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexed in partnership with the Indiana Genealogical Society. Name index of marriages recorded in the Indiana Territory and in the state of Indiana between 1811 and 1959. This collection includes searchable index data for marriage records from all Indiana counties except Howard, Johnson, and Montgomery. This is an ongoing project, so additional records will be added as indexing is completed. New images are being added as they become available. Images of some marriage records included in the index cannot be viewed online due to various contract restrictions. In instances where digital images are not available, microfilm copies of the original records are available at the Family History Library and through family history centers.– There are 3,287,619 Records and 1,183,405 Images as of 29 January 2015; up 2,679 Records since 3 September 2014.

Washington, County Marriages, 1855-2008 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Images and partial index of marriage records from Washington counties. The index includes marriage records for Clallam, Lewis, Pacific, Snohomish, Thurston, and Wahkiakum Counties. Images for both indexed and non-indexed counties are available in the browse. Additional records from other counties will be added to this collection as they become available.– There are 48,385 Records and 804,984 Images as of 29 January 2015; up 4,826 Images since 6 November 2014.

[NEW] Delaware Church Deaths, 1750-1886 — Searchable Index — Index to Delaware church records, mostly from the city of Wilmington. We do not have rights to publish the images associated with these records. – There are 1,848 Records as of 30 January 2015.

[NEW] Minnesota, Clay and Steele County Obituaries, 1865-2006 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of newspaper obituary files filmed by FamilySearch at the Clay County Historical Society and the Steele County Historical Society in Minnesota. Index records and additional images will be added to this collection as they become available. – There are 29,797 Records and 29,539 Images as of 30 January 2015.

[NEW] Indiana, Daviess County, County, Washington Times Herald Obituaries, 1984-2012 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images —Index and images of obituary clippings from the Washington Times Herald bound in book form. Contains deaths from Daviess, Martin, Pike and Knox Counties and other areas. The collection was compiled by Kay Hedrick. Some years are missing. – There are 32,135 Records and 5,259 Images as of 30 January 2015.

Ohio, Crawford County Obituaries, 1860-2004 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Obituary file from the Crawford County Genealogical Society in Galion, Ohio.– There are 30,008 Records and 127,017 Images as of 30 January 2015; up 30,008 Records since 30 June 2014.

[NEW] North Dakota, Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images —Index and images of the North Dakota state census of 1925. – There are 284,113 Records and 18,403 Images as of 30 January 2015.

Illinois, Cook County Deaths, 1878-1939, 1959-1994 — Searchable Index — Name index of deaths recorded at Cook County, Illinois – including the City of Chicago. Deaths for Cook County (excluding the City of Chicago) are missing for the years 1910-1915. Records for 1959-1994 are only for Chicago. – There are 2,220,473 Records as of 2 February 2015; up 219,822 Records since 10 July 2014.

United States, Obituaries, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1899-2012 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of obituaries collected by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia. The Society continues to collect obituaries and the index and images for these records will be added as they become available. – There are 402,388 Records and 399,713 Images as of 3 February 2015; up 399,066 Records and 395,559 Images since 14 March 2014.

Illinois, Soldier Burial Places, 1774-1974 — Searchable Index — Index from a card file of soldiers buried in the state of Illinois. Most of these soldiers served from 1774 to 1898. – There are 144,735 Records as of 24 February 2015.

Montana, Sweet Grass County Records, 1887-2011 — Browsable Images — Birth, death, coroners, naturalization, probate including estate files and deed records from the Clerk of the District Court, County Clerk, and Recorder’s Offices in Big Timber. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 7,731 Records and 93,235 Images as of 26 February 2015; up 6,183 Records since 21 August 2014.

Montana, Pondera County Records, 1910-2012 — Searchable Index & Browsable Images — Birth, death and land records from the Clerk/Recorder’s Office; probate and naturalization records from the Clerk of Court in Conrad. This collection is being published as images become available. – There are 27,157 Records and 53,789 Images as of 27 February 2015; up 6,037 Records since 4 August 2014.

Montana, Judith Basin County Records, 1887-2012 — Searchable Index & Browsable Images — Images of birth, death, marriage, naturalization, and probate records from the county clerk/recorder’s and clerk of court offices in Stanford.This collection is being published as images become available. The birth and death certificates are being indexed first. – There are 2,491 Records and 24,372 Images as of 27 February 2015; up 633 Records since 11 September 2014.

Montana, Big Horn County Records, 1884-2011 — Searchable Index & Browsable Images — Deeds, homesteads, probate, naturalization and vital records located at the county clerk/recorder’s and clerk of court’s offices in Hardin. This collection is being published as images become available. – There are 59,997 Records and 73,081 Images as of 27 February 2015; up 8,231 Records since 28 August 2014.

[NEW] United States, Burial Registers for Military Posts, Camps, and Stations,1768-1921 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of burial registers for military posts, camps, and stations,1768-1921. This collection corresponds with NARA publication M2014, one roll consisting of two volumes of burials, most occurring between 1860 and 1890. The records are from Record Group 92, Records of the Quartermaster General, and are arranged by place of burial then date of death. See the descriptive pamphlet for a list of the posts, camps and stations. – There are 16,152 Records and 474 Images as of 2 March 2015.

Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of birth, marriage and death returns acquired from the State Board of Health, Division of Vital Statistics and the state archives. Records are organized alphabetically, then chronologically within a name. The collection is divided into three parts, Vital Records Prior to 1892, 80 towns, Vital Records, 1892-1907, and Delayed returns for births, deaths, and marriages, 1670-1891. – There are 1,404,391 Records and 1,831,788 Images as of 11 March 2015; up 4826 Images since 11 August 2014.

Montana, Beaverhead County Records, 1862-2009 — Browsable Images — Images of various record types from the county clerk and recorder offices in Dillon, Montana. Records include voter registration, land and property records, and birth and death records. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 12,073 Records and 71,761 Images as of 19 March 2015; up 551 Records since 4 June 2014.

Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of county marriage records acquired from local courthouses. Currently this collection is 79% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.– There are 4,536,489 Records and 1,563,162 Images as of 20 March 2015; up 141,011 Images since 27 October 2014.

[NEW] New York, New York City Marriage Records, 1866-1938 — Searchable Index — Index to marriage records from New York City including Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, and Richmond boroughs.– There are 1,740,063 Records as of 20 March 2015.

[NEW] New York, New York City Births, 1846-1909 — Searchable Index — Index to birth records from New York City including Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, and Richmond boroughs. – There are 2,795,113 Records as of 20 March 2015.

[NEW] New York, New York City Municipal Deaths, 1795-1949 — Searchable Index — Index to New York municipal death records. The records come from the five-borough city. The time period varies by borough (county): New York City (Manhattan) 1795-1949, Bronx 1898-1948, Brooklyn 1847-1949, Queens 1898-1949, and Richmond 1898-1949.  – There are 6,192,370 Records as of 20 March 2015.

United States, GenealogyBank Obituaries, 1980-2014 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images —Index to obituaries from thousands of newspapers throughout the United States. Records are being published as they become available. This collection is created in partnership with – There are 10,247,508 Records and 10,874,549 Images as of 23 March 2015; up 9,717,720 Records and 7,358,498 Images since 13 November 2014.

Texas, County Marriage Records, 1837-1977 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Collection of various types of marriage records (registers, licenses, intentions to marry, etc.) from 183 of the 254 counties in Texas. – There are 1,454,505 Records and 538,510 Images as of 24 March 2015; up 1,267,379 Records and 464,964 Images since 31 January 2013.

Kentucky Probate Records, 1727-1990 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images —Digital collection and partial index of probate records created in Kentucky county courts. Probate records include wills, bonds, inventories of estates and other records. Date and record coverage varies by county. The current index covers wills from Caldwell, Henry, Hickman, Russell and Trimble counties. – There are 12,429 Records and 989,444 Images as of 27 March 2015.

[NEW] United States, Register of Confederates and Civilians Who Died in the North,1861-1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of a Register of Confederate soldiers,sailors and citizens who died in federal prisons and military hospitals in the North,1861-1865. This collection corresponds to NARA publication, M918, one roll from Record Group 92 Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General. The register was compiled in 1912 in the Office of the Commissioner for Marking the Graves of Confederate Dead. The register is arranged by place of death then alphabetically by name. A table of contents will be found at the beginning of the volume. – There are 25,511 Records and 679 Images as of 2 April 2015.

Tennessee, Death Records, 1914-1955 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of Tennessee death certificates. Statewide death registration began in 1914.– There are 1,470,556 Records and 2,017,500 Images as of 3 April 2015; up 193,945 Records and 546,015 Images since 4 March 2013.

Montana, Sanders County Records, 1866-2010 — Searchable Index & Browsable Images — Images of county birth, death, marriage, veteran burials, voter, naturalization, land and probate records located in the county courthouse in Thompson Falls. This collection is being published as images become available. The death certificates have been indexed. – There are 6,943 Records and 55,148 Images as of 6 April 2015; up 1,527 Records since 18 November 2014.

Montana, Cascade County Records, 1880-2009 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — County record collections from the following record custodians. History Museum in Great Falls: Probate, voter registers, naturalization and immigration records. Great Falls Genealogy Society: Probate case files, # 535-3165, 1903-1926; court orders for dependent children, 1903-1937; old age applications, naturalization records, pre 1945. County Clerk’s Office: Deeds from 1880-1941 and index to 1995. This collection is being published as images become available. – There are 461,167 Records and 614,573 Images as of 8 April 2015, up 461,167 Records since 9 September 2014.

Maryland, Probate Estate and Guardianship Files, 1796-1940 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of probate estate files from the Register of Wills office in the county courthouse. Currently, the following counties are represented in this collection: Allegany (1779-1946), Baltimore City (1922-1941), Calvert (1882-1940), Caroline (1838-1940), Cecil (1851-1940), Garrett (1873-1946), Kent (1749-1940), Prince George’s (1796-1940), and Queen Anne’s (1833-1940), Somerset (1789-1946), Wicomico (1868-1940). This collection is being published as images become available. – There are 82,727 Records and 1,586,950 Images as of 8 April 2015.

Alabama, County Marriages, 1809-1950 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This collection of marriage records for Alabama counties includes: a) indexed records with images; b) indexed records without images; and c) images which can be browsed but do not have searchable indexes. The indexed records without images display a message “Image is Unavailable” when you attempt to view the image. The browse records are grouped by film number / digital film number (DGS). Each film is arranged by county, volume and date. Currently this collection is 41% indexed. Images will only be available for 84% of this collection when it is complete. Digital images and indexes will be added as they become available.”– There are 1,592,030 Records and 1,007,509 Images as of 9 April 2015; up 700,220 Records since 20 September 2013.


Newfoundland, Vital Records, 1840-1949 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Images of births, delayed registrations of births, marriages, and deaths.– There are 16,711 Records and 58,839 Images as of 9 December 2014; up 16,711 Records since 13 August 2010.

[NEW] Newfoundland Census, 1935 — Browsable Images — Index and images of the census housed at the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador. – There are 9,509 Images as of 13 January 2015.

[NEW] Newfoundland Census, 1945 — Browsable Images —Index and images of the 1945 census housed at the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador. – There are 7,457 Images as of 14 January 2015.

[NEW] Nova Scotia Delayed Births, 1837-1904 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Delayed birth registrations housed at the Archives of Nova Scotia in Halifax. – There are 70,924 Records and 70,782 Images as of 28 January 2015.

Canadian Headstones — Searchable Index — Name index of headstone inscriptions courtesy of CanadianHeadstones which is a family history database of records and images from Canada’s cemeteries. Volunteers capture images of headstones in a cemetery and upload them to the site.– There are 1,006,536 Records as of 20 February 2015; up 240,168 Records since17 March 2014.

New Brunswick Provincial Marriages 1789-1950 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of marriage registers and returns .– There are 303,599 Records and 255,805 Images as of 6 March 2015.

Prince Edward Island Marriage Registers, 1832-1888 — Browsable Images — Images of indexes and registers. Marriages took place in churches and before Justices of the Peace. Dates of indexes correspond to dates of marriages, and marriage records are arranged by date of registration so the dates of the indexes and the marriage records do not always match. Indexes are alphabetized by first letter of the surname only. In some indexes, the “Mc” and “Mac” names are indexed by the first letter after “Mc” or “Mac”.– There are 20,262 Records and 3,428 Images as of 11 March 2015; up 20,262 Records since 31 August 2010.

Nova Scotia Marriages, 1907-1932 — Browsable Images — Marriage records from various counties housed at the Archives of Nova Scotia in Halifax. – There are 66,106 Records and 67,444 Images as of 11 March 2015; up 66,106 Records since 18 September 2014.

Canada Census, 1911 — Searchable Index — Index to population schedules of the census. Additional indexed records will be published as they become available. – There are 7,246,159 Records as of 19 March 2015; up 2,591,202 Records since 31 July 2014.

[NEW] Newfoundland Census, 1921 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of the census housed at the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador. – There are 218,865 Records and 8,415 Images as of 20 March 2015.

Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 — Searchable Index — Index to marriage records housed at Archives of Ontario in Toronto. Includes regular registrations, 1869-1927, and delayed registrations, 1892-1919.– There are 1,382,652 Records as of 13 April 2015; up 246,273 Records since 9 October 2013.


Leave a Comment

Who Do You Think You Are? to Feature Bill Paxton Sunday, April 19 on TLC

This week’s Who Do You Think You Are? features Bill Paxton – maybe best known for his lead role in the movie “Twister.”


Bill always wondered if he was related to Texan hero, Sam Houston (who he just happens to be playing in a movie out next year). After Bill sees that indeed he and Sam are distant cousins, he sets off on a journey back to his third great grandfather and finds out that after spending years fighting in the Revolutionary War for the Patriot cause, he drops his arms and takes up a cutting edge new religion called, Swedenborgianism. Bill’s ancestor was caught between the worlds of being a slave-owning land owner and a God-fearing man who believed that human kindness would lead him to heaven.

This episode airs Sunday, April 19, 2015 at 10/9c on TLC. Don’t miss it!

Leave a Comment

FamilySearch Adds Over 2.3 Million Indexed Records & Images for the Czech Republic, Mexico, New Zealand, Ukraine, & the USA

The following is from FamilySearch:

FamilySearch Logo 2014

FamilySearch has added to its collections more than 2.3 million indexed records and images for the Czech Republic, Mexico, New Zealand, Ukraine, and the United States. Notable collection updates include 771,097 images from the New Zealand, Archives New Zealand, Probate Records, 1843–1998 collection; 417,808 indexed records and 417,808 images from the US, BillionGraves Index collection; and 411,325 indexed records from the Mexico, San Luis Potosí, Civil Registration, 1859–2000 collection. See the table below for the full list of updates. Search these diverse collections and more than 3.5 billion other records for free at

Searchable historic records are made available on through the help of thousands of volunteers from around the world. These volunteers transcribe (index) information from digital copies of handwritten records to make them easily searchable online. More volunteers are needed (particularly those who can read foreign languages) to keep pace with the large number of digital images being published online at Learn more about volunteering to help provide free access to the world’s historical genealogical records online at

FamilySearch is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources for free at or through more than 4,600 family history centers in 132 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Collection – Indexed Records – Digital Images – Comments

Czech Republic, School Registers, 1799–1953 – 0 – 66,273 – Added images to an existing collection.

Mexico, Coahuila, Civil Registration, 1861–1998 – 24,898 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

Mexico, San Luis Potosí, Civil Registration, 1859–2000 – 411,325 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

New Zealand, Archives New Zealand, Probate Records, 1843–1998 – 0 – 771,097 – Added images to an existing collection.

Ukraine, Sumy Civil Registers, 1918–1922 – 0 – 34,691 – New browsable image collection.

US, BillionGraves Index – 417,808 – 417,808 – Added indexed records and images to an existing collection.

US, Kentucky Confederate Pension Applications, 1912–1950 – 4,192 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

US, Texas, World War I Records, 1917–1920 – 203,404 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

United States General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934 – 4,292 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

United States, Register of Confederates and Civilians Who Died in the North, 1861–1865 – 25,511 – 679 – New indexed records and images collection.

Leave a Comment

Digital Imaging Essentials: Techniques & Tips for Genealogists and Family Historians- with FREE PDF- 20% Off

From scanner or camera, digital images, namely photographs, have become a part of everyday life. Even older photographs, on paper or film, are commonly converted to digital format. Documents, letters, notes, books, and just about anything else on paper can be scanned and preserved in digital format. This include vital records. Opinions vary widely on what equipment you need, and what formats to save in, and what software to use, but in the end it comes down to just a little bit of knowledge and some basic skills. Anyone can learn these skills. Years of practice, along with plenty of mistakes, can make an expert out of just about anyone. Geoffrey Rasmussen, from Legacy Family Tree, has experienced his own woes over the years. More importantly, he has learned many useful lessons to successful digital imaging. These lessons are shared in his voice and straightforward way through his book Digital Imaging Essentials: Technique and Tips for Genealogists and Family Historians.

Geoff helps answer age old questions, like which scanner to buy? He reviews the ever nagging questions of picture resolution and file format. He also covers basic skills like importing images from scanner or camera, editing those images, and, of course, organizing, sharing, and backing up. Listing from the back, here is what “You Will Learn:

  • The do-it-right-the-first-time techniques of scanning old documents, and snapping pictures with your digital camera.
  • How to finally get organized so that you can locate any digital image in under a minute.
  • Which file formats and file saving techniques to use to properly preserve your digital images.
  • How to use Adobe’s Photoshop Elements and Google’s Picasa with illustrated, step-by-step instructions and learn about other software choices.
  • How to privately or publicly share your images and videos via printing, emailing, Dropbox, CDs, DVDs, or online via cloud technology.
  • How to access your digital media from any Internet-connected device including your smart phone or tablet.
  • How to develop a backup strategy to protect your collections from digital disaster.”

While Geoff tackles some of the oldest questions in digital imaging, he does so using the latest software and techniques. From hardware to software and from the local hard drive to the Internet, Geoff discusses what is available today. What makes this book so great is the clear and precise way Geoff handles each topic. His opinions are well thought out and come from his vast experience. The step-by-step instructions are easy to follow. This book is truly designed to make learning easy. As Geoff says, “So if you are ready to take your digital pictures to the next level, go ahead, open the book, and have fun!”





Chapter 1: A Digital Image is…

Chapter 2: Before You Digitize

  • What will you do with the digital images?
  • Resolution
  • File Formats

Chapter 3: Scanners, Cameras, Wi-Fi, Mi-Fi, and Eye-Fi

  • Which Scanners?
  • All-in-one
  • Flat-bed
  • Flip-Pal mobile scanner
  • Wand scanners
  • What to look for in a digital camera
  • Resolution
  • Zoom
  • JPG vs TIF
  • Wireless
  • Image Stabilization
  • Tripod vs. a steady hand

Chapter 4: Photo Software

  • Photoshop Elements
  • Picasa
  • Other popular photo software

Chapter 5: How to Import from your Scanner or Camera

  • 4 Steps to digitizing a photograph or document using a Flat-bed scanner
  • Creating a unique file name
  • 3 Steps to digitizing a photograph or document using the Flip-Pal mobile scanner
  • 2 Steps to Transferring a Photograph from your Digital Camera to Your Computer

Chapter 6: Before Editing the Picture

Chapter 7: Auto-Editing Techniques

  • Photoshop Elements techniques
  • Picasa techniques

Chapter 8: Editing: Advanced Tips and Techniques

  • Clone
  • Fixing little scratches and blemishes
  • Replace the background
  • How to “colorize” a black/white photo
  • Stitching
  • How to selectively adjust dark areas of a picture

Chapter 9: Getting Organized

  • My Personal Photographs and Scanned Images
  • My Digital Genealogy Documents
  • Another Golden Rule
  • Photo Organizing Software
  • Keyword tags, and facial recognition
  • Compatibility of tags

Chapter 10: Sharing

  • Printing and mailing
  • Emailing
  • Email feature of your photo editing software
  • You can still send a large attachment
  • How to add a citation to a digital image
  • CDs and DVDs
  • Adobe Premiere Elements
  • The Cloud
  • 4 Steps to Sharing via a the Cloud
  • Picasa Web Albums – anywhere

Chapter 11: Backup Strategies

  • External hard drive or another internal hard drive
  • Cloud services
  • CDs/DVDs
  • Photo Books




All soft-bound copies of Digital Imaging Essentials: Techniques and Tips for Genealogists and Family Historians ordered from Family Roots Publishing currently come with a FREE immediately available download of a full-color pdf version of the book. On Sale for just $15.96 through Monday, April 20, 2015. Reg. price: $19.95

This book is also available in an electronic pdf format ($14.95 with no postage fees).

Leave a Comment

FamilySearch Free Historical Book Collection Online Hits 200,000th Milestone

The following news release is from FamilySearch:


SALT LAKE CITY, UT, April 13, 2015 — Imagine a free virtual online library of rare historical books from all over the world to help you discover rich, unknown details about the lives of your ancestors. What if the historical book collections held by significant public libraries and venerable societies were the sources of these contributed books? You’d have a dynamic, priceless online repository of some of the greatest hidden historical treasures in the world. A growing host of partnering libraries, other organizations, and volunteers have announced today that they’ve reached the milestone of publishing 200,000 historical volumes online for free at The growing online collection, which began in 2007, is invaluable to genealogists and family historians in finding their ancestors.

FamilySearch has mobile digitization pods at partnering libraries and organizations across the United States, including Fort Wayne, Indiana; Syracuse, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Independence, Missouri; Houston, Texas; Gainsville, Florida; and Salt Lake City, Utah. Digitization is also being done at FamilySearch centers in Pocatello, Idaho; Mesa, Arizona; Oakland, Orange, and Sacramento, California; and West Valley and Ogden, Utah. Most of the digitized publications consist of compiled family histories and local and county histories. The collection also includes telephone and postal directories and other resources.

A major player in this vast project is the Allen County Public Library, in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Allen County’s genealogical library is the second largest genealogical library in the world, containing one million physical items and 2.5 million searchable items in their free online databases. FamilySearch has three sets of volunteers filming at the library’s Genealogy Center. Over the past five years of the project, some 14,000 volumes have been filmed and digitized (an estimated two million pages). Allen County has an estimated 12,000 additional volumes that are immediately available for digitization—perhaps another five years of work.

Curt Witcher, the Genealogy Center manager at the Allen County Public Library, credits FamilySearch. “They’ve done a lot of the heavy lifting” in getting the project to this point, he observed. “Think of the collection that every library in the world now has accessible through this project. And there is no loss, no theft, no mutilation of materials.”


The Houston Public Library (HPL) is regularly ranked among the top 10 genealogical libraries. It joined the initiative in 2008. Sporting an extensive Gulf Coast family history and genealogical collection as well as an extensive international collection, HPL’s Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research and the Houston Metropolitan Research Center have contributed so far nearly 8,700 volumes to the project. Sue Kaufman, manager of the Clayton Center, is quick to say what a pleasure it is to watch library-goers expand their research by being able simply to enter information about a name, date, and place to quickly search personal histories and stories from the digitized collection online.

The project has made books available to anyone with an Internet connection. And even though the historical books are becoming available online, foot traffic to the library has not decreased while the use of the online family history content has increased.

As with most of the digitization pods for this initiative, the digitization work at the Clayton Center is performed by full-time FamilySearch volunteers, although some locations are supported by local volunteers. Kaufman says, “I am humbled and honored to be part of this project. It is amazing what the FamilySearch volunteers do, closing their homes for 12 or 18 months to work 40 hours a week in a space that must seem the size of a closet. It is selfless. We couldn’t have done it ourselves.”

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (HSP), a unique, special collections library in the heart of Philadelphia, digitization efforts have been equally successful. According to Page Talbott, HSP President and CEO, they are planning to digitize 3,100 volumes of the society’s 12,000-volume family history collection. Over 110,000 pages (about 800 volumes) have been completed to date. Talbot characterizes the digitization initiative with FamilySearch as “fabulous” and sees vast potential for future projects.

HSP was established in 1824 and has 21 million manuscripts and 600,000 bound volumes. In addition to the family history collection, it holds collections of vital records, directories, business histories, and prison records. HSP collects histories of all states from the east coast to the Mississippi River, including ethnic and immigrant histories, and has collected historical newspapers in 57 languages.

To search the digitized records, go to, enter your ancestor’s name in the search box, and click Search.

Libraries or organizations interested in participating in the book digitization initiative can contact Dennis Meldrum, project manager at FamilySearch, at

Leave a Comment

Megan Smolenyak Uproots 1/4 of Hillary Rodham Clinton’s Online Family Tree


The following teaser is from an article posted by my friend, Megan Smolenyak, at the Huffington Post website. With a little digging, she proved that 1/4 of Hillary Clinton’s posted online family trees are wrong… Again, showing that just because it’s on the Internet does not make it true. Very good, Megan!

When Irish America requested that I research and write a piece on Hillary Rodham Clinton’s heritage (pages 50-52), I was concerned. Why? Because delving into the ancestral past of celebrities has become something of a sub-hobby in the world of genealogy, so I knew that countless others would have climbed the branches of her family tree. What would I possibly be able to add that wasn’t already known?

Fortunately for me, but regrettably for genealogy in general, there was plenty of fresh terrain because I soon realized that everyone had a quarter of her family tree wrong. And when I say “everyone,” I mean dozens of people on at least eight family history websites.

One of Rodham Clinton’s grandmothers was a woman named Hannah Jones who was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania around 1882…

Read the full article.

Leave a Comment

Central Lunatic Asylum for Colored Insane of Petersburg, VA Records to be Digitized

Central State Lunatic Asylum for Colored Insane

April 8, 2015 – AUSTIN, Texas — Three faculty members at The University of Texas at Austin’s School of Information have received a grant from the Andrew Mellon Foundation to develop and field test a digital infrastructure for preserving and managing the historical public records from the Central Lunatic Asylum for Colored Insane in Petersburg, Virginia.

King Davis, Patricia Galloway and Unmil Karadkar will use the $763,000 to develop methods and tools for critical policy analysis, digital technology and archival preservation methods to increase access to historical mental health records and documents while still protecting privacy.

The project is expected to begin this month and end in 2018.

“Families and scholars have requested access to these records for many years to enable them to conduct genealogical and academic research. However, most states limit access to such records based in part on historical precedents and concerns about stigma and privacy,” said Davis, a former commissioner of mental health for the Commonwealth of Virginia and current professor of research in the School of Information and professor emeritus in African and African Diaspora Studies.

The asylum was established in 1868 and was the first of its kind in the United States. It has maintained over 800,000 public records that detail the origins of the hospital and the racially segregated services provided for almost 100 years.

Galloway will work with postdoctoral students and families of the institution’s patients to ensure that the new digital library is easy to access.

“Providing possible solutions to both mental health providers and archival custodians of these records can both help guarantee their preservation and enable their lawful release for research by scholars and families,” Galloway said. “However, opening access to families and scholars must still abide by the prevailing state and federal laws on privacy.”

Read the full press release.

Leave a Comment

America Ferrera To be Featured in this Week’s “Who Do You Think You?”


The upcoming Who Do You Think You Are? will feature America Ferrera. She’s best known for her award-winning role as Betty Suaraz in the ABC Comedy, Ugly Betty (2006-2010).

Ms. Ferrera actually heads to Honduras in this episode. She’s looking for a connection to her father, whom she barely knew. What’s really fascinating is that she uncovers details about a paternal great grandfather who was a General in the army. The man led numerous revolts against Honduran leaders to fight for the people’s rights.

  • With the help of historians and documentation, America discovers that her great grandfather, at the young age of 27, left a job as a tax collector to join a military campaign to help the liberal president’s party fend off a plot to overthrow them.
  • America-Ferrera-2-250pw

  • America finds that her great grandfather then led numerous successful revolts against corrupt Honduran presidents apparently in order to ensure the rights of the people. General Ferrera and his actions made such a mark that he was written about by the United States government and considered a troublemaker, eventually being exiled from Honduras.
  • Upon his return to his homeland some years later, General Ferrera declared that he wished to keep the peace – and then broke his promise as he stockpiled ammunition and prepared once again to take on the latest president and his political party.
  • America-Ferrera-3-250pw

  • Finally, America learns from an article which referred to General Ferrera as “the principal enemy of Honduran peace” that he was killed in action.
  • America finds that regardless of her ancestor’s motivations, her great grandfather was loved and considered an icon by the common people of his homeland.

The America Ferrera episode airs this Sunday, April 12, 2015 at 10/9c on TLC. Don’t miss it!

Leave a Comment

Genealogy At A Glance: Massachusetts Genealogy Research

After 1840, more and more immigrants came from other parts of Europe, plus a huge influx of Irish. This new guide to Massachusetts research considers all these immigrants as it provides an historical background along with information to key genealogical resources.

Like many of the guides, this one begins with some quick facts relevant to the subject, which include:

  • Plymouth, incorporated in 1620, is the oldest town and largest by square miles. Boston, incorporated in 1820, is the oldest city and largest by population.
  • Between 1848 and 1891 more than one million immigrants entered through the Port of Boston.

Like all the Genealogy At A Glance sheets, this guide is a four-page, full-color laminated brochure, meant to be easily stored and sized to take with you when conducting related research. In this guide, Larson provides plenty of additional tips and further references to please the most avid researcher.


Contents for this guide:

Quick Facts

Settlement Background

Town and County Records

Vital Records



Ethnic and Historical Societies

Online Resources

Published Resources on Early Massachusetts Genealogy


Order Genealogy at a Glance: Masachusetts Genealogy Research from Family Roots Publishing.

Leave a Comment

Free Shipping on Purchases of $25 or More at the FRPC Website – Now Thru April 20.


All purchases of $25 or more will get now get free USA shipping at the Family Roots Publishing website through April 20, 2015. Check it out!

Included in the “FREE postage over $25 in Purchases” sale are all of the German Map Guides, Dollarhide’s Name Lists books, hundreds of ethnic research books, all the laminated Insta-Guides, hundred of “FamilyMaps” and over 3000 other items!

Leave a Comment

Civil War 3 Book Bundle at 40% Savings & FREE Shipping!

Three Civil War books

It’s was exactly 150 years ago today that Lee surrendered at Appomattox, effectively ending the American Civil War. FRPC is celebrating by again offering a bundle of 3 Civil War best sellers, Genealogical Resources of the Civil War Era – Online and Published Military or Civilian Name Lists, 1861-1869 & Post-Civil War Veteran Lists; by William Dollarhide; Tracing Your Civil War Ancestors, by David A. Norris; and Life During the Civil War, by David A. Norris.

Regularly 52.85 plus $9.90 USA postage, these 3 books again bundled at 40% OFF! Only $31.71, plus FREE USA postage on all sales over $25. Sale ends at midnight EDT Monday, April 20, 2015.

Click here to purchase at 40% savings and no postage! Again – All purchases over $25 qualify for FREE postage through Thursday, April 20, 2015.

Following is a description of each of the 3 books.

Genealogical Resources of the Civil War Era – Online and Published Military or Civilian Name Lists, 1861-1869 & Post-Civil War Veteran Lists; by William Dollarhide; 2009; Soft Cover, Perfect Bound; 8.5×11; 203 pp; Item # FR0113; Regular $32.95

Most genealogical records during the decade of the Civil War are related to the soldiers and regiments of the Union and Confederate military. However, there are numerous records relating to the entire population as well. This new volume by William Dollarhide identifies the places to look and documents to be found for ancestors during the decade, 1861-1869, as well as post-war veterans. The book is laid out first by nation-wide name lists and then by state listings in alphabetical order.

The following broad categories are identified within this book:

National Resources:

  • Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System
  • The American Civil War Research Database
  • Official Records of the War of the Rebellion
  • General and Organizational Indexes to Pension Files, 1861-1934
  • 1883 List of U.S. Pensioners on the Roll
  • 1890 Federal Census of Union Veterans
  • Roll of Honor & Veteran Burials
  • 1865-1867 Confederate Amnesty Papers
  • Consolidated Lists of Confederate Soldiers & United Confederate Veterans Association
  • Index to Compiled Service Records

Statewide Resources:

  • Compiled Service Records (by state)
  • Index to Compiled Service Records (by state)
  • 1861-1869 State Censuses
  • 1861-1869 Statewide Name Lists
  • 1862-1869 Internal Revenue Assessment Lists
  • Statewide Militia Lists
  • Confederate Pension Applications
  • Pensioner Name Lists and censuses of Confederate Veterans
  • Indexes to Statewide Records
  • Lists of Veteran Burials; State Adjutant General Reports & state-sponsored histories

The Best Civil War Resource Centers for Local & County Research

  • Online Resources
  • Libraries & Archives
  • ———–

    Tracing Your Civil War Ancestors, by David A. Norris; 2011; magazine-style, saddled stapled; 8.5×11; 85 pp; ISBN #: 9780978159276; Item #: MM004.

    This informative publication is the latest in Civil War research publications. It is authored by the same gentleman who wrote the popular Life During the Civil War.

    This book is also available in PDF format.

    The Research Resources You Need For Success!

    • Including:
      • Civil War Newspapers, what you need to know about this vital resource
      • Census Records, state censuses can be a treasure-trove of information!
      • Civilians in the War! How to find non-military relatives on the ‘Net
      • Veterans’ Organizations, a great post-war source of genealogical information
      • And much more!

    The following chapters are found in the booklet:

    • The first Steps to Finding a Civil War Ancestor – Some thoughts and tips on getting started in Civil War research.
    • Companies and Regiments: Civil War Army Units – Knowing how the armies were structured will help you understand records and references.
    • Non-Regimental and “Untypical” Soldiers – Some tips for finding soldier ancestors in unusual categories.
    • Emergency Troops, Militia and Home Guard – Records of temporary units might reveal a hard-to-find ancestor’s service.
    • Ensigns and Engineers: Ancestors in the Navies – Though tracking a relative in the navy can be challenging, there are many valuable resources available.
    • US Colored Troops and African-American Sailors – Here are some resources for African-Americans who served in the Civil War.
    • Southern Loyalists and “Galvanized Yankees” – Here are some resources to check for Southern ancestor’s who served with the Union.
    • To Helmira and Back: Prisoners of War – POW resources can fill in holes in your ancestor’s record, or reveal the fate of a missing ancestor.
    • Medical Records and Hospital Personnel – Records from Civil War hospitals contain a wealth of information on soldiers and staff.
    • Military Pay Resources – Civil War payroll records pay off again for genealogists.
    • The Civil War and the Census – Pre- and postwar censuses off important information on the lives and families of veterans.
    • The 1865 Parole Lists: To the Very End – These documents list the Confederate soldiers who endured to the end of the war.
    • Finding You Ancestors’ Flags – Regimental flags had important practical and symbolic purposes for Civil War Soldiers.
    • Buried in History: Civil War Cemeteries – Finding a soldier’s grave can seem impossible, but it doesn’t have to be a lost cause.
    • Civil War Pension Records and Wartime Relief – Pension records are a genealogical treasure trove for soldiers and their families.
    • Confederate State Pension Resources – A state-by-state guide to locating Confederate pension records.
    • Soldiers’, Sailors’ and Widows’ Resources – The records of these institutions may contain a wealth of detail that can’t be found elsewhere.
    • Civil War Veterans’ Groups – Records of veterans’ organizations might let you follow your ancestor into the 20th-century.
    • Wartime Civilian Records- Relatives who were not in the military may still have left a wealth of information about their lives.
    • Amnesty Papers and Southern Claims – Some potentially helpful sources for Southern relatives.
    • Spies, Smugglers and “Disloyal Citizens” – Records of civilian prisoners include ordinary citizens, political prisoners, and even politicians.
    • Finding Civil War Income Tax Records – You might find that your ancestors’ 1860s tax records are a source of family history.
    • A Gift From the Past: Civil War Newspapers – Here are some tips on finding your newsmaker ancestors.
    • A Picture in time: Civil War Era Photographs – You can find photos of people and places connected to your family, or even your ancestors.
    • Best of the Best: Classic Civil War Resources – These records contain the most essential information for Civil War Research.
    • National Archives Records – A soldier’s Compiled Military Service Record contains some of the most essential details of his service.
    • Finding Your Way Through the Civil War With Maps – Maps can help you follow your ancestor during the war or find a family farm near a battlefield.

    The booklet is heavily illustrated, highly informative, and a great value at only $9.95!


    Life During the Civil War; by David A Norris ; 95 pp; Softcover; 2010; 8.5 x 11; ISBN: 978-0-9781592-5-2; Item #: MM001

    This book is also available in PDF eBook format .

    • Life in the Civil War Armies
    • Hospitals & Medicine
    • Letters Home
    • Music of the Civil War
    • Rations & Cooking
    • Civil War Humor
    • News from the Front
    • …And Much More!

    The publication starts right off with a 3-page dictionary of Civil War terminology. Did you know that hardtack crackers were often called worm castles? Further on, Norris points out that the hotel business boomed during the war years. My great-grandfather ran a hotel throughout the war, and did well. However, I’d never made the connection with the war effort before. The chapter on music I found especially interesting. Among other things, it’s noted that “Dixie” was written by Yankee abolitionist Daniel Decatur Emmett. The mail was a big deal to both the soldiers and their loved-ones at home. This was the case for both Northern and Southern families. However, keep in mind that when the Confederacy split from the Union, it had dramatic repercussions on the U.S. postal system. I found the entire booklet to be interesting – front to back.

    The following is from the table of contents.

    • Opening Notes – Notes From the Publisher, About the Author
    • From Abatis To Zouaves: A Civil War Dictionary – What were some of the popular sayings, slang, jargon and military terms in the 1860s?
    • Tale Of Two Capitals: Richmond And Washington – The war brought great changes to the lives of residents of Richmond and Washington
    • Home Away From Home: Hotels Of The Civil War – From four-star resorts to small town hostelries, hotel business boomed during the war
    • Soundtrack To A Conflict: Music Of The Civil War – Music, whether popular songs or military tunes, was as much a part of life then as it is now
    • Starvation Parties And Confederate Candles? – Southerners found unusual substitutes for scarce staples, like wheat, pins, shoe polish and coffee
    • Slumgullion, Salt Horse And Hell-Fired Stew! – What did soldiers, and their families at home, eat during the war years?
    • Relief From Reality: Civil War Humor – Popular humorists and jokes helped lighten hearts on both sides of the battle
    • Shinplasters And Greenbacks: Money During The Civil War – Banks, businesses, states, the Union and Confederacy all issued their own, incompatible, money
    • Zouaves: New York Firemen And Louisiana Tigers – Instead of the familiar blue and gray, some regiments donned bright colors and turbans
    • Man’s Best Friends: Pets In The Army – From the exotic to the common, animals were kept as companions and mascots
    • Johnnie Reb And Billy Yank: Life In The Armies – Fresh recruits and veterans of past conflicts faced new, and familiar, challenges in the Civil War
    • Fighting For Freedom: The US Colored Troops – African-American troops played a vital role in the Civil War
    • Sutler Shops: Convenience Stores For Soldiers – Where did soldiers get ink, ginger snaps or Valentine cards?
    • Life On Soap Suds Row: Army Laundresses – Laundry was a grueling, but essential, duty in army camps
    • Taking The Cars: Rail Travel During The Civil War – Though far from luxurious, or safe, trains became vital to the war effort and civilian life
    • What The Doctor Ordered: Hospitals And Medicine – Hospitals were understaffed, undersupplied and relied on dangerous cures and treatments
    • Common Civil War Medicines – Hospitals stocked standard treatments of the day, including mercury, opium and brandy
    • Fundraising Fairs: The US Sanitary Commission – Volunteer groups raised millions of dollars to improve military hospital and camp conditions
    • Picturing The Civil War: War Artists – Before modern photography and TV, how did people get a glimpse of the battles?
    • From The Frontlines To The HomeFront: Newspapers – Despite shortages of labor and ink, papers fed the public appetite for news and entertainment
    • Telegrams: At The Speed Of Lightning – The telegraph became an indispensible part of military and commercial communication during the war
    • Worth A Thousand Words: Photography In The Civil War – Despite technological limitations, photography boomed during the Civil War
    • “I Hain’t Got Any Stamps”: Confederate And Union Mail – Two postal systems kept soldiers and families in contact across shifting battlelines
    • The Civil War Navies: Cottonclads And Blockades – Whether they patrolled rivers or the South Pacific, a sailor’s life was far different than a soldier’s
    • The New Naval Warfare: Life On Ironclads – Heavily armored ironclads offered unique advantages, and dangers, to their crews
    • Missed It By That Much…! – From aseptic surgery to moon landings, the years after the Civil War were full of amazing changes

    Click here to purchase at 40% savings and Free USA postage on all purchases over $25 through April 20, 2015.

Leave a Comment

The Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Tax Records -15% Off – Now Thru April 20

Yes – it’s tax time of year again – so many of us are buried in receipts and spread sheets, attempting to figure out what we might owe Uncle Sam. That said, one of my favorite sources of family history information is found in the tax records. U.S. Federal censuses were taken every ten years, starting in 1790, but taxes (usually local in nature) were an annual thing. Thus more records were produced.

Family Roots Publishing just brought in a good stock of The Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Tax Records, and discounted them by 15% through the 2015 tax season. Normally $20, they are selling for just $17 – now through midnight PDT Thursday, April 20, 2015. Note that all sales over $25 get free USA shipping through April 20 – so add on another book or two that you want, and save even more!

We’ve all heard the Benjamin Franklin’s sardonic quote, “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” We feel the pain in our pocketbooks every time we pay taxes. However, as genealogists we are fortunate to have tax records as a tool to researching the past. Tax records contain mountains of data, are often highly accurate, and cover a large variety of taxes, or tax types. The Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Tax Records is the family historian’s educator to the world of tax document.

As the authors, Carol Cook Darrow and Susan Winchester, say, “the census taker came every ten years and often missed people, The tax collector came every year and seldom missed anyone.” North American tax records date back to the earliest colonial period, back to the 1620s. Records can help establish location, real estate, personal possessions, economic status, occupations and businesses, and sometimes even relationships between individuals, helping link you to your ancestor. This guide was written to help the researcher find the various tax records and understand the information they provide.

The first two chapters provide the necessary background and skills needed to successfully search tax records. The remaining chapters cover the different types of tax records, including:

  • Poll taxes
  • Real Estate taxes
  • Personal Property taxes
  • Federal Taxes
  • Inheritance taxes
  • School taxes
  • Liquor taxes and more…

No two taxes are collected in the same way. Government at all levels can imposes taxes. This book examines the history of tax records in the United States, including early colonial taxes, along with common tax forms and collection procedures. Learn how to evaluate tax records and compare records of different years to track your ancestors and possibly gain additional information about their families.


Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables


Chapter 1. Getting Started in Tax Records

  • Benefits of Tax Record Research
  • Research Can Be Tedious – Until You Succeed
  • Tax Process
  • Locating Tax Records
  • Research Tax Records at Courthouse or Archive
  • Tax Records as Substitutes for Census Records
  • Verify County Formation Date
  • Following the Records Year By Year
  • Isolated Records
  • Indexes: Never the Final Answer
  • A Word About Slaves
  • Finding the Right Record in the Wrong Place
  • Ready to Begin?

Chapter 2. Research Techniques

  • Types of Taxes
  • Tax Records May be Combined
  • How to Approach a Tax Record
  • Identify Information Being Collected
  • Sources for Interpreting Tax Information
  • Consider Spelling Variations
  • Become Familiar with Notations and Abbreviations
  • Research Example: Separate Men with the Same Name in the Same County
  • Doing the Math
  • Research Example: Estimate Wealth of an Ancestor
  • Records That Report Only Assessed Value
  • Paying Taxes in the Coin of the Realm
  • Calculating with Pounds, Shillings, and Peace
  • Research Example: Estimate Wealth of an Ancestor
  • Forming a Hypothesis
  • Summary of Research Techniques

Chapter 3. Poll Taxes

  • Taxes “By the Poll” Were Earliest American Taxes
  • Massachusetts Poll Tax, 1646
  • Virginia Tithables
  • The Tithables Process
  • Poll Books and Voting Rights
  • Research Example: Separate Men with the Same Name int eh Same County
  • Tracking Changes Through Tax Lists Over Time
  • Research Example: Identify Men as They Become Adults
  • Finding the Landless Ancestor
  • Research example: Research A Landless Ancestor
  • Poll Tax Records Can Replace the Census

Chapter 4. Land Taxes

  • Colonial Land Distribution
  • Land Taxes After the Revolution
  • Land Exemptions Used to Encourage Settlement
  • Tax Records Can Identify the Land and Location
  • Research Example: Separate Men with the Same Name in the Same County
  • Research Example: Use Tax Information to Lead to Other Valuable Records
  • Delinquent Land Tax Sales
  • Tracking Delinquent Land Tax Sales Records
  • Land Tax Records Can Point to a Migration Trail
  • Land Holdings May Imply Arrival Date
  • Tax Ledgers Arranged by Legal Land Description
  • Additional Information Collected in Tax Records
  • Information Common to Land Tax Records

Chapter 5. Personal Property Taxes

  • Paying for Government
  • Estates Are Taxable
  • Research Example: Establish a Year of Death as Estate Becomes Taxable
  • Land and Personal Property Tax Lists Combined
  • Research Example: Estimate Wealth of tan Ancestor
  • Property Tax Lists Expanded Over Time
  • State Income Tax Replaces Some Personal Property Taxes
  • Homestead Exemptions Enacted
  • Personal Property Tax – “Everyman” Tax

Chapter 6. Federal Taxes

  • Direct Tax of 1798
  • Tariffs and Import Duties
  • Direct Taxes of 1813, 1815, and 1816
  • Direct Tax of 1861
  • Federal Income Taxes (1962-1872)
  • Confederate Taxes
  • Tariffs Decline in Significance
  • Income Tax Reconsidered
  • Tax Protests
  • Tax Assessors and Collectors

Chapter 7. Inheritance and Estate Taxes

  • Federal Estate and Inheritance Taxes
  • State Estate and Inheritance Taxes
  • Research Example: Identify the Heirs of an Estate
  • Estate and Inheritance Taxes Can Prove Relationships

Chapter 8. Miscellaneous Tax Records

  • Militia Service
  • Road Orders
  • Ecclesiastical Taxes
  • Faculty Taxes
  • Business Licenses
  • Liquor Taxes
  • School Taxes
  • Federal Head Tax on Aliens
  • Old Age Assistance Tax

Chapter 9. Summary

  • Summary of Research Techniques

Appendix A Textural Records of the Direct Tax Commission in the Southern States

Appendix B Microfilmed Records of the Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, 1862-1874

Appendix C State Inheritance Tax Laws Through 1913

Appendix D State Old Age Assistance Laws, as of 1934


Research Bibliography

Bibliography of Selected Tax Records



Order a copy of The Genealogist’s Guide to Researching Tax Records from Family History Publishing; Item #: HBD4298, On Sale for just $17.00 – now through midnight PDT, Monday, April 20, 2015 – Reg. $20.00. Note that all sales over $25 get free USA shipping – now through April 20 – so add on another book or two that you want, and save even more!

Leave a Comment