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Genealogy at a Glance: North Carolina Genealogy Research

NC-At-a-Glance-Laminate-200pwReported records of exploration by colonists into the Carolinas began in 1622. Carolina became an official colony in 1663 by charter of Charles II. The province was split in two, north and south, in 1710. This is just part of the “Settlement Background” information found in the new laminated guide, Genealogy at a Glance: North Carolina Genealogy Research.

Written by Michael A. Ports, this “At a Glance” guide follows the same format and pattern as similar guides of the same name. This guide is a four-page, full-color limited brochure meant to be easily stored and sized to take with you when conducting related research. Useful history is provided for standard genealogical record sources. There are plenty of “further readings” suggested by the author.

The listing of major repositories and online sources provide locations to search for the records described in the guide.

Contents for this guide:

Quick Facts & Important Dates

Settlement Background

Record Sources

  • Marriage and Divorce Records
  • Birth and Death Records
  • Land Grant Records
  • Probate Records
  • Military Records

Supplementary Sources

  • State Census of 1785-1787
  • Bonds

Major Repositories

Online Resources


Order Genealogy at a Glance: North Carolina Genealogy Research from Family Roots Publishing.

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Ancestry Uncovers Members of Armed Services Among Least Likely to Own Homes, While Fire Fighters Are More Likely to Than Lawyers and Judges

The following News Release is from MarketWired:

New Analysis From Ancestry Reveals Surprising Connections Between Occupation and Home Ownership Today and Since 1900

PROVO, UT–(Marketwired – October 15, 2014) - Members of the armed services are among the least likely to own a home in the United States, according to a new analysis by Ancestry, the world’s largest online family history resource. Ancestry recently analyzed 112 years of U.S. Federal Census data to better understand the connection between occupation and home ownership across the nation over the last century. As of 2012, optometrists have the clearest line of sight to home ownership at 90%, while dancers and dance instructors have the lowest home ownership rate at just 23%.

Occupation has had a major impact on home ownership rates since 1900. While the typical size of a profession’s paycheck is an important factor in the rankings, it’s not the only one. There are many instances of a profession having a higher rate of home ownership than another that typically pays more. Some interesting findings from 2012:
Public service often pays off in terms of home ownership rates, except if you are in the armed forces. Fire fighters ranked #7 at 84%, and police officers and detectives #12 at 79%, compared to lawyers and judges who ranked #20 at 78%. Teachers were higher than economists (#45 at 74% versus #97, 64%).

Janitors and sextons had a rate about double that of waiters and waitresses (54% versus 27%).

It turns out that all artists are not starving. Sixty-three percent of artists and art teachers own homes, which is almost twice as high as dancers and dance teachers, which have the lowest rate of home ownership among any profession. Higher rates of home ownership were also seen among musicians and music teachers (62%), entertainers (57%) and authors (63%).

Some skilled professions that include many unionized workers had fairly high rates of home ownership, such as electricians at 73%, plumbers at 70% and power station operators at 87%.

Sixty-two (62) percent of editors and reporters owned homes in 2012, which is higher than almost every other analyzed decade.
Home ownership rates were at just 32% in 1900 and have doubled since then, but nearly all that growth came by 1960. “This kind of historical context is extremely valuable information for people researching their family history,” said Todd Godfrey, Head of Global Content at Ancestry. “Home ownership, occupation, and location are often key bits of information that can help bring the stories of our ancestors to life and greater illumination to the times in which they lived.”

With the stability of the housing market and the economy fluctuating drastically in recent years, occupations with specialized skills and heavy ties to the community fared the best. According to the analysis by Ancestry, top occupations for home ownership in the United States for 2012 are as follows:

  • Optometrists: 90%
  • Toolmakers and Die Makers/Setters: 88%
  • Dentists: 87%
  • Power Station Operators: 87%
  • Forgemen and Hammermen: 84%
  • Inspectors: 84%
  • Firemen: 84%
  • Locomotive Engineers: 84%
  • Airplane Pilots and Navigators: 83%
  • Farmers: 81%

“Firemen, dentists and farmers all play integral roles in their local community, so perhaps the need to root in the communities they serve has played a role in home ownership,” Godfrey said. “Firefighters have a deep love for the community they serve, farmers are tied to the land and optometrists and dentists have spent their careers building a clientele list tied to the community. It could also be a case of raising their families in the same homes they were raised in and their parents before them.”

Lower Rates of Home Ownership
From a list of nearly 200 occupations, the rate of home ownership in 2012 is as low as 23% for certain job types. While the professions with the very highest rate of home ownership weren’t necessarily those with the biggest paychecks, the majority of the professions with the worst rates of home ownership have a mean hourly wage of $13 or less. Job stability and job security also played a large role in how likely those in a given profession were to own a home.

As expected, many of the lowest ranking occupations don’t require higher education including cleaners, waiters, counter workers and cashiers–and have lower job stability. Though surprising at first, members of the armed forces are less likely to own a home due to ability/requirement to live on base, possible deployment or the average age skewing younger. The following are occupations with the lowest rate of home ownership in 2012:

  • Dancers and Dance Teachers: 23%
  • Motion Picture Projectionists: 27%
  • Waiters and Waitresses: 27%
  • Counter and Fountain Workers: 28%
  • Members of the Armed Forces: 33%
  • Service Workers (except private households): 34%
  • Bartenders: 35%
  • Charwomen and Cleaners: 35%
  • Cashiers: 36%
  • Cooks (except private households): 36%

Home ownership has been the dream of working men and women in the United States from the nation’s founding. For people from tool makers to optometrists to dancers, home ownership continues to be part of the American dream. To learn more about the Ancestry analysis of home ownership and occupation, visit Or, visit and sign up for a 14-day free trial to learn more about the working men and women in your family.

Methodology: Statistics were compiled using Census microdata obtained from at the University of Minnesota Population Center. The microdata are records containing the characteristics of individuals compiled from a representative sample of Census forms. Only heads of households were included in the analysis. Occupations were categorized into 197 categories classified by the U.S. Federal Census Bureau in 1950 and standardized by IPUMS for all other census years. Home ownership is defined as owning or having a mortgage on the residence as opposed to renting it. Occupations with an inadequate sample size in the year reviewed for any given decade were dropped from the analysis for that year. continues to partner with the Minnesota Population Center in sharing historical census data and standardization methods to benefit both academic researchers and Ancestry’s customers.

Link to the News Release.

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Connecticut State Library Digitizing WWI History

The following excerpt is from an article by David Drury, posted at

The now century-old conflict known to its contemporaries as the Great War left an indelible imprint on Connecticut.

For those who lived through it, on the battlefield or the home front, it was a life-defining event, and the Connecticut State Library wants to assure that family-held memories and mementos will be preserved and available to historians, students, genealogists or the simply curious.

Beginning later this month, state library officials will hold a series of community events at which local residents are urged to bring in family letters, photographs, diaries, recorded stories and other objects from the World War I period.

Those materials will be processed and digitally scanned on site by volunteers….

In conjunction with the project, a new website,, launched this fall that provides a platform for sharing historical material from local libraries and institutions about Connecticut wartime experience at home and abroad…

Upcoming sessions of the Connecticut State Library’s digitalization project will be held at the Middletown Library Service Center, Oct. 22, 6 to 9 p.m.; Willimantic Library Service Center, Oct. 25, 1 to 4 p.m.; the Connecticut State Library, Nov. 8, 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.

Read the full article.

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Graveyards of Chicago, Second Edition – 15% Off Now Through October 23, 2014


Considering that Halloween is coming up in a couple of weeks, it seems a good time to write about cemeteries. A few days ago, I received a review copy of a new book entitled Graveyards of Chicago, The People, History, Art, and Lore of Cook County Cemeteries. The book was written by Matt Hucke and Ursula Biekski and is a second edition of a much smaller volume that was published in 1999. In fact, at 428 pages, it’s about twice the size of the extremely popular 1999 book.

On a personal basis, getting this book was extremely exciting, as I have Cook County ancestry, and many ancestors and relatives buried in Chicago area cemeteries. If you follow GenealogyBlog, you probably already know this, as I’ve blogged about it a number of times. For the first time ever, I now have a book detailing the history and other information on the burial places of my folks. The book stresses the history, art and notable people buried in the cemeteries. It also lists the address or cross streets, as well as the establishment dates for each cemetery location. If they have a website, this is given. Near the back is an index that, being subject oriented, includes the names of all people mentioned in the book, as well a cemeteries and other subjects. I’ve found it difficult to lay this book aside, as the volume has so much new information of interest to me.

Order Graveyards of Chicago at the Family Roots Publishing website. The 15% off sale has been extended through October 23, 2014, making the price just $14.41 (plus $5.50 p&h).

The authors identify a number of classifications of cemeteries, with detailed descriptions of each. Following the list, in alphabetical order:

  • Churchyards
  • City Cemeteries
  • Frontier Graves
  • Homestead Graveyards
  • Independent Mausoleums or Columbaria
  • Institutional Cemeteries
  • Lawn-park Cemeteries
  • Memorial Parks
  • Military Cemeteries
  • Native American Burial Grounds
  • Potters Fields
  • Rural Cemeteries
  • To see his monument look around you Graves

The following is an expanded Table of Contents:


by Matt Hucke

by Ursula Bielski


City North

Chicago City Cemetery

Graceland Cemetery

Jewish Graceland and Hebrew Benevolent Cemeteries

Wunders Cemetery

St. Boniface Catholic Cemetery

Rosehill Cemetery

St. Henry Catholic Cemetery

Bohemian National Cemetery

St. Luke Cemetery

Montrose Cemetery

City West

All Saints Polish National Catholic Cemetery

Saint Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Cemetery

St. Johannes Cemetery (Removed 2001)

Rest Haven Cemetery

Robinson Woods Indian Burial Ground

Read-Dunning Memorial Park

Irving Park Cemetery

Acacia Park Cemetery

Westlawn Cemetery

Mount Olive Cemetery

Union Ridge Cemetery

Zion Gardens Cemetery

City South

Oakwoods Cemetery

Zirngibl Grave

Mount Greenwood Cemetery

Mount Olivet Catholic Cemetery

Mount Hope Cemetery

St. Casimir Catholic Cemetery


Metro North

Calvary Catholic Cemetery

Church of The Holy Comforter

Fort Sheridan Post Cemetery

New Light Cemetery

Memorial Park Cemetery and Mausoleum

St. Adelbert Catholic Cemetery

Sunset Memorial Gardens

All Saints Catholic Cemetery

Shalom Memorial Park and Randhill Park Cemetery

Metro West

Eden Memorial Park

St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery and Mausoleums

Elmwood Cemetery and Mausoleum

Forest Home Cemetery (including German Waldheim)

Waldheim Cemetery

Forest Home:West

Forest Home:East

Waldheim Jewish Cemeteries

Woodlawn Memorial Park

Concordia Cemetery

Altenheim Cemetery

Mount Auburn Cemetery

Mount Emblem Cemetery

Arlington Cemetery

Elm Lawn Memorial Park

Oakridge Glen Cemeteries

Mount Carmel Catholic Cemetery

Queen of Heaven Catholic Cemetery

Chapel Hill Gardens West Cemetery

Hinsdale Animal Cemetery and Crematory

Illinois Pet Cemetery

Bluff City Cemetery

Metro South

Resurrection Catholic Cemetery and Mausoleums

Bethania Cemetery

Lithuanian National Cemetery

Mount Glenwood Memory Gardens, West

Evergreen Cemetery

St. Mary Catholic Cemetery & Mausoleums

Cedar Park Cemetery

Lincoln Cemetery

Beverly Cemetery

Oak Hill Cemetery

Holy Sepulcher Catholic Cemetery & Mausoleum

Chapel Hill Gardens South Cemetery

Restvale Cemetery

Hazelgreen Cemetery

Burr Oak Cemetery

St. Benedict Catholic Cemetery

Bachelors Grove Cemetery

St. James Catholic Cemetery

Mount Glenwood Memory Gardens

Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery and Mausoleums








Scattered through the book are sidebar pages dealing with a number of cemetery and burial topics. I found all them them to be very interesting. Following a a list of titles for these pages:

  • The Cemetery Lady (Helen Sclair 1930-2009)
  • After the Fire: The Trouble With Cremains
  • St. Henry Catholic Cemetery
  • Jumpin that Train: Lincolns Last, Long Haul
  • Together Forever: The Many Ties That Bind
  • Material Considerations
  • The Remains of the Day: the Crash Site of Flight 191
  • 50 (Thousand) Ways to Leave Your Loved Ones: Burial Customs To Die For
  • Strong and Silent: The Catholic Cemeteries of Chicago
  • Modern Woodmen Of America
  • Freeze! A Chilling Alternative to Checking Out
  • Ceme-Prairies: The Silver Lining of Abandonment

Order Graveyards of Chicago at the Family Roots Publishing website. It is on sale for 15% off through Thursday, October 23, 2014, making the price just $14.41 (plus $5.50 p&h).

If you have Cook County Ancestry, you might be interested in the following titles also:

Finding Your Chicago Ancestors

A Guide to Chicago and Midwestern Polish-American Genealogy

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Hawaii State Archives Makes Documents More Accessible Online


For several years, the Hawaii State Archives has been diligently working to make the Archives documents more accessible to the public. The Archives was rather forced into it since many documents created today are in a digital form only, and they just weren’t set up to deal with them. Now we’re seeing both digital documents as well as older “digitized” items being made available to the public online.

A video dealing with the Hawaii State Archives going digital can be found at the website.

Although the project is far from completion, there are already a number of digital collections found at the Hawaii State Archives website. Some are limited to just a few letters of the alphabet for a limited period of time. Check them out below.

Name Search – search all collections indexed by name. Excludes the Genealogy Index, Mahele Book, Map and Library Catalog and Photograph Collection.

Genealogy Index
Government Office Holders, 1843-1959
Hawaiian Genealogy Book Index (PDF)
Chinese Passenger Manifest Index, A-Z
Japanese Passenger Manifests Index, A-L
Japanese Passenger Manifests Index, M-Z
Portuguese Passenger Manifests Index, A-Z
Land Index – People Names, 1838-1918 (O-Z)
Land Index – Place Names, 1838-1918 (A, E and U)
Name Index, 1790-1950 (A-Bonnier)
Subject Index, 1790-1970 (A-Airports, Molokai)

Certificates of Registration, National Register of Republic of Hawaii
Official Journals of the Legislature of the Republic of Hawaii, 1895-1898
Judiciary Records (Probate Case Files)
Mahele Book (PDF)
Photograph Collection
Tax Ledgers, 1847-1900 (Hamakua & Hilo)
Vital Statistics Collection, 1826-1929 (Molokai, Niihau, Kauai, and Maui)
Vital Statistics Collection, 1826-1929 (Hawaii Island)
World War I Service Records

Map and Library Catalog

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Back in the Great State of Washington

After an absence of about 23 years, Patty and I are again living in Orting, Washington. We lived about 5 miles outside of Orting, in Pierce County, up until 1991. We then moved to the tiny community of Elbe (just outside Mt. Rainier National Park) for several years. After spending 6 years on the road, and settling in Utah for well over a decade, we’ve come full circle, and moved back to Orting. This time we live within the city limits, with a wonderful view of Mount Rainier from our front porch. Don’t misunderstand me here – we have that great view if it’s not raining – which it’s doing today.

We started making our move from Utah last May, and have made several trips to Utah in the meantime. One of those trips took seven weeks as we were getting our house ready to place on the real estate market. Although we will be back in Utah again several times this fall and winter, we are now getting settled into our home in Orting, as well as working normal business hours at Family Roots Publishing. We moved the company from Utah, back into the old Heritage Quest Press building that my brother and I initially purchased about 1987. Steve has been running a printing business here for about 20 years while I’ve been away. Now both businesses are operating under the same roof. Our son, Dale, and his family came back to Washington with us. Many of you know Dale and Tara, having met them as they displayed product for Family Roots Publishing at conferences all over the U.S.A.

We really love Western Washington, even enjoying the rain. Patty and I both have family here and we are glad to be home again.

Read an earlier blog of August 19 dealing with the move.

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The “Genealogy Roadshow” Comes to Philadelphia October 25 & 26


The following excerpt is from an article by Kristie Rearick, posted in the October 14 edition of

On Saturday, Oct. 25 and Sunday, Oct. 26, PBS and WHYY bring the TV series “Genealogy Roadshow,” to Philadelphia. Anyone can attend this free event and watch as preselected area residents have family mysteries revealed on camera with featured genealogists Kenyatta D. Berry, Joshua Taylor and Mary Tedesco.

The public can explore their own personal histories, too, with representatives from historical and genealogical societies — who will be on-site for the weekend — including the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, Find My Past, the Greater Philadelphia Area Chapter of the Association of Professional Genealogists, the African American Genealogy Group and the Daughters of the American Revolution, among others.

Read the full article.

Visit the Genealogy Roadshow website.

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Tennessee K-12 Students Get Free Classroom Access to

According to an AP article posted on October 8 at the website, the Tennessee State Library and Archives has further collaborated with, offering all K-12 classrooms in the state free access to Hmmm… smart move on Ancestry’s part. Get ‘em hooked early-on and they just may be hooked for life…

Read the article at

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Tracing Your Bajan (Barbados) Roots


The following question was sent to Professor Louis Henry Gates, and was published with his reply (in consultation with Meaghan Siekman) in the October 10, 2014 edition of It’s a must-read article if you have Bajan ancestry.

I am doing my husband’s genealogy. His grandmother was born Ethel (Etherea) Chantilla Pounder on March 23, 1898, in St. Philip Parish, Barbados, West Indies. Her father was Arthur Pounder and her mother was Avis Jordan. How can I find records on Arthur and Avis? —Patricia L. Blackwell

There are plenty of resources available to you! However, before we list them, we want to remind you that the first step to tracing relatives of an immigrant ancestor is to gather as much information as you can from documents in the United States, such as passenger lists and U.S. census records.

Read the full article.

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Dutch Citizen Helps Overseas Chinese Locate their Ancestry


The following excerpt is from an article written by Liu Zhihua, and posted in the October 18, 2014 edition of

A Dutch citizen eager to trace back his family history now helps many overseas Chinese do the same, Liu Zhihua reports.

Huihan Lie, a 36-year-old Dutch citizen, never expected he would someday make a profession out of helping fellow overseas Chinese find their roots through jiapu or “ancestry book,” when he first visited China in 2004.

Jiapu, also called zupu in Chinese, are records that are kept by clans of their lineage and histories. Lie didn’t know much about jiapu until he came to China.

Read the full article.

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The German Society of Pennsylvania Celebrates 250 Years

The following teaser is from an article written by Franziska Holzschuh, and posted in the October 14, 2014 edition of


The Uleckinger family’s journey from Germany to Philadelphia ended in catastrophe. Father Jacob and three of his children died on a ship called the Charming Molly as it crossed the Atlantic in 1773, and the mother passed just days after reaching the New World.

The two surviving children, Peter, 13, and Andrew, 9, were sold into servitude to pay for the voyage – a case for the German Society of Pennsylvania.

Twelve years before the United States became a nation, more-established immigrants from the Vaterland founded the society in 1764 to protect and support countrymen such as young Peter and Andrew, who arrived short of money and signed contracts in a language they did not understand.

Read the full article.

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QuickSheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide To Citing Sources

The Bare Essentials GraphicIn the recently posted review of Quicksheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide to HISTORICAL ‘PROOF’, I stated:

If you have spent much time reading on this website, then you must have read something by now about Elizabeth Shown Mills.

Mills is an expert researcher and family historian. Her works include top selling books on proving and citing sources: Evidence!: Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian and Evidence Explained, Evidence Explained: Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace. Mills has also written a number of Quicksheets covering research methodologies designed to improve the accuracy and success of the overall research process.

Her works are well known and very popular. Her methodology is sound. From her works any genealogist can learn to evaluate sources of information and to properly cite those sources within their research. However, the shear volume of information in her work can be intimidating for some. Even Mills’ four-page Quicksheets can be too much. So, Mills has come to the rescue. She has produce two new, two-page laminated guides that simplify all her expertise on the subject into its barest form.

The second guide is the QuickSheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide To Citing Sources’. Showing how easy (and necessary) it is to cite your sources accurately, she provides a template that can be applied by anyone using almost any type of source material. In a single chart containing ten main entries, she actually creates a comprehensive–if bare-boned–guide to citing sources.

Here is what you will find in the guide:

Side 1

Mills provides an easy to follow chart offering what to cite for different types of sources.

Side 2

A “Source Data Collection Form.” Again, an easy to follow and use form. The form outlines the basic citation elements to be collected, a place to write down the information, and a key coding field. Mills gives her express permission to make copies and use the form for personal research.


Get your copy of Elizabeth Shown Mills’ new guide, QuickSheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide To Citing Sources’, from Family Roots Publishing


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Quicksheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide to HISTORICAL ‘PROOF’

The Bare Essentials GraphicIf you have spent much time reading on this website, then you must have read something by now about Elizabeth Shown Mills.

Mills is an expert researcher and family historian. Her works include top selling books on proving and citing sources: Evidence!: Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian and Evidence Explained, Evidence Explained: Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace. Mills has also written a number of Quicksheets covering research methodologies designed to improve the accuracy and success of the overall research process.

Her works are well known and very popular. Her methodology is sound. From her works any genealogist can learn to evaluate sources of information and to properly cite those sources within their research. However, the shear volume of information in her work can be intimidating for some. Even Mills’ four-page Quicksheets can be too much. So, Mills has come to the rescue. She has produce two new, two-page laminated guides that simplify all her expertise on the subject into its barest form.

The first guide is a Quicksheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide to HISTORICAL ‘PROOF’. According to Mills, Proof is a conclusion we reach from a body of evidence. No single source can serve as proof. No one piece of information can provide it. No one bit of evidence can stand alone.

In a clean and clear format, Mills provides a most basic, yet useful, overview to evaluating historical resources to find the Proof. Here is what you will find in the guide:

Side 1

A precise definition and explanation of ‘proof,’ followed by a brief explanation on ‘Evaluating the Source,’ ‘Evaluating the Information,’ and ‘Evaluating and Processing the Evidence.’ In three-short, bulletized columns, you learn the basics to identifying useful sources and their reliability.

Side 2

A clear and simple chart, a ‘Process Map,’ outlining historical research from the source through evidence and down to ‘Proof.’

Trust me, when you read the guide this will all make sense.


Get your copy of Elizabeth Shown Mills’ new guide, Quicksheet: Your Stripped-Bare Guide to HISTORICAL ‘PROOF’, from Family Roots Publishing




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Polish Roots is Now in a New Second Edition! 15% Off Sale Extended Through October 20


Rosemary Chorzempa’s Polish Roots has been the leading guidebook for Polish genealogical research for over 20 years. During that time, there have been numerous advances in Polish genealogy research. As all of my reader’s know, the Internet has made the task of locating Polish ancestors much easier, as more information and images are made available online. In addition, there has been a marked rise in interest in genealogy in Poland itself, resulting in many more Polish genealogical societies and the amount of helpful information disseminated by them. The second edition of Polish Roots addresses these exciting developments, with a new Introduction, four brand-new chapters, one completely rewritten chapter, several new maps and charts, and numerous updates scattered throughout the original text.

Family Roots Publishing is now making this new book available for 15% off as an Exceptional Bargain Offer through midnight PDT Monday, October 20, 2014. Click here to Purchase.

Polish genealogy is almost completely defined by geography and history. Situated in the center of Europe, Poland has been foster mother to people of many different nationalities, especially Russians, Austrians, Germans, Ukrainians, and Lithuanians—people belonging to the nation states that exercised dominion over it. It has also been host over the centuries to Balkan and Carpathian Slavs, Jews, Prussians, Balts, Gypsies, and even Scots, so the Polish genealogical landscape is actually a mosaic. To explore it properly is to cross the overlapping boundaries of language, religion, geography, and history. The second edition of this pioneering work on Polish family history provides the American researcher with the most up-to-date tools to succeed in genealogical research in each of these areas.

The following is from the Table of Contents:


Chapter One: Valuable Records
The Trunk in the Attic
Ciocia Kasia
Church Records
Cemetery and Gravestone Records
Funeral Home Records
Church Anniversary Books
Fraternal Societies
Vital Records
U.S. Federal Census Records
U.S. Naturalization Records
Alien Registration Records
World War I Draft Registration Records
World War I Polish-American Military Records
Other Military Records
City Directories
Other Civil Records
Ships’ Passenger Lists’
Your Ancestor’s Ship
U.S. Passport Office
Russian Consular Records
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Two: Polish Genealogical Research in America
Research Libraries With Polish Materials in the U.S. and Canada
Family History Library and Family History Centers
Locality Index
International Genealogical Index
Ancestral File
Patron Microfilming Program
Polish Museum of American Archives and Library
Allen County Public Library
National Archives and Records Administration
Regional Archives of the National Archives
University of Illinois Library
National Archives of Canada
University of Pittsburgh Slavic Department
Polonica Americana Research Center
Immigration History Research Center
University of Wisconsin Library and Archives

Sources For Regional Research
Baltimore, Maryland
Connecticut and the Connecticut River Valley
Detroit, Michigan
New England and the Mid-Atlantic States
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
South Bend, Indiana
Toledo, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio

Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Three: Polish Genealogical Societies of America
Polish Genealogical Society of America
Polish Genealogical Society of California
Polish Genealogical Society of Connecticut and the Northeast, Inc.
Polish Genealogical Society of Greater Cleveland
Polish Genealogical Society of Massachusetts
Polish Genealogical Society of Michigan
Polish Genealogical Society of Minnesota
Polish Genealogical Society of New York State
Polish Genealogical Society of Texas
Toledo Polish Genealogical Society
East European Genealogical Society
Lithuanian Global Genealogical Society
Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture

Life in Poland
History of Poland
Social Classes in Poland
Magnates (Magnacy)
Nobility (Szachtha)
Peasants (Chlopy)
Loose People
Polish Heraldry
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Five: Other Ethic Groups in Poland
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Six: Geographic and Ethnic Areas of Poland
Greater Poland
Little Poland
Western Pomerania
Ruthania and Ukraine
Halich Ruthenia
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Seven: Maps and Gazetteers
Locating Your Ancestor’s Village or Town
Village Names
Land Measurements
Map Symbols
Map Coordinates
Maps of Poland
Additional Reading and Maps
Gazetteers (Geographical Dictionaries)

Chapter Eight: Research Using Records from Poland
The Big Three
Research Services in Poland
Strategy for Researching Polish Records
Missing Records
Resources at the LDS Family History Library
Additional Reading

Chapter Nine: Church Records
Religions in Poland
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church Registers
Birth/Baptismal Registers
Marriage Registers
Death/Funeral Registers
Availability of Catholic Church Records
Roman Catholic Church Archives
Additional Reading

Greek Catholic Church & Availability of Records
Russian Orthodox Church & Availability of Records
Evangelical (Lutheran) Church & Availability of Records
Mennonite Church & Availability of Records
Reformed (Protestant) Church & Availability of Records
The Hebrew Religion & Availability of Jewish Records
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Ten:Civil Records
Russian Occupied Territory & Availability of Russian Civil Records
Prussian/German-occupied Territory & Availability of Prussian/German Civil Records
Austrian Occupied Territory & Availability of Austrian Civil Records

Archives in Poland
National Archives
State Provincial Archives/Regional Archives
Local Record Offices

Records of Departure
Polish Military Records
Polish Military Records for Russian-occupied Territory
Polish Military Records for Prussian-occupied Territory
Polish Military Records for Austrian-occupied Territory
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Eleven: Surnames
Polish Surnames
Place Names
Patronymics and Matronymics
Occupational Names
Physical Appearance, Personality, and Nicknames
More About Polish Surnames
Lithuanian Surnames
Livonian Surnames
Estonian Surnames
Byelorussian Surnames
Russian Surnames
Ukrainian (Ruthenian) Surnames
Slovak and Carpatho-Ukrainian Surnames
Serbian and Croatian Surnames
Czech Surnames
Armenian Surnames
Western Slavonic Surnames
Germanic Surnames
Dutch Surnames
Jewish Surnames
Surname Research in Poland
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Twelve: Christian or First Names
Feast Days of the Saints
Polish Customs in Names Children
Common Polish Names
Ukrainian Customs in Naming Children
Ukrainian Calendar Names
German Customs in Naming Children
Jewish Customs in Naming Children
Sources and Additional Reading

Chapter Thirteen: Breaking the Language Barrier
A Timetable
The Polish Language
Language and Regional Differences
The Polish Alphabet
Pronunciation of Common Letter Combinations
Cases in the Polish Language
Nominal Surnames
Adjectival Surnames
Numbers and Dates
Polish Terms Found in Vital Records

The Latin Language
Proper Names
Numbers and Months
Latin Terms Found in Vital Records

The German Language
Proper Names
German Terms Found in Vital Records

The Russian Language
Russian Alphabet
Genealogical Research in Russia
Additional Reading

Chapter Fourteen: Writing Letters to Poland
Polish Genealogical Letter-Writing Guide

Chapter Fifteen: Additional Reading
Additional Reading – Polish Genealogical Research
Additional Reading – Maps, Gazetteers, and Surnames
Additional Reading – Languages


Chapter Sixteen: Online Polish Genealogical Research
FamilySearch Online and Family History Centers

Subscription Websites
World Vital Records

Government Records
National Archives
Civil Records
U.S. Census Records
U.S. Naturalization Records

Ships’ Passenger Lists
Passengers From German Areas
Passengers From Russian Areas
Emigration Museum in Poland

Military Records
U.S. Military Draft Registration Cards
World War I Polish-American Military Records
Polish-Americans in the U.S. Civil War

Other Records
Polish Roman Catholic Union of America
Cemetery and Gravestone Records
Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps
Plat Maps
Polish Food and Culture
Family Health History

Research Libraries with Polish Materials in America
Polish Museum of America Library and Archives
The Genealogy Center / Allen County Public Library
Polonica Americana Research Institute

Regional Research
Detroit, Michigan
Toledo, Ohio
Silesian Texans
Historical Societies

Chapter Seventeen: Online Research Using Records from Poland
General Websites
Internet Polish Genealogical Source
Discovering Roots in Poland
Poznan Project

Genealogical Societies in Poland
PTG Pomordkie Towarzystwo Genealogiczne

Government Archives
Naczelnej Dyrekeji Archiwow Panstwowych
Office of Chief Archivist of Lithuania

Diocesan and Parish Records
Parafie Ziemi Dobrzynskiej
Radom Diocese Civil Records

Maps and Gazetteers
Wikimedia Atlas of Poland
Archiwum Map Wojskowego Instytutu Georapficznego
Mapa Szukaca
JewsihGen Gazetteer

Visiting Poland – Personal Tours and Virtual Tours

Breaking the Language Barrier
Rudy’s List of Archaic Medical Terms
Navigating Polish Websites

Chapter Eighteen: Polish Genealogy Research in the Digital Age
Genealogy Software
How to Use a Digital Camera to Photograph Microfilm
Scanner Apps

There is also a List of Illustrations (many church registers and such), as well as a List of Maps found in the original Table of Contents for the Book. I have not attempted to include this in the above list from the Table of Contents.

An enthusiastic genealogist for close to 50 years, Rosemary Chorzempa has traced some branches of her Polish family back to the early 1700s. She was awarded the Polish Genealogical Society of America’s Wigilia Medal in 1999 for her contributions to the Polish Genealogical Society of America and Polish genealogy. In 2012 she was made an honorary lifetime member of the Toledo Polish Genealogical Society. Her books My Family Tree Workbook and Design Your Own Coat-of-Arms have been continuously in print since 1982 and 1987.

Polish Roots, Second Edition; by Rosemary A. Chorzempa; Published 2014; 298 pp; Soft Cover; 6×9; ISBN: 9780806320045; Item # GPC981; Available at the Family Roots Publishing website at 15% off, making it only $21.21, now through midnight PDT Monday, October 20.

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The Hobby of Genealogy is Bigger Than Ever…

The following teaser is from an article posted in the October 13, 2014 edition of


Who would have ever thought that genealogy would become a topic worthy of media giants like “Time” magazine and ABC News?

But it has. In a recent report, ABC News proclaimed that genealogy is the second most popular hobby in the United States after gardening and it is the second most-visited category of websites.

“It’s a billion dollar industry that has spawned profitable websites, television shows, scores of books and — with the advent of over-the-counter genetic test kits — a cottage industry in DNA ancestry testing,” Gregory Rodriguez wrote in “Time.”

Read the full article.

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