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FamilySearch Adds Over 10M Indexed Records & Images for Canada, Czech Republic, Ukraine, & USA

The following was received from FamilySearch:

FamilySearch.org

FamilySearch has added more than 10 million indexed records and images to collections from Canada, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, New Zealand, South Korea, Ukraine, and the United States. Notable collection updates include the 3,427,354 indexed records from the Canada Census, 1911, collection; the 1,334,575 image records from the Czech Republic, Censuses, 1800–1945, collection; and the 2,545,965 indexed records from U.S., Idaho, Southeast Counties Obituaries, 1864–2007 , collection. See the table below for the full list of updates. Search these diverse collections and more than 3.5 billion other records for free at FamilySearch.org.

Searchable historic records are made available on FamilySearch.org through the help of thousands of volunteers from around the world. These volunteers transcribe (index) information from digital copies of handwritten records to make them easily searchable online. More volunteers are needed (particularly those who can read foreign languages) to keep pace with the large number of digital images being published online at FamilySearch.org. Learn more about volunteering to help provide free access to the worldís historic genealogical records online at FamilySearch.org.

FamilySearch is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources for free at FamilySearch.org or through more than 4,600 family history centers in 132 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Collection – Indexed Records – Digital Images – Comments

Canada Census, 1911 – 3,427,354 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

Czech Republic, Censuses, 1800-1945 – 0 – 1,334,575 – Added images to an existing collection.

Dominican Republic, Civil Registration, 1801–2010 – 0 – 199,481 – Added images to an existing collection.

New Zealand, Archives New Zealand, Probate Records, 1848–1991 – 145,146 – 145,146 – Added indexed records and images to an existing collection.

South, Korea, Collection of Genealogies, 1500–2012 – 0 – 143,281 – Added images to an existing collection.

Ukraine, Kyiv Orthodox Consistory Church Book Duplicates, 1840–1845 – 386,265 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

U.S., Idaho, Southeast Counties Obituaries, 1864–2007 – 2,545,965 – 0 – Added indexed records to an existing collection.

U.S., Idaho, Southern Counties Obituaries, 1943–2013 – 585,880 – 52,677 – New indexed records and images collection.

U.S., Maine, State Archive Collections, 1718–1957 – 0 – 83,424 – Added images to an existing collection.

U.S., Maryland, Register of Wills Records, 1629–1999 – 0 – 70,174 – Added images to an existing collection.

U.S., Mormon Migration Database, 1840–1932 – 143,658 – 0 – New indexed record collection.

U.S., New York, Queens County Probate Records, 1785–1950 – 0 – 241,319 – Added images to an existing collection.

U.S., Ohio, Cuyahoga County Probate Files, 1813–1932 – 0 – 221,657 – Added images to an existing collection.

U.S., Utah Obituary Index – 372,279 – 0 – New indexed record collection.

U.S., Utah, Obituaries from Utah Newspapers, 1850–2005 – 511,361 – 0 – New indexed record collection.

U.S., Virginia, African-American Funeral Programs, 1920–2009 – 0 – 22,727 – New browsable image collection.

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Out-of-Style: A Modern Perspective on How, Why, and When Vintage Fashions Evolved

bks01Many of the books that I have reviewed have much to offer not just to genealogist but also historians, scientists, professionals and people from all walks of life. However, most of the books don’t point out their potential value to these other groups. Out-of-Style: A Modern Perspective on How, Why, and When Vintage Fashions Evolved is the first book I have come across doing these reviews which states right up front its intent is to serve not just genealogists but also groups like costume designers, theatre Companies, social historians, vintage collectors, and fashionistas. Yet, this book offers obvious value to the genealogist. Knowledge of fashion, for example, can help date old photographs. In another example, there is a history as to where and how the garments your ancestors wore were designed and made.

Author, and Illustrator, Betty Kreisel Shubert is undoubtedly an expert on fashion. She knows what she was talking about and has every faith in her own abilities. According to her Author’s Notes, she got started on this book when she found herself walking with a women carrying photographs on her way to a genealogy club meeting. With what sounds like every confidence in her own ability she told the women, “show them to me, I can tell by the clothes about when the pictures were taken.” The very next month she was asked to speak at the club, and from that moment her career went from “Costume Designer to Fashion Historian, Author-Illustrator and Columnist for Ancestry Magazine.”

Despite her seeming self assurance, Shubert spared nothing in her efforts to assure every detail in this book was covered. She talks of having as many as 18 books open at once trying to verify and resolve questions.

One of my favorite elements of the book is the illustrations. There is a unique 40′s/50′s feel to this book; yet, it was published just this year.

From the 1900s, the author reveals carefully studied fashions, looking for and sharing the everyday wardrobe. These are the clothes your ancestors wore. As the book moves into the 20th century, the content becomes more personal. Especially, the discussion from the 30s on. Here you have more than just the author’s historical perspective. These are years in which the author was hard at work in her career. Her memories are a part of the discussion.

 

Table of Contents

Decade by Decade, Illustrations and Descriptive Text

Author’s Notes: How This Book Was Born

Introduction

PART ONE – 19TH CENTURY 1830-1900

Chapter 1: Evolution In A Thimble 1830-1900

  • Illustrated Overview of the Primary Silhouettes of Each Decade 1830-1900
  • How Fashions Go Forward and Sometimes Back Again

Chapter 2: Why Hoop Skirts Were Born

  • Illustrated Chart to Identify the Shape of Hoop Skirts
  • How They Grew and Why They Died

Chapter 3: The Nine Sequential Phases Of The Rise And Fall And Rise (Again!) Of The Bustle

  • Illustrations – What Was Hiding Under Her Bustle?
  • Illustrated Chart of the Nine Phases
  • Style Clues of the Nine Phases Decade-by-Decade

Chapter 4: The Out-Of-Style Fashion Show

  • Invitation to an Out-of-Style Fashion Show
  • From Stylish to Obsolete in a Few Short Years

Chapter 5: When Proportions Change

  • Illustrations – Proportions Change at Their Most Extreme to a Completely Opposite Look
  • Beauty is in the Eye of the Beholder
  • Illustrations – Ever-Changing Erogenous Zones
  • The Pressure to Conform (Even if it Kills You!)
  • Illustrations – Foot Fetishes and Fashion Victims
  • The Pressure to Conform (Even if it Gives You Bunions!)
  • Arrested Development: Women Who Wait Too Long

Chapter 6: How Undergarments Affected The Posture And Shape Of Women’s Bodies

  • CORSETS
    • Illustrations – How the Changing Shape of Corsets Changed the Shape of Women and Their Clothes
    • All About Corsets … (How Fitting!)
    • Tight Lacing
    • Beauty is in the Eye of the Beholder
    • A Good Body Never Goes Out-of-Style
  • BRASSIERES
    • From Upholstered Bodies to “LOOK MA! … NO BRA!”
    • From Thick Stockings to Sheer Pantyhose in a Few Hundred Years
    • News Flash! … 600 Year Old Bra Found in Medieval Castle!

Chapter 7: Special Occasion Clothes

  • REFORM DRESS
    • Illustrations – The Milestones of Reform Dress
    • The Milestones of Reform Dress and the Birth of the Bloomer Girl
    • Illustration – “We Got the Vote.”…1920
  • WEDDINGS
    • Illustrations – Wedding Veils and Hairstyles 1840s-1920s
    • Is She Wearing Her Own New Wedding Gown or Her Mother’s?
  • MATERNITY CLOTHES
    • Illustrations – Maternity Clothes
    • The Comfort of Mother Hubbard Dresses While “Heavy with Child” (aka pregnant)
  • MOURNING DRESS
    • Illustrations – First Phase Mourning Dress
    • How to Recognize Mourning Clothes in a Vintage Photograph
    • The Four Stages of Mourning in 19th Century
    • Mourning in the 20th Century
    • Mourning Dress Is Dead!
    • The Colors of Mourning
    • Life (And Weddings) Must Go On
    • Mourning Jewelry
  • BATHING SUITS
    • Illustration – From Baggy Bloomers to Sexy Bikinis 1850s-1950s
    • The Evolution of Bathing Suits

Chapter 8: Modern Improvements

  • PHOTOGRAPHY
    • Illustration –Vintage Camera…”See the Birdie”?
    • How Early Photography Froze Moments In Time, So that We Can Look at the Past
  • SEWING MACHINES
    • The First Sewing Machines
    • Illustration – What an Old Sew and Sew!
  • WASHING MACHINES
    • Illustration – Before Washing Machines and Dryers
    • Wash Day Over a Wash Tub
  • HAIRSTYLES
    • Illustration – Permanent Wave Machine
    • Women’s Hairstyle Notes – 19th to 20th Century

Chapter 9: How To Trace Your Ancestors… Literally!

  • Illustrated Instructions – How to Trace Your Ancestors
  • Style Clues That Result From Tracings

Chapter 10: Overview – Women’s Clothes 1840-1900

  • Style Clues for the Fashion Detective
  • Illustrations and Descriptive Text Decade-by-Decade
  • 1840-1850s
  • 1850-1860s
  • 1860-1870s
  • 1870-1880s
  • 1880-1890s
  • 1890-1900

Chapter 11: Overview – Men’s Clothes 1840-1900

  • Illustrations and Descriptive Text
  • 1840-1850s
  • 1850-1860s
  • 1860-1870s
  • 1870-1880s
  • 1880-1890s
  • 1890-1900

Chapter 12: Children’s Clothes 19th Century

  • Illustrations – From Pantaloons to Pants
  • When Little Boys Wore Dresses and Little Girls Wore Pantaloons
  • Illustration – Little Lord Fauntleroy and His Sister
  • Overview – The Small World of 19th Century Children

Chapter 13: Boys’ Clothes 1840-1900

  • Illustrations and Descriptive Text Decade-by-Decade
  • 1840-1850s
  • 1850-1860s
  • 1860-1870s
  • 1870-1880s
  • 1880-1890s
  • 1890-1900

Chapter 14: Girls’ Clothes 1840-1900

  • Illustrations and Descriptive Text Decade-by-Decade
  • 1840-1850s
  • 1850-1860s
  • 1860-1870s
  • 1870-1880s
  • 1880-1890s
  • 1890-1900

PART TWO – 20TH CENTURY 1900-1960

Chapter 15: Overview

  • Illustrations – Evolution of Hemlines in 100 years
  • Overview: The Bottom Line About Hemlines and The March to Modernity 1900-2000

Chapter 16: The First Two Decades 1900-1920

  • Illustrations 1900-1910 – Women’s Dress Variations
  • Turn of Century Silhouettes
  • Illustrations 1910-1920 – Women’s Dress Variations
  • Designer Paul Poiret and the Demise of The Hourglass Figure
  • How Tailor-Made Suits and Sears, Roebuck Catalogs Helped Unify America
  • Shirtwaist Blouses and Show Biz Gossip
  • The Color Alice-Blue and The Birth of Teddy Bears
  • Illustration – Child with Teddy Bear
  • Illustrations – Hats 1900-1914
  • The Changing Shapes of Millinery 1900-1920s
  • Illustrations – 1906-1920

Chapter 17: America On The Road

  • Illustrations – Auto Touring Clothes
  • Automobile Touring Clothes
  • Photograph: 1916 Elgin automobile
  • How WWI Jodphurs and Riding Britches Replaced Dusters and Hats

Chapter 18: Fashion Changes 1920-1960

  • THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • Illustrations – Dress Variations 1920-1930
    • Who Put the Roar in the Roaring Twenties?
    • Illustrations – Hats and Hairstyles 1920-1930
  • THE “GREAT DEPRESSION” AND THE GOLDEN AGE OF RADIO
    • Everything Changed in the 1930s
    • Illustrations – Dress Variations 1930s
    • Illustrations – Hats 1930s
  • FASHIONS OF THE FORTIES AND HOLLYWOOD BLVD.
    • Illustrations – Hats 1940s
    • Illustrations – Hairstyles 1940s
    • Illustrations – Dress Variations 1940s
    • Fashions of the Forties and Hollywood Boulevard
    • The “Frantic Forties” Party Invitation
    • Newspaper Article
  • THE “NEW LOOK” HAS A LONGER SKIRT (AGAIN!) 1947-1950s
    • Illustrations – Dress Variations 1950s
    • The “New Look” for Women (and the “New Look” for Movies and Las Vegas) in the 1950s
    • Illustrations – Hair Styles 1950s
    • Phenomenon of the Fifties Felt Skirt
    • Illustration of the “Poodle Skirt”
    • Fashion Photo 1934
    • The Changing Styles of Fashion Photography
    • The Origin of Fashion Shows
    • Chanel’s Influence on Clothes Designed for The Movies
    • Authenticity of Period Costumes Designed for The Movies

Chapter 19: The Psychology Of Clothes

  • The Blue Velveteen Suit
  • The Eccentric Dresser
  • What is “Good Taste”?
  • The Twenty-five-year-old Dress – When do “Old” clothes Become “Vintage” Clothes?

Chapter 20: Overview, Men’s Clothes – 20th Century

  • Style Clues for the Fashion Detective
  • Descriptive Text 1900-1960s
  • Zippers and the Prince of Wales
  • The “New Look” for Men … Early 1950s
  • Illustrations – Foreign Cars Invade America
  • Illustrations 1900-1910
  • Illustrations 1910-1920
  • Illustrations 1920-1930
  • Illustrations 1930-1940
  • Illustrations 1940-1950
  • Illustrations 1950-1960

Chapter 21: Overview, Boys’ And Girls’ Clothes

  • Long Denims and Short-Shorts
  • Sears, Roebuck Catalog Prices at Turn-of-the-Century Illustrations: Boys and Girls Together
  • Illustrations 1900-1910
  • Illustrations 1910-1920
  • Illustrations 1920-1930
  • Illustrations 1930-1940
  • Illustrations 1940-1950
  • Illustrations 1950-1960

Photo: Visit to the Costume Collection at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London
Betty’s Bio
Bibliography
Recommended Sources
Index

 

Out-of-Style: A Modern Perspective on How, Why, and When Vintage Fashions Evolved is available at Family Roots Publishing.

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Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration: A British Government Redemptioner Project to Manufacture Naval Stores

Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration: A British Government Redemptioner Project to Manufacture Naval Stores is a scholarly book, full of details and amassed facts in an effort to explain the mass migrations from the war torn Rhine Valley in the early 1700s.  The Palatines were driven from their homes, into the British Empire, by circumstance and desire for a war-free life. Promises were made and hope for something better drove thousands to flee only to be hampered at every turn as politicians, monarchs, and business ventures debated and held in fist the fates of these emigrants. Despite it all, many of these German emigrants and their descendants have played major roles in the American colonies and the overall welfare of what became the United Sates.

History buffs and family historians alike will appreciate the efforts the author has made to uncover the real driving factors, political and  personal, that led to so many Palatines fleeing their homes and seeking refuge throughout the British Empire, including Ireland and the New World. Through a careful and emotionally controlled review of facts, Knittle has made connections and uncovered facts which, in many cases, go against the presumptions and stories that have endured for hundreds of years. Take this example from the introduction written by Dixon Ryan Fox:

“For example, it has usually been state that the Palatine’s disgust for the treatment they had received in New York was an important factor in diverting subsequent German settlement from that province into Pennsylvania. By cool analysis the present author reveals how untenable is this thesis. He has been ready to throw out the dramatic and the picturesque when clouded with doubt or founded on error. He cites the ‘interesting legend’ set forth by his predecessors which had it that the five Mohawk Indians taken by Peter Schulyer to London were so grieved at the plight of the Palatines, then encamped on Blackhearth, that they gave the Schoharie Valley to the Queen on consideration that’s she would bestow it upon the emigrants; then he points out that the Palatines sailed from London before the Indians sailed from Boston, that four of the five Indians were not sachems and had no authority to grant Mohawk lands and that these lands were subsequently ceded at Albany to the province with no reference to the Palatines.”

The book contains a bonus for those whose ancestry leads back to these early German settlers. Contained within these pages are lists totaling around 12,000 Palatine names.

Uncover these truths for yourself, order your copy of Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration: A British Government Redemptioner Project to Manufacture Naval Stores from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: HBK1977, Price: $27.93.

 

Contents

Key to Footnote Citations

I. The Causes of the Early “Palatine” Emigrations

A. The emigrations studied

B. Area in Germany affected by the emigrations

C. Causes

1. Devastation of War

2. Severe winter of 1708

3. Oppressive taxation

4. Religion and land hunger

5. Liberal advertising of British colonies

6. Favorable attitude of British government

a. The aid given to foreign Protestants

b. The naturalization act of 1709

II. The Small Palatine Emigration of 1708

A. Members of the band

B. The trip down the Rhine River

C. Generous treatment in England

D. the settlement at Newburgh, New York

E. Financial difficulties of the colony

1. Kocherhal’s connection with the 1709 emigration

III. The 1709 Palatine Emigration

A. The emigration toward England

1. The preparations in Germany

2. The journey down the Rhine River

3. Subsistence and transportation to England supplied by the British government

4. The attempts to halt the unexpectedly large migration

B. The Palatines in England

1. The size of the immigration

2. The care of the Palatines in London

3. condition of the Palatines

4. Relations of Palatines with English populace

5. The difficulties of the government in relieving itself of the expense of the Palatines in London

a. Attempts to keep lists fail

b. Rio de la Plata proposal

c. Employment in Welsh mines

d. Newfoundland fisheries proposal

e. The proposal to settle in western England (Marquis of Kent)

f. West Indies proposal

g. Attempts to settle in England

h. Proposal to settle in Scilly Islands

i. Proposed settlement in Jamaica

j. Enlistments

k. The return of the Papists to Holland

C. Reasons for the absence of proposals from William Penn

IV. The Palatine Settlements in Ireland and North Carolina

A. Ireland

1. The invitation to send Palatines to Ireland

2. The Commissioners for Settling the poor distressed Palatines in Ireland

3. The government subsidies become objects of speculation

4. The desertion of the settlements

5. The attempts to make the settlement successful

a. Mr. Crockett’s mission

b. Subsidies for twenty-one years

6. The assimilation of the Palatines

B. North Carolina

1. Lords Proprietors’ proposal

2. Michel and his Swiss emigrants

3. Graffenried’s opportunity

4. Voyage and settlement under adverse conditions

5. Political difficulties in North Carolina

6. The Indian Massacre

7. The financial difficulties cause the failure of the settlement

8. The settlers without titles to their lands go to the frontier

V. The British Naval Stores Problem and ht Origin of the New York Settlement Scheme

A. Naval Stores—an English necessity

B. History of the Stockholm (Swedish) Tar Companies

1. Early companies

2. The 1689 Company pushes its advantage

3. The English desire for the carrying trade

4. The unfavorable balance of trade with Sweden

5. The Northern War makes conditions worse

C. The early interest in colonial production of naval stores

D. The attempts to secure colonial naval stores up to 1708

1. The request for importation birds

2. The Navy Board commissioners investigate New England possibilities

3. Governor Bellmont’s interest in the problem

4. The Bounty Act of 1704

5. The fear of woolen manufacturers in the northern colonies

6. Bridger appointed Surveyor of Woods

E. The Origin of the New York settlement scheme

1. Naval stores mentioned incidentally for Palatines of 1708

2. The Scotch settlement proposal of 1705

3. The Society scheme drawn up by Halifax

4. The proposal to settle Palatines in New York

F. The decision and plans form a government settlement in New York

G. The reasons for selecting New York

VI. A Government Redemptioner System

A. Preparation for settlement in New York

1. The optimistic expectations

2. Lands and conditions of grants suggested

3. The covenant requested by Hunter and agreed upon

4. War supplies and a minister

5. Transportation

B. The voyage

1. Time of sailing

2. Poor conditions on voyage

C. The reception in New York

D. The legend of the Indian gift of Schoharie

E. The search for suitable site for making naval stores

F. The settlement on Livingston Manor

VII. The Government Tar Industry in Operation

A. The conditions of life in the Hudson River settlements

B. The management

1. The organization

a. For supervision of the project

b. For maintenance of order

2. The supplies

a. Sources of supplies

b. System of distribution

c. Complaints about bad food

d. Charges of cupidity

3. The finances

a. The first year’s costs

b. The request for further grants DuPre’s return to London

c. The non-committal attitude of the Tory Treasury

C. The manufacturing of tar

1. Bridger’s defection

2. The 1711 expedition against Canada

3. Sackett, Bridger’s successor, in charge

4. The Palatine Commission to forward the work

5. Signs of progress int the tar-making

6. Tar manufacturing methods

7. Poor results from Palatine efforts

D. The reasons for the failure

1. Poor instruction and unwilling labor

2. Financial difficulties force the end of government subsistence

3. The effect of the “Ministerial Revolution” of  1710 upon the venture

4. The parliamentary investigation of the Palatine immigration in 1711

5. Hunter’s attempt to collect the debts incurred

VIII. The Palatine Settlements on the Frontier of the Old West

A. The dispersal

1. The Palatines receive permission to leave the government project

2. The suffering of the Germans in the winter of 1712

3. The Palatine preparations to go to Schoharie

4. The method of acquiring land titles

B. The Schoharie frontier settlements

1. Journey to Schoharie

2. The seven villages of the Palatines

3. Starting life all over in the Schoharie Valley

4. Social conditions

C. Relations with the provincial government

1. Reasons for Hunter’s opposition

2. the Bayard incident

3. The grant of the Palatine lands to the Seven Partners

4. Pressure on the Germans to accept the terms

5. The Vrooman incidents and the attempt to arrest Weiser

6. The Palatine mission to London

7. Hunter’s return to England and his opposition

D. The Palatines extend the frontier in the Mohawk Valley and the “Great Valley” of Pennsylvania

1. Governor Burnet’s orders and the first grants in the Mohawk Valley

2. The movement to the Tulpehocken section, around Womelsdorf, Pennsylvania

3. More Palatine grants and purchases in the Mohawk Valley

4. The continuation of Palatine immigrations to Pennsylvania

5. Reasons for the choice of Pennsylvania rather than New York

6. The New York naturalization act of 1715

7. The importance of pamphlet advertising in the Rhineland

E. The Palatines as frontiersmen

1. The hopes of the Board of Trade

2. The relations of the Palatines with the French and Indians

3. A suggested modification of Frederick Jackson Tuner’s thesis of the frontier influence

IX. Conclusion

X. Bibliography

A. Bibliographical guides

B. Primary Sources

1. Manuscript

2. Published

a. Official

b. Unofficial

C. Secondary Sources

1. General works

2. Special works

3. Periodical and learned society contributions

XI. Appendices-introduction to

A. The Kocherthal Party-the 1708 Emigration

B. The First Board of Trade List of Palatines in London (May 6, 1709)

C. The Embarkation Lists from Holland

D. The Roman Catholic Palatines Returned to Holland

E. The New York Subsistence List

F. The Simmendinger Register

G. The Pennsylvania Palatine Lists

H. The Petition List of Palatines in North Carloina

I. The Irish Palatine List

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Stage-Coach and Tavern Days

hbe0820Growing up I read my share of novels. Many of these included fantasy stories where taverns often play a major role as meeting place, rest stop, and center of information. Then there were the stories of the “wild west” where gun fights and town business seem to always center around shady activities and entertainment found in the nearest saloon. Though I knew from history, taverns and inns have often, if not always, played a major role as a community meeting place, as well as a way point for travelers, little did I think about the role of such in early America. Yet, according to Stage-Coach and Tavern Days, by Alice Morse Earle, these facilities were critical to the early colonies. Some colonial governments even made it law that each town have an operating “ordinary” or “a common victuallying house” or pay penalties.

This book offers an interesting view into the “enormous role of taverns and modes of travel in colonial culture.” The book speaks of America’s famous Revolutionaries plotting for Independence within tavern walls. Economic growth and decisions were shaped by alcohol and its sale in taverns. Even turnpikes popped up along old “Indian paths” when a tavern stood along the route.

The first chapter offers insight into Puritan life in a way many don’t consider when thinking of these early settlers for who religion dominated much of their lifestyle. Yet, for most towns, the ordinary was second in importance only to the church. Here people gathered, took and shared the news, filled their social needs and found entertainment.

Through 19 chapters, “both light-hearted and serious,” the author explores in detail the role of taverns and early transportation in the colonies. These facilities date back to even the earliest periods. This book offers more than 150 illustrations; plus, an index of names, subjects, and places (including names of taverns). Learn of the role entertainment and enticements, bans and approval for games both of chance and challenge, and the ever present spirits. Stories and personal quotes add to Alice Earle’s narrative; truly, making the book both informative as well as fun to read.

 

Contents

  1. The Puritan Ordinary
  2. Old-time Taverns
  3. The Tavern Landlord
  4. Tavern Fate and Tavern Ways
  5. Kill-devil and its Affines
  6. Small Drink
  7. Signs and Symbols
  8. The Tavern in War
  9. The Tavern Panorama
  10. From Path to Turnpike
  11. Packhorse and Conestoga Wagon
  12. Early Stage-coaches and Other Vehicles
  13. Two Stage Veterans of Massachusetts
  14. A Staging Centre
  15. The Stage-driver
  16. The Romance of the Road
  17. The Pains of Stage-coach Travel
  18. Knights of the Road
  19. Tavern Ghosts

 

Pick up a copy of Stage-Coach and Tavern Days from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $35.77.

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Genealogy Standards: 50th Anniversary Edition – On Sale for 15% Off Thru Thursday, March 6

tp187The Board for Certification of Genealogists [BCG] has just released a major upgrade to its book, Genealogy Standards: 50th Anniversary Edition. For the record, that is 50 years of the BCG. The guidebook is 14 years old. The Standards were first released in 2000 after a three year initiative to create a combined and clear standard by which all genealogists, not just those certified by the BCG, could conduct and organize their research. After 14 years of progress, learning, and technical advances it was time for a refresh.

Since my own first real introduction to genealogy, back in high school, I recognized a strong need for evidence and accuracy in research. Though not a certified genealogist myself, my feelings on the matter are reflected by the BCG; or rather, my position reflects that of the BCG where they state in the first lines of the introduction:

“Accuracy is fundamental to genealogical research. Without it, a family’s history would be fiction.”

“This manual presents the standards family historians use to obtain valid results.” I believe this should and does apply to all genealogists, not just those certified or hoping to become so. All genealogists need to follow the basic parameters as addressed by these standards in the areas of:

  • documentation
  • research planning and execution,
  • reasoning from evidence
  • compiling research results
  • education
  • ongoing development of knowledge and skills

I look at it in terms of what previous family research I have been able to obtain from family members, and the amount of rework necessary to verify the accuracy, and often inaccuracy, of data obtained from non-cited and unverified sources. Why should one of my descendents have to do the work yet again because I fail to follow some basic guidelines in my research practices?

As mentioned above, this guidebook offers an upgrade to the previous standards. This new slimmer package includes changes that better handle Internet and electronic-based resources, as well as other improved practices learned over the years. There are now 83 standards, up from 72; though, most reflect a change in organization where multi-part standards are now broken into their own sections. Following norms practiced in standards development across many research fields, these standards are broken into two main types:

  • Product standards – “qualities of useful outcomes”
  • Process standards – “activities leading to useful outcomes”

Despite these changes, the guide is much smaller than the millennial version. The slimmer guide simply lists the standards with explanations. The examples are now available on the BCG website instead of in the printed manual. Now the guide is easy to carry around and lighter to thumb through for a quick reference as needed.

The average, everyday, happy-to-have-a-hobby genealogist will find their own research more productive, easier to manage, and ultimately more satisfying if they follow the easy to read and easily applied standards found in this guidebook. Many professional genealogists may already apply most of theses standards to their daily research, but it doesn’t hurt to have a nice compact copy to take with you when you travel about or as a desk reference.

We purchased 80 copies to run on sale this week. When they run out, it will take another week or so to get more in stock – so if you want a copy, order now. There has been a lot of buzz about this book, so we expect to sell our stock quickly.

Your own personal copy of Genealogy Standards: 50th Anniversary Edition is available from Family Roots Publishing at 15% off through Midnight MST Thursday, March 6, 2014.

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Bleeding Kansas – Part 1: Historical Timeline – Events Leading to “Bleeding Kansas”

The following article by my good friend, William Dollarhide:

“Bleeding Kansas” is a reference to the bloody battles that took place in Kansas Territory from its founding in 1854 to statehood in 1861. Kansas Territory was a pre-Civil War battlefield between the Pro-Slavery and Free-Stater forces. The significant events leading up to Bleeding Kansas start with an American Congress dealing with the issue of slavery. From the initial founding of the United States until the first shots of the Civil War in 1861, the slavery issue was a huge dividing force in America. Extracted partially from Dollarhide’s book, Genealogical Resources of the Civil War Era, here is a timeline of the Pro-Slave vs Free-Stater votes in Congress beginning in 1790:

1790. The Treaty of Paris of 1783 recognized the original thirteen states as the United States of America. There were six southern states where slavery was officially recognized as legal. Seven states north of the Mason-Dixon Line had very few slaves but de facto slavery still existed. The 1790 census included the 14th state of Vermont (with a census day of 1 April 1791). Vermont was the first state with a constitution that forbid slavery. In the US Senate (with two senators from each state), there were now six slave states south of the Mason-Dixon Line, and eight states north of there. In the US House, the representation was based on population, and the larger slave populations in the southern states offset the advantage of the northern states, and the votes in the House remained very near equal. (The House vote was to remain equal or closely divided until well after 1850).

1800. After admitting the two Pro-Slave states of Kentucky (1792) and Tennessee (1796), the Senate was equally balanced with eight states south of the Mason-Dixon Line and eight states north of there.

1810. The states north of the Mason-Dixon Line now all had laws officially forbidding slavery. Ohio entered the Union in 1803 as a free state, tipping the balance to eight slave states vs nine free states.

1820. Indiana (1816) and Illinois (1818) joined the Union as free states; while Louisiana (1812) , Mississippi (1817), and Alabama (1819) were admitted as slave states, and the Senate was balanced again, with eleven free states vs eleven slave states.

1830. The “Missouri Compromise of 1820″ in Congress allowed Missouri (1821) to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine (1820) as a free state, thus keeping the balance of slave and free states equal in Congress at twelve free and twelve slave states. Although Missouri became a slave state, the remainder of the old Missouri Territory areas north of Latitude 36° 30,’ including present Kansas, were supposed to be forever free of slavery.

1840. The admission of the free state of Michigan (1836) and the slave state of Arkansas (1837), continued the balance, with thirteen free states and thirteen slave states.

1850. With the admission of the slave states of Florida and Texas in 1845, and the free states of Iowa (1846), Wisconsin (1848), and California (1850), the new total came to sixteen free states and fifteen slave states. As it turned out, Texas was the last slave state to enter the Union, and the balance of power began to shift towards the North even more. One of the last ditch stands by the southern states in Congress was the “Compromise of 1850,” which specified that any new territories formed thereafter were to choose whether they would be free states or slave states. Previously, that decision had always been made by a vote in Congress.

1854-1859. On May 30, 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act passed Congress and the territories of Kansas and Nebraska were organized. As first specified in the “Compromise of 1850,” this 1854 Organic Act provided that after a vote of its people, any proposed state constitution submitted to Congress should have a provision permitting or forbidding slavery. As such, the Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which had prohibited slavery north of Latitude 36°30.´ Nebraska Territory was seen as a free-state shoo-in, with many of its first settlers coming from the existing free state of Iowa and other northern free states. Kansas Territory, however, was just west of the slave state of Missouri, and was seen by many southerners as a potential slave state. When Kansas Territory was officially opened to settlement in 1854, pro-slavery settlers from neighboring Missouri rushed to the new territory. But, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England marshalled their forces and sent settlers to Kansas Territory as well. The area was to become the scene of violence and chaos in its early days as the Pro-Slave and Anti-Slave forces battled, and became known as Bleeding Kansas. Annual censuses taken by Kansas Territory, 1855-1859, asked questions about a voter’s preference on the slavery issue: whether for, against, or without an opinion. The early census results were challenged for their accuracy, since thousands of non-residents invaded the territory just to be included in a census tally. In the territory’s first year, pro-slavery voters dominated the towns. During that time, there were three territorial capitals: Pawnee, Shawnee Mission, and Fort Leavenworth. From 1855 to 1861, the final territorial capital was the town of Lecompton.

✓ NOTE: Territorial Kansas Timeline, 1854-1861, is a webpage sponsored by the Kansas Historical Society. The Timeline gives a year-by-year look at the events and battles of Bleeding Kansas, when the fight for statehood was between Free-Staters and Pro-Slavery advocates. See
www.territorialkansasonline.org/~imlskto/cgi-bin/index.php?SCREEN=timeline.

1857-1859. Under the provisions of the 1854 Organic Act, Kansas Territory submitted four proposed state constitutions to Congress. The second, and most controversial constitution is referred to historically as the “Lecompton Constitution of 1857” and would have admitted Kansas as a slave state. The proposed Lecompton Constitution was submitted to Congress for approval in 1858 and became part of the intense national debate on the slavery issue. The Lecompton Constitution was a main subject of the famous Abraham Lincoln vs Stephen Douglas debates held in Illinois in 1858. Congress rejected the Lecompton Constitution, and Kansas Territory did not become a state until a new territorial legislature was elected; and after the fourth (Wyandotte Constitution) was submitted to Congress in 1859.

1860. With the addition of the free states of Minnesota (1858) and Oregon (1859), the imbalance increased to eighteen free states vs fifteen slave states. In November 1860, the new Republican Party elected its first President in Abraham Lincoln, along with a slim majority in Congress. By the end of 1860, the first successions of southern states from the Union began, and the Confederate States of America was founded soon after.

1861. Jan 29th. Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state with the same boundaries as today. Between 1854 and 1861, Kansas Territory had seen several proposed state constitutions and several territorial censuses, as well as an official congressional investigation into voting frauds and the accuracy of the censuses. But, after considerable effort, the free-state advocates won out. Kansas entered the Union as a free state, and its votes opposed to slavery now contributed to a new majority in Congress. Soon after statehood, Topeka become the capital of the state of Kansas. Less than four months after Kansas statehood, the first shots of the Civil War were fired April 12, 1861.

Coming soon: Bleeding Kansas-Part 2: Genealogical Resources from the Era of Kansas Territory, 1854-1861.

Further reading:
Genealogical Resources of the Civil War Era, by William Dollarhide
Kansas Name Lists: Online and Published Censuses and Substitutes, 1854-2012, by William Dollarhide

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The British Newspaper Archive Starts Digitizing 8 New Titles

The following news release was received from Amy Sell:

More than 8 million newspaper pages from 1710-1954 are now available to search at The British Newspaper Archive (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk).

In the last month, the website has started digitising the newspaper archives of eight new titles. These cover England, Scotland and Northern Ireland and include the London Evening Standard, Glasgow’s Daily Record and the Northern Whig.

The first years from the following new titles have been added to The British Newspaper Archive:

· Biggleswade Chronicle, covering 1912
· Daily Record, covering 1914-1915
· Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser, covering 1864
· London Evening Standard, covering 1860-1862 and 1866-1867
· Newcastle Evening Chronicle, covering 1915
· Northern Whig, covering 1869-1870
· Surrey Comet, covering 1854-1857 and 1859-1870
· Watford Observer, covering 1864-1865, 1867, 1869-1870

You’ll find more information and links to these new additions at http://blog.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/2014/08/07/8-new-titles-including-the-london-evening-standard/

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Washington State Genealogical Society’s Annual Conference is August 15 & 16!

The following excerpt is from the August 7, 2014 edition of heraldnet.com:

ARLINGTON [Washington] — The Washington State Genealogical Society’s annual conference is set to bring together about 300 people fascinated by family histories.

It’s a record turnout for the event, according to the Stillaguamish Valley Genealogical Society, which is hosting this year’s conference in Arlington.

The two-day event starts Aug. 15 in the Byrnes Performing Arts Center at 18821 Crown Ridge Blvd. It costs $90, with a $5 discount for members of the Washington State or Stillaguamish Valley genealogical societies.
Ruth Caesar, president of the Stillaguamish Valley Genealogical Society, said grants and donations helped keep the event affordable for people coming from around the country. It’s open to the public and she encourages anyone who is interested in genealogy to attend.

Workshops run throughout Friday and Saturday. Presenters are scheduled to teach people how to use online resources to trace their family history; where to find and how to handle specialized records; and what options are available for publishing genealogical research.

The conference’s keynote speaker is D. Joshua Taylor, president of the Federation of Genealogical Societies and data strategy manager for www.findmypast.com in the U.S. and Canada. He’s been featured on television shows like “The Genealogy Roadshow” on PBS and “Who Do You Think You Are?” on NBC and TLC.

Read the full article.

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Map Guide to German Parish Registers – Volumes 1 thru 45 – On Sale for 25% Off Plus a FREE PDF eBook For 1 Week Only!

Category list for German Books

For the first  time since they began publication of the Map Guide to German Parish Registers series a decade ago, Family Roots Publishing Co. is offering all individual soft cover books, Volumes 1 through 45 at 25% off! That makes them just $26.21 per book (reg. $34.95). This sale ends Thursday August 14, 2014 at Midnight PDT. FRPC is running the sale for a full week in order to allow individuals, societies and libraries time to decide and/or get approval for the purchase of multiple copies, if needed. Note that “sets” of the books are not included in this sale.

The reduced price promotion does not include Volumes 46 through 48, for East Prussia, which are also in print, but just came into publication in the last two quarters. However, we are including the FREE PDF eBook download mentioned below.

BONUS PDF eBook Download!

As a bonus, FRPC will throw in a free immediate PDF download of Leland Meitzler’s popular eBook, German Genealogy Research Online – Tips and Links with every book purchased.

Written in English by Kevan Hansen, the volumes were principally written to help family historians resolve where their family may have gone to church – and left vital records behind that may be seen today. The series is still in production. In many cases, even the smallest places are listed in this series – some with as little population as one person! These places are as of about 1870. If the place existed prior to that date, it will most likely be listed. If the place was named after that date, the chances drop.

The online description of each book includes an index listing every town found in that book. To search across the entire database for any particular German town, Click here, enter the name of the town in the Search Box, click on “Description Only,” and then click Search. Note that many town names can be found in multiple books, as there are often multiple towns by any paricular name.

Each volume of the series does the following:

 

  • Identifies the parish where an ancestor worshipped based on where they lived.
  • Gives the FHL microfilm number for the family’s parish records.
  • Identifies nearly every city, town, and place that included residents.
  • Visually identifies church parishes for Lutherans & Catholics in each district.
  • Identifies adjoining parishes in case an ancestor attended an alternate parish.
  • Aids in area searches, particularly across district or regional borders.
  • Provides visual identification of search areas in which to look for a family.
  • Helps in determining proximity of one area to another.
  • Aids in determining reasonable distances of travel from one area to another.
  • Identifies population centers in each parish.
  • Identifies archives, repositories, and other resources.
  • Aids in identification of the location of minority religions. 

Books covering the following old German states are now available: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following volumes are not yet in print:

  • Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia (2 vols.) 
  • Province of Posen, Kingdom of Prussia (2 vols.) 
  • Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (3 vols.) 
  • Remaining Free Cities (2 vols.)

 

Again, Family Roots Publishing Co. is offering all soft cover volumes of the Map Guide to German Parish Registers, Volumes 1 through 45 at 25% off! That makes them just $26.21 per book (reg. $34.95). This sale ends Thursday August 14, 2014 at Midnight PDT.

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The Idaho State Historical Museum Closes for Renovation

Idaho Historical Museum

The following teaser is from the ktvb.com website. Click on the link to view the full article, as well as a video.

BOISE — Museum-goers got one last chance to visit the Idaho State Historical Museum before it closes for an extended, three-year renovation and expansion project.

The museum hosted a “One Last Look” event Sunday. It gave patrons the opportunity to check out some of the exhibits and artifacts, detailing Idaho’s history, before they’re packed away and stored.

Museum-goers also got to see floor plans and renderings of what the museum will look like after completion.

When it re-opens, the museum will be almost 14,000 square feet larger that its current space, which originally opened in 1950 and has undergone several expansion and renovations since then.

Read the full article.

Also see: Idaho State History Museum plans for $10M renovation

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Early Oregonians Database added at Ancestry.com

The following teaser is from an excellent article written by Hannah Hoffman for the Statesman Journal, and posted August 5, 2014 on their website.

A database of Oregon residents before it became a state has been picked up by Ancestry.com, the primary genealogy website in the country, giving people across the country searchable access to thousands of records predating 1860.

The “Early Oregonians Database Index” was added to the national genealogy website in July. It contains more than 100,000 entries and includes both settlers and Native Americans who already lived in the Oregon Territory.

Ancestry paid the state $1,500 for access to the database, said Layne Sawyer, manager of reference services. The company will make the database available to subscribers, but it is free on the Oregon Archives website for anyone who would like to use it.

The project began about a decade ago, Sawyer said, in preparation for Oregon’s 150th anniversary of statehood in 2009.

Read the full article.

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“Finding a North Carolina Revolutionary War Ancestry” Webinar With Craig Scott

The following was received from the North Carolina Genealogical Society:

21 November 2014. The North Carolina Genealogical Society will present a webinar featuring Craig R. Scott, CG, “Finding a North Carolina Revolutionary War Ancestry”.

North Carolinians were active participants in the Revolutionary War, providing men, supplies, and support for the revolutionary cause. Records were created before, during, and after the war. There is more to research than complied military service records and pension application files, such as public claims, pension ledgers, and pension payment vouchers. Records are found in the National Archives, Ancestry.com, Fold3.com, the State Library and Archives, and in some unexpected places. Clues to information on ancestors and descendants can be found in the lineage application papers of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Sons of the American Revolution.

See the NCGS website: www.ncgenealogy.org for more details and dates of free viewing of the recording of this webinar.

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Evidence Explained – Citing History Sources From Artifacts To Cyberspace – Second Edition

When I first picked up Evidence Explained, Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace, I read the Foreword and Acknowledgemen,t then skimmed a few pages. I immediately shut the book and said something to the effect of, “this is too academic.” Then I thought about it. My friend and the author, Elizabeth Shown Mills, is an academic. Now, before you get excited, let me explain.

I find practiced scholars and academics have a particular way of writing. I would not wish to read a novel written in such a style or tone. However, a thoroughly vetted and practical guide such as Evidence Explained merits the tone of academia and is well served, in this case, by the author’s expertise and serious approach to the subject of citation. I cannot imagine a more thorough rendering of citation for all types of sources. Mills has gone far beyond the basics of citing books, newspapers, and other common sources. She has taken on all types of records from archives and artifacts to church records to just about any resource a genealogist might come across.

The book also goes into the often confusing area of citing digital sources. Websites, audio files, podcasts, microfilm, reprints, and revisions all receive significant coverage. Chapter by chapter, each reference category is covered in two parts. First, a list of citation models, including first reference and additional referencing options, shows how to create the various citations. Each is listed by media or source type. For example, under the chapter for Censuses, models include: original manuscripts, digital images online commercial site, digital images online archives (France), microfilm Native-American Tribal Census, and many more.

Following the list of models in each chapter, an additional list of guidelines and examples are given. These guidelines examine issues and usage elements the researcher may need to consider when citing sources. For example, again under the Census chapter, items include: ‘Ancient’ vs. ‘Modern’ Censuses, arrangement of elements in reference notes, citing dates of enumeration, citing roll numbers, etc.

Evidence Explained is used by many in the genealogy world. Some consider it the premier source on citation. Other historians even teach citation to fellow researchers strictly using this book as a guide. The table of contents seems too short for the depth of knowledge found in all 885 pages.

Table of Contents

Foreward

1 Fundamentals of Evidence Analysis

2 Fundamentals of Citation

3 Archives & Artifacts

4 Business & Institutional Records

5 Cemetery Records

6 Census Records

7 Church Records

8 Local & State Records: Courts & Governance

9 Local & State Records: Licenses, Registrations, Rolls & Vital Records

10 Local & State Records: Property & Probates

11 National Government Records

12 Publications: Books, CDs, Maps, Leaflets & Videos

13 Publications: Legal Works & Government Documents

14 Publications: Periodicals, Broadcasts & Web Miscellanea

Appendixes

A Glossary

B Bibliography

Index

Index: QuickCheck Models

Tab This Book!
Another professional genealogist friend, Patricia Walls Stamm, CG, CGL, pointed out to me just last week that she has tabbed her Evidence Explained volume, making it much quicker to use. That make sense, as this is a volume that serious genealogists find themselves turning to constantly. It’s another of those few genealogical “on the corner of the desk” books.

To order your copy of Evidence Explained, Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace; please visit Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC3843

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Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian

Many years ago, when Google was still an Internet infant and AltaVista ruled the search world, I wrote a guide book to using search engines and maximizing the quality of search results. I included a chapter called the SAR Loop. SAR stands for search, analyze and revise. The idea was to help researchers understand and appreciate the value of analyzing search results in order to fine tune and improve their search queries. Run a search, analyze the results, then run a revised search. The concept extends well to all types of research. In genealogy, analyzing documents, census records, court reports, or any other result from one’s research is a critical element of success.

In Evidence!: Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian, author Elizabeth Shown Mills discusses the value of analysis in research. According to Mills, ” Successful research—research that yields correct information with a minimum of wasted time and funds—depends upon a sound analysis of evidence.” She views research, evidence, citation, and analysis as inseparable. I happen to agree. Evidence is the result of research. Evidence must hold up to the scrutiny of analysis and this can only be done when evidence is properly cited.

In a previous blog, I reviewed another Elizabeth Mills book, Evidence Explained: Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace. Sometimes called the bible of citation, Evidence Explained educates the reader on successful citation practices and covers just about every type of evidence one may ever need to cite. Evidence! covers citation in brief, but also covers analysis. Together, the two books make great companions.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part 1

Fundamentals of citation

Fundamentals of analysis

Part 2

Citation formats

Appendixes

Sample: documented family group sheets

Sample: documented ancestor chart

Guidelines for citing credentials

Bibliography

Index

 

For a copy of Evidence!: Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian please visit Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC3846.

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Across the Atalantic and Beyond: The Migration of German and Swiss Immigrants to America

There are a number of books which examine the history behind some of the mass German migrations to the Americas. There are some books which cover the valuable input so many of these German immigrants made to and for their new country. Across the Atlantic and Beyond: The Migration of German and Swiss Immigrants to America does both. The first and last chapters of this book delve directly into the lives of two different German immigrant families, both belonging to the author. The remaining chapters provide a step by step analysis of how these families’ histories were put together and what drove these families to move or migrate so often.

This books takes a careful look at major and minor historical events and people who were part of some driving factors in the mass migrations. Key elements in the research analysis include understanding the roles of the printing press and publishing businesses, the Reformation, and the relationship between the Reformation and printing to speed the spread of ideas. Location names and how they changed, religion, land, and government are all under review in one fashion or another within these pages. Not to be forgotten, the Industrial Revolution also played a major role in German-American history; thus, is covered in this book.

Rail and river transportation are examined with special attention to transportation upon the Rhine River. Technology, linguistics and other elements are also given space. Over thirty Illustrations and four maps are added for the reader’s benefit.

 

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

List of Tables

Preface

Acknowledgements

Prologue

Part 1: Gerrit Hendricks of Krisheim, Germany

Part 2: Changes in German Surnames and Personal Names

  • Hendriks and Hendricks
  • Surnames and Personal Names
  • Mechanics of Name Changes
  • Heinrich Buchholtz alias Henry Pookeholes

Part 3: Changes in City and Village Names

  • City and Village Names
  • Griesheim / Krisheim / Kriegsheim
  • Old European Maps
  • Early American Maps

Part 4: Mennonites, Quakers and the Settlement of Pennsylvania

  • The Wandering Menno Simons
  • The Beginnings of English Quakerism
  • William Penn’s Travels in Europe
  • Early German Quakers: A Small Minority
  • The Frankfort Companie
  • Germantown and the Susquehanna Subscribers

Part 5: Protestantism and Books: Driving Forces behind the German Migration

  • Mainz and Gutenberg
  • Frankfurt and the Book Fair
  • Martin Luther and the Book Wars
  • The Froschauer Presses of Zurich
  • Matthaus Merian and the House of Merian
  • The Rhine Travel Guides

Part 6: The Push and the Pull

  • The German Americans
  • The Land of Wars
  • Of Kings and Queens and Lesser Nobility
  • The Rhine as a Migration Route
  • Across the Atlantic and Beyond
  • Bridging the Prairies of Kansas

Part 7: Jacob Marzolf of Alsace

Glossary

Index

 

Copies of Across the Atlantic and Beyond: The Migration of German and Swiss Immigrants to America are available from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: HBH0697, Price: $34.30.

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