a0078Sometimes, I have to jump volumes in a series I am reviewing due to current accessibility. Fortunately, each volume in the Before Germanna series can stand alone. Plus, the first chapter is the same in each volume. Each volume provides information on a set number of families, with the first chapter provides the history and background to group as a whole.

According to Johni Cerny and Gary J. Zimmerman, authors of Before Germanna, there have been few unanswered questions about the First Germanna Colony in the New World. However, at least in 1990 when this book first came out, surprising little was know about the Second Germanna Colony. This second colony faced hardships and misfortune from the beginning.

“While so much has been documented and written about the First Colony and its ancestry, a great deal of mystery has surrounded the establishment of a second colony”

First, their ship was held fore weeks in London while their captain sat in prison. Then, their captain by passed their intended port in Pennsylvania, and made for Virginia, where the group was sold into indentured servitude to “pay for their passage.” In addition, their belongings were confiscated.

It was the Governor Alexander Spotswood, who recruited the  First Germanna because of their metal working skills who also paid for and indentured the Second Germanna. “While Spotswood may have recognized the injustice done these immigrants, he profited from the situation to extract eight years of indentured labor from them. They were not released until 1725, a year longer than the customary seven. Spotswood sued nineteen of them in 1723 and 1724 to force them into their extended service.”

Ultimately, the Second colony ended up settled near the First. However, the exact location is not know, and few inter-marriages took place between the two, at least during the early years. Previous works regarding the Second colony were presumptive and “hopeful” but lacked definitive source materials. Using German parish records has allowed the authors of this book to reconstruct a more definitive view of the Second Germanna Colony of 1717.

“Each of the Second Colony families is treated separately in Before Germanna, a series of monographs discussing individual and groups of Second Colony families.” Volume 5 is entitled Before Germanna – The Ancestry of the Sheible, Peck, Milker, Smith and Holt Families. While the families listed on the cover are the center piece of the book, there are many surnames mentioned in this volume. Here is a compiled list of surnames from the index:

  • Ahler
  • Amberger
  • Amburger
  • Ayler
  • Aylor
  • Ballenger
  • Barler
  • Baumgartner
  • Bechtepf
  • Beck
  • Beckh
  • Bellar
  • Berger
  • Beyerback
  • Bickhel
  • Blakenbeeke
  • Blackenbühler
  • Blankenbaker
  • Blankenbucher
  • Blankenbuchner
  • Bleymayer
  • Bomgardener
  • Breuel
  • Brickhmann
  • Broil
  • Broyl
  • Broyle
  • Broyles
  • Bryell
  • Büthmann
  • Cafer
  • Carpenter
  • Castler
  • Chively
  • Christle
  • Christler
  • Cloar
  • Clore
  • Cobbler
  • Cook
  • Crees
  • Crigler
  • Dieter
  • Ebert
  • Fleishmann
  • Fleshman
  • Floschman
  • Gaar
  • Gare
  • Garr
  • Gerber
  • Gesler
  • Gessler
  • Grays
  • Greys
  • Hackher
  • Häfner
  • Hägelin
  • Hamler
  • Hance
  • Hirn
  • Harnsberger
  • Hecker
  • Hengsteler
  • Hirn
  • Hold
  • Holt
  • Holtzclaw
  • Hornberger
  • Jager
  • Jäger
  • Kabler
  • Käfer
  • Kaifer
  • Kaiffer
  • Kappler
  • Kefer
  • Kercher
  • Kerckler
  • Kerker
  • Klaar
  • Klöpfer
  • Klug
  • Koch
  • Kriegler
  • Künerlin
  • Küntsche
  • Lang
  • Leatherer
  • Lederer
  • Long
  • Maninger
  • Mannsbeil
  • Mansboil
  • Manshpile
  • Manspeil
  • Manspile
  • Manspoil
  • Mayer
  • Merkle
  • Mihlecker
  • Milcker
  • Miller
  • Motz
  • Moyer
  • Mühleckher
  • Neydeck
  • Nugent
  • Oates
  • Oeler
  • Öhler
  • Paulitz
  • Paultisch
  • Peck
  • Rausch
  • Reiner
  • Rieb
  • Rouse
  • Rückher
  • Ruop
  • Ryner
  • Sauter
  • Scheible
  • Schenk
  • Schenkel
  • Schinliter
  • Schlözer
  • Schluchter
  • Schmid
  • Schmidt
  • Schneider
  • Schnell
  • Schöne
  • Schott
  • Seitz
  • Sellgle
  • Senn
  • Shably
  • Sheible
  • Shuble
  • Sieber
  • Slucter
  • Smeidt
  • Smith
  • Snyder
  • Spade
  • Späth
  • Spotswood
  • Stoever
  • Stoltz
  • Tanner
  • Teater
  • Teter
  • Thomas
  • Thomason
  • Uhl
  • Uhle
  • Unger
  • Utz
  • Vallick
  • Vogt
  • Volk
  • Walk
  • Walke
  • Wayland
  • Weaver
  • Weber
  • Weeland
  • Wegman
  • Wegmann
  • Weydelich
  • Weyland
  • Wieland
  • Wilhite
  • Wilhoid
  • Wilhoit
  • Willheit
  • Wimmer
  • Wollmerschäuser
  • Wörnlin
  • Yager
  • Yowell
  • Zimmerman
  • Zimmermann
  • Zimorman

Some of these surnames represent many individuals covered in this book, some do only cover one or two people. However, the list of descendants after so many generations is likely to  be exceedingly large.

The historical information alone is interesting. Not to mention, there are many who are sure to find their German ancestry tied in some way to this previously under appreciated early German colony.

 

Contents

The Second Germanna Colony of Virginia

The Ancestry and Origins of George Sheible

The Ancestry of the Beckh Family of Gemmingen, Baden

The Ancestry of Hans Michael Milcker Immigrant to Virginia

The Ancestry and Origins of Michael and Matthew Smith

The Ancesry of Michael Holt and John Spade

Revised Constituency of the Second Germanna Colony

Index

 

Copies of Before Germanna – The Ancestry of the Sheible, Peck, Milker, Smith and Holt Families available at Family Roots Publishing; Price: $5.83.