450 Year Old Fort San Marcos, On Parris Island, SC, Located and Mapped

In this undated image provided by Amanda Thompson with the University of Georgia shows archeologists Chester DePratter, left, with the University of South Carolina and Victor Thompson, right, of the University of Georgia, running ground penetrating radar across a land grid. (Amanda Thompson/University of Georgia via AP)
In this undated image provided by Amanda Thompson with the University of Georgia shows archeologists Chester DePratter, left, with the University of South Carolina and Victor Thompson, right, of the University of Georgia, running ground penetrating radar across a land grid. (Amanda Thompson/University of Georgia via AP)

The following teaser is from the July 27, 2016 edition of FoxNews.com.

PARRIS ISLAND, S.C. – Archaeologists have found the location of a long-sought Spanish fort on the South Carolina coast at the site of what was once the first capital of Spanish Florida.

Santa Elena, founded in 1566 to protect Spanish shipping interests, was the first capital of Spanish colonial Florida. The site of the settlement itself was located back in 1979 beneath a golf course at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot on Parris Island.

But the site of San Marcos remained a mystery.

Using the high-tech equipment, scientists were able to measure differences in local magnetic fields to locate the fort. They were also able to map where buildings stood on the 15-acre Santa Elena settlement. Those buildings included a church, courts, shops, taverns and farms.

Read the full article.

Lost Roanoke Colony’s Ft. Raleigh? New Find on Roanoke Island Creates Stir

The following excerpt is from m.obsentinel.com


Scott Dawson, a native of Hatteras Island and now a resident of Colington, has shared the location of a discovery he made on National Park Service property with that agency, which has now secured the area and posted surveillance to insure that intruders don’t disturb the site.

Doug Stover, park historian of the Park Service, said that park officials think that the site may be the remains of Fort Blanchard, a Civil War fort.

But if proven correct in his beliefs, Dawson will be the envy of many archaeologists who have spent their careers in the search of the long-lost Ft. Raleigh, Ralph Lane’s 1585 fort on Roanoke Island.

Read the full article.

To learn more about the Lost Colony of Roanoke check out this Wikipedia page.

New Volumes now Available on White Slave Children in Colonial Maryland & Virginia – Bundled at 15% Off!

As I blogged in 2014, soon after Dr. Richard Hayes Phillips wrote his first book on the topic, if you’ve got Maryland or Virginia Colonial roots, you really need to see the results of his research. He’s just written two new books on White Slave Children – many of whom many be our ancestors! Following are descriptions of the three books now in print. Since the first book was so popular, we’ve bundled the 3 volumes at 15% off. This sale runs through Tuesday, January 26. If you only need one or two of the books, you can get them at 10% off. Just click on the links.

Wondering if your ancestors might have been white slave children? As I did in 2014, I will personally check the index for surnames for you. As before, email me with the surname in the subject line of the email. Please – just the surname, no more. I will reply with just one word – yes or no. If Yes – I’ll note which book or books the surname is found in. Those requesting a surname search should note that I will not be able to reply on Saturday or Sunday, but will make the reply on Monday. Send index checking requests to me at Lmeitzler@gmail.com .

Picking up where he left off in his ground-breaking book Without Indentures: Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records, Dr. Richard Hayes Phillips has now taken the story back even further – back to the scenes of the original crimes-kidnapping of children to be sold into slavery (ca. 1660-1720). This new book is entitled White Slave Children Of Colonial Maryland And Virginia: Birth And Shipping Records.

In his original book, which I found to be most helpful, Dr. Phillips identified 5,290 “servants” without indentures, transported against their will. He culled that evidence from the Court Order Books of colonial Maryland and Virginia, where the county courts were authorized to examine the children, adjudge their ages, and sentence them to slavery for a number of years. The younger the child, the longer the sentence. In this book, compiled from shipping records found in the Library of Congress, the Bristol [England] Record Office, and elsewhere, the author has identified 170 ships that carried white slave children to the plantations of colonial Maryland and Virginia. The shipping records itemize the unfortunate kids as “cargo” and specify the import duties paid to the Royal Naval Officers for each child. The white slave ships sailed from no fewer than seventeen ports of departure in England.

The places from which the children were taken and their adjudged ages on the dates of their court appearances have enabled Dr. Phillips to conduct a targeted search of the birth and baptismal records. In all, he has matched more than 1,400 children with the parish or town records. The book also contains an exposé of the colonial shipping industry. Among the child traffickers were the Mayors of Bristol and Bideford and the Governor of Virginia.

Birth and Shipping Records – which begins with a detailed discussion of the author’s sources and detective-like methodology and concludes with a surname index – is arranged according to the localities in the British Isles from which the victims were confiscated. It is a volume that will help researchers trace their white slave heritage back even further than before, and it cries out for correctives to be written in American history books regarding our colonial origins and our treatment of one another.

Click here to order at 10% off. Sale runs through January 26.

Click here to order a bundle of the three books at 15% off, plus a $2 shipping savings. Sale runs through January 26.

Also brand new from Dr. Phillips is White Slave Children Of Charles County, Maryland: The Search For Survivors. In this second companion volume to Without Indentures: Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records (see also White Slave Children of Colonial Maryland and Virginia: Birth and Shipping Records), Dr. Richard Hayes Phillips takes the story forward–examining the treatment of children kidnapped and sold into slavery, and identifying those who survived.

In his original book Dr. Phillips identified 5,290 “servants” without indentures, transported against their will to places in Virginia and Maryland, including Charles County. For this book Dr. Phillips has indexed seventy-five years of handwritten records from Charles County, Maryland (1658-1733). The records are nearly complete and most have never been transcribed before–872 “servants” without indentures were brought to this county, and 333 were owned by the judges on the very court that sentenced them to slavery.

This book contains three indexes–with detailed abstracts–to Charles County servants with or without indentures (recaptured runaways, petitions for freedom, complaints of abuse or neglect), and six indexes to all residents of the county (vital records, witnesses who stated their ages, grantee index to deeds, gifts of livestock, deaths and estates, and orphan children). Most of these records have been microfilmed, scanned, and posted online by the Archives of Maryland. With brief citations, the reader is steered to online images of actual handwritten records.

All nine new indexes have been cross-checked with Dr. Phillips’ master list of 872 “servants” without indentures, from which he has compiled an Encyclopedia of Survivors. This section of the work, one of the longest, assembles all that is known about the lives of the children following their release from servitude. Many of these biographical sketches trace descendants for several generations, refer to acquisitions of land, and contain other details useful to genealogists. The alphabetically arranged chapter entitled Vital Records is a godsend for anyone tracing Charles County roots, whether or not your ancestor suffered white enslavement. Dr. Phillips has also included full-fledged biographies of three of the worst abusers of child labor among the county officials, an exposé of how the system of white slavery operated, and instances of resistance by the survivors. Thus begins the dark era of white slavery on the North American continent.

Click here to order at 10% off. Sale runs through January 26.

Click here to order a bundle of the three books at 15% off, plus a $2 shipping savings. Sale runs through January 26.


As most of my readers know, Without Indentures: Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records, is one of my favorite source books. It was published in 2013, and I refer to it regularly when researching my Maryland and Virginia families. Following is a review I did of the book when it first appeared:

Every parent has the fear that their child might disappear. And I can tell you that grandparents also have the same fear. As a grandparent of 3 small children, when they are under my care, I watch them like the proverbial hawk.

Believe it or not, based on an English law passed in 1659, minor children could be kidnapped by justices of the peace if they happened to be begging, or just seemed to be vagrant. These children were shipped to the plantations as servants without indentures. According to the author of “Without Indentures: Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records (Maryland and Viginia),” the younger the child, the longer the sentence, and the county courts were the judges of their ages. The judges decided their age – and many of the kids were placed in servitude to the very judges who sentenced them.

Over 5000 children were picked up in Ireland, Scotland, England and New England, and shipped to Virginia and Maryland between 1660 to 1720. The names of these kids, their assigned age, the owner, and the date they appeared in court are found in Richard Phillips brand new book, “Without Indentures: Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records (Maryland and Virginia).” The book also contains an index to ships and their captains that imported the children. A surname index is included.


I got really excited about the volume when, on page, 88, I found an entry for Charles County, Maryland that reads thus: Cornute, Hendrick, 14 June 1670, age 20, John Okeane. I’ve got to wonder, is this possibly a progenitor, sibling or cousin pertaining to my Cornute/Cornett family line? This Cornute is on of the earliest I’ve seen in America. This is a lead I didn’t have before.

Exacting information is given in the book as to where to locate digitized, microfilmed and in some cases original copies of the County Court books from where to the information for this book was taken. Now I can take the next step and view the original document. In my Cornute case mentioned above, the data is actually digitizing and available online!

The following is from the table of contents:

Archeologists Pursue New Evidence Pointing to What May Have Happened to the Roanoke Island ‘Lost Colony’

This detail made from a map drawn by Roanoke colonial leader John White, shows the location of Roanoke Island, the pink-colored island to the lower right.
This detail made from a map drawn by Roanoke colonial leader John White, shows the location of Roanoke Island, the pink-colored island to the lower right.

The following excerpt is from the August 11, 2015 edition of csmonitor.com:

In 1587, a group of 115 men, women, and children made the first attempt to found a permanent English colony in the New World. Led by Englishman John White, the group settled on Roanoke Island off the coast of North Carolina.

Later that year, Mr. White made a trip to England for more supplies, but when he returned some three years later, he found the colony abandoned and looted. The only clues of the missing settlers were the word “Croatoan” carved on a post and the letters “CRO” etched into a tree trunk.

Since then, archaeologists, explorers and historians have been trying to uncover the mystery of this “Lost Colony,” but have found very few answers – until now.

Two separate teams of archeologists claim they have discovered evidence that suggests the lost colonists may have divided into two factions and moved inland, each assimilating into a different Native American community, National Geographic reports.

Read the full article.

Go directly to the story at the National Geographic site.

Scots-Irish Genealogy Research Bundle of 2 Quick Reference items at 20% Off + a FREE eBook Download!


Scots-Irish research is extremely popular in the United States. It should be, considering that there’s a good chance that if we have colonial ancestry, we may very well have Scots-Irish ancestry. These two quick reference guides – one being Scots-Irish Genealogy Research Genealogy at a glance, and the other Dollarhide’s Colonial Wagon Roads to 1750 Genealogist’s Insta-Guide are just the thing for getting started or advancing your research on your Scots-Irish ancestors. And yes – most colonial wagon roads were heavily traveled and influenced by the Scots-Irish.

We are also making a FREE immediate PDF download of the Colonial Wagon Roads to 1790 Genealogists’ Insta-Guide available with the bundle.

Click here to purchase the Scots-Irish quick reference bundle at 20% off, plus the FREE download. In the USA, the bundle ships by USPS first-class mail, costing just $4.50 for the two items. A $20.89 value. On sale for $13.52 (plus $5.50 1st class p&h).

The bundle is made up of the following (use your “back arrow” to return to this page to order):

Click here to purchase the Scots-Irish quick reference bundle at 20% off, plus the FREE download. A $20.89 value. On sale for $13.52 (plus $5.50 USPS first-class p&h).

Research Your Colonial American Ancestors with a 20% Discount on a Colonial Research Package at Just $14.32!

This weekend FRPC is offering a bundle of two items specific to Colonial American research as our FRPC Exceptional Bargain offer. The bundle is made up of David Norris’ Tracing Your Colonial American Ancestors, and William Dollarhide’s Colonial Wagon Roads to 1750 InstaGuide. A normal value of $17.90 plus $7 U.S.A. p&h, the package is on sale for 20% off at just $14.32 (plus $5.50 p&h), keeping the total delivered cost within the USA under $20! Note that you can also order just one or the other of the items at 10% off by clicking on their individual links during the sale period.

This sale runs through midnight EST (not MST) Saturday, January 25, 2013. Click here to purchase the bundle.

Both of these publications are invaluable for doing Colonial American research, so order yours today!

Following are reviews of both of the items in the package:
Tracing Your Colonial American Ancestors. gives the genealogist all kinds of information specific to doing Amwerican research prior to the Revolution. At 82 pages, the printing offers 18 articles by popular contributor David A. Norris. The contents of this collection of articles are described by Norris himself:

“Many Americans can trace at least part of their ancestry back to people who lived in the colonial era. Each of the original American ‘Thirteen Colonies’ was unique, and within them, the counties and towns had their own distinctive characteristics. Fortunately for the genealogists today, the Internet, libraries, archives, books, and microfilm are all available to help find and understand family history information from the colonial era. I hope that this guide will provide useful ideas and tips for the reader who is digging into the fascinating history of this time”



Colonial Newspapers

Newspapers of the day can offer more than just news about your ancestor, but also a look into their daily lives

Maps of Colonial America

Between websites, atlases and modern reproductions, there are lots of places to find maps from the colonial era

Revolutionary War Records

We look at some rich resources for early births, marriages, maiden names and more

Birth, Marriages & Deaths

Tips and hints for locating more vital record information for colonial ancestors. Look outside the box!

The New Calendar

The change to the new calendar in 1752 left a mess for future generations of historians and genealogists

Passenger Ship Records

There are many passenger records for colonial ancestors that have been published or place online

Tax Roll & Colonial Censuses

A look at colonial censuses, along with tax rolls and tithables as helpful census substitutes

Militia Records

It wasn’t all coins and paper money; quite often our ancestors relied on barter and credit

Colonial Money

Along with probate and land records, court records offer some of the richest resources for your research

Colonial Court

Along with probate and land records, court records offer some of the richest resources for your research

The French and Indian Wars

Four European wars spilled over into the histories of many New World families

Indentured Servants

There are a number of easily accessible published and online sources to help you locate your ancestor

Voting & Poll Books

Most election lists are long lost, but scattered lists of voters remain for some of the colonies

Political Committees

Opposition to British rule created new types of family history records

Probate and Land Records

Some of the best information you will discover will come from the land and probate records of your ancestors

Colonial Weights & Measures

The US inherited some British systems of measurement, but differed on others after American independence

Brands, Ear Marks & Strays

Records of your ancestors’ livestock can be a gateway to the past

Predator Bounty Records

Records of bounties on various types of predators or “animal nuisances” can add color to your family history

Get a copy of Tracing Your Colonial American Ancestors from Family Roots Publishing at 10% off through Saturday, January 25, 2014, or purchase as a package with Dollarhides’s Colonial Wagon Roads to 1750 InstaGuide for 20% off, and reduced postage ($5.50 total – Reg $7.00)

Review of Colonial Wagon Roads to 1750 InstaGuide

It often began with a road.

“Genealogists need to know the places their ancestors lived before they will have any success in finding records for a person. Most documents naming a person are still located near the place the person lived, e.g. In a county courthouse, church, cemetery, or local funeral home. A big event in genealogical research is finding the county of residence for a person. To find the right county often means a researcher must understand the history of the area, when the county was first settled, and what roads were available for migrating families moving into the area.”

Not so surprising, many of today’s highways and byways follow the same path they did when first established, often as little more than a horse trail or wagon road. In Colonial Wagon Roads to 1750, author William Dollarhide provides a brief history of colonial roads that still exist today. This information is nicely packaged in the first Genealogists’ Insta-Guide™­­ from Family Root Publishing.

This new Insta-Guide begins with a brief introduction along nice a table showing the colonial roads covered in this guide alongside their current highway designations. The bulk of the guide is broken into two sections. The first is the King’s Highway, broken into the five major section as it existed in 1750. The second group of roads comes under the banner Scots-Irish Influence on Road Building in Colonial America. There is another brief background followed by information on nine more major colonial roads. The guide is completed with a nearly full page map of these 1750 Colonial roads and a section for print and online references.

When talking with Leland Meitzler from Family Roots Publishing about this new guide, he mentioned the greatest difficulty Dollarhide had in preparing this guide was finding additional resources to add to the guide that didn’t already just quote himself. I guess that is the type of problem one may encounter when they are the nation’s preemptive expert on early migration routes. Readers will only get the best from this guide.

Like other quick sheets, and “at a glance” guides, the new Genealogists’ Insta-Guide series features four-page, laminated, colored guides which fit nicely into three-ringed binders and portfolios. By this design, these guides are easy to take along for sharing or going to the library for research; not to mention, they are easy to store. The Insta-Guide comes pre-punched for three-ringed insertion.

Here’s the real kicker for this new guide series, you can order the Insta-Guide as a printed piece or as a downloadable .pdf file for your computer; plus, supporting tablets and smart phones — as long as your device supports .pdf [Acrobat] files.




Highway Table

King’s Highway

  • 1750 King’s Highway – Boston to New York
  • 1750 King’s Highway – New York to Philadelphia
  • 1750 King’s Highway – Philadelphia to Alexandria
  • 1750 King’s Highway – Alexandria to Norfolk
  • 1750 King’s Highway – Norfolk to Charles Town

Scots-Irish Influence on Road Building in Colonial America

  • Upper Post Road
  • Hudson River Road
  • Mohawk Road
  • Lancaster Road
  • Fall Line Road
  • Great Valley Road
  • Philadelphia Road
  • Pioneer’s Road
  • Upper Road

Map of 1750 Colonial Wagon Roads

Print References

Online References


Order Colonial Wagon Roads to 1750 from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $7.95 – less 10% individually through Saturday, January 25 or purchase as a package with David Norris’ Tracing Your Colonial American Ancestors for 20% off, and reduced USA postage ($5.50 total – Reg $7.00)