New York State Censuses & Substitutes

gpc1494William Dollarhide is well know by experienced and professional genealogists as an expert on census records. Dollarhide pours all his expertise into his book New York State Censuses & Substitutes or by its full title, New York State Censuses & Substitutes: An Annotated Biography of State Census, Census Substitutes, and Selected Name Lists in Print, on Microfilm, or Online; with County Boundary Maps, 1683-1915; and State Census Examples and Extraction Forms, 1825-1925.

The book uncovers surviving state census manuscripts and microfilmed copies for each of New York’s 62 counties. In addition, this book identifies published extracts or indexes, census substitutes, and selected name lists; plus, many county originals of federal censuses are uncovered as well. Because county boundaries have changed over the centuries, this book includes a series of maps showing these changes between 1683 and 1915. Also included are sample copies from the different lists on facing pages with blank reproductions readers can copy as a research tool.

Here is a short list of just some of the many valuable insights this book uncovers for the researcher:

  • Identifies 448 state census originals for New York’s 62 counties, located at 68 different New York repositories, plus transcripts/extracts, abstracts, or indexes in print, all with library call numbers and FHL film numbers.
  • Identifies 120 statewide and regional name lists for New York, including tax lists, land records, military lists, newspaper indexes, CD-ROM publications, and online resources.
  • Identifies 105 original 1850-1880 federal censuses held by 30 New York counties. (County duplicate originals on microfilm that can be compared with the microfilmed federal copies).
  • Identifies over 1,200 census substitutes and selected name lists. Substitutes include tax lists, voter registrations, military lists, and deed indexes. Selected lists include county histories, city directories, naturalization indexes, vital records indexes, or other unique name lists for a particular county.
  • Identifies over 1,500 online town references to find direct links to census extracts, indexes, or other name lists online.
  • Identifies over 3,700 bibliographic citations in total, each with detailed descriptions and notes, library call numbers, and FHL film numbers.
  • Includes 19 county boundary maps for the period 1683-1915, showing the evolution of all New York counties and adjoining jurisdictions in bordering states and Canada.
  • Includes 26 NY State Census Extraction Forms, 1825-1925, with all NY population, military, agriculture, industry, births, deaths, and marriage schedules; plus the 1890 NY Police Census, and the 1880 Short Form; and includes 26 New York State Census Facsimiles, showing the actual state census schedules, tables, pages, and columns.

The contents section below outlines the breadth of information covered in this book. For each county, the book provides a complete source listing for censuses and name lists. By way of example to the thoroughness of this book. Here are all the state-wide resources listed in the first fifteen pages of the book:

  • Guides to New York Colonial & State Censuses and Name Lists
  • Pre-1750 New York Lists, by Henry B. Hoff
  • New York State Censuses and Tax Lists, by Roger D. Joslyn
  • Finding Aids at the NYG&B Library for New York State Censuses, by Laura LeBarron
  • Guidebooks & Publications With Miscellaneous Name Lists
  • The Documentary History of the State of New York, arranged under direction of the Christopher Morgan, Secretary of State, by E. B. O’Callaghan
  • Early New York State Census Records, 1663-1772, published by RAM publishers
  • Lists of Inhabitants of Colonial New York: Excerpted From The Documentary History of the State of New York by Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan
  • Genealogical and Biographical Directory to Persons in New Netherland: From 1613 to 1674, prepared by David M. Riker
  • Supplement to the 1999 Directory to Persons in New Netherland from 1613 to 1674, by David M. Riker
  • The Register of New Netherland: 1626-1674, by Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan
  • Settlers From the Netherlands in America Before 1700: A Compendium of Genealogical Information, compiled by William J. Hoffman
  • Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York: Procured in Holland, England, and France, by John Romeyn Brodhead
  • Denizations, Naturalization, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York, by Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda
  • Calendar of Wills on File and Recorded in the Offices of the Clerk of the Court of Appeals, of the County Clerk at Albany and of the Secretary of State, 1626-1836, compiled and edited by Berthold Fernow
  • Complete Index to Colonial Laws and Ordinances of New Netherlands and New York, 1638-1775, published by Bookmark
  • Calendar of Council Minutes, 1668-1783, by Berthold Fernow
  • Directory to Collections of New York Vital Records, 1726-1989, With Rare Gazetteer, by Fred Q. Bowman and Thomas J. Lynch
  • Inhabitants of New York, 1774-1776, by Thomas B. Wilson
  • Tax Assessment Lists Under Laws of 1779, 1780, 1786, 1788
  • New York Treasurer “Assessment Rolls,” laws of 1779, 1786, 1787, 1788
  • 1799-1802 Tax Lists. See Gerrit V. Lansing Papers Tax Lists and Assessment Rolls
  • New York Marriages Previous to 1784: A Reprint of the Original Edition of 1860 with Additions and Corrections
  • Ship Passenger lists, New York and New Jersey, 1600-1825, edited and indexed by Carl Boyer, III
  • 1792-1906 Index (Soundex) to New York Naturalization Records
  • 1798 Federal Direct Tax, New York Locations
  • New York Alien Residents, 1825-1848
  • Revised Master Index to the New York State Daughters of the American Revolution Genealogical Records Volumes
  • Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, by William Wade Hinshaw
  • Quaker Census of 1828: Members of the New York Yearly Meeting, the Religious Society of Friends (in New York, Ontario, Vermont, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Quebec) at the Time of the Separation of 1828, compiled by Loren Fay
  • 1842-1859 New York (State) Directories
  • 1845 New York State Census, Population Census of Indian Reservations
  • 1862-1866 Assessment Lists of the Federal Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • The New York State Biographical, Genealogical, and Portrait Index, a card index to over 750,000 names from more than 6,000 histories
  • Special Schedules from 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 Federal Censuses
  • Land Records
  • Patents of the State of New York, 1649-1912
  • 1659-1846 Recorded Deeds
  • Calendar of N.Y. Colonial Manuscripts, Indorsed Land Papers; in the Office of the Secretary of State of New York, 1643-1803, by E. B. O’Callaghan
  • Landholders of Northeastern New York, 1739-1802, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 1789-1835 Holland Land Company Records
  • Pioneer History of the Holland Purchase of Western New York, Embracing Some Account of the Ancient Remains: A Brief History of Our Immediate Predecessors, the Confederated Iroquois, Their system of Government, Wars, Etc., a Synopsis of Colonial History, Some Notices of the Border Wars of the Revolution, by O. Turner
  • Complete Name Index to Pioneer History of the Holland purchase of Western New York by O. Turner, 1849 and 1850, compiled by LaVerne C. Cooley
  • 1804-1824 Western New York Land Transactions Extracted From the Archives of the Holland Land Company, by Karen E. Livsey
  • 1825-1835 Western New York Land Transactions, vol. 2, by Karen E. Livsey
  • Military Lists
  • Guide to New York Civil War Records. See The Union Preserved: A Guide to the Civil War Records in the New York State Archives, edited by Harold Holzer
  • Annual Report of the State Historian of the State of New York, Colonial Series, Transmitted to the Legislature March 3, 1896-March 14, 1898. 2 Vols
  • New York Colonial Muster rolls, 1664-1775: Report of the State Historian of the State of New York
  • Muster Rolls of New York Provincial Troops, 1755-1764
  • Military Minutes of the Council of Appointment of the State of New York, 1783-1821, compiled and edited by Hugh Hastings and Henry Harmon Noble
  • New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, these records were discovered, arranged and classified by James A. Roberts
  • New York in the Revolution as Colony and State, v. II A Compilation of Documents and Records from the Office of the State Comptroller, Frederic G. Mather
  • Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812
  • 1861-1865 – Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of New York
  • Index to Soldiers & Sailors of the Civil War, a searchable name index to 6.3 million Union and Confederate Civil War soldiers
  • Town Clerks’ Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War, ca. 1865-1867
  • 1917-1918 Civilian Draft Registration Cards, New York State
  • World War I Veterans’ Service Data and Photographs (bulk 1919-1924)
  • Newspaper Indexes
  • 1784-1829 American Deaths and Marriages, reproduction of a card file compiled by Joseph Gavit
  • Joseph Gavit’s American Deaths and Marriages: Index to Non-principals in Microfilm Copies of Abstracts in the New York State Library, Albany, New York, compiled by Kenneth Scott
  • Genealogical Data From Colonial New York Newspapers: A Consolidation of Articles from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, compiled by Kenneth Scott
  • 10,000 Vital Records of Central New York, 1813-1850, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 10,000 Vital Records of Eastern New York, 1777-1834, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 8000 More Vital Records of Eastern New York State, 1804-1850, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 10,000 Vital Records of Western New York, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850, by Fred Q. Bowman
  • Personal Name Index to the New York Times, 1851-1993: With Additional Supplements to 1996, and to 2001, compiled by Byron A. Falk, Valerie R. Falk
  • General Index, 1869-1921, Editorial Index, 1902-1923, New York Evening Post
  • CD-ROM Publications, Census Substitutes
  • New York Abstracts of Wills, 1665-1801
  • New York 1675-1920
  • Early New York Families, 1600s-1900s
  • Early Settlers of New York State, 1760-1942
  • Heads-of-Household Listing New York as Birthplace in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • City Directories: New York 1886-1894, Selected Cities & Years
  • Genealogies of Long Island Families, 1600s-1800s
  • Immigrants to the New World, 1600s-1800s
  • Index to Upstate New York Source Records, 1685-1910
  • New York, 1675-1920 Genealogical Records
  • Selected Areas of New York, 1639-1916 Marriage Index
  • New York #2, 1740s-1880s Marriage Index
  • New York City, 1600s-1800s Marriage Index
  • New York in the Revolution and War of 1812
  • New York Passenger and Immigration Lists, 1820-1850
  • New York Revolutionary War Records, 1775-1840

Now envision what this list looks like when added to the county by county listing on the next 140 pages. Plus, there are all the maps and samples in parts two and three of the book. The full contents are listed below.

 

Order New York State Censuses & Substitutes from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC1494, Price: $35.28.

 

Contents

Foreword

Continue reading “New York State Censuses & Substitutes”

The Portable Genealogist: Massachusetts State Census

ne35Here is the third Portable Genealogist reviewed I promised last week. This time, I will be looking at the New England Historic Genealogical Society’s publication The Portable Genealogist: Massachusetts State Census. Specifically, this guide examines the 1855 and 1865 state censuses.

Like all the Portable guides so far, this one is a two-color, four-page, three-hole-punched laminated guide, folded to 8.5″ x 11″. In addition to the core contents described below, there are added tips and a list of recommended resources.

Each guide is written by a genealogist at NEHGS. This guide was written by David Allen Lambert

Here’s what you will find in this new guide:

Page 1 begins coverage with information about the census and reasons for using the census. There is also a chart show which towns listed “exact” birthplaces for the 1855 and 1865 censuses.

Page 2 provides a complete list of Family History Library call numbers for the microfilm containing the digitized images listed by county and group of town on each roll.

Page 3 helps the research use the state census. There is information on “how to piece together information” along with an example page.

Page 4 offers an overview of the Massachusetts census, beginning with a chart showing information provided on the 1855 and 65 censuses. There is also information about statics provided by each census showing an aggregate of information collected that year.

 

Order The Portable Genealogist: Massachusetts State Census and many other popular laminated guides from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $6.81

The Portable Genealogist: New York State Census

ne30I have said it before, laminated guides are ‘all the rage.’ Why not? Most are well conceived, easy to follow, provide a wealth of information, and are easily referenced upon need. As such guides are easy to make, many groups have jumped in and have quickly offered up a variety of guides on all manner of subject pertinent to genealogical research. However, when a group like the New England Historic Genealogical Society steps in with an offering, one might expect something truly worth while. And, of course they have. Their newly produced series, The Portable Genealogist, offers great initial titles, including New York State Census, by Christopher C. Child.

What you will find in this new guide:

Page 1 begins with an introduction to the guide and to the census. Discover the years in which the census was taken; including, missing years and an abbreviated year. Also, learn what is unique to these censuses.

Page 2 offers a large chart showing, by census year, which counties were covered in pre-1915 census records. There is also information on where to find New York state census records.

Page 3 covers how to read and use census records. There are some great tips tied to a visual example from the 1855 census.

Page 4 gives and overview, in chart form, of information found in each census year. The final item is recommended resources.

Contents also include a few tips set to stand out in their own colored boxes.

Order The Portable Genealogist: New York State Census from Family Roots Publishing; Price: $6.81.

 

 

Review of the Florida State Census, 1867-1945, Found at Ancestry.com

Ancestry.com recently posted a number of indexed and imaged Florida censuses. The database is called Florida, State Census, 1867-1945. It’s a large database, containing 4,131,298 records, most of those records being the 1935 and 1945 censuses. Although the 1885, 1935, and 1945 censuses are found at FamilySearch, the 1867 and 1875 data in digitized form seems to currently be unique to Ancestry.com.
Henry-Meitzler 1945 Florida Census
According to the website, the database contains the following state censuses:

  • 1867 – Hernando, Madison, Orange, and Santa Rosa counties only
  • 1875 – Alachua county only
  • 1885 – all counties that existed at the time except for Alachua, Clay, Columbia, and Nassau. This census was partially funded by the Federal government, who supplied the forms.
  • 1935 – all counties
  • 1945 – all counties

In searching for the surname, Meitzler, I found 4 – all in the 1945 census. Doing a search at FamilySearch.com, I got the same results. I took a close look at the information on Henry W. Meitzler in 1945. According to the census card, he was 65 years old, born in Massachusetts, livng in Precinct 4, St. Cloud, Osceola, County, Florida, was retired and had an 8th grade education.

See the Ancestry.com website for this database. Note – to see they actual images at Ancestry.com, Ancestry.com members can click through directly to the database with this link. Non-members will be redirected with the opportunity to join Ancestry.com for a Free Trial period, or a full subscription. I am pleased to say that I have an Ancestry.com affiliate relationship, and plan to keep it that way for a long time. The FamilySearch databases are free and anyone can access them.

FamilySearch Adds 8.5 Million Records From Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Netherlands, and the United States

The following news release is from FamilySearch:

FamilySearch added 8.5 million new, free indexed records and images this week to its collection. Included are 2,897,940 additional index records and images for the new New York State Census of 1855 collection, the 1,070,807 index records and images from the Texas Birth Certificates collection from 1903-1935, and the 554,541 images from the Italy, Catania, Diocesi di Caltagirone, Catholic Church Records collection from 1502-1942.See the table below for the full list of updates. Search these diverse collections and more than 3.5 billion other records for free at FamilySearch.org.

Searchable historic records are made available on FamilySearch.org through the help of thousands of volunteers from around the world. These volunteers transcribe (index) information from digital copies of handwritten records to make them easily searchable online. More volunteers are needed (particularly those who can read foreign languages) to keep pace with the large number of digital images being published online at FamilySearch.org. Learn more about volunteering to help provide free access to the world’s historic genealogical records online at FamilySearch.org.

FamilySearch is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources for free at FamilySearch.org or through more than 4,600 family history centers in 132 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Collection – Indexed Records – Digital Images – Comments

Argentina, Santa Fe, Catholic Church Records, 1634-1975 – 124,303 – 0 – Added index records to an existing collection.
Australia, Tasmania, Miscellaneous Records, 1829-1961 – 0 – 11,466 – Added images to an existing collection.
BillionGraves Index – 179,075 – 179,075 – Added index records and images to an existing collection.
Brazil, Mato Grosso, Civil Registration, 1889-2012 – 0 – 120,720 – Added images to an existing collection.
Canada, Manitoba, Census Records, 1831-1870 – 0 – 30,729 – Added images to an existing collection.
Canada, Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1900 – 0 – 520 – Added images to an existing collection.
Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889 – 0 – 56,150 – Added images to an existing collection.
Dominican Republic, Civil Registration, 1801-2010 – 0 – 140,707 – Added images to an existing collection.
Hungary, Civil Registration, 1895-1980 – 0 – 16,259 – Added images to an existing collection.
Italy, Benevento, Benevento, Civil Registration (Comune), 1861-1929 – 0 – 31,541 – Added images to an existing collection.
Italy, Catania, Diocesi di Caltagirone, Catholic Church Records, 1502-1942 – 0 – 554,541 – Added images to an existing collection.
Italy, Napoli, Barano d’Ischia, Parocchia de San Sebastiano Martire, Catholic Church Records, 1671-1929 – 0 – 3,182 – Added images to an existing collection.
Italy, Napoli, Panza, Parocchia di San Leonardo Abate, Catholic Church Records, 1670-1929 – 0 – 2,127 – Added images to an existing collection.
Netherlands, Drenthe Province, Church Records, 1580-1911– 0 – 21,918 – Added images to an existing collection.
Netherlands, Zuid-Holland Province, Church Records, 1367-1911 – 0 – 724,788 – Added images to an existing collection.
Korea, Collection of Genealogies, 1500-2009 – 0 – 392 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., California, San Mateo County Records, 1855-1991 – 0 – 50,823 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Idaho, Butte County Records, 1882-1970 – 0 – 23,226 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Idaho, Twin Falls County Records, 1906-1988 – 0 – 89,528 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Illinois, Probate Records, 1819-1970 – 0 – 78,573 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Louisiana, Orleans Parish Will Books, 1805-1920 – 0 – 5,485 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Maine, County Probate Records, 1760-1979 – 0 – 1,073 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Minnesota, Itasca County Land Records, 1872-1930 – 0 – 7,328 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Montana, Sanders County Records, 1866-2010 – 0 – 55,148 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Montana, Sweet Grass County Records, 1885-2011 – 0 – 28,481 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., New York, Queens County Probate Records, 1899-1924 – 0 – 496,052 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., New York, State Census, 1855 – 2,818,214 – 49,726 – New indexed records and images collection.
U.S., North Carolina, Estate Files, 1663-1979 – 15,959 – 371,253 – Added index records and images to an existing collection.
U.S., Oregon, Douglas County Records, 1852-1952 – 0 – 15,698 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Tennessee, Putnam County Records, 1867-1955 – 0 – 22,826 – Added images to an existing collection.
U.S., Texas, Birth Certificates, 1903-1935 – 527,134 – 543,673 – Added index records and images to an existing collection.
U.S., Texas, County Marriage Records, 1837-1977 – 187,126 – 73,546 – New indexed records and images collection.
U.S., Texas, Eastland County Records, 1868-1949 -0 – 10,629 – Added images to an existing collection.

American Population Before the Federal Census of 1790

American Population Before the Federal Census of 1790 represents an exhaustive research project to extract population data for the area encompassed by the  United State as represented in 1790. Data was gathered from previous research studies, government studies, and independent research. The population lists, which are of paramount importance to the genealogist, include poll lists, tax lists, taxables, militia lists, and censuses, and were originally drawn up for purposes of taxation and local defense. Gleaned from archives in Britain and the U.S. and from a wide range of published sources, their itemization in this work puts colonial population records, and those other areas covered in this book, in a handy framework for research.

The author acknowledges that some of the statics may have greater value than others, based predominately on the source. Some statistics are little more than official estimates. Though some sources contain estimates, every effort was made to verify statics for accuracy. Many estimates by secondary authorities were omitted to limit the introduction of unnecessary bias. There are plenty of accurate counts as well. To help the reader appraise the value of various counts, the specific source is indicated for each item.

Reading these population counts is like reading history by the numbers. Seeing how different areas grew and at what rates gains perspective when compared to the first federal census of 1790 and, perhaps even more so when compared to today’s population counts in the same areas. Such information is both insightful as it is simply interesting.

 

Content

Bibliography

Notes of Methods of Calculation

Abbreviations

General Estimates of the Thirteen Colonies as a Whole

New England

Plymouth

Massachusetts

  • General
  • Local

Connecticut

  • General
  • Local

Rhode Island

  • General
  • Local

New Hampshire

  • General
  • Local

Vermont

  • General
  • Local

New York

  • General
  • Local

New Jersey

  • General
  • Local

Pennsylvania

  • General
  • Local

Delaware

  • General
  • Local

Maryland

  • General
  • Local

Virgina

  • General
  • Local

North Carolina

  • General
  • Local

South Carolina

  • General
  • Local

Georgia

  • General
  • Local

The Northwest

  • The Illinois Country

The Southwest

  • Kentucky
  • Tennessee

Western Indians

  • Northern Department
  • Southern Department

Index

 

Order American Population Before the Federal Census of 1790 from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: GPC2345, Price: $30.87.

76M New US Historic Records & Millions more for Brazil, China, Ireland, Italy, Russia, & Spain Added at FamilySearch.org

The following information is from FamilySearch.org:


76 million much-anticipated state census, naturalization, immigration, and vital records were added this week for 22 states, including Ohio, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Since partnering with the National Archives of Italy to digitally preserve and index its civil registration, more than 24 million images have been published and 4 million names have been made searchable on FamilySearch.org. Millions more free records were published this week for Armenia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, and Switzerland. Search these diverse collections and 2.8 billion other records for free at FamilySearch.org.

Searchable historic records are made available on FamilySearch.org through the help of thousands of volunteers from around the world. These volunteers transcribe (index) information from digital copies of handwritten records to make them easily searchable online. More volunteers are needed (particularly those who can read foreign languages) to keep pace with the large number of digital images being published online at FamilySearch.org. Learn more about volunteering to help provide free access to the world’s historic genealogical records online at FamilySearch.org.

FamilySearch is the largest genealogy organization in the world. FamilySearch is a nonprofit, volunteer-driven organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch and its predecessors have been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources for free at FamilySearch.org or through more than 4,600 family history centers in 132 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Foreign Country Collection – Indexed Records – Digital Images – Comments

Armenia, Church Books, 1838-1929 – 0 – 23,781 – New browsable image collection.
Brazil, Immigration Cards, 1900-1965 – 336,090 – 597,070 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection.
Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Civil Registration, 1890-1980 – 0 – 175,292 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Canada, British Columbia, Wills, 1861-1981 – 0 – 127,172 – New browsable image collection.
Canada, Saskatchewan, Probate Estate Files, 1887-1931 – 0 – 312,198 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Chile, Santiago, Cementerio General, 1821-2011 – 0 – 114,525 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
China, Collection of Genealogies, 1500-1980 – 0 – 1,360,481 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Colombia, Catholic Church Records, 1600-2010 – 0 – 668,102 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Czech Republic, Censuses, 1843-1921 – 0 – 31,176 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Czech Republic, Church Books, 1552-1948 – 0 – 1,122,697 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Estonia, Population Registers, 1918-1944 – 0 – 37,107 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Germany, Bavaria, Traunstein, Family Group Sheets, 1830-1918 – 0 – 61,932 – New browsable image collection.
Hungary, Civil Registration, 1895-1980 – 0 – 15,844 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
India, Punjab, Moga Land Ownership Pedigrees, 1887-1958 – 0 – 1,605 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Ireland, Prison Registers, 1790-1924 – 3,127,594 – 133,011 – New affiliate indexed records and browsable images.
Italy, Catania, Catania, Civil Registration (Comune), 1820-1905 – 0 – 21,926 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Italy, Catania, Diocesi di Acireale, Catholic Church Records, 1560-1941 – 0 – 59,711 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Italy, Toscana, Civil Registration (State Archive), 1808-1923 – 0 – 3,171,819 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Japan, Village Records, 709-1934 – 0 – 57,591 – New browsable image collection.
Netherlands, Limburg Province, Certificates of Nationality, 1860-1913 – 0 – 68,237 – New browsable image collection.
New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1973 – 366,063 – 0 – Added indexed records to existing collection.
Peru, Amazonas, Civil Registration, 1939-1995 – 0 – 27,329 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Peru, Cajamarca, Civil Registration, 1938-1996 – 0 – 30,866 – New browsable image collection.
Peru, Catholic Church Records, 1603-1992 – 0 – 105,277 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Peru, Cusco, Civil Registration, 1889-1997 – 0 – 306,181 – New browsable image collection.
Peru, Lambayeque, Civil Registration, 1873-1998 – 0 – 583,011 – New browsable image collection.
Peru, Lima, Civil Registration, 1874-1996 – 0 – 54,834 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Poland, Roman Catholic Church Books, 1600-1950 – 0 – 36,579 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Portugal, Coimbra, Catholic Church Records, 1459-1911 – 0 – 351,853 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Portugal, Viseu, Catholic Church Records, 1523-1989 – 0 – 91,319 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Russia, Samara Church Books, 1869-1917 – 138,277 – 1,851,515 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection
Slovakia, Census, 1869 – 0 – 278,392 – New browsable image collection.
Spain, Diocese of Albacete, Catholic Church Records, 1504-1979 – 566,136 – 23 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection.
Spain, Province of Barcelona, Municipal Records, 1583-1902 – 0 – 84,297 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
Switzerland, Bern, Civil Registration, 1792-1876 – 0 – 4,900 – New browsable image collection.

United States Collection – Indexed Records – Digital Images – Comments

United States Census, 1940 (Alabama, California, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Washington) – 20,975,134 – 0 – Added indexed records to existing collection.
United States, Alabama, County Probate Records, 1830-1976 – 0 – 611,330 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Arkansas, Second Registration Draft Cards, 1948-1959 – 61,237 – 11 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Maryland, Baltimore Passenger Lists, 1820-1948 – 0 – 119,418 – New browsable image collection.
United States, Maryland, Register of Wills Books, 1629-1983 – 0 – 74,753 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Michigan, Probate Records, 1797-1973 – 0 – 1,261,323 – New browsable image collection.
United States, Montana, Yellowstone County Records, 1881-2012 – 0 – 37,097 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Nevada, County Marriages, 1862-1993 – 0 – 123,409 – New browsable image collection.
United States, New Jersey, State Census, 1905 – 2,146,861 – 0 – New Indexed collection.
United States, New York State Census, 1915 – 9,742,867 – 117,082 – New affiliate indexed records and affiliate image links.
United States, New York State Census, 1925 – 11,117,922 – 130,042 – New affiliate indexed records and affiliate image links.
United States, New York, County Naturalization Records, 1791-1980 – 0 – 2,129,659 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
United States, New York, Probate Records, 1629-1971 – 0 – 3,800,317 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Ohio, County Naturalization Records, 1800-1977 – 0 – 1,097,134 – New browsable image collection.
United States, Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885-1950 – 342,186 – 256,680 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia City Births, 1860-1906 – 1,022,168 – 140,547 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection.
United States, Pennsylvania, Probate Records, 1683-1994 – 0 – 3,197,552 – New browsable image collection.
United States, Texas, Divorce Index, 1968-2010 – 3,599,300 – 0 – New Indexed collection.
United States, Texas, Marriages, 1966-2010 – 7,606,159 – 0 – New Indexed collection.
United States, Vermont, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005 – 0 – 927,764 – New browsable image collection.
United States, Washington, County Marriages, 1855-2008 – 0 – 32,775 – Added browsable images to existing collection.
United States, World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 – 2,943,096 – 0 – New Indexed collection.
United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 – 1,844,985 – 500,007 – Added indexed records and browsable images to existing collection.

Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790, Maryland

There is not much to say about Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790, Maryland. The book is exactly what the title says it is, an abstract from the 1790 U.S. Census for the heads of house in the state of Maryland. However, if you have early American ancestors, this book may just contain a name you are looking for.

The book offers a brief background to the census and includes a copy of An Act Providing For the Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States, as approved by Congress on 1 March 1790. The abstract offered in this book includes the following columns of information:

Name of Head of Family.

Free white males of 16 years and upward, including heads of families.

Free white males under 16 years.

Free white females including heads of families.

All other free persons.

Slaves.

Originally printed in 1908 by the U.S. Government Printed Office, the book was reprinted in 2000 by Heritage Quest. Names are organized by county, with the counties appearing alphabetically. An index at the end provides a listing of all names in alphabetical order. In all, there are over 34,500 names listed in this book.

You can obtain a copy of Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790, Maryland from Family Roots Publishing; Item #: A0303, Price: $19.95.

A Look at Some Central & South American Records at FamilySearch

In our discussions on research topics, we so often spend a great deal of time focusing on our ancestors who have come to the United States from the East or the West. But what about those who came from the South? Fortunately, FamilySearch has not forgotten about them. While availability of European and U.S. records have been easier to access and index in the past, FamilySearch has made great efforts to include those vital records accessible from Central and South American countries. This includes the Caribbean. Here is just a short list of indexed records which have been made available this year for free at FamilySearch:

Brazil, Immigration Cards, 1900-1965, 125,830 records as of 17 Sep 2011
Argentina, National Census, 1895; 3,888,939 records as of 6 Sep 2011
Nicaragua, Civil Registration; 363,085 records as of 16 Aug 2011
Peru, Civil Registration, 1874-1978; 163,944 records as of 16 Aug 2011
Jamaica, Civil Birth Registration; 1,528,614 records as of 13 Apr 2011
Costa Rica Church Records, 1595-1992; 1,380,256 records as of 8 Apr 2011

With so many people vying to get into the U.S., and with a hot-potato topic like illegal immigration seemingly in the news every other day or so, its easy to forget people actually immigrate to countries other than our own. Brazil and Argentina saw mass migrations of Europeans during the great wars. Some of these individuals and families, or their descendants, later immigrated into the U.S. Immigration records from foreign countries may just come in handy to your research.

Other records, both browsable images as well as indexed, have been added over the past couple of years. There are millions of available records, most belonging to someone’s ancestor, just waiting to be found.

Digging Deeper: “Census Substitutes and States Census Records” – Part II

We have previously explored Williams Dollarhide’s two volume set, Census Substitutes and States Census Records. However, these two volumes deserve a more in depth examination. This is the second half of a two part article looking deeper into Volume II and picking out some specific examples for review. If you missed it, see Part I to this article.

Volume II covers the western states. Chapters are broken down into geographical areas (see “Table of Contents” below). Each chapter begins with a brief timeline of events for the region, from early colonization to the ratification of statehood for each state. Under each state, key records, indexes and collections are listed with a description plus details such as compiler or publishing organization, availability, film number, etc. Following the main listing, an additional list of online databases is provided.

Here is a sample list of items found under varying states:

Texas:

  • Residents of Texas 1782–1836
  • Index to Spanish and Mexican Land Grants in Texas
  • The Atascosito Census of 1826
  • The First Census of Texas, 1829–1836: Added are Texas Citizenship Lists 1821–1845
  • The 1840 Census of the Republic of Texas
  • 1837–1910 Texas County Tax Rolls on Microfilm
  • 1867 Voter’s Registration

Oklahoma:

  • 1830s–1900s Mississippi and Indian Territory
  • 1837–1847 Chickasaw Indians Census Rolls, Indian Territory
  • 1860 Census of the Free Inhabitants of Indian Lands West of Arkansas
  • 1880–1895 Tax Lists, Greer County, Texas (now Oklahoma)
  • 1886–1927 Indian Census Rolls, Ponca Agency
  • 1905 Oklahoma Territory

California :

  • 1770–1915 Mission Registers, Catholic Church, Mission San Carlos Burromeo de Carelo (Carmel, California)
  • 1797–1937 Mission Registers, Catholic Church, Mission San Miguel Arcangel (San Miguel, California)
  • 1822 Mexican California Census
  • 1836 Mexican Census of Los Angeles and Orange County Area
  • Early Sonoma County, California, Land Grants 1846–1850
  • Private Land Grant Cases in the Circuit Court of the Northern District of California, 1852–1910
  • 1852 California State Census (Originals)
  • California Great Registers, by County

Colorado :

  • 1859–1875 Denver City Directories
  • 1860, 1870, 1880 Federal Censuses and 1885 State Census, Boulder County, Colorado
  • 1862–1866 Internal Revenue Lists for the Territory of Colorado
  • 1866 Heads of Families, Jefferson County, Colorado Territory
  • 1870–1880 Colorado Federal Mortality Census Schedules and Related Indexes
  • 1885 Colorado State Census (State Copies)
  • Statewide Divorce Index, 1900–1992

Washington :

  • Microfilmed Territorial Censuses (1987 Edition) 1857–1892
  • 1851–1889 Territorial Censuses

The partial list given above should give you an idea of the valuable information available within this book. Each state provides the reader with a similar list of resources with full descriptions provided.

Volume II Table of Content

State Finder

Forward

Introduction

Table 1: Non-State Census States

Table 2: State Census States

Table 3: State Censuses in Common Years

Chapter 1 — Texas, Oklahoma & Indian Territory

  • Spanish/Mexican Texas
  • Republic of Texas/State of Texas
  • Indian Territory/Oklahoma Territory/Oklahoma

Chapter 2  — California & Nevada; Alaska & Hawaii

  • Spanish/Mexican/State of California
  • Nevada
  • District/Territory/State of Alaska
  • Kingdom/Territory/State of Hawaii

Chapter 3 — Nuevo Mexico

  • Spanish/Mexican New Mexico
  • New Mexico
  • Arizona

Chapter 4 — The Mountain West

  • Colorado
  • Utah
  • Wyoming

Chapter 5 — The Oregon Country

  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Idaho
  • Montana

 

FamilyRootsPublishing is offering discounts on both the individual volumes as well as the complete set through midnight MDT on Thursday September 15, 2011. To order Census Substitutes & State Census Records, please visit familyrootspublishing.com

Digging Deeper: “Census Substitutes and States Census Records” – Part I

We have previously explored Williams Dollarhide’s two volume set, Census Substitutes and States Census Records. However, these two volumes deserve a more in depth examination. This article looks deeper into Volume 1 and picks out some specific examples for review. Part II to this article will follow shortly.

Volume I covers the eastern states. Chapters are broken down into geographical areas (see “Table of Contents” below). Each chapter begins with a brief timeline of events for the region, from early colonization to the ratification of statehood for each state. Under each state, key records, indexes and collections are listed with a description plus details such as compiler or publishing organization, availability, film number, etc. Following the main listing, an additional list of online databases is provided.

Here is a sample list of items found under varying states:

From New England, Connecticut 1632–1980:

  • 1656–1700 Norwalk Register of Voters
  • 1670 Connecticut Census: A reconstructed listing found in household, estate, tax, landowner, church and freeman lists between 1660 and 1673
  • 1740 Connecticut Voter List
  • 1762 Colonial Connecticut Census
  • 1790–1850 Index of Connecticut Census Records
  • 1905–1929 Hartford Directories
  • 1920 Voters List, Eastford

From the Mid-Atlantic States, New Jersey 1600–1915:

  • 1600–1825 Passenger Lists, New York and New Jersey
  • 1660–1775 Colonial Documents Index
  • 1687 Tax List of the Lower Division, Gloucester County
  • 1750 Freeholders List, Middlesex County
  • New Jersey Tax Lists, 1772–1822
  • 1855 New Jersey State Census
  • 1915 New Jersey State Census

From the Old South, North Carolina 1663–1913:

  • 1600–1957 Land Records; Indexes, 1693–1959
  • North Carolina Headrights: A List of Names, 1663–1744
  • 1663–1900 Index to North Carolina Wills
  • 1679–1790 Tax Lists
  • 1690–1760 North Carolina Wills
  • 1741–1868 North Carolina Marriages
  • 1748–1763 Land Grants
  • 1784–1787 Census
  • Pre-1914 Cemetery Inscription Card Index
  • Post-1914 Cemetery Inscription Card Index

From the Old Northwest, Illinois 1600s–1869:

  • 1600s–1800s Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, and Missouri People
  • 1763–1916 Illinois Marriage Records Index
  • 1804–1814 Kaskaskia French and English Deed Records
  • 1810 & 1818 Illinois State Censuses
  • 1826–1873 Index to Public Domain Sales Land Tract Record Listing for Illinois
  • 1861–1862 Illinois Military Census
  • 1847–1860 Illinois (State) Directories

From the Central Plains, Iowa 1836–1925:

  • 1836 Wisconsin Territory Census
  • 1838 Iowa Territory Census
  • 1847 Iowa State Census
  • 1885 Iowa State Census

The partial list given above should give you an idea of the valuable information available within this book. Each state provides the reader with a similar list of resources with full descriptions provided.

Volume I Table of Content

State Finder

Forward

Introduction

Table 1: Non-State Census States

Table 2: State Census States

Table 3: State Censuses in Common Years

Chapter 1 — The Old Southwest

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi

Chapter 2  — New England

  • Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont

Chapter 3 — Mid-Atlantic States

  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Maryland
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania

Chapter 4 — The Old South

  • Kentucky
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia

Chapter 5 — The Old Northwest

  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Ohio
  • Wisconsin

Chapter 6 — The Central Plains

  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Nebraska
  • Dakota Territory/North Dakota/South Dakota

FamilyRootsPublishing is offering discounts on both the individual volumes as well as the complete set through midnight MDT on Thursday September 15, 2011. To order Census Substitutes & State Census Records, please visit familyrootspublishing.com

The Pennsylvania 1927 Agricultural Census

Last week, I wrote about the many State Censuses and Tax lists now found free online at FamilySearch.org, and referred readers to my descriptive linked listing of these resources posted on GenealogyBlog.com.

Upon reading the materials I’d posted, Ed Storey sent me information about the 1927 Pennsylvania Triennial Agricultural Census. Found in digitized format on the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission website, this census can give you all kinds of interesting information about your Pennsylvania farming relatives. Granted, it’s not nearly as old as the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 Federal Agricultural schedules, but if you’ve got Pennsylvania people, it’s still useful.

This post deals with the 1927 agricultural census, since it has been digitized and is easily accessed. Note that there was a 1924 Pennsylvania Triennial Agricultural Census that is available for research in manuscript format only. The two censuses are found in 58 boxes at the Pennsylvania State Archives.

These censuses are grouped by the year of report (1924 & 1927), and thereunder arranged alphabetically by county, then by name of borough or township.

The assessment reports for the Triennial Farm Census were completed by the local assessor for each borough or township. The information provided by the 1927 census returns includes the name of the occupant or person operating the farm and whether they were owned, rented or managed the farm; number of males and females in the family; total acres of farm land; number of acres for winter wheat, rye, oats, corn (for grain and silage), buck wheat, potatoes, tobacco, tame hay, and alfalfa hay; number of bearing and non-bearing apple trees; number of bearing peach trees; number of animals including horses, mules, dairy cattle, other cattle, swine, sheep, and hens and pullets; number of bee hives; number of silos; amount of equipment such as tractors, trucks, and automobiles; whether the farm is equipped with a radio; and whether the farm is equipped with electricity supplies by either a individual plant or a central station. The 1927 census also recorded if the farm had running water in the kitchen, a furnace heating system, milking machines, gas engines and telephones. These five pieces of data were the only things not also found on the 1924 returns.

Searching the 1927 Pennsylvania Triennial Farm Census
The data is not indexed, so the user will need to browse for the family they are searching for. The online data is posted as a series of Adobe PDF files, with links arranged alphabetically by county. When you click on a county link, you can then select the appropriate link to the township or borough of your choice. According to the website, if a county or township does not appear, there is no data for it or it did not exist in 1927.

The following is a typical census page – top half only:

Search for your people in the 1927 Pennsylvania Agricultural Census.

United States Territorial & School Censuses and Tax Records at FamilySearch.org

United STATES TERRITORIAL & SCHOOL CENSUSES and TAX RECORDS at FAMILYSEARCH.org

familysearch.org

Last Updated: 5 November 2015

 

Colonial, Territorial and State Censuses are of vital importance to genealogists, as they were often taken on non-Federal Decennial census years, taken prior to statehood, or between the Federal Censuses. Thirty-seven states (or what became states) took them. Tax records are also of extreme value, again, being taken between Federal Censuses, as well as on the census years. They are probably the best census substitutes in existence.

The following listing, complete with links, descriptions, and numbers of records & images is made up of state and school censuses, as well as tax lists currently found at FamilySearch.org. I will continue to update this posting as new data goes up.

Alabama, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index — Index to the census taken in Alabama in 1855.– There are 34,978 Records as of 12 December 2011.

Alabama, State Census, 1866 — Searchable Index — Index of the 1866 census from Alabama.This census lists head of household and has statistical information about the makeup of the household. In some counties, the records indicate whether there were soldiers in the household who were killed, disabled, or died of sickness.– There are 243,781 Records as of 12 December 2011.

California, State Census, 1852 — Searchable Index — Name index of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of California in 1852.– There are 188,578 Records as of 28 October 2011.

Colorado State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 census was taken with the assistance of the United States Government.– There are 234,383 Records and 3,520 Images as of 15 November 2012.

Florida, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Schedules of the Census of Florida taken by that state in 1885. All counties then in the state are represented with the exception of Alachua, Clay, Columbia and Nassau. The 1885 Florida State Census is comprised of four schedules – Population, Agriculture, Manufactures and Mortality. Population schedules are available for all counties, but there are no agriculture, manufactures or mortality schedules for some counties. This collection coincides with NARA publication M845.– There are 309,323 Records and 8,468 Images as of 24 March 2010.

Florida, State Census, 1935 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Population census for the State of Florida for the year 1935. This 1935 Florida State Census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants. The census is arranged alphabetically by county and then geographically by election precinct. All counties within the state are represented, although some election precincts are missing. The collection details include an estimated precinct locality that is based on the census precinct number within a county.– There are 1,599,085 Records and 36,019 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Florida, State Census, 1945 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Population census for the State of Florida for the year 1945. This 1945 Florida State Census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants. The census is arranged alphabetically by county and then geographically by election precinct. All counties within the state are represented, although some election precincts are missing. The records are segregated by race. The collection details include an estimated precinct locality that is based on the census precinct number within a county.– There are 2,249,138 Records and 51,686 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Idaho, Minidoka County Records, 1913-1961 — Browsable Images — Marriage, naturalization, land and property, probate, school and military records located at the county courthouse in Rupert. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 42,995 Images as of 4 December 2012.

Illinois State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index — Index and images of the Illinois state census taken in 1865.– There are 256,004 Records as of 28 February 2011.

Illinois State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Illinois state census taken on 3 July 1865. The following counties are missing: Gallatin, Mason, Monroe and part of Tazewell.– There are 380,262 Records and 12,076 Images as of 2 September 2011.

Illinois, Non-Population Census Schedules, 1850-1880 — Browsable Images — Images of census schedules including agriculture, manufactures, industry and social statistics.– There are Images as of 6 February 2014.

Iowa State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1885. The population schedule names every person in the household.– There are 1,737,228 Records and 64,484 Images as of 25 January 2011.

Iowa State Census, 1895 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1895. The census names everyone in the household.– There are 2,110,508 Records and 79,808 Images as of 4 April 2013.

Iowa, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index — Name index of the Iowa state census taken in 1905. The population schedule names every person in the household.– There are 2,171,126 Records as of 22 August 2014; up 725,712 Records since 26 September 2013.

Iowa, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of the 1925 state census of Iowa.– There are 5,573,816 Records and 327,118 Images as of 11 June 2015; up 5,573,816 Records since 16 April 2014.

Maryland, Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999 — Browsable Images — Images of probate records from court record collections from the Register of Wills in Maryland counties. Probate records often include wills, and other records dealing with the administration of estates including bonds, inventories, guardianships, real estate, and various indexes to the records. Includes the following counties: Allegany, Anne Arundel, Calvert, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Charles, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Queen Anne’s, Somerset, St. Mary’s, Talbot, Washington, and Worcester. Also includes records from Baltimore City. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 1,613,571 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Massachusetts, Boston Tax Records, 1822-1918 — Browsable Images — This collection contains tax records, transfer books, tax books, and assessor’s lists from the Boston City Archives. – There are 586.834 Images as of 12 August 2014.

Massachusetts, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS). Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. 155 images from Suffolk County are missing and will be forthcoming (953961)– There are 1,202,234 Records and 15,239 Images as of 12 April 2013.

Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1865. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).– There are 1,352,817 Records and 17,616 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Michigan, State Census, 1894 — Searchable Index — Name index of the Michigan state census taken in June 1894. Due to destroyed and missing records, in addition to a partial acquisition of records, this collection includes the following counties: Barry, Benzie, Bay, Dickinson, Emmet, Gratiot, Ingham, Iosco, Kalamazoo, Kent, Keweenaw, Lapeer, Leelanau, Menominee, Montcalm, and Washtenaw. Please visit the wiki for more information.– There are 381,961 Records as of 8 July 2011.

Minnesota, Clay County, School Census Records, 1909-1962 — Browsable Images — Images of school census records arranged by district number.– There are 14,457 Images as of 20 May 2013.

Minnesota, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of June 1, 1865.– There are 246,591 Records and 3,396 Images as of 11 November 2011.

Minnesota, State Census, 1875 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Names index of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of May 1, 1875. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at family history centers.– There are 612,847 Records and 9,537 Images as of 28 January 2014.

Minnesota, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of 1885.– There are 1,133,198 Records and 15,756 Images as of 1 November 2010.

Minnesota, State Census, 1895 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name indexes of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of 1895. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at family history centers.– There are 1,570,739 Records and 445,489 Images as of 23 September 2010.

Minnesota, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the State of Minnesota as of June 1, 1905– There are 1,973,884 Records and 52,150 Images as of 25 January 2011.

Minnesota, Territorial Census, 1857 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the Minnesota Territory in 1857. NOTE: “All entries for the following newly created [23 May 1857] counties were fabricated to cover voter fraud: Cottonwood, Jackson, Martin, Murray, Nobles, Pipestone, and Rock. (For further information see Robert J. Forrest, ‘Mythical Cities of Southwestern Minnesota,’ Minnesota History, 14 (1933), pp. 243-52).” This collection coincides with NARA publication T1175.– There are 156,888 Records and 3,983 Images as of 20 July 2011.

Mississippi, Enumeration of Educable Children, 1850-1892; 1908-1957 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — These records are lists of students prepared by the counties and school districts. School records can be a viable substitute for birth records. These include the names of both black and white students. The early records include the names of students and the school attended. More recent records include the age of the child and a parent or guardian’s name.– There are 14,268,013 Records and 211,757 Images as of 23 September 2015; up 14,268,013 Records since August 2012.

Missouri, State and Territorial Census Records, 1732-1933 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and digital images of extant state and territorial censuses for early counties in Missouri. This collection includes records from the Missouri State Archives and from FamilySearch. Images and index data will be added to this collection as they become available.– There are 96,082 Records and 12,444 283 Images as of 25 September 2015; up 161 Images since 22 August 2014.

Montana, Lake County Records, 1857-2010 — Searchable Index & Browsable Images — Deeds, school census, mining, vital records, probate, and divorce records located at the county courthouse in Polson. This collection is being published as images become available. Birth and Death records indexed. – There are 35,202 Records and 101,948 Images as of 18 November 2014; up  11,217 Records since 18 September 2014.

Nebraska, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the state census for Nebraska taken in 1885. The microfilms are from National Archives publication M352. The population schedule lists all household members.– There are 747,367 Records and 27,732 Images as of 5 December 2014.

New Jersey, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index — Name index of the New Jersey state census taken in 1885. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and family history centers.– There are 1,294,279 Records as of 13 February 2014.

New Jersey, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index — Name index of the 1905 Census of New Jersey which includes all residents in all counties.– There are 2,146,861 Records as of 22 June 2012.

New Jersey, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index — Name index from the state census of New Jersey taken in 1915. – There are 2,785,409 Records as of 8 October 2014.

New Mexico, Territorial Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Indexes and images of the population schedule listing inhabitants of the New Mexico Territory in 1885. This collection coincides with NARA publication T1175. – There are 59,040 Records and 795 Images as of 16 October 2014.

New York, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — The population schedule for the 1855 New York state census records still in existence. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. View the wiki or browse the collection to determine coverage.– There are 2,818,214 Records and 49,719 Images as of 31 January 2013.

New York, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This collection contains most of the 1865 New York state census records still in existence. Ten schedules were filed for each locality, including population, marriages, and deaths schedules. The population schedule included the name, age, birthplace, and occupation of each household member. Most counties are covered, but some records were destroyed. View the wiki or browse the collection to determine coverage. – There are 2,623,218 Records and 57,158 Images as of 24 October 2014; up 2,623,218 Records since 9 May 2011.

New York, State Census, 1875 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Images of the 1875 New York State Census as of 1 June 1875. The following counties are not included: Chemung, Clinton, Hamilton, New York (Manhattan), Niagara, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Wayne, and Westchester.– There are 3,125,090 Records and 55,032 Images as of 27 March 2013.

New York, State Census, 1892 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the population schedule from the New York census taken in 1892. This state census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of February 16, 1892. The collection includes 40 counties. Population schedules for the following counties are missing or lost: Chenango, Columbia, Franklin, Fulton, Jefferson, Livingston, New York (the Bronx and Manhattan), Oneida, Orange, Putnam, Rensselaer, Richmond, Schuyler, Seneca, St. Lawrence, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster, Westchester, and Wyoming.– There are 3,766,108 Records and 29,137 Images as of 11 July 2011.

New York, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Images of the population schedule of the census of New York taken in 1905. This census is an every-name index to the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905.– There are 7,513,232 Records and 108,560 Images as of 8 March 2012.

New York, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index — Name index and images of the 1915 New York State Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com.– There are 9,742,867 Records as of 23 June 2012.

New York, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index — Name index and images of the 1925 New York State Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com.– There are 11,117,922 Records as of 23 June 2012.

North Carolina, County Records, 1833-1970 — Browsable Images — Collection of various county records including, wills, guardianships, estates, voter registration books, coroner’s inquests, etc. It was filmed at the North Carolina Department of Archives and History in Raleigh. This collection is being published as images become available. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current coverage.– There are 593,567 Images as of 0 January 1900.

North Dakota, Census, 1915 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index and images of the 1915 state census of North Dakota. – There are 619,448 Records and 18,180 Images as of 20 May 2015; up 361,965 Records since 22 January 2015.

North Dakota, Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images —Index and images of the North Dakota state census of 1925. – There are 699,042 Records and 18,403 Images as of 29 April 1015; up 414,929 Records since 30 January 2015.

Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — This project was indexed in partnership with the Ohio Genealogical Society. Name index of tax records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Includes the following Ohio counties: Ashtabula, Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Guernsey, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Monroe, Trumbull and Washington. The majority of the tax records in this collection are for the years 1816 through 1838. Additional records will be added as they are completed.– There are 1,101,150 Records and 45,984 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Oregon, Columbia County Records, 1854-1958 — Browsable Images — This collection includes digital images of land and property, marriage, and other miscellaneous records and indexes digitally captured at the Columbia County Courthouse in St. Helens, Oregon. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 91,013 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Oregon, Marion County Records, 1849-1976 — Browsable Images — Includes marriage, birth, land and property, probate, naturalization, tax and old age pension records from the Marion County Clerk.– There are 406,225 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index — This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Name index and images of census population schedules of the population of the state of Rhode Island as June 1, 1885.– There are 321,999 Records as of 13 May 2011.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index to the population schedule of the census Rhode Island taken by the state in 1905. The 1905 state census lists Rhode Island residents of the state as of 1905. Each resident is listed on a single form. The forms are arranged in order by place of residence (county, town or city, ward, enumeration district), then by gender, and then alphabetically by surname. The census tells whether a person is the head of household or lists relationship of the person to the head of household.– There are 474,152 Records and 950,314 Images as of 5 November 2010.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index to population schedule of the census of Rhode Island taken by the state in 1915. The 1915 state census of Rhode Island lists residents of Rhode Island as of April 15, 1915. Residents are listed by household and relationship to head of household is given. Children born after April 15, 1915 were not included. The census is arranged by county and then enumeration district. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at Family History Centers.– There are 540,589 Records and 11,220 Images as of 23 September 2010.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Index to the 1925 Rhode Island state census. The census lists residents of the state as of April 15, 1925 by household. The head of household is indicated and the relationship of each person to the head of household is given. Children born after April 15, 1925 are not listed. The records are arranged by county and enumeration district. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at Family History Centers.– There are 684,447 Records and 10,914 Images as of 10 September 2010.

Rhode Island, State Census, 1935 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index to population schedule of the census of Rhode Island taken by that state in 1935. Officially known as the 1935 state census, these schedules are on computer cards dated January 1936. This census is an every-name list of the state’s inhabitants as of 1935. The records are arranged by county and town and then alphabetically by surname. People enumerated in the census are recorded individually; the census records do not show individuals in family groups. Microfilm copies of original records are available at the Family History Library and at Family History Centers.– There are 693,472 Records and 696,739 Images as of 4 April 2014.

South Dakota, School Records, 1879-1970 — Browsable Images — School records, including teacher’s term reports, school census and attendance records located at the South Dakota State Historical Society in Pierre. Records are generally arranged by county, year and school district number. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 4,717,964 Records and 200,731 Images as of 16 June 2015; up 4,717,964 Records since 22 October 2014.

South Dakota, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Individual census cards arranged in alphabetcial order.– There are 472,575 Records and 472,575 Images as of 26 February 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1915 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1915 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 613,769 Records and 613,769 Images as of 26 February 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1925 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1925 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 705,319 Records and 705,285 Images as of 26 February 2013.

South Dakota, State Census, 1935 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1935 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 673,322 Records and 717,877 Images as of 25 January 2011.

South Dakota, State Census, 1945 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of census cards from the 1945 South Dakota State Census acquired from the South Dakota State Historical Society.– There are 570,085 Records and 610,319 Images as of 18 July 2011.

Texas, Comanche County Records, 1858-1955 — Browsable Images — Records from Comanche County, Texas including births, marriages, divorce minutes, court records, probate records, and scholastic census records. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 321,826 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Selective index to tax rolls for 231 of 254 Texas counties. The years indexed include the first year for each county included prior to 1845, as well as 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1890, 1895, and 1905. The index for this collection is 13% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.– There are 3,852,784 Records and 678,887 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Texas, Eastland County Records, 1868-1949 — Browsable Images — Records from Eastland County, Texas including Cemetery records, Chancery Court records, Circuit Court records, Commissioner’s Court records, Coroner’s records, County Court records, District Court records, Hospital records, Land and property records, Military records, Naturalization records, Pension records, Probate records, School records, Tax records, and Vital records. This collection is being published as images become available.– There are 364,267 Images as of 0 January 1900.

Texas, Matagorda County, School Census Records, 1923-1946 — Browsable Images — School census records for Matagorda County, Texas. Records are arranged by year, race (“colored” and “white”) and then alphabetically by surname. Additional images will be published to this collection as they become available. – There are 52,548 Images as of 7 November 2011.

United States Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, 1862-1874 — Browsable Images — Images of internal revenue assessment lists (annual, monthly and special) arranged by state and collection district. These records are the result of the Internal Revenue Act of July 1, 1862 authorizing the collection of monthly and annual taxes on goods, services, licenses, income and personal property. The assessments were used to raise money for the Civil War. This collection consists of multiple state NARA microfilm publications from Record Group 58 Records of the Internal Revenue Service. The tax assessments were organized by collection districts, which could cover any number of counties, part of a city or township, or part of a county. The boundaries of some districts changed part way through the civil war. “A guide for all counties” that distinguishes which records cover which localities is included for all States where more than one district is present and the guide was present in the images. Also, for the purposes of this browse, a county label has been included. Patrons researching any counties that became part of West Virginia should search in both Virginia (M793) and West Virginia (M795) for those records, regardless of date. Images for collection districts are found under every county included within the boundaries of the district in question. Hence, the same images are listed under multiple counties. Please note the NARA Roll Number and Description as this will prevent unintended multiple searches of the same images. – There are 403,116 Images as of 30 September 2014.

Washington, County Records, 1803-2010 — Browsable Images — Collection of various records including vital, probate, school, tax, naturalization and other records. The records are from various counties in Washington State, 1856-2010. This is an ongoing collection. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current record and county coverage. – There are 6,880,104 Images as of 19 December 2014; up 4,647Images since 20 November 2014.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1855 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin state population census taken in 1855. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical.– There are 133,164 Records and 2,501 Images as of 24 March 2010.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1865 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.– There are 21,162 Records and 480 Images as of 18 June 2013.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1875 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin state population census taken in 1875. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical.– There are 296,899 Records and 4,703 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1885 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin State Census taken on 20 June 1885. The images include the population schedule and the soldiers and sailors schedule. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the population census is statistical. The census does not include American Indians on reservations in Wisconsin. An enumeration was also taken of soldiers and sailors of the Late War (Civil War).– There are 407,138 Records and 10,186 Images as of 21 January 2011.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1895 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin State Census taken in 1895. This census only identifies the head of family by name. The rest of the census is statistical. The census does not include American Indians on reservations in Wisconsin. Two additional schedules are included in this census – an enumeration of soldiers and sailors, and an enumeration of the militia.– There are 494,911 Records and 12,251 Images as of 26 February 2013.

Wisconsin, State Census, 1905 — Searchable Index and Browsable Images — Name index and images of the Wisconsin population schedule taken by that state in 1905. This census enumerates by name all of the state’s inhabitants as of June 1, 1905.– There are 2,228,392 Records and 24,874 Images as of 30 April 2010.

The 10-Year Gap

In browsing the blogs this evening, I ran across an interesting article called “Filling in That 10-Year Gap,” by Allison Aston at The ProGenealogists ProGenealogists Blog. Allison writes about a family whose children were in an orphanage for a period of time following the death of their mother. So when located in the 1900 census, the children were listed as being in the orphanage, and Allison hadn’t yet found what their parents names were. I’ll let you get the rest of that story at The ProGenealogists Blog.

Ten years is a long time. Families may move – several times in fact! Family members are born. Family members get married, and yes, family members die. And the Federal census seldom tells the entire story. Genealogists want to know more. We want to know the details of the intervening 10 years. To get those details we must move to other sources – vital records – probates – land records – tax records and state census records, et al.

Did I write “tax records and state census records?” I sure did. Thirty-seven states took Colonial, Territorial, and State Censuses. All of them had local, state, and federal taxes collected from their citizens. These records contain a wealth of information that help to fill in the details of that 10-Year gap. Two of the most popular genealogy guidebooks currently available are William Dollarhide’s Census Substitutes and State Census Records, Volumes 1 & 2 – Eastern and Western States. In these volumes, Bill details the state censuses as well as hundred of substitutes, which include tax records. Click here to learn more about these volumes.

State Census Records Found at FamilySearch Labs

The shear numbers of records found at the FamilySearch labs website are mind boggling. Within the digitized records now found posted 1865 Brighton, Monroe Co, NY Census at the site are quite a number of State Census records.

Records for Florida, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Wisconsin are now found there.

These records are not all indexed, but even those can be browsed by location. A few of the databases are not imaged, but they are searchable.

The state census may include many images that are not population schedules including mortality and agricultural schedules. In some cases the images are in separate databases; in others they may be found at the end of the population schedules.

The following State Censuses are now found at the FamilySearch Labs site:

censussubs-1-60pw Thirty-seven states have Colonial, Territorial, and State Censuses.

Use these census records to fill in your family data for the years between the Federal decennial censuses.

I recommend the following four books for those who would like to add to their family records:

Census Substitutes & State Census Records – Vol. 1 – Eastern States, by William Dollarhide
Census Substitutes & State Census Records – Vol. 2 – Western States, by William Dollarhide
New York State Censuses & Substitutes, by William Dollarhide
State Census Records, by Ann Lainhart